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Preparing a Wild Turkey Intro: Cleaning Your Wild Turkey You have finally achieved a successful turkey hunt and the most difficult part is over. But, there is still a lot of work to do cleaning the bird to get it ready to be put in the freezer. One of the most common questions and concerns of new turkey hunters is how to clean a turkey after they have shot it. Step 1: Make a Decision The cleaning or field dressing process begins right after you shoot your bird. Make a decision immediately about whether you will have the turkey mounted. You might also consider how you plan on cooking the turkey. At this point , you have basically three options for continuing cleaning your wild turkey. Prepare bird for the taxidermist.Field dress the bird if it’s hot or you’re a long way from home.Wait until you get home before proceeding with cleaning the bird. Preparing Your Wild Turkey for the Taxidermist Before the Hunt Shooting the Bird When you harvest a bird, always try for a clean head and neck shot. After the Shot

Emergency Communication & Ham Radio Emergency Communication is probably one of the least talked about aspects of preparedness, but in my opinion, it’s something that you can’t afford to overlook. Read the full story » In a survival situation, knowledge is going to be a critical factor in determining the outcome of your situation. Don’t underestimate the power of communication, and the importance of staying informed. Read the full story » You need to develop an Emergency Communications Plan, and everyone in your family needs know how to use it. Read the full story » Ham Radio plays a very important role in emergency communications and preparedness. Read the full story » Our Ham Radio Cheat Sheet with HF, UHF & VHF Frequencies, Q Codes, the Phonetic Alphabet and Morse Code Read the full story »

Urban Survival Guide - Urban Survival Skills Every emergency situation requires different skills to cope with the crisis. Being prepared is essential to your survival. The following is the most basic urban survival skills that every urban survivalist should know, and practice in order to be prepared for survival. The Basics (Wilderness Survival Skills are the fundamental skills that should be learned for every survival situation) Urban Survival This urban survival guide is divided in two sections; Street Skills and Home Preparedness. Street Skills Learning Lifesaving Skills Be prepared; take the time to learn vital survival and lifesaving skills before you need it! Keeping Fit You should also keep fit; join a local gym or build a home gym and work out three times a week. Know Your Environment Be prepared; take the time to learn your area, what type of people live there and where. Keeping your Wits The single most important skill for the urban survivalist is the will to survive. Think before you react! Home Preparedness

Adventures in Field Botany / Illustrated-Glossary Leaf Morphology: Phyllode/ Cladode: modifyed stems that act as leaves. Ensiform: leaves sharp edges, taper into a slender point (fern) Stellate: hairs come up like fingers. Peltate: "petiole joins to the center" in leaves. Glossary of Terms: WHORLED - more than two (2) opposite leaves. OPPOSITE - leaf nodes are on opposite sides of twig. ALTERNATE - leaf nodes alternate in pattern along branch. DECUSSATE - Arranged on a stem in opposite pairs at right angles to those above or below, resulting in vertical rows of leaves. PALMATE - consisting of leaflets or lobes radiating from the base of the leaf. CAPSULE - a hollow dry fruit with 3+ locules (chambers) Dehiscent = splits open to release the seed. Indehiscent: remaining closed, do not split open at maturity. Capsule Types- Dehiscent: Capsule breaks to release fruit Indehiscent: This is a drupe, no hard capsule that is made to split open A walnut is a drupe fruit. OVATE (ovoid) OBOVATE (obovoid) ELLIPTICAL Root Index Tuberous Roots: ex- Sweet Potato

How to Butcher There are a few basics you need to know when you are learning to butcher venison, the first of which is: Don’t waste anything! In a survival situation you cannot afford to be picky. That cut of meat that you wouldn’t consider buying from the supermarket, like tripe, kidneys, lungs, pancreas, tail and feet, will be too valuable to toss away. Another basic when you butcher a deer or fresh killed animal is bleeding. While the blood is draining, the next step is to begin skinning your kill. From the circle extend the cut down the center of the body towards the neck. Be careful NOT to cut too deep and pierce the stomach cavity. The next steps in how to butcher is all about retrieving the meat.

Food Foraging: Wild Edible Plants & Mushrooms Shelters - Types of Shelters When looking for a shelter site, keep in mind the type of shelter (protection) you need. However, you must also consider-- How much time and effort you need to build the shelter. To answer these questions, you need to know how to make various types of shelters and what materials you need to make them. Poncho Lean-To It takes only a short time and minimal equipment to build this lean-to (Figure 5-1). To make the lean-to-- Tie off the hood of the poncho. If you plan to use the lean-to for more than one night, or you expect rain, make a center support for the lean-to. Another method is to place a stick upright under the center of the lean-to. For additional protection from wind and rain, place some brush, your rucksack, or other equipment at the sides of the lean-to. To reduce heat loss to the ground, place some type of insulating material, such as leaves or pine needles, inside your lean-to. Note: When at rest, you lose as much as 80 percent of your body heat to the ground. Poncho Tent Swamp Bed

Wild Plants Used for Medicine and Food Learning wild plants used for medicine, food, and tools is also known as the study of ethnobotany (how people utilize plants). Edible and medicinal plants can provide healthy alternatives to highly processed foods and pharmaceuticals, bringing greater health into our lives. To effectively use wild plants, one must learn basic plant identification skills, especially for poisonous plants, as well as proper collection and preparation methods. This section of the online library provides articles on wild plants used for medicine, food, and utilitarian purposes. You can peruse the articles below and/or sign up to the Alderleaf eNewsletter to get updates on new articles. Information and Articles on Wild Plants Used for Medicine and Food: Wild Edible Plants: Benefits, Hazards, and Major Groups We are surrounded by wild plants used for medicine and food everyday. Coniferous Forest Plants in the Pacific Northwest Coniferous forest plants are a unique and beautiful part of our world’s biodiversity.

Food Procurement - Traps and Snares For an unarmed survivor or evader, or when the sound of a rifle shot could be a problem, trapping or snaring wild game is a good alternative. Several well-placed traps have the potential to catch much more game than a man with a rifle is likely to shoot. To be effective with any type of trap or snare, you must-- Be familiar with the species of animal you intend to catch. There are no catchall traps you can set for all animals. Runs and trails. Position your traps and snares where there is proof that animals pass through. For an evader in a hostile environment, trap and snare concealment is important. You must remove or mask the human scent on and around the trap you set. Traps or snares placed on a trail or run should use channelization. Use of Bait Baiting a trap or snare increases your chances of catching an animal. If you set and bait a trap for one species but another species takes the bait without being caught, try to determine what the animal was. Trap and Snare Construction