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Active / Passive Verb Forms

Active / Passive Verb Forms
Sentences can be active or passive. Therefore, tenses also have "active forms" and "passive forms." You must learn to recognize the difference to successfully speak English. Active Form In active sentences, the thing doing the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing receiving the action is the object. [Thing doing action] + [verb] + [thing receiving action] Examples: Passive Form In passive sentences, the thing receiving the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing doing the action is optionally included near the end of the sentence. [Thing receiving action] + [be] + [past participle of verb] + [by] + [thing doing action] Active / Passive Overview Your personal online English school. Related:  Test Exercises - all classes!The Passive voice

Simple Present vs. Present Progressive Exercises and tests Form See also explanations on Simple Present and Present Progressive Use In general or right now? Do you want to express that something happens in general or that something is happening right now? Timetable / Schedule or arrangement? Do you want to express that something is arranged for the near future? Daily routine or just for a limited period of time? Do you want to talk about a daily routine? Certain Verbs The following verbs are usually only used in Simple Present (not in the progressive form). state: be, cost, fit, mean, suitExample: We are on holiday. possession: belong, haveExample: Sam has a cat. senses: feel, hear, see, smell, taste, touchExample: He feels the cold. feelings: hate, hope, like, love, prefer, regret, want, wishExample: Jane loves pizza. brain work: believe, know, think, understandExample: I believe you. Exercies on Simple Present and Present Progressive Tests on Simple Present and Present Progressive

Passive Exercises Passive Exercises Here's a list of exercises for practice with the passive: Would you like more Perfect English Grammar? 1: You could sign up for my FREE email newsletter! I'll send you an email whenever I make new lessons. Present Continuous [am/is/are + present participle] Examples: You are watching TV. Complete List of Present Continuous Forms USE 1 Now Use the Present Continuous with Normal Verbs to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment. You are learning English now. USE 2 Longer Actions in Progress Now In English, "now" can mean: this second, today, this month, this year, this century, and so on. Examples: (All of these sentences can be said while eating dinner in a restaurant.) I am studying to become a doctor. USE 3 Near Future Sometimes, speakers use the Present Continuous to indicate that something will or will not happen in the near future. I am meeting some friends after work. USE 4 Repetition and Irritation with "Always" The Present Continuous with words such as "always" or "constantly" expresses the idea that something irritating or shocking often happens. She is always coming to class late. REMEMBER Non-Continuous Verbs/ Mixed Verbs She is loving this chocolate ice cream.

Relative Clauses Content How to form relative clauses Level: lower intermediate Relative pronouns Level: lower intermediate Subject pronouns or Object pronouns? Relative adverbs Level: intermediate Defining relative clauses Level: lower intermediate Non-defining relative clauses Level: upper intermediate How to shorten relative clauses Level: intermediate Exercises and Tests Exercises and tests on relative clauses We use relative clauses to give additional information about something without starting another sentence. How to Form Relative Clauses Level: lower intermediate Imagine, a girl is talking to Tom. A girl is talking to Tom. That sounds rather complicated, doesn't it? Do you know the girl … As your friend cannot know which girl you are talking about, you need to put in the additional information – the girl is talking to Tom. Do you know the girl who is talking to Tom? Relative Pronouns Level: lower intermediate Subject Pronoun or Object Pronoun? the apple which is lying on the table Tests

Passives Passives We make the passive using ‘be’ – in a suitable tense – and the past participle (‘done’, ‘played’ etc.). We use the passive: 1) … when we don’t know, or we are not interested in, who does an action. My car was stolen yesterday. We don’t know who stole the car. A lot of wine is produced in France. It’s not important who produces the wine. 2) … when the main topic of the sentence isn’t who did the action. Television was invented in the 1920s by John Logie Baird. The main topic here is television – we aren’t particularly interested in ‘who’. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963. In English we tend to put the most important thing at the start of the sentence. 3) … more in written English than in spoken English. War and Peace was written by Tolstoy. You often see the passive in textbooks. The mixture is heated to 500˚C. Scientific texts especially use the passive. Tenses The passive can be used with all tenses - the form of ‘be’ changes. What is tiramisu made from?. Answers must be written in pencil.

Present Perfect [has/have + past participle] Examples: You have seen that movie many times. Complete List of Present Perfect Forms USE 1 Unspecified Time Before Now We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. I have seen that movie twenty times. How Do You Actually Use the Present Perfect? The concept of "unspecified time" can be very confusing to English learners. TOPIC 1 Experience You can use the Present Perfect to describe your experience. I have been to France. TOPIC 2 Change Over Time We often use the Present Perfect to talk about change that has happened over a period of time. You have grown since the last time I saw you. TOPIC 3 Accomplishments We often use the Present Perfect to list the accomplishments of individuals and humanity. Man has walked on the Moon. TOPIC 4 An Uncompleted Action You Are Expecting We often use the Present Perfect to say that an action which we expected has not happened. James has not finished his homework yet.

Participle Clauses 1 Reduced Relative Clauses (Download this page in PDF here.) (Click here for information about participle adjectives.) We can use participle clauses after a noun in the same way as relative clauses. This gives more information about the noun. We sometimes call this a 'reduced relative clause'. 1: A present participle (verb + ing) can be used in the same way as an active relative clause: The man driving the car is a friend of mine.(= The man who is driving the car is a friend of mine). The present participle can replace any active tense, not just the present continuous tense: Lorries coming over the bridge have to be careful of the wind.(= Lorries that come over the bridge have to be careful of the wind).Who was the girl wearing the red dress? 2: A past participle can be used in the same way as a simple passive relative clause: 3: 'Being + past participle' can be used in the same way as a continuous passive relative clause: Things to notice: Not: Who was the girl dropping the coffee?

Passive forms | LearnEnglish Teens | British Council We use the passive, rather than the active, to show that we are more interested in a certain part of the sentence. The passive is usually formed by the verb to be + past participle. Can you give me some examples of the active and passive? Yes, of course. Here’s a passive sentence: My room is being cleaned. 'My room' is the main focus of the sentence. OK, that makes sense. We also use the passive when we don’t know who did something, or when it isn’t important. It’s the biggest outdoor elevator in the world, so I’ve been informed. It doesn’t matter who told me. I think loads of films have been made there. The important thing is the films, not the film-makers. Can you use a passive and also say who did the action? Yes. Avatar was made by James Cameron. No, not necessarily. I hope to find everything clean and tidy … you’ve been warned! But we often avoid the passive in very informal spoken language, for example, by using they. They based the scenery in Avatar on the landscape here. Yes, very good!

Use of English: Tenses Kangaroo injures Australian politician May 18, 2013 A kangaroo (1)(injure) Australian politician Shane Rattenbury in the Australian capital, Canberra, on Thursday. Upper-intermediate use of English - Exercise 3: Kangaroo injures Australian politician Kangaroo injures Australian politician Saturday, May 18, 2013A kangaroo injured Australian politician Shane Rattenbury in the Australian (1), Canberra, on Thursday. Mr. Rattenbury was taking a morning (2) in the Canberra suburb of Ainslie when the kangaroo surprised him, and in the ensuing (3), Mr. By Mr Rattenbury's (5), the kangaroo was an eastern grey kangaroo, which is a common (6) in Australia.

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