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Critical Thinking in Everyday Life: 9 Strategies

Critical Thinking in Everyday Life: 9 Strategies
Most of us are not what we could be. We are less. We have great capacity. But most of it is dormant; most is undeveloped. Improvement in thinking is like improvement in basketball, in ballet, or in playing the saxophone. It is unlikely to take place in the absence of a conscious commitment to learn. Development in thinking requires a gradual process requiring plateaus of learning and just plain hard work. How, then, can we develop as critical thinkers? First, we must understand that there are stages required for development as a critical thinker: We develop through these stages if we: In this article, we will explain 9 strategies that any motivated person can use to develop as a thinker. There is nothing magical about our ideas. First Strategy: Use “Wasted” Time. The key is that the time is “gone” even though, if we had thought about it and considered our options, we would never have deliberately spent our time in the way we did. When did I do my worst thinking today? Go to top

Home | The Creativity Post Systemic Intervention Principles cf.: Stage Appropriate Support & Interventions A Systemic Perspective represents the ability to understand and articulate the core principles of the system that govern the set of interactions being observed. This knowledge is then used to inform choices regarding participation/ intervention in the group/community context. This includes: An awareness of the interrelatedness of self in systems. The “objective observer” is a mythAn awareness of the interactional patterns that define the system.An ability to effectively engages/manages the inherent polarities and their accompanying tensions found in living systems.Your capacity to assess the overall health of the system and design effective intervention strategies aimed at maintaining or returning the system to health. Note: You MUST have a clear picture of what a ‘healthy’ organization looks like. Because everything is related…

The 10 habits of highly creative people, applied to creative companies « Marketing Babylon The book Creativity : Flow and the Psychology of Discovery and Invention (previously titled: Creativity: The Work and Lives of 91 Eminent People) contains an exploration of the common personality traits of creative people. The traits are articulated as a series of ten paradoxes. Before listing them, he writes: Of all human activities, creativity comes closest to providing the fulfillment we all hope to get in our lives. Call it full-blast living. You’ve got to love the man, I’m sure he’d be against speculative work and 6-way creative pitches. The list itself is delightful on its own, and will feel intuitively familiar to anyone who has an appreciation for creativity and creative people. So here are Csikszentmihalyi’s Ten paradoxical traits of the creative personality, translated to the the traits of creative companies. 1. Creative companies balance a great capacity for doing and action with time for focus, reflection and a healthy work-life balance. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Systems Theory/Cybernetics What is Cybernetics?[edit] There are many different definitions of Cybernetics and many individuals who have influenced the direction of Cybernetics. Cybernetics takes as its domain the discovery or design and application of principles of regulation and communication. Cybernetics treats ways of behaving and not things. Cybernetics does not ask "what is this thing?" History[edit] Deriving from the Greek word for steersman (kybernetes), Cybernetics was first introduced by the mathematician Wiener, as the science of communication and control in the animal and the machine (to which we now might add: in society and in individual human beings). Cybernetics and systems theory study basically the same problem, that of organization independent of the substrate in which it is embodied. Cybernetics Contributions[edit] Pillars of Cybernetics[edit] Cybernetics theories tend to rest on four basic pillars: circularity, variety, process and observation. Focus[edit] Resources and Further Reading[edit]

Lateral thinking Lateral thinking is solving problems through an indirect and creative approach, using reasoning that is not immediately obvious and involving ideas that may not be obtainable by using only traditional step-by-step logic. The term was coined in 1967 by Edward de Bono. [1] According to de Bono, lateral thinking deliberately distances itself from standard perceptions of creativity as either "vertical" logic (the classic method for problem solving: working out the solution step-by-step from the given data) or "horizontal" imagination (having many ideas but being unconcerned with the detailed implementation of them). Methods[edit] Critical thinking is primarily concerned with judging the true value of statements and seeking errors. Random Entry Idea Generating Tool: The thinker chooses an object at random, or a noun from a dictionary, and associates it with the area they are thinking about. Challenge Idea Generating Tool: A tool which is designed to ask the question "Why?" See also[edit]

Systemic Thinking Systemic Thinking is a process of understanding and transforming complex situations - these may include water catchments, a client's market, manufacturing and external environment, projects etc. Systems thinking works through enabling all stakeholders to see their role, their responsibilities and the organisation's strategic imperatives as interdependent. A Systemic Thinking Map Purpose: A system can only be conceived when there is a clear articulation of an organisational purpose. Boundaries: As soon as a purpose has been expressed the boundaries of the system can be identified. Coherence: All the dynamics that exist within a system need to have a coherence (a sense of wholeness) if they are to be a legitimate part of that system. Emergence: A characteristic of systems is that the whole has characteristics that can not be identified from a study of the systems parts.

Ways not to kill classroom creativity Eleven Classroom Creativity Killers Marvin Bartel - © 2001, updated Apri 3, 2013 ". . creativity scores had been steadily rising. . .until 1990. Since then, creativity scores have consistently inched downward." from: Bronson, Po & Merryman, Ashley. "The Creativity Crisis." PROLOG: Many teachers still assume that creativity is innate and random. Before the industrial revolution, work and creativity was woven into the fabric of everyday life. Will universal pubic schools fade away like shop classes at the end of industrial life, or will they transform themselves into a new life form to meet new needs? #1. Real artwork is based on the child's own experience, memory, observation, and/or imagination. # 2. What is fair? When grading is needed in art, it is only fair that we have a way to measure and achnowledge new learning. # 3. How can I encourage more imagination, better observation, and expressing what is remembered? We all know that a heart stands for love. # 4. # 5. # 6. # 7. # 8.

