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Santé - L'actualité des sciences

Santé - L'actualité des sciences
Aux USA, les empoisonnements par e-liquide augmentent. Mais restent six fois moindres qu'avec les cigarettes classiques. En France, une étude est lancée... Fabriquer des tissus et des organes humains, couche après couche, selon une technique dérivée de l'impression 3D, c'est la promesse de la bio-impression. L'ex-ministre des sports et nouvelle secrétaire d'état au commerce est hospitalisée depuis vendredi. Prendre des suppléments de zinc permettrait de réduire la durée des symptômes du rhume de moitié. Une tétine-thermomètre pour suivre la température en continu de son enfant, sur son smartphone ou sa tablette. Disponible gratuitement, l'application calcule des programmes d'ajustement personnalisés aux différents fuseaux horaires en se basant sur la lumière. Questions à Jean-Louis Roumégas, député EE-LV de l’Hérault, auteur du rapport sur la stratégie européenne en matière de perturbateurs endocriniens. Les Français consomment le double des quantités recommandées. Related:  Antibioresistance aux Etats-Unis

Canoë Santé Santé infantile Journal de MontréalRichard Béliveau - Docteur en biochimie29 novembre 2010 Une des tendances actuelles les plus alarmantes en santé des populations est sans doute la montée en flèche du taux d'obésité chez les enfants et les adolescents. Une nouvelle étude indique qu'il faut absolument porter une plus grande attention à ce problème, car les enfants en surpoids sont à haut risque de souffrir d'obésité morbide à l'âge adulte et ainsi d'être affectés par les nombreuses maladies associées à ce surplus de poids. Il suffit de jeter un coup d'œil aux cours de récréation dans les écoles de notre quartier pour constater à quel point les enfants d'aujourd'hui sont beaucoup plus gros qu'auparavant. La présence d'un excès de poids chez les enfants et adolescents n'est souvent pas prise très au sérieux, un peu comme s'il s'agissait d'un surplus «temporaire» qui disparaîtra de lui-même, magiquement, à l'âge adulte.

CIDRAP 16/09/13 CDC: Antibiotic-resistant bugs sicken 2 million a year The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said today that antibiotic-resistant pathogens sicken 2 million Americans a year and listed the three most urgent threats as Clostridium difficile, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The agency's first all-encompassing report on antibiotic disease threats spans 114 pages and ranks the pathogens in part to spur a multipronged effort to prioritize and battle the problems. Antibiotic-resistant microorganisms play a role in 23,000 deaths each year, the CDC said. At a media briefing today, CDC Director Tom Frieden, MD, MPH, said the landmark report provides a snapshot of the antibiotic-resistant organisms that have the biggest impact on human health. The numbers are worrisome, because so few antibiotics to battle the new pathogens are in the development pipeline, he said. The other two organisms in the CDC's "urgent" category are CRE and drug-resistant N gonorrhoeae. See also:

Univers Santé JDLE 25/09/13 L’antibiorésistance tue chaque année 23.000 Américains. Les dangers de l'antibiorésistance précisés Les bactéries antibiorésistantes infectent chaque année au moins 2 millions d’Américains et en tuent 23.000, révèlent les centres de contrôle et de prévention des maladies (CDC) dans leur rapport 2013 sur le sujet. Outre son poids humain, l’antibiorésistance engendre un coût de santé annuel de 20 milliards de dollars (14,8 Md€), avec des pertes de productivité estimées à 35 Md$ (26 Md€). «Les antibiotiques constituent une ressource limitée, précieuse: plus nous les utilisons aujourd’hui, moins nous en aurons d’efficaces demain», rappelle Steve Solomon, directeur du bureau Antibiorésistance des CDC, dans un communiqué. De plus en plus répandue, l’antibiorésistance est en effet liée à un usage abusif des antibiotiques. Campylobacter et salmonelles, menaces «sérieuses» Dans leur rapport, les CDC dressent une liste des dangers les plus pressants.

Etude sur les liens entre précarité énergétique et santé dans l’Hérault Le 22 octobre 2013, le Conseil d’Administration de la Sauvegarde du Nord entérinait la création d’un Pôle Promotion de la Santé au sein de l’association. Cette décision vient confirmer l’implication croissante de La Sauvegarde du Nord dans le champ de la promotion, de la prévention et de l’éducation pour la santé. Ainsi, avec le soutien du Conseil Régional Nord – Pas de Calais, La Sauvegarde a décidé de poursuivre un certain nombre d’actions régionales en matière de promotion de la santé jusqu’ici portées par le GRPS (Groupement Régional de Promotion de la Santé) : le Centre de Régional de Ressources Documentaires (information et outils pédagogiques en éducation et promotion de la santé).

