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Lewis Mumford

Lewis Mumford
Lewis Mumford, KBE (October 19, 1895 – January 26, 1990) was an American historian, sociologist, philosopher of technology, and literary critic. Particularly noted for his study of cities and urban architecture, he had a broad career as a writer. Mumford was influenced by the work of Scottish theorist Sir Patrick Geddes and worked closely with his associate the British sociologist Victor Branford. Life[edit] Mumford was born in Flushing, Queens, New York, and graduated from Stuyvesant High School in 1912.[2] He studied at the City College of New York and The New School for Social Research, but became ill with tuberculosis and never finished his degree. Mumford's earliest books in the field of literary criticism have had a lasting impact on contemporary American literary criticism. In his early writings on urban life, Mumford was optimistic about human abilities and wrote that the human race would use electricity and mass communication to build a better world for all humankind. Related:  People Writers

Research shows that Internet is rewiring our brains / UCLA Today The generation gap has been upgraded. In a world brimming with ever-advancing technology, the generations are now separated by a "brain gap" between young "digital natives" and older "digital immigrants," according to Dr. Gary Small, director of UCLA's Memory and Aging Research Center at the Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, and UCLA's Parlow-Solomon Chair on Aging. "We know that technology is changing our lives. It's also changing our brains," Small said during a recent Open Mind lecture for the Friends of the Semel Institute, a group that supports the institute's work in researching and developing treatment for illnesses of the mind and brain. Small's talk centered around his recently published book, "iBrain: Surviving the Technological Alteration of the Modern Mind." The human brain is malleable, always changing in response to the environment, Small said.

Technics and Civilization Technics and Civilization is a 1934 book by American philosopher and historian of technology Lewis Mumford. The book presents the history of technology and its role in shaping and being shaped by civilizations. According to Mumford, modern technology has its roots in the Middle Ages rather than in the Industrial Revolution. Background[edit] Apart from its significance as a monumental work of scholarship in several disciplines, Mumford explicitly positioned the book as a call-to-action for the human race to consider its options in the face of the threats to its survival posed by possible ecological catastrophe or industrialised warfare. Synopsis[edit] Mumford divides the development of technology into three overlapping phases: eotechnic, paleotechnic and neotechnic.[1] The first phase of technically civilized life (AD 1000 to 1800) begins with the clock, to Mumford the most important basis for the development of capitalism because time thereby becomes fungible (thus transferable).

The Gnostic Religion: Hans Jonas Book Description Publication Date: 16 Jan 2001 The Message of the Alien God and the Beginnings of Christianity Frequently Bought Together Customers Who Bought This Item Also Bought Sell a Digital Version of This Book in the Kindle Store If you are a publisher or author and hold the digital rights to a book, you can sell a digital version of it in our Kindle Store. What Other Items Do Customers Buy After Viewing This Item? 4.0 out of 5 stars Most Helpful Customer Reviews 10 of 11 people found the following review helpful Format:Paperback "...all investigations of detail over the last half century have proved divergent rather than convergent, and leave us with a portrait of Gnosticism in which the absence of a unifying character seems to be the salient feature" - Hans Jonas, Preface, 1958 No modern writer that I am aware of has brought life to Gnosticism as Jonas has. Jonas provides a broad sweep of the conditions at the time Gnosticism developed at the beginning of the Christian era.

Joseph Weizenbaum Joseph Weizenbaum (8 January 1923 – 5 March 2008) was a German and American computer scientist and a professor emeritus at MIT. The Weizenbaum Award is named after him. Life and career[edit] Born in Berlin, Germany to Jewish parents, he escaped Nazi Germany in January 1936, emigrating with his family to the United States. Around 1952, as a research assistant at Wayne, Weizenbaum worked on analog computers and helped create a digital computer. His influential 1976 book Computer Power and Human Reason displays his ambivalence towards computer technology and lays out his case: while Artificial Intelligence may be possible, we should never allow computers to make important decisions because computers will always lack human qualities such as compassion and wisdom. Weizenbaum was the creator of the SLIP programming language. In 1996, Weizenbaum moved to Berlin and lived in the vicinity of his childhood neighborhood.[5][2] Weizenbaum was reportedly buried at the Jewish Cemetery in Berlin.

