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The National Academies

The National Academies
In the News: Your Inner Fish – A Scientific Adventure Have you ever wondered why people look the way they do? Why our hands and feet have five digits instead of six? Why we stand on two legs instead of four? It took 350 million years of evolution to produce the amazing machine we call the human body and in Your Inner Fish, a three-part series based on the best-selling book of the same name, author and evolutionary biologist Dr. Neil Shubin looks into the past to answer these and other questions. Follow that adventure now on PBS Darwin's Insights Continue to Inspire the Academy's Work The ideas of Charles Darwin and the concept of evolution by natural selection continue to have a profound influence on modern biology – they permeate almost every area of scientific exploration. In 2010, the National Academy of Sciences awarded its most prestigious award, the Public Welfare Medal, to Dr.

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Edwards v. Aguillard [This is the text of the 1987 United States Supreme Court decision striking down a Louisiana law that required if evolution is taught in public schools then creationism must also be taught. This 7-2 decision ended any prospect of public schools in the United States being legally forced to teach explicate creationism. One consequence of this case was that some antievolutionists choose to use the term "intelligent design" instead of "creationism."] Resources for Teaching and Learning Biology General Biology Nature of Science EvolutionSustainability General Biology: features issues-based articles written by prominent scientists, accompanying lesson ideas, and related teaching resources for high school and undergraduate biology educators. AAAS Science NetLinks is a guide to standards-based Internet experiences for students.

Evolution of Evolution - 150 Years of Darwin's "On the Origin of Species" Text-only | Flash Special Report Evolution of Evolution - 150 Years of Darwin's "On the Origin of Species" Introduction Charles Darwin Essays Darwin as Ichthyologist: Lessons for Our Future — Daniel Pauly Rethinking the Birdtree of Life — Shannon Hackett & Sushma Reddy What If Darwin Hadn't Written "On the Origin of Species?" — Marsha Richmond The Mythology of Natural Selection — Jim Secord Audio Transcripts Interview with Daniel Pauly Interview with Shannon Hackett & Sushma Reddy

Wild in the Streets: A 24-Hour Field Guide to New York City ​9 a.m. Southern Black Widow Spider Where is it? Brooklyn, in disused fields or vacant lots, under boards and rubble. Danger factor: Fairly high. National Museum of Natural History Unearthed: NMNH Cupid Love is in the air at the National Museum of Natural History! Our scientists are helping species look for love in this series of “dating profiles” to celebrate Valentine’s Day. Will #NMNHcupid help them find their one and only? What I look like through a microscope. Trichoplax sp. by Allen Collins, Smithsonian Institution. Screen name: BlobSticky&Hairy

Principles of Evolution, Ecology and Behavior Syllabus Professor Stephen C. Stearns, Edward P. Bass Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Global Plants in the Classroom Introduction Welcome to Global Plants in the Classroom: Botany 101. This guide to using Global Plants as a teaching resource consists of nine units that introduce basic concepts in the study of botany (see list below). Evolution Entrance These exhibits trace evolutionary thought as it has developed over time, pausing to ponder the contributions of scientists and thinkers including Aristotle, Darwin, Wallace, and many others. Explore the theory of evolution. Learn about the history of evolutionary thought.

Follow Friday: Exploring the Wild World of Botany Astrophysicists get to study the whole wide universe. Evolutionary biologists get to study the very origins of life. Botanists, they get…plants. It’s a humble field. In Harry Potter terms, it’s like skipping the fun Hogwarts classes—Dark Arts, Charms, Care of Magical Animals—in favor of Herbology. PCR primer design: primers4clades tutorial Welcome to the primers4clades (primers for clades) documentation and tutorial page. This document explains how to use this tool and, more importantly, how to read the results. For a quick start try the tutorials, which are based on the provided demo sequences. They will provide a convenient overview of the server's user interface and capabilities. Feel free to contact us if you come accross bugs or find it difficult to understand the results. We aim to use your feedback to keep this documentation up to date.

We need a cure for plant blindness Humanity is suffering from an illness the extent of which is not fully known. The impact of this is being felt across the globe. It renders humankind unable to see the plants in their environment and leaves us deeming the vegetation that surrounds us as nothing more than wallpaper, a nice background for the more important things that enhance our lives. Take a photograph of a lion in the wild in Africa and ask anyone what they see.

Evolution in Action: Lizard Moving From Eggs to Live Birth Evolution has been caught in the act, according to scientists who are decoding how a species of Australian lizard is abandoning egg-laying in favor of live birth. Along the warm coastal lowlands of New South Wales (map), the yellow-bellied three-toed skink lays eggs to reproduce. But individuals of the same species living in the state's higher, colder mountains are almost all giving birth to live young. Only two other modern reptiles—another skink species and a European lizard—use both types of reproduction.

Marxism Marxism is a worldview and a method of societal analysis that focuses on class relations and societal conflict, that uses a materialist interpretation of historical development, and a dialectical view of social transformation. Marxist methodology uses economic and sociopolitical inquiry and applies that to the critique and analysis of the development of capitalism and the role of class struggle in systemic economic change. In the mid-to-late 19th century, the intellectual tenets of Marxism were inspired by two German philosophers: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.