The Globalization Website - Theories GLOBALIZATION THEORIES (Back to list of theories) World-System Theory (Synopsis and Analysis) Synopsis Globalization is the process, completed in the twentieth century, by which the capitalist world-system spreads across the actual globe. Since that world-system has maintained some of its main features over several centuries, globalization does not constitute a new phenomenon. The modern world-system originated around 1500. In the twentieth century, the world-system reached its geographic limit with the extension of capitalist markets and the state system to all regions. Analysis Definition. Key feature. Origin. Structure. How it works. Strong states in core areas-i.e., those that are militarily strong relative to others and also not dependent on any one group within the state (1974b: 355)-serve the interests of economically powerful classes, absorb economic losses, and help to maintain the dependence of peripheral areas. How it changes. Current situation. Sources I. --. 1974b. __. 1989.

Test Your Creativity: 5 Classic Creative Challenges Fascinated by how brains and creativity work, we frequently share new research on the 99U twitter feed, showing how everything from drinking alcohol, to taking vacations, to moving your eyes from side to side can make you more creative. What’s particularly interesting, however, is that most of these studies rely on just a small group of core creativity tests – and you don’t need any special lab equipment to take them. Below, we’ve collected five of the most commonly used creativity challenges for your self-testing pleasure. 1. Developed by J.P. Hold papers togetherCufflinksEarringsImitation mini-tromboneThing you use to push that emergency restart button on your routerKeeping headphones from getting tangled upBookmark The test measures divergent thinking across four sub-categories: Fluency - how many uses you can come up withOriginality – how uncommon those uses are (e.g. Try it yourself: How many uses can you think of for a spoon? 2. 3. Try it yourself: 4. 5. For the solution, click here.

IPCC Climate Change: New Dimensions in Disaster Risk, Exposure, Vulnerability, and Resilience The reproduction of SREX figures and tables found on this page is authorized free of charge and without formal written permission, provided that the JPEGs are replicated exactly, without modification. Should users require higher resolution graphics, send mail to tsu@ipcc-wg2.gov, referencing the figure number in question in the subject line, and a member of the WGII Technical Support Unit will respond to your request. High-resolution encapsulated postscript will be provided -- with the stipulation that it be replicated exactly as published (© IPCC 2012), that the reproduced graphic include the complete caption found in the SREX volume, and that the source be identified via the following citation: Lavell, A., M. Figures (see chapter for complete captions) Table

What Is Intelligence? Just a Byproduct of Cooperation. | IdeaFeed What's the Latest Development? By developing computer simulations of neural networks that evolved over 50,000 generations, scientists at Trinity University have concluded that intelligence is an evolutionary byproduct of social teamwork. Each neural network, or 'brain', took part in two social dilemmas in which "two players must choose between cooperation and defection during repeated rounds. Upon completion of either game, each 'brain' produced 'offspring' with other 'brains' that made more advantageous choices during the games. ... After 50,000 generations, the model showed that as cooperation increased, so did the intelligence of the programmed brains." What's the Big Idea? Evolutionary biologists have long been puzzled by the high levels of intelligence that are seen in humans and other animals like primates, dolphins and birds. Photo credit: shutterstock.com

NeWater - New Approaches to Adaptive Water Management under Uncertainty SP 1: Management and Transition Framework (MTF) The Management and Transition Framework (MTF) facilitates analyses of water systems, water management processes and transitions to adaptive water management. It integrates concepts from a variety of fields dealing with the characterisation of social systems (actor networks, institutions, governance), the behaviour of individual actors, interactions between social and ecological systems, as well as the dynamics of societal systems (with an emphasis on social learning and institutional change). The MTF is designed in a modular and flexible way to facilitate analyses at different scales and in various contexts. It mainly provides two views of water systems: The MTF Triple Loop Diagram is a process-oriented view focusing on the learning processes in management. The two views are linked, since the actors and elements involved in the phases of the Triple Loop Diagram can be examined in greater detail using the Class Diagram. MTF Special Issue

Critical Thinking On The Web Top Ten Argument Mapping Tutorials. Six online tutorials in argument mapping, a core requirement for advanced critical thinking.The Skeptic's Dictionary - over 400 definitions and essays. The Fallacy Files by Gary Curtis. Best website on fallacies. Butterflies and Wheels. What is critical thinking? Nobody said it better than Francis Bacon, back in 1605: For myself, I found that I was fitted for nothing so well as for the study of Truth; as having a mind nimble and versatile enough to catch the resemblances of things … and at the same time steady enough to fix and distinguish their subtler differences; as being gifted by nature with desire to seek, patience to doubt, fondness to meditate, slowness to assert, readiness to consider, carefulness to dispose and set in order; and as being a man that neither affects what is new nor admires what is old, and that hates every kind of imposture. A shorter version is the art of being right. More definitions... Program for Critical Thinking 6 Dec 21 May

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