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Earth system science

Earth system science
Earth system science seeks to integrate various fields of academic study to understand the Earth as a system. It considers interaction between the atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere (geosphere), biosphere,[1] and heliosphere.[2] In 1996, the American Geophysical Union, in cooperation with the Keck Geology Consortium and with support from five divisions within the National Science Foundation, convened a workshop "to define common educational goals among all disciplines in the Earth sciences." In its report, participants noted that, "The fields that make up the Earth and space sciences are currently undergoing a major advancement that promotes understanding the Earth as a number of interrelated systems." Recognizing the rise of this systems approach, the workshop report recommended that an Earth system science curriculum be developed with support from the National Science Foundation.[3] Definition[edit] Inspiration in the Gaia theory[edit] The programmes have stated the following: Related:  medio ambiente

Home Antonio Busalacchi Professor and Director From the polar ice caps to the deserts of China, from the skies over Oklahoma to the Atlantic Ocean near Northeast Brazil, ESSIC scientists are busy examining the Earth's Systems through the various lenses of their particular specialties. Cutting across the traditional disciplinary boundaries of meteorology, oceanography, geology and geography, ESSIC seeks to better understand how the land, the oceans and the atmosphere react with, and influence, one another. At ESSIC, some of the questions our researchers are exploring are: How do the ocean, atmosphere, and land surfaces interact to induce changes in climate?

Earth spheres Wili The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to earth science: Earth's spheres[edit] The Earth's spheres are the many "spheres" into which the planet Earth is divided. The four most often recognized are the atmosphere, the biosphere, the hydrosphere and the geosphere. As a whole, the system is sometimes referred to as an ecosphere. Branches of earth science[edit] Geology[edit] Geography[edit] Soil science[edit] Atmospheric science[edit] Oceanography[edit] Glaciology[edit] Glaciology Geoinformatics[edit] History of earth science[edit] Main article: History of earth science; see also History of geology Earth science topics[edit] Main article: List of earth science topics See also[edit] List of geoscience organizations References[edit] External links[edit]

The Language of Degeneration The Language of Degeneration: Eugenic Ideas in The Time Machine by H. G. Wells and Man and Superman by George Bernard Shaw By Jenny Jopson ‘Given the fact that so much of the eugenicists’ writings read like science fiction…it was inevitable that they should have influenced the literary portrayals of modern life’1 Introduction Wells and Shaw represent two of the foremost intellectuals of their day who were motivated to embrace the doctrine of eugenics by a hope that it could effect social change. The period of the eugenics movement2 produced many novels and plays suffused with the fear of the deterioration of the race and the language of regeneration.3 Of these, The Time Machine and Man and Superman provide the main focus for this study, representing examples of the best-known and most influential of the works of their respective authors. Contexts The perceived degeneration of the race gave extra urgency to these concerns as to the inadequacy of social reform. Science as Saviour

Earth science - Wikipedia all fields of natural science related to Earth. Earth science or geoscience includes all fields of natural science related to the planet Earth. This is a branch of science dealing with the physical and chemical constitution of the Earth and its atmosphere. There are both reductionist and holistic approaches to Earth sciences. The Earth sciences can include the study of geology, the lithosphere, and the large-scale structure of the Earth's interior, as well as the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere. Fields of study[edit] The following fields of science are generally categorized within the Earth sciences: Earth's interior[edit] A volcanic eruption is the release of stored energy from below Earth's surface.[8] Plate tectonics, mountain ranges, volcanoes, and earthquakes are geological phenomena that can be explained in terms of physical and chemical processes in the Earth's crust.[9] Volcanoes result primarily from the melting of subducted crust material. Earth's atmosphere[edit]

Earth System Science Earth System Science In the phrase "Earth system science (ESS)," the key term is "system." A system is a collection of interdependent parts enclosed within a defined boundary. Within the boundary of the earth is a collection of four interdependent parts called "spheres." Earth's spheres include: the lithosphere, which contains all of the cold, hard, solid rock of the planet's crust (surface), the hot semi-solid rock that lies underneath the crust, the hot liquid rock near the center of the planet, and the solid iron core (center) of the planet the hydrosphere, which contains all of the planet's solid, liquid, and gaseous water, the biosphere, which contains all of the planet's living organisms, and the atmosphere, which contains all of the planet's air. These spheres are closely connected. Events can occur naturally, such as an earthquake or a hurricane, or they can be caused by humans, such as an oil spill or air pollution. The double-headed arrows ( In addition to the above four event

Home SPECIAL REPORT: More Than 1000 International Scientists Dissent Over Man-Made Global Warming Claims - Challenge UN IPCC & Gore SPECIAL REPORT: More Than 1000 International Scientists Dissent Over Man-Made Global Warming Claims – Challenge UN IPCC & Gore Read the Full Article By: Marc Morano - Climate DepotMay 31, 2011 9:37 AM 0inShare Filed under: climate depot, consensus buster « Climate Depot home Archives Recent Articles Anthroposphere - Wikipedia The anthroposphere (sometimes also referred as technosphere) is that part of the environment that is made or modified by humans for use in human activities and human habitats. It is one of the Earth's spheres.[1] As human technology becomes more evolved, such as the greater ability of technology to cause deforestation, the impact of human activities on the environment potentially increases. See also[edit] Anthropogenic metabolism References[edit] Jump up ^ Kuhn, A.; Heckelei, T. (4 June 2010). External links[edit] The Anthroposphere