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World War II: The Holocaust - Alan Taylor - In Focus

World War II: The Holocaust - Alan Taylor - In Focus
One of the most horrific terms in history was used by Nazi Germany to designate human beings whose lives were unimportant, or those who should be killed outright: Lebensunwertes Leben, or "life unworthy of life". The phrase was applied to the mentally impaired and later to the "racially inferior," or "sexually deviant," as well as to "enemies of the state" both internal and external. From very early in the war, part of Nazi policy was to murder civilians en masse, especially targeting Jews. Later in the war, this policy grew into Hitler's "final solution", the complete extermination of the Jews. It began with Einsatzgruppen death squads in the East, which killed some 1,000,000 people in numerous massacres, and continued in concentration camps where prisoners were actively denied proper food and health care. It culminated in the construction of extermination camps -- government facilities whose entire purpose was the systematic murder and disposal of massive numbers of people. Lt.

Holocaust Timeline Jump to: 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1933 January 30, 1933 - Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany a nation with a Jewish population of 566,000. February 22, 1933 - 40,000 SA and SS men are sworn in as auxiliary police. February 27, 1933 - Nazis burn Reichstag building to create crisis atmosphere. February 28, 1933 - Emergency powers granted to Hitler as a result of the Reichstag fire. March 22, 1933 - Nazis open Dachau concentration camp near Munich, to be followed by Buchenwald near Weimar in central Germany, Sachsenhausen near Berlin in northern Germany, and Ravensbrück for women. March 24, 1933 - German Parliament passes Enabling Act giving Hitler dictatorial powers. Terms of use: Private home/school non-commercial, non-Internet re-usage only is allowed of any text, graphics, photos, audio clips, other electronic files or materials from The History Place.

News Desk: A Reporter’s Lawyer My lawyer died last week. His name was Michael Nussbaum, of Washington, D.C. He was seventy-six years old and Stage 4 lung cancer got him after a brave two-year struggle. He was survived by his wife, Gloria Weissberg, and her two daughters. What’s harder to put into words is the relationship of a trusted lawyer and an investigative reporter. Lots of words, but what do they mean in practice? Michael, whom I had initially befriended in 1958, when we were classmates at the University of Chicago law school (I bailed out; he was the class whiz), had been defending conscientious objectors and others opposed to the war in Vietnam. In early October of 1969, I picked up the first hint of what would become known as the My Lai massacre. It was more than a little distressing; it was frightening. He was then living in a small house in Georgetown and, luckily for me, answered my stricken telephone call one night in early November. So I did. Latimer had one more inducement. Michael Nussbaum in 1986.

Hiroshima Atomic Bombing Remembered with Google Earth During the final days of World War II, the United States dropped devastating atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. More than 65 years later, Hidenori Watanave, an associate professor of Tokyo Metropolitan University, has created a digital archive to preserve the memory of the Hiroshima bombing. A complement to the Nagasaki archive launched in 2010, the Hiroshima Archive layers historical resources into Google Earth, giving users the chance to explore a panoramic view of Hiroshima, survivor accounts, aerial photos, 3D topographical data, and building models. The documents are all written in Japanese, which creates something of a language barrier for many readers. But a tour through the archive will tell you something important — something important about the Hiroshima bombing and how we’re memorializing the past in our new digital age. Related Content: Google Lit Trips Ancient Rome in 3D on Google Earth Visit the Prado Art Collection with Google Earth

Reinhard Heydrich Biography: The First In-depth Look at a Nazi 'God of Death' - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International The site for the assassination was carefully chosen at a point where a steeply sloping street in Prague's Libe district made a hairpin turn, forcing approaching cars to slow down considerably. This is precisely what the driver of a heavy convertible Mercedes did as his vehicle climbed toward the curve at approximately 10:30 a.m. on May 27, 1942. Dieser Artikel ist aus dem SPIEGEL Hier geht es zum digitalen Heft Neu:Lesen Sie den vollständigen SPIEGEL auf Tablets, Smartphones oder am PC/MACMit vielen zusätzlichen Videos, interaktiven Grafiken und BildernLesbar über Apps oder Browser Behind the driver sat his boss, one of Adolf Hitler's most devoted followers. That man was none other than Reinhard Heydrich, chief of the Reich Main Security Office (RSHA), the body charged with fighting all "enemies of the Reich" within and outside German borders, and one of the principle organizers of the Holocaust. This and similar orders were what motivated the assassins lying in wait at the curve ahead.

World War II: Pearl Harbor - Alan Taylor - In Focus On December 7, 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy launched a surprise attack on the United States, bombing warships and military targets in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. More than 350 Japanese aircraft attacked the naval base in two waves, strafing targets, dropping armor-piercing bombs, and launching torpedoes toward U.S. battleships and cruisers. The U.S. forces were unprepared, waking to the sounds of explosions and scrambling to defend themselves. The entire preemptive attack lasted only 90 minutes, and in that time, the Japanese sunk four battleships and two destroyers, pummeled 188 aircraft, and damaged even more buildings, ships and airplanes. Use j/k keys or ←/→ to navigate Choose: The USS Shaw explodes after being hit by bombs during the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, in this December 7, 1941 photo. Japanese pilots get instructions aboard an aircraft carrier before the attack on Pearl Harbor, in this scene from a Japanese newsreel. The USS Shaw burns in Pearl Harbor.

