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Voting rights and the Supreme Court: The impossible “literacy” test Louisiana used to give black voters. The Vault is Slate's new history blog. Like us on Facebook, follow us on Twitter @slatevault, and find us on Tumblr. Find out more about what this space is all about here. Update, 7.3: Read more about my hunt for an original, archival copy of this test here. This week’s Supreme Court decision in Shelby County v. After the end of the Civil War, would-be black voters in the South faced an array of disproportionate barriers to enfranchisement. The website of the Civil Rights Movement Veterans, which collects materials related to civil rights, hosts a few samples of actual literacy tests used in Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi during the 1950s and 1960s. In many cases, people working within the movement collected these in order to use them in voter education, which is how we ended up with this documentary evidence. Most of the tests collected here are a battery of trivia questions related to civic procedure and citizenship. There was little room for befuddlement.

St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center Guide to the Constitution We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. Article I: Legislative Essays » Section 1 All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives. Section 2 The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature. When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies. Section 3 Section 4 Section 5 Section 6 Section 7 Section 8 Section 9 G°.

Political corruption World map of the 2012 Corruption Perceptions Index by Transparency International, which measures "the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist among public officials and politicians". High numbers (yellow) indicate less perception of corruption, whereas lower numbers (red) indicate higher perception of corruption. Political corruption is the use of powers by government officials for illegitimate private gain. An illegal act by an officeholder constitutes political corruption only if the act is directly related to their official duties, is done under color of law or involves trading in influence. The activities that constitute illegal corruption differ depending on the country or jurisdiction. For instance, some political funding practices that are legal in one place may be illegal in another. Some forms of corruption – now called “institutional corruption”[2] – are distinguished from bribery and other kinds of obvious personal gain. Effects[edit] Economic effects[edit] Types[edit]

Archived: Teachers' tools, NCID, CDC Virus Encounters This popular free curriculum offers middle and high school school teachers a comprehensive set of multimedia aids and activities for teaching units on infectious disease topics. CDC experts team up with Turner CNNfyi.com and use extensive video, text, and the transcripts of interactive discussions to present sessions on topics like viruses, infectious diseases yesterday and today, influenza, and epidemiology, the disease detective profession. Accompanying these are five complete learning activities, including labs and simulations, that allow students to further explore the subjects. All materials here are adapted from a live, daylong interactive event with webcasts and moderated chats that was broadcast on October 24, 2000.

Supreme Court Says Police Can Take DNA Samples WASHINGTON — The police may take DNA samples from people arrested in connection with serious crimes, the Supreme Court ruled on Monday in a 5-to-4 decision. The federal government and 28 states authorize the practice, and law enforcement officials say it is a valuable tool for investigating unsolved crimes. But the court said the testing was justified by a different reason: to identify the suspect in custody. “When officers make an arrest supported by probable cause to hold for a serious offense and they bring the suspect to the station to be detained in custody,” Justice Anthony M. Justice Antonin Scalia summarized his dissent from the bench, a rare move signaling deep disagreement. But the Fourth Amendment forbids searches without reasonable suspicion to gather evidence about an unrelated crime, he said, a point the majority did not dispute. The case featured an alignment of justices that scrambled the usual ideological alliances. Monday’s ruling, Maryland v.

Bill of Rights Download a PDF of the Bill of Rights The first 10 amendments to the Constitution make up the Bill of Rights. Written by James Madison in response to calls from several states for greater constitutional protection for individual liberties, the Bill of Rights lists specific prohibitions on governmental power. The Virginia Declaration of Rights, written by George Mason, strongly influenced Madison. One of the many points of contention between Federalists and Anti-Federalists was the Constitution’s lack of a bill of rights that would place specific limits on government power. Federalists argued that the Constitution did not need a bill of rights, because the people and the states kept any powers not given to the federal government. Madison, then a member of the U.S. The House approved 17 amendments. The Bill of Rights is a list of limits on government power. The Bill of Rights – Full Text Amendment I Amendment II Amendment III Amendment IV Amendment V Amendment VI Amendment VII Amendment VIII

