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Active / Passive Verb Forms

Active / Passive Verb Forms
Sentences can be active or passive. Therefore, tenses also have "active forms" and "passive forms." You must learn to recognize the difference to successfully speak English. Active Form In active sentences, the thing doing the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing receiving the action is the object. [Thing doing action] + [verb] + [thing receiving action] Examples: Passive Form In passive sentences, the thing receiving the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing doing the action is optionally included near the end of the sentence. [Thing receiving action] + [be] + [past participle of verb] + [by] + [thing doing action] Active / Passive Overview Your personal online English school. Related:  Test Exercises - all classes!

Simple Present vs. Present Progressive Exercises and tests Form See also explanations on Simple Present and Present Progressive Use In general or right now? Do you want to express that something happens in general or that something is happening right now? Timetable / Schedule or arrangement? Do you want to express that something is arranged for the near future? Daily routine or just for a limited period of time? Do you want to talk about a daily routine? Certain Verbs The following verbs are usually only used in Simple Present (not in the progressive form). state: be, cost, fit, mean, suitExample: We are on holiday. possession: belong, haveExample: Sam has a cat. senses: feel, hear, see, smell, taste, touchExample: He feels the cold. feelings: hate, hope, like, love, prefer, regret, want, wishExample: Jane loves pizza. brain work: believe, know, think, understandExample: I believe you. Exercies on Simple Present and Present Progressive Tests on Simple Present and Present Progressive Mobile This is a pretty simple worksheet for teaching or revising the passive voice at pre-intermediate level. There are two different activities in which students are asked to complete the sentences given with a passive form and rewrite the sentences with a passive verb. The answer key is included. Present Continuous [am/is/are + present participle] Examples: You are watching TV. Complete List of Present Continuous Forms USE 1 Now Use the Present Continuous with Normal Verbs to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment. You are learning English now. USE 2 Longer Actions in Progress Now In English, "now" can mean: this second, today, this month, this year, this century, and so on. Examples: (All of these sentences can be said while eating dinner in a restaurant.) I am studying to become a doctor. USE 3 Near Future Sometimes, speakers use the Present Continuous to indicate that something will or will not happen in the near future. I am meeting some friends after work. USE 4 Repetition and Irritation with "Always" The Present Continuous with words such as "always" or "constantly" expresses the idea that something irritating or shocking often happens. She is always coming to class late. REMEMBER Non-Continuous Verbs/ Mixed Verbs She is loving this chocolate ice cream.

Aprender inglés gratis con Canciones Subtituladas, cursos de ingles online, listening, videos, música, subtitulos, internet, letras, karaoke Relative Clauses Content How to form relative clauses Level: lower intermediate Relative pronouns Level: lower intermediate Subject pronouns or Object pronouns? Relative adverbs Level: intermediate Defining relative clauses Level: lower intermediate Non-defining relative clauses Level: upper intermediate How to shorten relative clauses Level: intermediate Exercises and Tests Exercises and tests on relative clauses We use relative clauses to give additional information about something without starting another sentence. How to Form Relative Clauses Level: lower intermediate Imagine, a girl is talking to Tom. A girl is talking to Tom. That sounds rather complicated, doesn't it? Do you know the girl … As your friend cannot know which girl you are talking about, you need to put in the additional information – the girl is talking to Tom. Do you know the girl who is talking to Tom? Relative Pronouns Level: lower intermediate Subject Pronoun or Object Pronoun? the apple which is lying on the table Tests

English Grammar Explanations - Future tenses There are several different ways in English that you can talk about the future. This page is an introduction to the most important ones: - Predictions/statements of fact - Intentions - Arrangements - Scheduled events Predictions/statements of fact The auxiliary verb will is used in making predictions or simple statements of fact about the future. The sun will rise at 6.30 tomorrow. Intentions The auxiliary verb going to is used in talking about intentions. We're going to buy a new car next month. Note: going to is often used in the past tense to talk about an unfulfilled intention. Arrangements The present continuous tense is used in talking about arrangements. I'm meeting my mother at the airport tomorrow.Our grandparents are visiting us this Christmas.Sorry, I can't stay after school today; I'm playing tennis with Jun-Sik.My sister's going to the dentist tomorrow.I'm not returning home for the holidays, so I can come to your party after all! Scheduled events Hurry up! More future tenses.

Present Perfect The present perfect is a verb tense which is used to show that an action has taken place once or many times before now. The present perfect is most frequently used to talk about experiences or changes that have taken place, but there are other less common uses as well. Read on for detailed descriptions, examples, and present perfect exercises. Present Perfect Forms The present perfect is formed using has/have + past participle. Statement: You have seen that movie many times.Question: Have you seen that movie many times? Complete List of Present Perfect Forms Present Perfect Uses USE 1 Unspecified Time Before Now We use the present perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. Examples: I have seen that movie twenty times. How Do You Actually Use the Present Perfect? The concept of "unspecified time" can be very confusing to English learners. TOPIC 1 Experience You can use the present perfect to describe your experience. I have been to France. TOPIC 3 Accomplishments

Cover letters / Cartas de presentación Personal details. La primera zona, que incluye sus datos personales, es relativamente simple de redactar, pero debe tener en cuenta algunas consideraciones culturales. Recuerde que en países de habla inglesa, usualmente se consideran importantes el primer nombre ( ), la inicial del segundo nombre ( ) y el apellido ( ). Preferiblemente no utilice el Email de su trabajo actual, pues podría inferirse el hecho de que Usted dedica tiempo y recursos pagados por su compañía para intereses personales. Contact's details En la zona donde debemos incluir los datos de nuestro contacto, nos encontramos con el primer gran problema. Saludo un tanto informal, pero que se está haciendo cada vez más frecuente y popular, especialmente si se trata de un Email. Date Para la fecha utilice sólo la forma expuesta en la plantilla ( ). Opening Veamos un ejemplo: Ahora, el opening de su carta no tiene porqué ser tradicional. Iniciar la carta estableciendo una necesidad: Middle paragraph (body) Ejemplo: Tipos de carta

Participle Clauses 1 Reduced Relative Clauses (Download this page in PDF here.) (Click here for information about participle adjectives.) We can use participle clauses after a noun in the same way as relative clauses. This gives more information about the noun. We sometimes call this a 'reduced relative clause'. 1: A present participle (verb + ing) can be used in the same way as an active relative clause: The man driving the car is a friend of mine.(= The man who is driving the car is a friend of mine). The present participle can replace any active tense, not just the present continuous tense: Lorries coming over the bridge have to be careful of the wind.(= Lorries that come over the bridge have to be careful of the wind).Who was the girl wearing the red dress? 2: A past participle can be used in the same way as a simple passive relative clause: 3: 'Being + past participle' can be used in the same way as a continuous passive relative clause: Things to notice: Not: Who was the girl dropping the coffee?

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