Why two spaces after a period isn’t wrong (or, the lies typographers tell about history) - Heraclitean River The topic of spacing after a period (or “full stop” in some parts of the world) has received a lot of attention in recent years. The vitriol that the single-space camp has toward the double-spacers these days is quite amazing, and typographers have made up an entire fake history to justify their position. The story usually goes something like this: Once upon a time, typographical practice was anarchy. Printers put in all sizes of spaces in haphazard ways, including after periods. A short version of this story is told, for example, by Grammar Girl in her advice on this question. The author, Farhad Manjoo, is astounded to find so many educated and ignorant people who apparently believe that two spaces are okay. Unfortunately, this whole story is a fairy tale, made up by typographers to make themselves feel like they are correct in some absolute way. Early Sources (before 1870, i.e., pre-typewriter) Spacing practices for the first couple centuries of the printing press were quite variable.
How to read a SOM - viscovery.net A self-organizing map (SOM) may be the most compact way to represent a data distribution. Because SOMs represent complex data in an intuitive two-dimensional perceptional space, data dependences can be understood easiliy if one is familiar with the map visualization. The following example provides an intuitive explanation of the basics of Viscovery visualization. Imagine 1000 people on a football field. Now imagine that, looking over the crowd, you ask everyone to raise a colored flag according to their age (blue for <20, green for 20 to 29, yellow for 30 to 39, orange for 40 to 49, and red for 50 and over). Finally, you can put all the photos side by side and inspect the dependences.
Affect Versus Effect I get asked whether to use affect or effect all the time, and it is by far the most requested grammar topic, so I have a few mnemonics and a cartoon to help you remember. What Is the Difference Between Affect and Effect? Before we get to the memory trick though, I want to explain the difference between the two words: The majority of the time you use affect with an a as a verb and effect with an e as a noun. When Should You Use Affect? Affect with an a means "to influence," as in, "The arrows affected Aardvark," or "The rain affected Amy's hairdo." When Should You Use Effect? Effect with an e has a lot of subtle meanings as a noun, but to me the meaning "a result" seems to be at the core of all the definitions. Common Uses of Affect and Effect Most of the time, affect is a verb and effect is a noun. There are rare instances where the roles are switched, and I'll get to those later, but for now let's focus on the common meanings. "But why Aardvark?" Rare Uses of Affect and Effect Administrative
Essay on the flaws of distance education One potentially positive result of the current fascination with online education is that universities and colleges may be forced to define and defend quality education. This analysis of what we value should help us to present to the public the importance of higher education in a high-tech world. However, the worst thing to do is to equate university education with its worst forms of instruction, which will in turn open the door for distance learning. Perhaps the most destructive aspect of higher education is the use of large lecture classes. Although some would argue that we should prepare students for the new high-tech world of self-instruction, we still need to teach students how to focus, concentrate, and sustain attention. When people multitask, it often takes them twice as long to complete a task, and they do it half as well. This lack of presence also shows up in the classroom. (Illustration by Giulia Forsythe, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 agreement)
Schooling could take a hint from this guy The View from the Front Seat of the Google Self-Driving Car — Backchannel After 1.7 million miles we’ve learned a lot — not just about our system but how humans drive, too. About 33,000 people die on America’s roads every year. That’s why so much of the enthusiasm for self-driving cars has focused on their potential to reduce accident rates. As we continue to work toward our vision of fully self-driving vehicles that can take anyone from point A to point B at the push of a button, we’re thinking a lot about how to measure our progress and our impact on road safety. One of the most important things we need to understand in order to judge our cars’ safety performance is “baseline” accident activity on typical suburban streets. The most common accidents our cars are likely to experience in typical day to day street driving — light damage, no injuries — aren’t well understood because they’re not reported to police. In the spirit of helping all of us be safer drivers, we wanted to share a few patterns we’ve seen. Lots of people aren’t paying attention to the road.
Affect vs. Effect By Mark Nichol Among the pairs of words writers often confuse, affect and effect might be the most perplexing, perhaps because their meanings are so similar. Affect, derived from affectus, from the Latin word afficere, “to do something to, act on,” is easily conflated with effect, borrowed from Anglo-French, ultimately stemming from the Latin word effectus, from efficere, “to bring about.” Affect The various senses of affect, each followed by a sentence demonstrating them, follow: A noun meaning “mental state”: “In his report, the psychiatrist, noting his lack of expression or other signs of emotion, described his affect as flat.” A verb meaning “to produce an effect, to influence”: “I knew that my opinion would affect her choice, so I deliberately withheld it.” A verb meaning “to pretend” or “to put on”: “She tried to affect an air of nonchalance, though she was visibly agitated.” Words with affect as the root, followed by their use in a sentence, include the following: Effect
My fake college syllabus The following syllabus is for my new class, English 401: The Short Novel, meeting Tuesdays and Thursdays, 1:10-2:50pm. Course Description In this class, we will analyze some of World Literature’s greatest short novels in an attempt to interrogate the essence of plot and character while reading as few words as possible. Each class session will begin with a student presentation of 15 to 20 minutes, so we’re looking at an effective class time of about an hour. I’d love to give you a five-minute break halfway through the period, with the tacit understanding that we actually blow 15, but then I’d have to pretend I didn’t notice when 36% of you didn’t bother to come back. Or I’d have to pass around the attendance sheet again, which is a major pain in the ass. Books Course books are available at the campus bookstore. This semester, we’re going to try something different. Grading Policy My grading policy is to remain above the fray. Exams There will be a midterm and a final.
Educational Webpages Seoul Korea 7 Day Itinerary and Summary This was the full rundown of the schedule that we eventually ended up following. Note that we had to make a lot of adjustments along the way. Initially we wanted to go to Nami Island on Sat February 16 but with the weather as cold as it was, it didn’t make that much sense. Instead we ended up spreading out the schedule a bit more. Click the links on the dates to take you to the associated blog entries. Exchanging money – Don’t even bother changing money at home. Getting Around – If you want to go to specific places make sure you have the name and address of the place in Korean charactersCabbing – We found that cabbing was sometimes just way more convenient to get around especially if you don’t live near a subway line. Flying the way it should be done! Fish cake soup Students going to class This turned out to be DELICIOUS Myeongdong Shopping Nice beard The three On the roof of Ssamziegil Mall during sunset Fantastic noodles An umbrella installation And up we go! My turn to dress up Cutest dog ever.
How to Punctuate with “However” By Mark Nichol However are you going to keep this information straight? The usage of punctuation with however may seem confusing; however, the distinctions are straightforward. However has several distinct uses. In all but one, it is an adverb — a word that modifies a verb. However can also be introduced after the subject of the sentence: “Its significance, however, was lost in the ensuing argument.” The two statements from the first paragraph could also be combined into one sentence: “My point was valid; however, its significance was lost in the ensuing argument.” Although one could write, following a sentence such as “He scoffed at my comment,” the statement “My point was valid, however,” a simple comma following however is incorrect if an independent clause follows. The other use of however is as a conjunction. Subscribe to Receive our Articles and Exercises via Email You will improve your English in only 5 minutes per day, guaranteed! 4 Responses to “How to Punctuate with “However””