Kokoro Recearch Center, Kyoto University Funahashi, S. (2013) Thalamic mediodorsal nucleus and its participation in spatial working memory processes: comparison with the prefrontal cortex. Frontier in Neuroscience (in press) Funahashi, S. and Andreau, J.M. (2013) Prefrontal cortex and neural mechanisms of executive function. Journal of Physiology Paris (in press) Mochizuki, K. and Funahashi, S. (2012) Response inhibition, prefrontal cortex, and their relation to the attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Parataxic distortion Parataxic distortion is a psychiatric term first used by Harry S. Sullivan to describe the inclination to skew perceptions of others based on fantasy. The "distortion" is a faulty perception of others, based not on actual experience with the other individual, but on a projected fantasy personality attributed to the individual. For example, when one falls in love, an image of another person as the “perfect match” or “soul mate” can be created when in reality, the other person may not live up to these expectations or embody the imagined traits at all.
Neural correlates of consciousness The Neuronal Correlates of Consciousness (NCC) constitute the smallest set of neural events and structures sufficient for a given conscious percept or explicit memory. This case involves synchronized action potentials in neocortical pyramidal neurons. Neurobiological approach to consciousness Get Anyone to Like You – Instantly – Guaranteed Get anyone to like you - Instantly - Guaranteed If you want people to like you, make them feel good about themselves. This golden rule of friendship works every time - guaranteed! The principle is straightforward. If I meet you and make you feel good about yourself, you will like me and seek every opportunity to see me again to reconstitute the same good feeling you felt the first time we met. Unfortunately, this powerful technique is seldom used because we are continually focused on ourselves and not others.
Alexander Luria Alexander Romanovich Luria (Russian: Алекса́ндр Рома́нович Лу́рия; 16 July 1902 – 14 August 1977) was a famous Soviet neuropsychologist and developmental psychologist. He was one of the founders of Cultural-Historical Psychology, and a leader of the Vygotsky Circle. Luria's magnum opus was his textbook on neuropsychology titled Higher Cortical Functions in Man (1962) which has been translated into multiple laguages, and which was supplemented with his book titled The Working Brain in the 1970s.
Signs and Symptoms of ADHD It is normal for children to have trouble focusing and behaving at one time or another. However, children with ADHD do not just grow out of these behaviors. The symptoms continue and can cause difficulty at school, at home, or with friends. A child with ADHD might: have a hard time paying attention daydream a lotnot seem to listenbe easily distracted from schoolwork or playforget thingsbe in constant motion or unable to stay seatedsquirm or fidgettalk too muchnot be able to play quietlyact and speak without thinkinghave trouble taking turnsinterrupt others Electromagnetic theories of consciousness Several theorists have proposed that consciousness can be understood as an electromagnetic phenomenon. Their theories differ in how they relate consciousness to electromagnetism. For example, electromagnetic field theories (or "EM field theories") of consciousness propose that consciousness results when a brain produces an electromagnetic field with features that meet certain criteria; Susan Pockett and Johnjoe McFadden have proposed EM field theories; William Uttal has criticized McFadden's and other field theories.
Superstitions – Where Do They Come From? “When you believe in things that you don’t understand Then you suffer… Superstition ain’t the way…” – Lyrics from “Superstition” by Stevie Wonder You are an intelligent, rational person on your way to work when a black cat dashes across the street in front of your car. Do you get an uncomfortable feeling of impending doom? While shaving or applying makeup, you accidentally drop the mirror and break it. Does the anguish of enduring seven years of bad luck overtake you? speakers who disagree with each other TED2013 kicks off in just 11 days. And, in the very first session, Robert J. Gordon and Erik Brynjolfsson will ascend the stage for a debate on the future of work.
5 Ways to Teach Ethics This post was co-written by Sharon K. Anderson , who writes the "Ethical Therapist" blog. Some people argue that ethics cannot be taught—you're either ethical or you're not. We beg to differ, especially in the area of professional ethics. We're not saying we can turn a psychopath into an angel, but we can certainly make new professionals aware of the ethical culture they are entering. For example, in our courses on ethics in psychology it's easy to show how some professional obligations differ from personal ones by asking this: "You are seeing a client. Core consciousness Developed in his (1999) book, 'The Feeling of What Happens', Antonio Damasio's three layered theory of consciousness is based on a hierarchy of stages, with each stage building upon the last. The most basic representation of the organism is referred to as the Protoself, next is Core Consciousness, and finally, Extended Consciousness. Damasio, who is an internationally recognized leader in neuroscience, was educated at the University of Lisbon and currently directs the University of Southern California Brain and Creativity Institute. Damasio's approach to explaining the development of consciousness relies on three notions: emotion, feeling, and feeling a feeling.
Blog : Test Your “Subitizing” Ability Recently I found myself reading about “subitizing”, which is the process of instinctively counting small sets of items in a fraction of second. For example, try quickly counting a few of these: The Wikipedia article indicates that you can nearly always correctly count four or fewer items in a small fraction of a second. Above four, you start to make mistakes. Brain Pickings 09 MAY, 2013By: Maria Popova “When the profit motive gets unmoored from the purpose motive, bad things happen.” The question of how to avoid meaningless labor and instead find fulfilling work brimming with a sense of purpose is an enduring but, for many, elusive cultural ideal.
Top 10 Unethical Psychological Experiments - Top 10 Lists Humans Psychology is a relatively new science which gained popularity in the early 20th century with Wilhelm Wundt. In the zeal to learn about the human thought process and behavior, many early psychiatrists went too far with their experimentations, leading to stringent ethics codes and standards. Though these are highly unethical experiments, it should be mentioned that they did pave the way to induct our current ethical standards of experiments, and that should be seen as a positive.