Tel que nous pourrions penser Imaginons un appareil de l'avenir à usage individuel, une sorte de classeur et de bibliothèque personnels et mécaniques. Il lui faut un nom et créons-en un au hasard. "Memex" fera l'affaire. Cet appareil se compose d'un bureau et bien que l'on puisse présumer le faire fonctionner à distance, c'est surtout le meuble où l'on travaille. A une extrémité se trouve le stock de documents. La plus grande partie des contenus du memex sont achetés sur microfilm prêt à l'emploi. Il serait possible, bien sûr, de consulter les dossiers par le système de classement habituel. Un bouton spécial le ramène instantanément à la première page de l'index. Tout cela n'est que supposition, excepté en ce qui concerne la projection des mécanismes actuels et de tous les gadgets que nous connaissons déjà. Quand l'utilisateur construit une piste, il lui donne d'abord un nom, qu'il note dans son manuel des codes avant de le composer sur son clavier. Et sa piste ne disparaît pas. [...]
National Science Foundation Network The National Science Foundation Network (NSFNET) was a program of coordinated, evolving projects sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) beginning in 1985 to promote advanced research and education networking in the United States. NSFNET was also the name given to several nationwide backbone networks that were constructed to support NSF's networking initiatives from 1985-1995. Initially created to link researchers to the nation's NSF-funded supercomputing centers, through further public funding and private industry partnerships it developed into a major part of the Internet backbone. History Following the deployment of the Computer Science Network (CSNET), a network that provided Internet services to academic computer science departments, in 1981, the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) aimed to create an academic research network facilitating access by researchers to the supercomputing centers funded by NSF in the United States. The 56-kbit/s backbone
The Future of the Internet—And How to Stop It » Introduction On January 9, 2007, Steve Jobs introduced the iPhone to an eager audience crammed into San Francisco’s Moscone Center. A beautiful and brilliantly engineered device, the iPhone blended three products into one: an iPod, with the highest-quality screen Apple had ever produced; a phone, with cleverly integrated functionality, such as voicemail that came wrapped as separately accessible messages; and a device to access the Internet, with a smart and elegant browser, and with built-in map, weather, stock, and e-mail capabilities. It was a technical and design triumph for Jobs, bringing the company into a market with an extraordinary potential for growth, and pushing the industry to a new level of competition in ways to connect us to each other and to the Web. This was not the first time Steve Jobs had launched a revolution. The Apple II quickly became popular. The iPhone is the opposite. Jobs was not shy about these restrictions baked into the iPhone. The need for stability is growing.
A. Theory Outline - Outline of a Multilevel Theory Jan van Dijk Department of Communication, University of Twente, The Netherlands A network theory is built within the general confines of the network approach as it is practiced in the natural, technical and social sciences. The radicalism of the network approach is social science differs. The most embracing theory able to conceptualize and explain the rise of networks as a mode of organization in society is systems theory. A network is a relatively open system linking at least three relatively closed systems. The link between two units is called a relation. Before going deeper into the process of adaptation, I will give a list of kinds of networks under consideration. A2a Networks increase chances of variation within and between system units. A3a Networks increase options for selections by system units. The final process is selection. These three fundamental processes can be observed at every level of social systems and units. 3.
Concevoir pour perdre le contrôle L’innovation ouverte est à la mode, au moins depuis le livre éponyme d’Henry Chesbrough, explique Tim Leberecht responsable du marketing de Frog Design. Mais comment le design peut-il s’adapter à cette forme d’innovation, à l’ouverture ? Abandonner un contrôle qu’on ne possède plusFaisant référence à la conférence de JP Rangaswani, président de BT Design (blog), sur le “Design pour la perte de contrôle” où ce dernier expliquait que la combinaison d’infrastructures numériques nouvelles (le logiciel comme service (SaaS), l’informatique en nuage (cloud computing), les logiciels sociaux et les téléphones intelligents) a conduit employés et solutions clients à un niveau qui rend les systèmes informatiques top-down obsolètes. Mais ce nouveau paradigme a des implications qui vont au-delà des systèmes d’information. Li explique comment les entreprises doivent adopter de nouvelles règles de transparence pour faire face aux réseaux sociaux et au web temps réel. Que peut-on ouvrir ?
Brand Algorithms - Pinformation: Brands on Pinterest Home : Blog : February 2013 February 27, 2013 by Brand Algorithms Pinterest has surprised the social media world by rising to become one of the most popular social media networking sites in a very short period of time. According to totalpinterest.com Pinterest has 25 million+ active users worldwide and another source puts the number of unique visitors at 31.5million+ (compete.com). Pinterest.com is ranked #35 in the world. Social media sites are also seeing a gender split - women use social media more than men. It would be instructive to examine the traditional habits of females keeping the above in mind, as we know Pinterest has been the 2012 social media shopper's heaven. Pinterest is where users view the latest trends in fashion, hair& beauty, lifestyle, home decor, health tips and cooking recipes. We know women tend to like shopping more than men and they also like "window shopping" for anything that interests them; whether that's a physical object or something intangible.
Bill Gates: In Five Years The Best Education Will Come From The Web Bill Gates thinks something is going to die too. No, it’s not physical books like Nicholas Negroponte — instead, Gates thinks the idea of young adults having to go to universities in order to get an education is going to go away relatively soon. Well, provided they’re self-motivated learners. “Five years from now on the web for free you’ll be able to find the best lectures in the world,” Gates said at the Techonomy conference in Lake Tahoe, CA today. “It will be better than any single university,” he continued. He believes that no matter how you came about your knowledge, you should get credit for it. He made sure to say that educational institutions are still vital for children, K-12. But college needs to be less “place-based,” according to Gates. But his overall point is that it’s just too expensive and too hard to get these upper-level educations. One particular problem with the education system according to Gates is text books. See also: Bill Gates’ Mind Is In The Gutter.
The Ultimate Guide To Pinterest For Every Brand: Engage And Flourish On the surface, Pinterest metrics seem simple, but underneath they can be confusing. This follow-up to our Ultimate Guide for Pinterest should help you gain a deeper understanding of Pinterest metrics and provide tips on effectively engaging with and growing your follower base. As with Twitter, Pinterest allows you to post content to your feed that will appear in the news feed of your followers. The catch is unlike Twitter, you actually have multiple feeds that you can post to in the form of boards. The key is to recognize that this happens, because it may have huge implications regarding how you choose to engage with your followers on Pinterest. The list below highlights the key metrics you should familiarize yourself with. Unique Followers This is the total number of unique followers a Pinterest page has regardless of how many boards each follower is following. Page Followers The number of users following all boards on a Pinterest page. Board Followers Average Board Followers