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Latest news: International Council for Science — ICSU

Latest news: International Council for Science — ICSU

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Présentation - 30,000 men and women, joining forces to build a world-class campus The aim of the GIANT campus In Grenoble, at the heart of the French Alps, the GIANT partnership is forging dynamic new links between research and industry to foster the technological breakthroughs of the future. The aim of the GIANT project is to respond to major challenges confronting our society today, such as: Communication technologiesRenewenable energies and environmental problemsBioscience and healthcare 'Tantalizing' hints of room-temperature superconductivity Simple graphite, if doped with distilled water, may be able to act as a superconductor at room temperature. Researchers in Germany have claimed a breakthrough: a material that can act as a superconductor — transmit electricity with zero resistance — at room temperature and above. Superconductors offer huge potential energy savings, but until now have worked only at temperatures of lower than about -110 °C. Now, Pablo Esquinazi and his colleagues at the University of Leipzig report that flakes of humble graphite soaked in water seem to continue superconducting at temperatures of greater than 100 °C1. Even Esquinazi admits that the claim “sounds like science fiction”, but the work has been published in the peer-reviewed journal Advanced Materials, and other physicists contacted by Nature say that the results, although tentative, merit further scrutiny. Esquinazi’s team speculates that high concentrations of electrons form at the interfaces between neighbouring thin segments of graphite.

International Human Dimensions Programme The International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change (IHDP) is a research programme that studies the human and societal aspects of the phenomenon of global change. IHDP aims to frame, develop and integrate social science research on global change, and promote the application of its key findings. It strives to develop research approaches that put societies at the center of the debate, looking at current global environmental problems as social and societal challenges.[1] Marine Biodiversity What is Biological Diversity or Biodiversity? Biodiversity or biological diversity is defined by the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity as:

BHSKY: Visual distortions near a black hole SAO/NASA ADS Astronomy Abstract Service · Electronic On-line Article (HTML)· Also-Read Articles (Reads History) · · Translate This Page Abstract BHSKY (copyright 1999 by Robert J. Research projects and collaborations Science Gallery is currently participating in three research projects funded by the European Commission under the 'Seventh Framework Programme'. The Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) is the European Union's main instrument for supporting collaborative research and pioneering educational development and innovation in science, engineering and technology. Partnering key scientific and educational spaces across Europe. Initiatives and ideas generated within FP7 projects are not bound by geographic borders and benefit from a diversity of opinion and cultural influences. Studiolab is a 3-year Europe-wide initiative that merges the studio with the research lab.

New IBM Microscope Technique Has Resolution 100 Times Smaller Than An Atom Different bond lengths in molecules have conventionally been drawn for years (left) but IBM scientists now have measured those lengths precisely with a microscope (right). Here’s a challenge: envision a trillionth of something. You might think of one penny compared to 10 billion dollars. World-systems theory A world map of countries by trading status, late 20th century, using the world system differentiation into core countries (blue), semi-periphery countries (purple) and periphery countries (red). Based on the list in Dunn, Kawana, Brewer (2000). World-systems theory (also known as world-systems analysis or the world-systems perspective),[1] a multidisciplinary, macro-scale approach to world history and social change, emphasizes the world-system (and not nation states) as the primary (but not exclusive) unit of social analysis.[1][2]