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John Cage

John Cage
Not to be confused with John Cale. John Cage Cage is perhaps best known for his 1952 composition 4′33″, which is performed in the absence of deliberate sound; musicians who present the work do nothing aside from being present for the duration specified by the title. His teachers included Henry Cowell (1933) and Arnold Schoenberg (1933–35), both known for their radical innovations in music, but Cage's major influences lay in various East and South Asian cultures. Life[edit] 1912–31: Early years[edit] Cage's first experiences with music were from private piano teachers in the Greater Los Angeles area and several relatives, particularly his aunt Phoebe Harvey James who introduced him to the piano music of the 19th century. Cage enrolled at Pomona College in Claremont as a theology major in 1928. I was shocked at college to see one hundred of my classmates in the library all reading copies of the same book. 1931–36: Apprenticeship[edit] 1937–49: Modern dance and Eastern influences[edit] Related:  Art Moderne & Contemporain [en cours...]

Marcel Duchamp Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Duchamp. Marcel Duchamp Marcel Duchamp (né à Blainville-Crevon, le et mort à Neuilly-sur-Seine, le ) est un peintre, plasticien, homme de lettres français, naturalisé américain en 1955. Considéré par beaucoup comme l'artiste le plus important du XXe siècle, il est qualifié également par André Breton d'« homme le plus intelligent du siècle ». Inventeur des ready-made, sa démarche artistique exerce une influence majeure sur les différents courants de l'art contemporain. Biographie[modifier | modifier le code] Origines familiales[modifier | modifier le code] « J'ai eu une vie absolument merveilleuse. » — Marcel Duchamp[1] Né dans la Seine-Maritime, Henri Robert Marcel Duchamp est le fils du notaire de Blainville-Crevon, Justin Isidore Duchamp (dit « Eugène »), et de Marie Caroline Lucie née Nicolle, musicienne accomplie. Débuts : tableaux et dessins[modifier | modifier le code] Il fut un excellent joueur d'échecs.

John Cage :: An Autobiographical Statement What follows is John Cage's "Autobiographical Statement"(1990), which, in time, will transform into a fully animated multimedia version. Hyperlinked words will take you to a wealth of materials across media -- some drawn from the archives of the John Cage Trust, some discovered within the folds of the World Wide Web, some newly created. While we work to create these links (both content and access), we ask that you consider submitting for consideration your own contributions, which may take the form of text, video, music, and/or images (files or links). Like our "Folksonomy," this aspect of the website means to infinitely expand. I once asked Aragon, the historian, how history was written. My father was an inventor. My mother had a sense of society. Neither of my parents went to college. Later when I returned to California, in the Pacific Palisades, I wrote songs with texts by Gertrude Stein and choruses from The Persians of Aeschylus. I don't know when it began.

Art moderne Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. L'appellation d'art moderne désigne une période de l'histoire de l'art qui est initiée par Édouard Manet et les peintres impressionnistes dans les années 1870 et s'achève au milieu des années 1950, notamment avec la naissance du pop art[1]. L'art moderne se caractérise par une rupture avec les canons de la figuration de l'art classique[2]. La notion d'« art moderne »[modifier | modifier le code] Dans Le Peintre de la vie moderne, Baudelaire trouve la beauté dans la rue et il la voit changeante, mobile ; chez l'artiste moderne, il salue l'aptitude à dégager du transitoire du quotidien l'éternel de la beauté. D'un point de vue institutionnel, l'émergence de la modernité ébranle l'Académie dans son pouvoir d'autoriser ou non l'entrée d'une œuvre au Salon. Les peintres « hors-académie » refuseront finalement d'être exposés à côté des peintres académiques. Naissance de l'« art moderne »[modifier | modifier le code]

A guide to John Cage's music John Cage. A wolf in sheep's clothing. Not my aphorism, but the epithet of Michael Finnissy, a composer who worked with Cage and who deeply admires him, but who suggests that the Cageian legacy is something that needs deconstruction as well as celebration. Behind that beatifically smiling visage, the charming prophet of (apparent) freedom, egolessness and openness, there could lurk a more conventionally controlling figure, a creative spirit just as fiercely rigorous and as conscious of his own significance as any of the other titans of the 20th century. What's worth remembering and genuinely celebrating in Cage's centenary year (yes, he – just! It's easy to be seduced by that line of thinking. But that's to forget about something really rather important: Cage's music. Guthrie caught the thrill of the new that Cage's prepared piano music still makes you feel, and the new musical terrain it opens up. But what about the lupine elements of the Cage legacy? Reading on mobile?