China 1911: The Birth of China's Tragedy Jonathan Fenby argues that the failings of China's 1911 revolution heralded decades of civil conflict, occupation and suffering for the Chinese people. Chinese rebel leaders Liu Fuji (left) and Peng Chufan were arrested and beheaded early on October 10th. The Chinese displayed their heads as a warning, ‘killing the chicken to scare the monkeys’, but the Republican government honoured them as martyrs. The Best Sites For Learning About Pearl Harbor With Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day coming up tomorrow, December 7th, I thought I’d put together a quick “The Best…” list of useful resources. I know it’s a bit late, but at least you can use it for planning next year. Here are my picks, not in order of preference, of The Best Sites For Learning About Pearl Harbor (and that are accessible to English Language Learners): EL Civics has A Pearl Harbor Day Lesson, including online resources and reproducible hand-outs. Holt, Rinehart & Winston have a Pearl Harbor Interactive. Scholastic has another interactive on the Pearl Harbor attack. This is a very accessible Thinkquest site developed by students about Pearl Harbor. Learn About Pearl Harbor comes from Pearson. The National Park Service has many good photos of the Arizona Memorial and ones that were taken on the day of the attack. TIME Magazine has a photographic timeline of the event. How Stuff Works has a series of online videos about Pearl Harbor and its aftermath. As always, feedback is welcome.

A PRIEST BEARS WITNESS Father Patrick Desbois is on a mission to uncover the mass graves of nearly two million Jews. Sixty years after the Holocaust, time is running out. by Sarah Breger Father Patrick Desbois seldom smiles. The diminutive 56-year-old has spent the last eight years on what some have called a “holy mission,” traveling across Eastern Europe—mostly in Ukraine—to identify the unmarked and sometimes previously unknown graves of the more than 1.5 million Jews murdered there during World War II. His work is bringing to light an often-neglected chapter of Holocaust history—that of entire Jewish communities massacred where they lived. Desbois was born in a farmhouse in peaceful Burgundy, France in 1955, after the war. As a mathematics student at Dijon University in eastern France, Desbois found himself attracted to theology and religious studies. In 2002, while traveling in Ukraine, he visited the site of his grandfather’s imprisonment, Rawa-Ruska. Documenting the massacres is only the first step.

World War II: The Invasion of Poland and the Winter War - Alan Taylor - In Focus In August of 1939, Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union signed a non-aggression treaty. One week later, Germany invaded Poland and World War II began. The first attack of the war took place on September 1, 1939, as German aircraft bombarded the Polish town of Wielun, killing nearly 1,200. Five minutes later, the German battleship Schleswig-Holstein opened fire on a transit depot at Westerplatte in the Free City of Danzig. Within days, the United Kingdom and France declared war on Germany and began mobilizing their armies and preparing their civilians. On September 17, the Soviet Union invaded Poland from the east. Use j/k keys or ←/→ to navigate Choose: View of an undamaged Polish city from the cockpit of a German medium bomber aircraft, likely a Heinkel He 111 P, in 1939. In 1939, the Polish army still maintained many cavalry squadrons, which had served them well as recently as the Polish-Soviet War in 1921. Warning:This image may contain graphic orobjectionable content Click to view image

1911, The Other Revolution | Online Only Photo by Gregory Jordan. Beijing’s underground system, hastily expanded for the 2008 Olympics, is spacious and modern. Its trains move so quietly that the ringing of mobile phones and the shouted conversations that ensue almost drown them out. Peremptory public announcements order passengers to Stand Back! Board the Train! On 1 July, every screen in the underground was tuned to the Chinese Communist Party’s celebration of its own ninetieth birthday: a cast of several hundred waving gigantic red flags on the gargantuan stage of the Great Hall of People, the main theatre of government ritual in Tiananmen Square into which the people, in fact, are rarely invited. There were two historic anniversaries this year in China. The Chinese Communist Party was founded in a small building in the then French Concession in Shanghai in 1921. The Qing Dynasty was overthrown ten years before the Party came into existence. Official references to 1911, so far, have been perfunctory.

Pearl Harbor ORIGINAL PEARL HARBOR PHOTOS Never seen these before----must be somebody 's private pictures they saved all this time. These pic's are so clear....very sad....but, good that we can see them...... THE FELLOW WHO SENT THESE RECEIVED THEM FROM AN OLD SHIPMATE ON THE USS QUAPAW PEARL HARBOR December 7th, 1941 Pearl Harbor On Sunday, December 7th, 1941 the Japanese launched a Surprise attack against the U.S. Hawaii . Admiral Nagumo, hoped to catch the entire fleet in port. Would have it, the Aircraft Carriers and one of the Battleships Were not in port. Island , where it had just delivered some aircraft. Lexingtonwas ferrying aircraft to Midway, and the USS Saratoga and USS Colorado were undergoing repairs in the United States). In spite of the latest intelligence reports about the missing Aircraft carriers (his most important targets), Admiral Nagumo Decided to continue the attack with his force of six carriers and 423 aircraft. The first wave of a two-wave attack. Kaneohe and Ewa.

Coco Chanel: Nazi agent? She was one of the most remarkable women of the 20th Century, but Coco Chanel's reputation is again under scrutiny over allegations that she was a Nazi agent in World War II France. To millions of people around the globe Chanel stands for style, opulence and understated elegance, from haute couture worn by the few to ready-to-wear treasured by the masses. Her achievements are undeniable. Chanel's instantly recognisable suits have been sported by stylistas from the Duchess of Windsor to Carla Bruni-Sarkozy. Jackie Kennedy was wearing a pink version when JFK was assassinated in Dallas in 1963. And, the "little black dress", that byword for elegant simplicity as worn by Audrey Hepburn in the movie Breakfast at Tiffany's, has regularly topped polls for the most iconic of all items of clothing. But there is another side to the story of Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel, and it concerns her actions in occupied France during World War II. "Chanel was a consummate opportunist. "He wasn't. Murky motives

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