The Nyx/Nixie (German: Nix/Nixie/Nyx, Norwegian: Nøkk or plural: Nøkken) are shapeshifting water spirits who usually appear in human form. These spirits have appeared in the myths and legends of all Germanic peoples in Europe., Although perhaps most known in Norwegian and Scandinavian folklore. In recent times such creatures have usually been depicted as human in shape (albeit in many cases shapeshifting). However, the English Knucker is generally depicted as a wyrm or dragon, thus attesting to the survival of the other usage as any "water-being" rather than an exclusively humanoid creature. Their sex, bynames, and various animal-like transformations vary geographically. The names are held to derive from Common Germanic *nikwus or *nikwis(i), derived from PIE *neigw ("to wash"). It is related to Sanskrit nḗnēkti, Greek νίζω nízō and νίπτω níptō, and Irish nigh' (all meaning to wash or be washed). The nøkken was also an omen for drowning accidents.
Related: European Water Deities
VodyanoyVodyanoy is said to appear as a naked old man with a frog-like face, greenish beard, and long hair, with his body covered in algae and muck, usually covered in black fish scales. He has webbed paws instead of hands, a fish's tail, eyes that burn like red-hot coals. He usually rides along his river on a half-sunk log, making loud splashes. Consequently, he is often dubbed "grandfather" or "forefather" by the local people. Local drownings are said to be the work of the vodyanoy (or rusalkas). When angered, the vodyanoy breaks dams, washes down water mills, and drowns people and animals. Vodník Typical projection of vodník in Czech or Slovak folklore. Czech,Slovenian and Slovak tales have both evil and good vodníci (relative to human beings) who do (or don't, respectively) try to drown people when they happen to swim in their territory. Cultural references See also References Rose, Carol (2001).
RaveRave culture originated mostly from acid house music parties in the mid-to-late 1980s in the Chicago area in the United States. After Chicago house artists began experiencing overseas success, it quickly spread to the United Kingdom, Central Europe, Australia and the rest of the United States. Congo Natty, Congo Dubz, Sounds UNder Pressure In Vienna, Austria in 2005 History With the rapid change of British pop culture from the mod era of 1963–1966 to the hippie era of 1967 and beyond, the term fell out of popular usage. In the mid to late 1980s a wave of psychedelic and other electronic dance music, most notably acid house-music and Techno, emerged and caught on in the clubs, warehouses, and free-parties first in Manchester in the mid 1980s and then later London . They were mainstream events that attracted thousands of people (up to 25,000 instead of the 4,000 that came to earlier warehouse parties). United Kingdom United States of America
MelusineMelusine's secret discovered, from Le Roman de Mélusine by Jean d'Arras, ca 1450-1500. Bibliothèque nationale de France. Melusine[pronunciation?] (or Melusina) is a figure of European legends and folklore, a feminine spirit of fresh waters in sacred springs and rivers. Literary versions Raymond walks in on his wife, Melusine, in her bath and discovers she has the lower body of a serpent. The most famous literary version of Melusine tales, that of Jean d'Arras, compiled about 1382–1394, was worked into a collection of "spinning yarns" as told by ladies at their spinning. The tale was translated into German in 1456 by Thüring von Ringoltingen, the version of which became popular as a chapbook. It tells how in the time of the crusades, Elynas, the King of Albany (an old name for Scotland or Alba), went hunting one day and came across a beautiful lady in the forest. The three girls — Melusine, Melior, and Palatyne — grew up in Avalon. Legends References in the arts Notes
FylgjaIn Norse mythology, a fylgja (Old Norse, literally "someone that accompanies," plural fylgjur) is a spirit who accompanies a person in connection to their fate or fortune. Fylgjur usually appear in the form of an animal or a human and commonly appear during sleep, but the sagas relate that they could appear while a person is awake as well, and that seeing one's fylgja is an omen of one's impending death. However, when fylgjur appear in the form of women, they are then supposedly guardian spirits for people or clans (ættir). Both Andy Orchard and Rudolf Simek note parallels between the concept of the hamingja—a personification of a family's or individual's fortune—and the fylgja. See also Notes References
NerthusNerthus (1905) by Emil Doepler. In Germania, Tacitus records that the remote Suebi tribes were united by their veneration of the goddess at his time of writing and maintained a sacred grove on an (unspecified) island and that a holy cart rests there draped with cloth, which only a priest may touch. The priests feel her presence by the cart, and, with deep reverence, attend her cart, which is drawn by heifers. Everywhere the goddess then deigns to visit, she is met with celebration, hospitality, and peace. All iron objects are locked away, and no one will leave for war. When the goddess has had her fill she is returned to her temple by the priests. The name Nerthus is generally held to be a Latinized form of Proto-Germanic *Nerþuz, which is the Proto-Germanic precursor to the Old Norse deity name Njörðr, who is a male deity in works recorded in the 13th century. Etymology Germania Theories and interpretations Nerthus typically is identified as a Vanir goddess. Notes
Back of the Cereal Box: Secrets of the Starbucks MermaidI swear I’m not fixating on mythological creatures, previous posts being evidence to the contrary. That being said, this post chiefly concerns mermaids and coffee. During my aimless Wikipedia browsing, I stumbled upon the page for a concept known as “The Mermaid Problem,” which is basically an examination of the paradox of mermaids being sexually attractive but sexually unviable by virtue of the apparent lack of genitalia. Take a look: Those girls are mackerel from the waist down. It's a problem that Fry encountered with no small amount of distress in the "Lost City of Atlanta" episode of Futurama. As this insightful article discusses, mermaids make for some fun speculation, as far as symbols go. Here’s the Starbucks logo as it looks now: And here it is before the mermaid mascot was cropped. And here’s what she looked like in her initial incarnation, before Starbucks higher-ups decided she might look a little too provocative.
Kappa (folklore)Kappa (河童?, "river-child"), alternatively called Kawatarō (川太郎?, "river-boy"), Komahiki (“horse puller”), or Kawako (川子?, "river-child"), are a yōkai found in Japanese folklore, and also a cryptid. Their name comes from a mixture of the word "kawa" (river) and "wappo," an inflection of "waraba" (child). In Shintō they are considered to be one of many suijin (水神,“water deity”), their yorishiro, or one of their temporary appearances. A hair-covered variation of a kappa is called a Hyōsube (ひょうすべ?). It has been suggested that the kappa legends are based on the Japanese giant salamander or "hanzaki", an aggressive salamander which grabs its prey with its powerful jaws. Kappa imagery depicted by notable artists Kappa are typically depicted as roughly humanoid in form, and about the size of a child. Kappa are usually seen as mischievous troublemakers or trickster figures. Statues of male and female kappa at a shrine in Tokyo. Mark Schumacher (2004).
here to help? bitch, i might be.RusalkaIn Slavic mythology, a rusalka (plural: rusalki or rusalky) is a female ghost, water nymph, succubus, or mermaid-like demon that dwelt in a waterway. Other terms for these spirits include vila (plural: vily), wiła, willy (plural: willies), samovila, samodiva, rusavka, and mavka. According to most traditions, the rusalki were fish-women, who lived at the bottom of rivers. In the middle of the night, they would walk out to the bank and dance in meadows. Origin In most versions, the rusalka is an unquiet dead being, associated with the "unclean force". The ghostly version is the soul of a young woman who had died in or near a river or a lake and came back to haunt that waterway. Rusalki can also come from unbaptized children, often those who were born out of wedlock and drowned by their mothers for that reason. Rusalki in folklore can also be beneficial. Description Rusalki were believed to often exist in groups: Rusalki like to have men and children join in their games.