Art contemporain Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. L'expression « art contemporain » désigne de façon générale et globale l'ensemble des œuvres produites depuis 1945 à nos jours, et ce quels qu'en soient le style et la pratique esthétique. Dans cette classification périodique, l'art contemporain succède à l'art moderne (1850-1945). Cette désignation s'applique également aux musées, institutions, galeries, foires, salons, biennales montrant les œuvres de cette période. Qu'est-ce que l'art contemporain ? La notion de « contemporanéité » est d’abord une notion historique. « Contemporanéité » signifie aussi « simultanéité ». De nouvelles références permettent de définir ce qu'est la méthode contemporaine. De surcroît, l'expression « manière contemporaine » est aujourd'hui utilisée pour des artistes encore vivants et actifs ou pouvant encore l'être, ce qui dans ce cas placerait l'origine de la méthode contemporaine dans les années 1960, avec le pop art, Fluxus, les happenings ou l'art vidéo.

John Cage’s Silence and Noise On August 29, 1952, David Tudor walked onto the stage of the Maverick Concert Hall, near Woodstock, New York, sat down at the piano, and, for four and a half minutes, made no sound. He was performing “4'33",’’ a conceptual work by John Cage. It has been called the “silent piece,” but its purpose is to make people listen. “There’s no such thing as silence,” Cage said, recalling the première. This past July, the pianist Pedja Muzijevic included “4'33" ” in a recital at Maverick, which is in a patch of woods a couple of miles outside Woodstock. Cage’s mute manifesto has inspired reams of commentary. On a simpler level, Cage had an itch to try new things. Many people, of course, won’t hear of it. The simplest explanation for the resistance to avant-garde music is that human ears have a catlike vulnerability to unfamiliar sounds, and that when people feel trapped, as in a concert hall, they panic. Cage’s high-school yearbook said of him, “Noted for: being radical.” Did Cage love noise?

Claude Monet Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Monet. Claude Monet Claude Monet par Nadar en 1899 Œuvres réputées Claude Monet ( à Paris – (à 86 ans) à Giverny), est un peintre français, l’un des fondateurs du mouvement impressionniste, peintre de paysages et de portraits. Né à Paris, il grandit au Havre et est particulièrement assidu au dessin. En 1876, il rencontre Ernest Hoschedé, un mécène qui va rapidement faire faillite. À partir de 1890, Monet se consacre à des séries de peintures, c'est-à-dire qu'il peint le même motif à différentes heures de la journée, à diverses saisons. Monet peint devant le modèle sur l'intégralité de sa toile dès les premières ébauches, il retouche ensuite de nombreuses fois jusqu'à ce que le résultat le satisfasse. D'un caractère parfois difficile, prompt à la colère comme au découragement, Claude Monet est un grand travailleur qui n'hésite pas à défier la météo pour pratiquer sa passion. Signature de Claude Monet. Biographie

Works for prepared piano by John Cage American avant-garde composer John Cage (1912–1992) started composing for prepared piano in 1940.[1] The majority of early works for this instrument were created to accompany dances by Cage's various collaborators, most frequently Merce Cunningham. In response to frequent criticisms of prepared piano, Cage cited numerous predecessors (such as Henry Cowell). In the liner notes for the very first recording of his most highly acclaimed work for prepared piano, Sonatas and Interludes, Cage wrote: "Composing for the prepared piano is not a criticism of the instrument. I'm only being practical. Solo[edit] Bacchanale[edit] Composed in 1940[1] for a choreography by the American dancer Syvilla Fort, this was the first piece Cage composed for prepared piano. Totem Ancestor[edit] Composed in 1942 for a dance by Merce Cunningham. And the Earth Shall Bear Again[edit] Composed in 1942 for a dance by Valerie Bettis. Primitive[edit] Composed in 1942 for a dance by Wilson Williams. Our Spring Will Come[edit]

