History of Scotland Scotland was first decisively settled after the end of the last glacial period (in the paleolithic), roughly 10,000 years ago. Prehistoric Scotland entered the Neolithic Era about 4000 BC, the Bronze Age about 2000 BC, and the Iron Age around 700 BC. The recorded history of Scotland begins with the arrival of the Roman Empire in the 1st century, the Roman province of Britannia reached as far north as the Antonine Wall, which once ran from the Clyde to the Forth. To the north lay the territory of Caledonia, whose people were described as "Picti" in Latin, meaning ‘painted ones’. Due to constant incursions from these Picti the Roman legions would be forced back to Hadrian's Wall within 20 years of its construction, and forced to abandon the territory by the beginning of the 3rd century. The Kingdom of Scotland was united under the descendants of Kenneth MacAlpin, first king of a united Scotland. Prehistory Neolithic farming brought permanent settlements. Roman invasion
Clans and Families of Ireland and ScotlandAn Ethnography of the Gael A.D. 500 - 1750 Acknowledgments I am indebted to a number of people who have had a formative influence on this book, among them Tom Johnson, Valene Smith and Lowell Stratton at the California State University, Chico; Dan Crowley at the University of California, Davis, and Gilbert Youmans at the University of Missouri, Columbia. Thanks also go to John Foley, Ed Tyler and Sarah Feeny at the University of Missouri, Columbia, for introducing me to oral-formulaic theory, and for recommending books and articles on the subject. You can purchase this book online at Amazon.Com Visit the Authors Web Site Visit Willow Bend Books, the Publisher Copyright © 1989 C. Haz click aquí para leer algo de este libro en el Idioma Español Table of Contents Introduction Part One I. Part Two V. Bibliography
Scottish History Orkney's Stone Age Temple Undiscovered Scotland: Home Page Unicorn Of Scotland - A National Scottish Symbol What says 'magic' more loudly than choosing the mystical and powerful Unicorn of Scotland as the country's National Animal? A country's 'National Animal' should represent the best, and defining, qualities of the nation who chose it. Scots have a strong sentimental streak under that practical and reserved exterior, and Scottish culture is rich in superstitions, myths and legends. So, choosing a heraldic symbol as awe-inspiring as the unicorn makes perfect sense! Chances are you don't know too much about this fantastic creature, so let's start there. (But if you want to jump straight to how, when & why it was chosen CLICK HERE) Unicorns Abound In History & Legend The stories and legends surrounding the Unicorn go about as far back in history as the human race. These beautiful creatures were worshiped by the ancient Babylonians, and written descriptions of them appear throughout ancient history, and as early as the first century AD. Click on image to buy or browse Unicorn qualities included:
Scottish History (scottishhistory) The Coming of the Unicorn: Scottish Folk Tales for Children by Duncan Williamson: Undiscovered Scotland Review The Coming of the Unicorn by Duncan Williamson is a wonderful collection of Scottish folk and fairy tales for children. The stories are beautifully told and perfectly written to be read aloud to the small child or children in your life. What is especially nice is that although these are stories with many familiar "folk tale" elements, they also have a freshness and originality which really keeps you turning the page. The book opens with the story of the "Fox and the Two Cat Fishers", a story with a clear message, and this starts a theme. What really brings the stories to life is an understanding of their background and purpose, set out in the introduction.
ScottishHistory.com Ewan J. Innes, MA(Hons Scot. Hist.) FSA Scot Synopsis: This essay describes the reason why other than nineteenth century migration, there are no O' surnames in Scotland, but there are Mac surnames in Ireland. Please see my copyright policy if you wish to cite any part of this essay. Firstly, it is complete and utter nonsense that Mac and Mc indicate Scottish or Irish origins. There is however one distinction you can make as far as differentiating between a name being Scottish or Irish. Irish legal tracts of the fifth century recognise 3 grades of kingship: rí túathe - ruler of kindred rí túath - Overlord of other kindreds - also ruire (ro aire) rí ruirech - king of overkings - also rí cóicid - king of a fifth (e.g.. king of Munster) The above grades are purely legal, in the Irish annals they are simply described as rí - you were supposed to know as you read the annal which grade a particular king belonged to. Cenél nGabrain (Gabrain died in 558) Cenél Loairn Cenél nOengusa
Top 5 Exotic Free Energy Technologies From PESWiki Shortcut URL: See also News:Best Exotic Free Energy Technologiesand Tracking the Position of the Top 5and Directory:Best Exotic Clean Energy Technologies This page is devoted to featuring the top five exotic technologies that we know of that are closest to market. Here at PESWiki we cover the entire spectrum of clean energy technologies, from conventional methods such as solar, wind, geothermal, tide, wave, river on the one hand; to very unconventional or "exotic" technologies such as cold fusion, magnet motors, overunity electromagnetic motors, gravity motors, and vortex technologies on the other. There are many ways to harness the wheelwork of nature -- energy sources that the environment provides free for the taking -- that are not only clean but inexhaustible and ubiquitous. Conventional renewable energy (there are 25 genres) has made great strides but has limitations. Runners Up Spreadsheet Best Exotic Clean Energy Technologies In the News
Scotland: A Brief History On Thursday, December 18, 1997, Scottish Secretary Donald Dewar launched one of the most far-reaching changes to the British constitution by presenting a Bill to implement Scotland's first parliament in 300 years. The exuberant Secretary stated that the Bill was a more radical piece of legislation than dreamed of only one year before. The Scottish Parliament is expected to be fully operational by the year 2000, and the Bill itself should receive the Royal Assent during the second half of 1998 in time for elections to be held in the first half of the following year. Sovereignty would continue to rest ultimately with Westminster; the Queen would remain head of state for the whole United Kingdom and the Government in London would remain responsible for key "reserved" matters, including foreign policy, defense and national security.