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Inside the mind of the octopus

Inside the mind of the octopus
Inside the mind of the octopus by Sy Montgomery Photograph: Brandon Cole ON AN UNSEASONABLY WARM day in the middle of March, I traveled from New Hampshire to the moist, dim sanctuary of the New England Aquarium, hoping to touch an alternate reality. I came to meet Athena, the aquarium’s forty-pound, five-foot-long, two-and-a-half-year-old giant Pacific octopus. For me, it was a momentous occasion. Many times I have stood mesmerized by an aquarium tank, wondering, as I stared into the horizontal pupils of an octopus’s large, prominent eyes, if she was staring back at me—and if so, what was she thinking? Not long ago, a question like this would have seemed foolish, if not crazy. Only recently have scientists accorded chimpanzees, so closely related to humans we can share blood transfusions, the dignity of having a mind. I had always longed to meet an octopus. The moment the lid was off, we reached for each other. Occasionally an octopus takes a dislike to someone. Then there was Wendy. Related:  animals are not cute; but their behaviour is fun science

Muriqui monkey mothers are key to sons' sexual success There's nothing quite like having mum around when you're trying to get it on with a lady. That is if you are a male northern muriqui monkey, according to a study by anthropologists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. According to behavioural studies of wild muriquis combined with genetic data, sexually mature males get helpful access to mates by the mere presence of their mothers and other maternal kin. The northern muriqui is a large, long-lived, socially complex and critically endangered primate -- with only 1,000 animals left in the world, in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Karen Strier and her colleagues have studies the monkey for almost 30 years. Unlike other primate societies, muriqui culture is egalitarian, peaceful, and reproductive success is spread evenly across the males of a group instead of being determined by male social rank as it is in most species. Genetic data was gathered from the faeces of 67 monkeys and analysed.

Adaptive Artificial Intelligence Inc.-Research Real A.I. Intro Introduction This is a book chapter written by Peter Voss and published in "Artificial General Intelligence" - Goertzel, Ben; Pennachin, Cassio (Eds). Written in 2002, this describes the foundation of our project: the low level, conceptual underpinnings that remain an important functioning part of our current more advanced research. Note that many crucial aspects of our current working model of higher-level intelligence are not explicitly detailed in the book chapter that follows below, or were developed after the chapter was written. Peter Voss is an entrepreneur with a background in electronics, computer systems, software, and management. Book Chapter also available as Word 2000 (.doc) Essentials of General Intelligence: The direct path to AGI 1. This paper explores the concept of 'artificial general intelligence' (AGI) - its nature, importance, and how best to achieve it. 2. · Adaptive - Learning is cumulative, integrative, contextual and adjusts to changing goals and environments. 1.

Potentiality and actuality The concept of potentiality, in this context, generally refers to any "possibility" that a thing can be said to have. Aristotle did not consider all possibilities the same, and emphasized the importance of those that become real of their own accord when conditions are right and nothing stops them.[3] Actuality, in contrast to potentiality, is the motion, change or activity that represents an exercise or fulfillment of a possibility, when a possibility becomes real in the fullest sense.[4] Potentiality[edit] Potentiality and potency are translations of the Ancient Greek word dunamis (δύναμις) as it is used by Aristotle as a concept contrasting with actuality. Dunamis is an ordinary Greek word for possibility or capability. Actuality[edit] Actuality, is often used to translate both energeia (ενέργεια) and entelecheia (ἐντελέχεια) (sometimes rendered in English as "entelechy"). Energeia[edit] Two examples of energeiai in Aristotle's works are pleasure and happiness (eudaimonia). Motion[edit]

Retake the Net Real Life Werewolves? Dog Bites and Full Moons | The Thoughtful Animal Happy Halloween! I decided to revise and repost this piece from November 1, 2010, on dog bites, full moons, and confirmation bias. Click the archives icon to see the original post. Our story begins in March 2000, when Dr. Shortly after the publication of this paper, Chapman received a short note from a local farmer: “Have you university types ever looked at whether dog bites happen more around the full moon? It is also a well known fact that farmers are the unwitting victims of confirmation bias, recall bias, and a menagerie of other cognitive biases. But perhaps man’s best friend is more susceptible to the tidal effects of the moon than is man himself. The researchers accessed twelve months’ worth of public health records, and extracted the data on daily admissions for dog bites from all accident and emergency departments in Australian hospitals. Chapman S, & Morrell S (2000). Top illustration by the awesome Glendon Mellow of the Symbiartic blog here on Scientific American.

Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) • TheNanoAge.com "Within thirty years, we will have the technological means to create superhuman intelligence. Shortly after, the human era will be ended."- Vernor Vinge, NASA Vision-21 Symposium, 1993 Defined as, "the intelligence of a machine that can successfully perform any intellectual task that a human being can," Artificial General Intelligence (AGI), or "Strong AI" has been the goal and dream of AI researchers since the mid 1950s. Most researchers today choose to focus on more manageable sub problems, also known as Weak AI, Narrow AI, or Applied AI, which they hope may eventually be combined to achieve Strong AI, using an integrated approach. Exponential growth in computing power (known as Moore's Law) is the driving force behind AGI. Due, once again, to the exponential nature of technological acceleration, once achieved, AGI will rapidly evolve into a form that exceeds the intelligence of the smartest human being. According to Justin Rattner; Intel's CTO,

Pale Blue Dot Quotes by Carl Sagan “From this distant vantage point, the Earth might not seem of particular interest. But for us, it's different. Consider again that dot. That's here, that's home, that's us. On it everyone you love, everyone you know, everyone you ever heard of, every human being who ever was, lived out their lives. The Earth is a very small stage in a vast cosmic arena. Our posturings, our imagined self-importance, the delusion that we have some privileged position in the Universe, are challenged by this point of pale light. The Earth is the only world known so far to harbor life. It has been said that astronomy is a humbling and character-building experience.

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