William H. Gass Life[edit] William Howard Gass was born on July 30, 1924, in Fargo, North Dakota. Soon after his birth, his family moved to Warren, Ohio, a steel town, where he attended local schools. He has described his childhood as an unhappy one, with an abusive, racist father and a passive, alcoholic mother; critics would later cite his characters as having these same qualities. His father had been trained as an architect but while serving during the First World War had sustained back injuries that forced him to take a job as a high school drafting and architectural drawing teacher. As a boy he read anything he could get his hands on. Gass taught at The College of Wooster for four years, Purdue University for sixteen, and Washington University in St. Gass is married to the architect Mary Henderson Gass, author of Parkview: A St. Writing and publications[edit] Gass typically devotes enormous attention to sentence construction. [edit] Major works[edit] Omensetter's Luck[edit] The Tunnel[edit] Works[edit]

Artificial Intelligence AI research is highly technical and specialized, and is deeply divided into subfields that often fail to communicate with each other.[5] Some of the division is due to social and cultural factors: subfields have grown up around particular institutions and the work of individual researchers. AI research is also divided by several technical issues. Some subfields focus on the solution of specific problems. Others focus on one of several possible approaches or on the use of a particular tool or towards the accomplishment of particular applications. The central problems (or goals) of AI research include reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, natural language processing (communication), perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects.[6] General intelligence is still among the field's long-term goals.[7] Currently popular approaches include statistical methods, computational intelligence and traditional symbolic AI. History[edit] Research[edit] Goals[edit] Planning[edit] Logic-based

Forget IQ, Collective Intelligence is the New Measure of Smart (video We may focus on the stories of individual genius, but it will be harnessing the intelligence of the collective that enables humanity to solve its future problems. Do you know your IQ, that little number that’s supposed to measure how smart you are? Forget it. Collective intelligence can include distributed computing. Another reason why CI will dominate IQ is that individual intelligence is subsumed by the collective. To this end, CCI at MIT is working to understand and guide collective intelligence. Collective intelligence can also take the form of collective art or creativity. Kim-Ung Yong might be the world’s smartest man, his IQ is reportedly 210. [sources: Indiana University, CCI at MIT]

Neil Postman Neil Postman (March 8, 1931 – October 5, 2003) was an American author, media theorist and cultural critic, who is best known by the general public for his 1985 book about television, Amusing Ourselves to Death. For more than forty years, he was associated with New York University. Postman was a humanist, who believed that "new technology can never substitute for human values". Biography[edit] Postman was born to a Jewish family in New York City, where he would spent most of his life.[1] In 1953, he graduated from State University of New York at Fredonia where he played basketball.[2][3] At Teachers College, Columbia University he was awarded a master's degree in 1955 and an Ed.D in 1958.[2] In 1959, he began teaching at New York University (NYU).[2] He died of lung cancer in Flushing, Queens on October 5, 2003.[2] Works[edit] Amusing Ourselves to Death[edit] Amusing Ourselves to Death was translated into eight languages and sold 200,000 copies worldwide. Informing Ourselves to Death[edit]

Proust and the Squid: The Story and Science of the R Vanessa Veselka In 2013, she was a chosen as a MacDowell Fellow, and her November 2012 GQ piece entitled "The Truck Stop Killer" is part of the 2013 edition of Best American Essays.[6] Personal life[edit] Veselka's bio says she has been "a teenage runaway, a sex-worker, a union organizer, and a student of paleontology Writing[edit] Veselka's novel Zazen was serialized online by Arthur Magazine,[11] then published by Richard Nash's imprint Red Lemonade.[12] The book grew out of a short story published by Tin House in 2010,[13] and was nominated for a Ken Kesey Award for Fiction[14] and awarded the $25,000 PEN/Bingham award "for a debut work of fiction that represents distinguished literary achievement and suggests great promise Her nonfiction has dealt with issues of women, violence and the road ("Green Screen," The Truck Stop Killer") as well as rape, mental health ("The Collapsible Woman") and unionization ("the Wake of Protest"). She is currently at work on a new novel.[18] References[edit]

