Motivation has been shown to have roots in physiological, behavioral, cognitive, and social areas. Motivation may be rooted in a basic impulse to optimize well-being, minimize physical pain and maximize pleasure. It can also originate from specific physical needs such as eating, sleeping or resting, and sex. Motivation is an inner drive to behave or act in a certain manner. These inner conditions such as wishes, desires and goals, activate to move in a particular direction in behavior. Types of theories and models Motivational theories A class of theories about why people do things seeks to reduce the number of factors down to one and explain all behaviour through that one factor. Conscious and unconscious motivations A number of motivational theories emphasize the distinction between conscious and unconscious motivations. Psychological theories and models Motivation can be looked at as a cycle where thoughts influence behaviors and behaviors thus drive performance.
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