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Frank Lloyd Wright

Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright (born Frank Lincoln Wright, June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer and educator, who designed more than 1000 structures and completed 532 works. Wright believed in designing structures which were in harmony with humanity and its environment, a philosophy he called organic architecture. This philosophy was best exemplified by his design for Fallingwater (1935), which has been called "the best all-time work of American architecture".[1] Wright was a leader of the Prairie School movement of architecture and developed the concept of the Usonian home, his unique vision for urban planning in the United States. Early years[edit] Frank Lloyd Wright was born Frank Lincoln Wright in the farming town of Richland Center, Wisconsin, United States, in 1867. In 1876, Anna visited the Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia and saw an exhibit of educational blocks created by Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel. Adler & Sullivan (1888–1893)[edit] Related:  Wikipedia A

Modern architecture Modern architecture or Modernist architecture is a term applied to an overarching movement, with its exact definition and scope varying widely.[1] The term is often applied to modernist movements at the turn of the 20th century, with efforts to reconcile the principles underlying architectural design with rapid technological advancement and the modernization of society. It would take the form of numerous movements, schools of design, and architectural styles, some in tension with one another, and often equally defying such classification.[1] The term Modern architecture may be used to differentiate from Classical architecture following Vitruvian ideals, while it is also applied to various contemporary architecture styles such as Postmodern, High-tech or even New Classical, depending on the context. In art history, the revolutionary and neoclassical styles that evolved around 1800 are also called modern. Characteristics[edit] Common themes of modern architecture include: Context[edit]

Charles Voysey (architect) Charles Francis Annesley Voysey (1857–1941) was an English architect and furniture and textile designer. Voysey's early work was as a designer of wallpapers, fabrics and furnishings in a simple Arts and Crafts style, but he is renowned as the architect of a number of notable country houses. He was one of the first people to understand and appreciate the significance of industrial design. In 1874 Voysey was articled for five years to the architect J. In 1879 Voysey spent a brief period as assistant to the architect Henry Saxon Snell (1830–1904), and from 1880 to 1881 he worked as an assistant in the office of George Devey, who was a follower of his father's Theistic Church. Textile design circa 1888 Voysey's designs in the field of applied art included furniture, wallpapers, fabrics, carpets, tiles, metalwork, ceramics and graphic design. Voysey was a distinguished designer of flat patterns for wallpapers, fabrics, carpets and tiles . Voysey died in Winchester in 1941.[7] References

Fall of the Western Roman Empire Animated map of the Roman Republic and Empire between 510BCE and 530CE Republic Empire Eastern/Byzantine Empire Western Empire By 476 CE, when Odoacer deposed the Emperor Romulus, the Western Roman Empire wielded negligible military, political, or financial power and had no effective control over the scattered Western domains that could still be described as Roman. One hundred years previously, in 376 CE, large numbers of Goths crossed the Danube River. The events of the decline became the subject of debate at the time, which often took on a strongly religious flavor. Height of power, crises, and recovery[edit] The Roman Empire reached its greatest physical extent under Trajan (emperor 98–117), who ruled a prosperous state that stretched from Mesopotamia to the coasts of the Atlantic. Map of the Roman Empire in the early second century The divided Empire in 271 CE Map of the Roman Empire under the Tetrarchy, showing the dioceses and the four Tetrarchs' zones of responsibility

Thomas Chippendale Marquetry commode attributed to Chippendale, c. 1778 Thomas Chippendale (probably born at Otley, West Riding of Yorkshire, baptised at Otley 16 June [O.S. 5 June] 1718 – November 1779)[1] was a London cabinet-maker and furniture designer in the mid-Georgian, English Rococo, and Neoclassical styles. In 1754 he published a book of his designs, titled The Gentleman and Cabinet Maker's Director. The designs are regarded as reflecting the current London fashion for furniture for that period[2] and were used by other cabinet makers outside London. Life[edit] "A Design for a State Bed" from the Director, 1762 Chippendale was the only child of John Chippendale (1690–1768), joiner, and his first wife Mary (née Drake) (1693–1729). In 1749 Chippendale rented a modest house in Conduit Court, near Covent Garden. There is a statue and memorial plaque dedicated to Chippendale outside The Old Grammar School Gallery in Manor Square, in his home town of Otley, near Leeds, Yorkshire. Work[edit] See also[edit]

