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First published Sun Nov 16, 2003; substantive revision Mon Dec 16, 2013 Phenomenology is the study of structures of consciousness as experienced from the first-person point of view. The central structure of an experience is its intentionality, its being directed toward something, as it is an experience of or about some object. An experience is directed toward an object by virtue of its content or meaning (which represents the object) together with appropriate enabling conditions. Phenomenology as a discipline is distinct from but related to other key disciplines in philosophy, such as ontology, epistemology, logic, and ethics. Phenomenology has been practiced in various guises for centuries, but it came into its own in the early 20th century in the works of Husserl, Heidegger, Sartre, Merleau-Ponty and others. 1. Phenomenology is commonly understood in either of two ways: as a disciplinary field in philosophy, or as a movement in the history of philosophy. 2. 3.

U.S. Government Gives to The United Nations Classified Tesla Technology to Assist Sustainable Development Scheme by Susanne Posel June 22, 2012 from OccupyCorporatism Website Wireless energy transfer (WET), a.k.a. wireless energy transmission, is the transference of electromagnetic energy transmitted from a central power source without the use of connecting wires. Tesla’s coil experiments, proving the feasibility of WET, during his experiments in Colorado Springs in the early 1900’s were the pre-cursor to the “inventions” in this field today. After Tesla died, the US government confiscated all documents pertaining to his experiments and classified them. Since the 1950’s the US government has held this technology in secret. In the UK, the induction power transfer (IPT) is the first commercially available wireless electric car charger. General Motors (GM) has invested $5 million into a wireless charging device called PowerMat that uses inductive charging, which transmits electricity via magnets without any actual, physical connection. In the name of 'national security', the DoD is, Dr.

Arms So Freezy: Rebecca Black's "Friday" As Radical Text Rebecca Black wakes somewhat too perfectly in the early scenes of her viral video, "Friday." Her eyes open exactly as the clock beside her bed flashes seven. She wears full make-up. Her cultural debt is less to Molly Ringwald in Sixteen Candles than Evie Vicki the robot girl from Small Wonder, we realize, as in a voice controlled by Auto-Tune she enumerates the banalities of an anti-existence: “Gotta be fresh, gotta go downstairs, gotta have my bowl, gotta have cereal… gotta get down to the bus stop.” She offers the camera a hostage's smile, forced, false. “Look and listen deeply,” she challenges. Ms. She moves from a home made vexing by obligations to the bus stop and there, in the public sphere, appears to find freedom from authoritarian programming in the form of a Mercedes convertible filled with high-status peers. “Gotta make my mind up,” she sings, overjoyed to finally exert some control over her fate; “Which seat can I take?” “Partying, Partying,” she sings, in hollow mantra.

What is a logical fallacy? A "fallacy" is a mistake, and a "logical" fallacy is a mistake in reasoning. There are, of course, other types of mistake than mistakes in reasoning. For instance, factual mistakes are sometimes referred to as "fallacies". A logical error is a mistake in an argument, that is, a mistake in an instance of reasoning formulated in language. There are two types of mistake that can occur in arguments: A factual error in the premisses. In logic, the term "fallacy" is used in two related, but distinct ways. "Argumentum ad Hominem is a fallacy." In 1, what is called a "fallacy" is a type of argument, so that a "fallacy" in this sense is a type of mistaken reasoning. Clearly, these two senses are related: in 2, the argument may be called a "fallacy" because it is an instance of Argumentum ad Hominem, or some other type of fallacy. For the second sense, I will say that a specific argument "commits" a fallacy, or is "fallacious". History Sources: Why study fallacies?

The Science of Productivity: A Proven Way to Get More Done (in Less Time) In today’s busy world, we seem to be obsessed with the idea of “productivity” and “work hacks”. It’s easy to see why: being able to get more done allows us to get ahead in life, and even gives us more time to do the things we love outside of work. The problem we run into, however, is that it is easy to get motivated, but hard to stay disciplined. This is because most of us look at productivity in the wrong way: it’s not about signing up for the latest task management tool (which, admit it, you’ll use for a week and soon abandon) or chaining yourself to your desk, it’s about understanding the science behind how your brain works, and using it to your advantage. Today, we’ll look at what science has unveiled about the human brain and productive work, and you’ll learn how to tackle the biggest pitfalls that sabotage your ability to get things done. What You Need to Know About Productivity (in a 3 Minute Video) My first ever video related project, get excited! In it you’ll learn… The best part?