Neuroplasticity Contrary to conventional thought as expressed in this diagram, brain functions are not confined to certain fixed locations. Neuroplasticity, also known as brain plasticity, is an umbrella term that encompasses both synaptic plasticity and non-synaptic plasticity—it refers to changes in neural pathways and synapses which are due to changes in behavior, environment and neural processes, as well as changes resulting from bodily injury.[1] Neuroplasticity has replaced the formerly-held position that the brain is a physiologically static organ, and explores how - and in which ways - the brain changes throughout life.[2] Neuroplasticity occurs on a variety of levels, ranging from cellular changes due to learning, to large-scale changes involved in cortical remapping in response to injury. The role of neuroplasticity is widely recognized in healthy development, learning, memory, and recovery from brain damage. Neurobiology[edit] Cortical maps[edit] Applications and example[edit] Vision[edit]

Wikinews and Multiperspectival Reporting | MIT Center for Future Civic Media Wikinews is a wiki in which users write news articles collaboratively. The project, established in 2004, is run by the Wikimedia Foundation, the organization that also supports Wikipedia. Wikinews has produced over 37,000 articles in 22 languages, with roughly one quarter of those in the English language version of the site. Comparing Wikinews to other “participatory” news sites such as Ohmynews and Indymedia, Axel Bruns contrasted “multiperspectival coverage of the news” with the Wikinews collaborative model. Other commentators have also blamed NPOV and its consensus requirement for Wikinews’ travails. An example from Wikinews illustrates this point. Aaron’s article was quickly and strongly attacked by several other editors on the site. Aaron’s selection of article topic was politically motivated. Google News currently aggregates news from more than 4,500 English-language news sources.

Introduction—“Animism” Anselm Franke For the Summer 2012 issue of e-flux journal we are very pleased to present a special “Animism” issue guest-edited by Anselm Franke, curator of the exhibition by the same name. Even if you missed Animism on tour in Europe since it began at Extra City and MUHKA in Antwerp in 2010, you have probably learned of its encompassing mobilization of the systems of inclusion and exclusion defining “science” and “culture.” The various stages of the exhibition have shown the discourse of animism to be a crucial skeleton key for releasing the deadlocks formed by the repressed religious, teleological, and colonial foundations of modernity—the hysteria within its narrative that continues to shape the exhibition formats and sensibilities we are tethered to. The fifth iteration of Animism is now on view at e-flux in New York until July 28. —Julieta Aranda, Brian Kuan Wood, Anton Vidokle A ghost is haunting modernity—the ghost of animism. © 2012 e-flux and the author

Computer Power and Human Reason - Wikipedia, the free encycloped Joseph Weizenbaum's influential 1976 book Computer Power and Human Reason: From Judgment To Calculation (San Francisco: W. H. Freeman, 1976; ISBN 0-7167-0463-3) displays his ambivalence towards computer technology and lays out his case: while artificial intelligence may be possible, we should never allow computers to make important decisions because computers will always lack human qualities such as compassion and wisdom. Weizenbaum makes the crucial distinction between deciding and choosing. Comments printed on the back cover illustrate how the Weizenbaum's commentary and insights were received by the intelligentsia of the time: "Dare I say it? — Keith Oakley, Psychology Today "A thoughtful blend of insight, experience, anecdote, and passion that will stand for a long time as the definitive integration of technological and human thought." — American Mathematical Monthly — Theodore Roszak, The Nation. See also[edit] External links[edit]

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