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Evolution Resources from the National Academies

Evolution Resources from the National Academies
In the News: Your Inner Fish – A Scientific Adventure Have you ever wondered why people look the way they do? Why our hands and feet have five digits instead of six? Why we stand on two legs instead of four? It took 350 million years of evolution to produce the amazing machine we call the human body and in Your Inner Fish, a three-part series based on the best-selling book of the same name, author and evolutionary biologist Dr. Neil Shubin looks into the past to answer these and other questions. Follow that adventure now on PBS Darwin's Insights Continue to Inspire the Academy's Work The ideas of Charles Darwin and the concept of evolution by natural selection continue to have a profound influence on modern biology – they permeate almost every area of scientific exploration. In 2010, the National Academy of Sciences awarded its most prestigious award, the Public Welfare Medal, to Dr.

Creationism and the Law Legal challenges to anti-evolutionist policies began with the Scopes Trial of 1925, a case the evolutionists actually lost. Since 1968, however, U.S. courts have consistently held that "creationism" is a particular religious viewpoint and that teaching it in public schools would violate the First Amendment of the Constitution. For a one page summary of important court cases, see Ten Major Court Cases about Creationism and Evolution. For guides to NCSE's collection of printed materials on lawsuits concerning evolution education, see NCSE Archives. Chapter 4 of Religion in the Public Schools: A Road Map for Avoiding Lawsuits and Respecting Parents' Legal Rights, by Anne Marie Lofaso, a professor of law at West Virginia University, contains a detailed review of the legal issues surrounding the teaching of evolution. "Cans and Can'ts of Teaching Evolution," by Eugenie C.

Americans' Creationist Views on Human Origins (Infographic) | Beliefs in God & Evolution by Ross Toro, LiveScience contributor | June 14, 2012 06:25pm ET Despite new discoveries in biological and social science, there has been virtually no change in Americans' views of the origin of the human species. According to a recent Gallup study, most Americans believe in God and about 85 percent describe themselves as having a religious identity, so it is not surprising as a result to find that 78 percent of Americans today hold a view of human origins that involves actions by God — a belief that he either created humans as depicted in the book of Genesis or guided a process of evolution. The finding is slightly less than the percentage who felt this way in 1982 and there is no evidence in this trend of a significant movement toward a more scientific viewpoint on human origins. The study also found that 46 percent of Americans believe that God created humans in their present form within the last 10,000 years. Embed: Paste the code below into your site.

Evolution, Creationism, Intelligent Design Next, we'd like to ask about your views on two different explanations for the origin and development of life on earth. Do you think -- [ITEMS ROTATED] -- is -- [ROTATED: definitely true, probably true, probably false, (or) definitely false]? A. B. If a presidential candidate stated that he or she DID not believe in the theory of evolution, would that make you -- [ROTATED: much more likely to vote for that candidate, a little more likely, not make a difference either way, would it make you a little less likely, (or) much less likely to vote for that candidate]? Which comes closer to your view -- [ROTATED: a presidential candidate's views on evolution are a legitimate indicator of whether he or she is qualified to be president, (or) a presidential candidate's views on evolution are not really relevant and therefore should not be discussed as part of the campaign]? How much does it matter to you which of those theories is correct -- a great deal, a moderate amount, not much, or not at all?

Judge rules against ‘intelligent design’ - Technology & science - Science HARRISBURG, Pa. — In one of the biggest courtroom clashes between faith and evolution since the 1925 Scopes Monkey Trial, a federal judge barred a Pennsylvania public school district Tuesday from teaching “intelligent design” in biology class, saying the concept is creationism in disguise. U.S. District Judge John E. Jones delivered a stinging attack on the Dover Area School Board, saying its first-in-the-nation decision in October 2004 to insert intelligent design into the science curriculum violates the constitutional separation of church and state. The ruling was a major setback to the intelligent design movement, which is also waging battles in Georgia and Kansas. Jones decried the “breathtaking inanity” of the Dover policy and accused several board members of lying to conceal their true motive, which he said was to promote religion. The policy required students to hear a statement about intelligent design before ninth-grade lessons on evolution. In 1987, the U.S.

Intelligent Design. The Glass is Empty. Intelligent Design: The Glass is Empty The latest ploy of "evolution deniers" is the notion of "Intelligent Design", being promoted as a "scientific theory" worthy of (a) replacing the theory of evolution, and (b) sitting alongside Newton's mechanics as one of the great ideas of science. It has a few problems. The Intelligent Design (ID) argument doesn't qualify as a proper scientific theory. The ID argument has the trappings of a logical argument, but it is full of logical gaps and holes. As an argument purportedly about "intelligence", ID is pretty "dumb". The intelligent design hypothesis, stripped to its essential core, is this: Physical and biological systems observed in the universe result from purposeful design by an intelligent creator. So what exactly are the arguments put forth in favor of "Intelligent Design" (ID)? We observe in nature regular patterns and structures of incredible complexity. Some accounts add a few intermediate steps to this argument. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5 and 6.

An introduction to the John Scopes (Monkey) Trial The early 1920s found social patterns in chaos. Traditionalists, the older Victorians, worried that everything valuable was ending. Younger modernists no longer asked whether society would approve of their behavior, only whether their behavior met the approval of their intellect. Intellectual experimentation flourished. Americans danced to the sound of the Jazz Age, showed their contempt for alcoholic prohibition, debated abstract art and Freudian theories. In a response to the new social patterns set in motion by modernism, a wave of revivalism developed, becoming especially strong in the American South. Who would dominate American culture--the modernists or the traditionalists? William Jennings Bryan, three-time Democratic candidate for President and a populist, led a Fundamentalist crusade to banish Darwin's theory of evolution from American classrooms. The Scopes Trial had its origins in a conspiracy at Fred Robinson's drugstore in Dayton. Raulston's ruling angered Darrow.

Early Theories of Evolution: Darwin and Natural Selection Most educated people in Europe and the Americas during the 19th century had their first full exposure to the concept of evolution through the writings of Charles Darwin . Clearly, he did not invent the idea. That happened long before he was born. However, he carried out the necessary research to conclusively document that evolution has occurred and then made the idea acceptable for scientists and the general public. This was not easy since the idea of evolution had been strongly associated with radical scientific and political views coming out of post-revolutionary France. Darwin came to understand that any population consists of individuals that are all slightly different from one another.

Fish to Amphibian Transition Fish to Amphibian Transition Copyright 1997 G.R.Morton. This may be freely distributed as long as no change is made to the text and no charge is made. Original at - Creationists claim that there are no transitional forms. This claim is made over and over as if it were a mantra. 378 MYR ago- Panderichthys--These are lobe-finned fish. This is not a Panderichthys, but it is a related lobe-finned Devonian fish out of my personal collection. Panderichthyids and all other osteolepiform fish had a choana, a hole between the nasal passage and the mouth. 370--Fish similar to Sauripterus. 368-Elginerpeton is a very primitive tetrapod found at Scat Craig, Scotland. 368 MYR- Obruchevichthys was found in Latvia and Russia but is only known from a partial mandible. 365-363 MYR -Hynerpeton-more advanced legs and pelvic girdle than Ichthyostega. 365-363 MYR -Densignathus rowei--known only from the jaw but it is transitional between fish and amphibians. References