Nicene Christianity Nicene Christianity refers to Christian doctrinal traditions that adhere to the Nicene Creed (credo being Latin for "I believe") which was originally formulated at the First Council of Nicaea in 325 CE and finished at the First Council of Constantinople in 381 CE. The main rival doctrine of Nicene Christianity was Arian Christianity, which would mostly disappear by the 7th century. The main points of dissent were Christology. Other non-Nicene currents have been considered heresies since the medieval period. Mainstream Christian churches, including all of Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, the Anglican Communion and most Protestant denominations, adhere to the creed and are thus examples of "Nicene Christianity". There are some examples of revived Nontrinitarianism (Unitarianism), such as the Unitarian Church of Transylvania, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormonism) or the Oneness Pentecostals. First seven Ecumenical Councils

Thomas Sheraton Thomas Sheraton (1751 – 22 October 1806) was a furniture designer, one of the "big three" English furniture makers of the 18th century, along with Thomas Chippendale and George Hepplewhite.[1] Biography[edit] Starting in 1791 he published in four volumes The Cabinet Maker's and Upholsterer's Drawing Book. In 1803 he published The Cabinet Dictionary, a compendium of instructions on the techniques of cabinet and chair making. Sheraton's name is associated with the styles of furniture fashionable in the 1790s and early 19th century. See also[edit] References[edit]

Logos Logos (UK /ˈloʊɡɒs/, /ˈlɒɡɒs/, or US /ˈloʊɡoʊs/; Greek: λόγος, from λέγω lego "I say") is an important term in philosophy, psychology, rhetoric, and religion. Originally a word meaning "a ground", "a plea", "an opinion", "an expectation", "word", "speech", "account", "to reason"[1][2] it became a technical term in philosophy, beginning with Heraclitus (ca. 535–475 BC), who used the term for a principle of order and knowledge.[3] Ancient philosophers used the term in different ways. The sophists used the term to mean discourse, and Aristotle applied the term to refer to "reasoned discourse"[4] or "the argument" in the field of rhetoric.[5] The Stoic philosophers identified the term with the divine animating principle pervading the Universe. Under Hellenistic Judaism, Philo (c. 20 BC – AD 50) adopted the term into Jewish philosophy.[6] The Gospel of John identifies the Logos, through which all things are made, as divine (theos),[7] and further identifies Jesus as the incarnate Logos.

John Ruskin John Ruskin (8 February 1819 – 20 January 1900) was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, also an art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, a prominent social thinker and philanthropist. He wrote on subjects ranging from geology to architecture, myth to ornithology, literature to education, and botany to political economy. His writing styles and literary forms were equally varied. Ruskin penned essays and treatises, poetry and lectures, travel guides and manuals, letters and even a fairy tale. The elaborate style that characterised his earliest writing on art was later superseded by a preference for plainer language designed to communicate his ideas more effectively. In all of his writing, he emphasised the connections between nature, art and society. He was hugely influential in the latter half of the 19th century, and up to the First World War. Early life (1819–1846)[edit] Genealogy[edit] Childhood and education[edit] Travel[edit] First publications[edit] Oxford[edit]

David The Books of Samuel, 1 Kings, and 1 Chronicles are the only sources of information on David, although the Tel Dan Stele (dated c. 850–835 BC) contains the phrase בית דוד (Beit David), read as "House of David", which most scholars take as confirmation of the existence in the mid-9th century BC of a Judean royal dynasty called the House of David. He is depicted as a righteous king, although not without faults, as well as an acclaimed warrior, musician, and poet, traditionally credited for composing many of the psalms contained in the Book of Psalms. David is central to Jewish, Christian, and Islamic doctrine and culture. Biblical tradition maintains the Messiah's direct descent from the line of David. In Islam, he is considered a prophet. Biblical narrative[edit] Young David holds the impaled head of Goliath and marches before a general on a white horse, as envisioned by Poussin, ca. 1632 Saul rejected[edit] At the court of Saul[edit] Author Dr. David and Goliath[edit] David and Jonathan[edit]

William Morris William Morris self-portrait, 1856 William Morris (24 March 1834 – 3 October 1896) was an English artist, writer, textile designer and socialist associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood and English Arts and Crafts Movement.[1][2] He founded a design firm in partnership with the artist Edward Burne-Jones, and the poet and artist Dante Gabriel Rossetti which profoundly influenced the decoration of churches and houses into the early 20th century. As an author, illustrator and medievalist, he helped to establish the modern fantasy genre, and was a direct influence on postwar authors such as J. R. Life[edit] Early life and education[edit] William Morris was born in Walthamstow on 24 March 1834, the third child and the eldest son of William Morris, a partner in the firm of Sanderson & Co., bill brokers in the City of London. Morris's painting La belle Iseult, also inaccurately called Queen Guinevere, is his only surviving easel painting, now in the Tate Gallery. Marriage and family[edit]