Auguste Rodin Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Auguste Rodin Auguste Rodin (René François Auguste Rodin[1]), né à Paris le et mort à Meudon le , est l'un des plus importants sculpteurs français de la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle, considéré comme un des pères de la sculpture moderne[2]. Biographie[modifier | modifier le code] Auguste Rodin naît le dans une famille modeste d'origine et meurt à Meudon le 17 novembre 1917 . Formation[modifier | modifier le code] En partie à cause de sa forte myopie, il mena des études médiocres, dont il gardera longtemps le handicap d'une faible maîtrise du français. En 1855, il découvre la sculpture avec Antoine-Louis Barye puis Albert-Ernest Carrier-Belleuse. Le , fortement touché par le décès de sa sœur Maria, Rodin entre au noviciat de la congrégation du Très-Saint-Sacrement. Collaboration avec Carrier-Belleuse et Van Rasbourgh[modifier | modifier le code] Son « Homme au nez cassé » est refusé au Salon de Paris où Rodin ne sera exposé qu'en 1875. La Tempête

Sonatas and Interludes A piano prepared for a performance of Sonatas and Interludes Sonatas and Interludes is a collection of twenty pieces for prepared piano by American avant-garde composer John Cage (1912–1992). It was composed in 1946–1948, shortly after Cage's introduction to Indian philosophy and the teachings of art historian Ananda K. Coomaraswamy, both of which became major influences on the composer's later work. History of composition[edit] Cage underwent an artistic crisis in the early 1940s.[6] His compositions were rarely accepted by the public,[7] and he grew more and more disillusioned with the idea of art as communication. listen .[14]) Cage also stated that Sonata XVI, the last of the cycle ( listen ), is "clearly European. John Cage with the pianist Maro Ajemian, to whom he dedicated Sonatas and Interludes Cage dedicated Sonatas and Interludes to Maro Ajemian, a pianist and friend. Analysis[edit] Piano preparation[edit] Part of the table of preparations of Sonatas and Interludes Example 1. E.S.

Constantin Brâncusi Early years[edit] Brâncuși grew up in the village of Hobiţa, Gorj, near Târgu Jiu, close to Romania's Carpathian Mountains, an area known for its rich tradition of folk crafts, particularly woodcarving. Geometric patterns of the region are seen in his later works. His parents Nicolae and Maria Brâncuși were poor peasants who earned a meager living through back-breaking labor; from the age of seven, Constantin herded the family's flock of sheep. He showed talent for carving objects out of wood, and often ran away from home to escape the bullying of his father and older brothers. At the age of nine, Brâncuși left the village to work in the nearest large town. He then enrolled in the Bucharest School of Fine Arts, where he received academic training in sculpture. Working in Paris[edit] In 1903, Brâncuși traveled to Munich, and from there to Paris. After leaving Rodin's workshop, Brâncuși began developing the revolutionary style for which he is known. Personal life[edit] Death and legacy[edit]

Vincent van Gogh Vincent Willem van Gogh (Dutch: [ˈvɪnsɛnt ˈʋɪləm vɑn ˈɣɔx] ( );[note 1] 30 March 1853 – 29 July 1890) was a Post-Impressionist painter of Dutch origin whose work—notable for its rough beauty, emotional honesty, and bold color—had a far-reaching influence on 20th-century art. After years of painful anxiety and frequent bouts of mental illness,[1][2] he died aged 37 from a gunshot wound, generally accepted to be self-inflicted (although no gun was ever found).[3][note 2] Letters Vincent c. 1873 aged 19. Although many are undated, art historians have generally been able to put them in chronological order. Biography Early life Vincent c. 1866, approx. age 13 As a child, Vincent was serious, silent, and thoughtful. The house "Holme Court" in Isleworth, where Van Gogh stayed in 1876 [23][24] Van Gogh returned to England for unpaid work as a supply teacher in a small boarding school overlooking the harbor in Ramsgate, where he made sketches of the view. Etten, Drenthe and The Hague Emerging artist

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