Emergent, Mapping the Frontiers of Consciousness Philosophy Now | How To Be A Philosopher Articles Ian Ravenscroft philosophizes about philosophizing. 1. What to Wear Philosophers rarely get worked up about clothing. One of the intriguing things about authorities and authoritarian regimes is their fascination with uniforms and playing dress-up. 2. Philosophers eat all sorts of things, just like everyone else. 3. Anything you like. 4. To be a good philosopher you need to read a lot of good philosophy. Sometimes what you need to know is buried in an especially dull book, in which case you just have to grit your teeth and plough through. Over the last twenty years a large number of philosophical dictionaries, handbooks and companions/study guides have sprang up. 5. When I was an undergraduate I was told that philosophy was concerned with Truth, Beauty and the Good. There are philosophers who refuse to engage with scientific research which bears on their field of interest. 6. In philosophy you can hold any position you like – so long as you can back it up with a good argument. 7.

The Great Transformation, by Karl Polanyi Foreword by Robert M. MacIver Beacon Press Boston Copyright 1944 by Karl Polanyi First Beacon Paperback edition published in 1957 by arrangement with Rinehart & Company, Inc. Beacon Press books are published under the auspices of the Unitarian Universalist Association Printed in the United States of America Ninth printing, June 1968 To my beloved wife Ilona Duczynska I dedicate this book which owes all to her help and criticism THIS BOOK was written in America during the Second World War. The story of this book is a story of generous friendships. To the Rockefeller Foundation he is indebted for a two-year Fellowship, 1941-43, which permitted him to complete the book at Bennington College, Vermont, following an invitation extended to him by Robert D. Shoreham, Sevenoaks, Kent. FOREWORD by Robert M. Chapter 1. Chapter 2. I. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. Chapter 6. Chapter 7. Chapter 8. Chapter 9. Chapter 10. II. Chapter 11. Chapter 12. Chapter 13. Chapter 14. Chapter 15. Chapter 16. I. II. IV.

Eleven Dogmas of Analytic Philosophy Philosophy is the attempt to answer fundamental questions about the nature of knowledge, reality, and morals. In North America and the United Kingdom, the dominant approach is analytic philosophy, which attempts to use the study of language and logic to analyze concepts that are important for the study of knowledge (epistemology), reality (metaphysics), and morality (ethics). I prefer an alternative approach to philosophy that is much more closely tied to scientific investigations. This approach is sometimes called “naturalistic philosophy” or “philosophy naturalized”, but I like the more concise term . To clarify the difference between analytic and natural philosophy, here is a list of 11 dogmas that I think are often assumed by analytic philosophers but rarely explicitly defended. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

JCER of QuantumDream, Inc. Western Philosophy Esoteric Theory of Everything Introduction For many decades, scientists have been trying to devise a single unified theory to explain all known physical phenomena, but a model that appears to unite the seemingly incompatible String Theory and Standard Model has existed for 100 years. It described baryons, mesons, quarks and preons over 50 years before conventional science. Quantum Foam Quantum foam, also known as space-time foam, is a concept in quantum physics proposed by Nobel physicist John Wheeler in 1955 to describe the microscopic sea of bubbling energy-matter. So, if we could describe a microscopic standing wave pattern that appeared particle-like and incorporated a vortex within its structure, we might have the basis for a theory that could unite all the current variants in modern physics. Figure 1 - Subatomic Particle String Theory and the Standard Model String theory proposes that everything is composed of incredibly minute strings or loops of energy-matter vibrating in ten (or more) dimensions.

The Book Surgeon (15 pieces) - My Modern Metropolis - StumbleUpon Using knives, tweezers and surgical tools, Brian Dettmer carves one page at a time. Nothing inside the out-of-date encyclopedias, medical journals, illustration books, or dictionaries is relocated or implanted, only removed. Dettmer manipulates the pages and spines to form the shape of his sculptures. "My work is a collaboration with the existing material and its past creators and the completed pieces expose new relationships of the book’s internal elements exactly where they have been since their original conception," he says. "The richness and depth of the book is universally respected yet often undiscovered as the monopoly of the form and relevance of the information fades over time. Dettmer is originally from Chicago, where he studied at Columbia College. Update: Read our exclusive interview with the Book Surgeon here. Brian Dettmer's website

Sense-Data First published Fri May 21, 2004; substantive revision Fri Feb 25, 2011 Sense data are the alleged mind-dependent objects that we are directly aware of in perception, and that have exactly the properties they appear to have. For instance, sense data theorists say that, upon viewing a tomato in normal conditions, one forms an image of the tomato in one's mind. This image is red and round. 1. 1.1. On the most common conception, sense data (singular: “sense datum”) have three defining characteristics: Sense data are the kind of thing we are directly aware of in perception,Sense data are dependent on the mind, andSense data have the properties that perceptually appear to us. Each of those conditions calls for clarification. First, condition (i): Everyone in the philosophy of perception agrees that perception makes us aware of something. Third, condition (iii): “The properties that perceptually appear to us” refers to the qualities we seem to perceive things around us to have. 1.2. 2. 2.1.