U.S. Department of Agriculture Agencies and Offices A list of all Agencies and Offices within USDA Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services Commodity, credit, conservation, disaster, emergency assistance programs... Food, Nutrition and Consumer Services Dietary guidance, nutrition policy coordination, nutrition education... Food Safety Meat, poultry, and egg inspection, food recalls, food labeling, packaging... Marketing and Regulatory Programs Organic program, animal and plant health, grain inspection... Natural Resources and Environment Forestry, conservation, damage prevention, land management, sustainable land management... Research, Education and Economics U.S. food and fibers system, library, statistics, research, analysis, education... Rural Development Financial programs, water and sewer systems, housing, health clinics, economic development, loans, lending pools...

Classroom Lessons Jump to Navigation Teachable Moment Classroom Lessons Facebook Twitter Donate E-MAIL SIGN-UP (link is external) Classroom Lessons comprar comprar viagra (link is external) Classroom Lessons Teachable Instant: The superpowers of superdelegates Mar. 13, 2016 Do superdelegates subvert democracy? Taxes: Where do the presidential candidates stand? Feb. 28, 2016 Students learn some basic tax terminology, explore different candidates' tax plans, and take a short quiz on taxes. Flint Water Crisis: Environmental Racism at Work? Feb. 27, 2016 What is environmental racism? Supreme Court Justice Scalia Dies Feb. 15, 2016 In this brief Teachable Instant lesson, students learn about and discuss Justice Scalia's stances and the controversy over replacing him on the high court. Parent 'Table Talk': Dolls and Diversity Feb. 10, 2016 Bernie, Hillary, & Single-Payer Healthcare Feb. 6, 2016 Bernie Sanders' presidential campaign has reopened discussion about what would it take to get truly universal healthcare in the U.S. Click

Bill Of Rights: Mark Dice Third Amendment Video Goes Viral A new viral video by Mark Dice illustrates how quickly some California residents are to give up their Third Amendment rights. The Bill of Rights says, “No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.” Those featured in the now viral video did not appear to possess even a miniscule of understanding about the noted aspect of the Constitution – nor did they ask. Once Mark Dice told folks that by signing the petition to repeal the Third Amendment they were supporting “President Obama” or “our troops,” they quickly grabbed the pen and wrote their names. Dice, a political activist who uses prankster videos to illustrate how little some Americans know about or cherish the Constitution and Bill of Rights, recently made a video of himself circulating a petition calling for the repeal of the Third Amendment. Dice is heard saying this during the viral video:

Student Aid on the Web The office of Federal Student Aid provides publications, fact sheets, online tools, and other resources to help you prepare and pay for college or career school. Our resources are grouped by the following topics: Information on College Preparation and the Federal Student Aid ProgramsFree Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSASM) InformationLoan InformationConsumer Protection Hard copies of many of the publications are available for order from the U.S. Department of Education’s Publication Center (www.edpubs.gov) or by calling 1-877-4-ED-PUBS (1-877-433-7827). TTY/TDD callers can use 1-877-576-7734. To view the Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF) files, you must have installed the latest version of the Adobe Reader (free). Information on College Preparation and the Federal Student Aid Programs See tips on getting ready for college. Top Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSASM) Information Get detailed information and help on completing the FAFSASM. Top Loan Information

Your meat addiction is destroying the planet “Jesus,” Molly said, her own plate empty, “gimme that. You know what this costs?” She took his plate. “They gotta raise a whole animal for years and then they kill it. This isn’t vat stuff.” On Monday, August 5th, 2013, at a television studio in London in front of around 100 people, Dr. Sticky TOC engaged! For Brin, a billionaire who wears Google Glass in the promo video for the Cultured Beef project, maybe that’s true: he’s already living in a future where man can augment himself and surpass any obstacle. If they succeed, they would be part of a long and concerted effort to change the way that we, the human race, eat every single day. A growing consensus among scientists, doctors, environmentalists, and animal rights activists suggest that our current system of food — specifically meat — production is not sustainable. And yes, that sounds like science fiction, Sergey. The Hunters The hunters Before that, humans were predominantly plant eaters. The Factory The factory A planet in danger

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