CDC 09/06/15 The 2013 NARMS Annual Human Isolates Report Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options CDC Home CDC 24/7: Saving Lives. Protecting People <div class="noscript"> Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported by your browser. National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System The 2013 NARMS Annual Human Isolates Report CDC NARMS tracks antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella and other enteric (intestinal) bacteria that may cause mild or severe diarrhea or bloodstream infection. About NARMS Monitors antibiotic resistance among enteric (intestinal) bacteria in: Humans – CDC Retail meats - U.S. Bacterial foodborne infections are common and can be serious. The 2013 NARMS Annual Human Isolates Report [PDF - 81 pages] provides the most recent nationwide data on antibiotic resistance among: Salmonella Shigella Campylobacter E. coli O157 Vibrio species other than Vibrio cholerae Key Trends in 2013 Right Direction collapsed Worth Concern collapsed

CDC EID - Volume 21, Number 9—September 2015. Au sommaire: Emerging Infections Program as Surveillance for Antimicrobial Drug Resistance ; Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (S.K. Fridkin, A.A. Cleveland, I. See); Minnesota Department of Public Health, St. Suggested citation for this article Abstract Across the United States, antimicrobial drug–resistant infections affect a diverse population, and effective interventions require concerted efforts across various public health and clinical programs. The 1992 Institute of Medicine report Emerging Infections: Microbial Threats to Health in the United States describes the ability of microbes to adapt, the development of antimicrobial drug resistance, and the importance of recognizing and monitoring emerging microbial threats to human health (1). EIP as an Antimicrobial Drug Resistance Surveillance System EIP is grounded in performing active population-based and laboratory-based surveillance. Examples of Antimicrobial Drug Resistance Surveillance and Research in EIP Dr. References

CDC EID – MAI 2014 – Au sommaire: Factors Associated with Antimicrobial Drug Use in Medicaid Programs Author affiliations: University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA Suggested citation for this article Abstract Using US Medicaid data, we found that 52% of adult Medicaid patients with acute respiratory tract infections filled prescriptions for antimicrobial drugs in 2007. Factors associated with lower likelihood of use were higher county-level availability of primary care physicians and state-level participation in a campaign for appropriate antimicrobial drug use. Antimicrobial drugs are not recommended for the treatment of acute respiratory tract infections (ARIs), such as colds, upper respiratory tract infections (URIs), and acute bronchitis (1,2). Inappropriate use of antimicrobial drugs in Medicaid programs is a potentially serious problem (4,5). We used the 2007 Medicaid Analytic Extract files for patients >21 years of age from 40 states linked with the Area Resource File. References Figure Figure. Tables Technical Appendix

CDC - Antimicrobial Resistance Threat Report 2013. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content Get Email Updates To receive email updates about this page, enter your email address: CDCAntibiotic / Antimicrobial Resistance Antibiotic Resistance Threats in the United States, 2013 Recommend on Facebook Tweet This report, Antibiotic resistance threats in the United States, 2013 gives a first-ever snapshot of the burden and threats posed by the antibiotic-resistant germs having the most impact on human health. Each year in the United States, at least 2 million people become infected with bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics and at least 23,000 people die each year as a direct result of these infections. Antibiotic-resistant infections can happen anywhere. What's in the Report Foreword[page 5]( Microorganisms with a Threat Level of Urgent Related Links Top

NIH 07/04/14 NIH Funding Opportunity Focuses on Diagnostics for Hospital-Based Antibacterial-Resistant Infections - Awards to Total up to $12 Million in 2015 ​The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, recently announced a research funding opportunity to develop and/or produce diagnostics to quickly detect the key bacteria responsible for antibacterial-resistant infections in hospital settings. NIAID expects to fund 10-15 awards for a total of up to $12 million in 2015. The maximum length of each award is 5 years. Drug-resistant bacterial infections are a growing worldwide problem, causing significant illness, death and healthcare cost. Investigators from academic organizations are eligible to submit proposals, but must establish a partnership with an industrial organization.

CDC EID - Volume 20, Number 12—December 2014. Au sommaire: Effects of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Primary Care Providers on Antibiotic Selection, United States Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA Suggested citation for this article Abstract Appropriate selection of antibiotic drugs is critical to optimize treatment of infections and limit the spread of antibiotic resistance. Antibiotic prescribing guidelines establish standards of care, help focus efforts on quality improvement, and have been shown to improve patient outcomes (1–3). Published qualitative studies that have examined antibiotic selection among primary care providers (PCPs) are outdated and focus on non-US–based physicians; they do not include nurse practitioners or physician assistants, who together comprise >25% of the US primary care workforce (15–22). We conducted in-depth interviews by digitally recorded telephone calls, and transcribed the recordings to text to accurately and reliably assess PCP KAPs. Thirty-six PCPs were selected for the study. Interviews were conducted during May 2013. Antibiotic Selection Acknowledgment

AASV 27/12/16 FDA Annual Summary Report on Antimicrobials Sold or Distributed in 2015 for Use in Food-Producing Animals December 27, 2016 — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today published its annual report summarizing sales and distribution data for all antimicrobial drugs approved for use in food-producing animals. The report shows that sales and distribution of all antimicrobials increased 1 percent from 2014 through 2015, tying for the lowest annual increase since 2009. The percentage of those antimicrobials that are considered medically important in human medicine increased by 2 percent from 2014 through 2015. Section 105 of the Animal Drug User Fee Amendments of 2008 (ADUFA 105) requires antimicrobial drug sponsors to report to FDA on an annual basis the amount of antimicrobial drugs they sell or distribute for use in food-producing animals. Please see the 2015 Summary Report on Antimicrobials Sold or Distributed for Use in Food-Producing Animals for more information. Additional Information

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