Fuzzy Math, Fuzzy Reading, Fuzzy Science and Helter-Skelter The failure to fund NCLB at promised levels eliminates one of the main selling points of the original law - the supposed availability of financial assistance and rewards to districts and schools that improve learning results, especially for disadvantaged students. Inadequate funding combined with tough regulations and new expenditures mandated by NCLB amount to a collapse of policy, especially as the weak Bush Economy has left most states gasping from deficits likely to restrict or choke off the spending needed to build school capacities. California's budget has been so badly battered by the weak Bush Economy that many districts may be forced to lay off teachers who are badly needed to meet the demands of NCLB: Mass Layoffs Threatened for Teachers in California N.Y. Perhaps it is time to dust off a slogan from a previous administration . . . Even Alan Greenspan argued against the need for big tax cuts last month (February 11, 2003) and warned against the dangers of increased deficits. Dr.
Synthesizing research: a guide for ... Home Grading No Child Left Behind It worked. In the House, the vote on the final conference report was 381-41. The Senate vote was 87-10. “The fundamental principle of this bill is that every child can learn, we expect every child to learn, and you must show us whether or not every child is learning,” Bush told a cheering crowd at a high school in Hamilton, Ohio, on the day he signed the bill. “Every school has a job to do, and that’s to teach the basics and teach them well. If we want to make sure no child is left behind, every child must learn to read. As a country, we have not come close to achieving that goal, but No Child Left Behind has greatly informed our understanding of how far we have to go. The results from all of that testing are not very encouraging. The law had problems from the beginning. The failure at all levels of government to deliver promised resources to ailing schools made it impossible to give disadvantaged students all the benefits to which they were entitled. The disparity is still big.
Literature review A literature review is a text of a scholarly paper, which includes the current knowledge including substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. Literature reviews use secondary sources, and do not report new or original experimental work. Types of Literature Reviews Most often associated with academic-oriented literature, such as a thesis, dissertation or peer-reviewed journal article, a literature review usually precedes the methodology and results section. A systematic review is a literature review focused on a research question, trying to identify, appraise, select and synthesize all high quality research evidence and arguments relevant to that question. Distinguishing between Process and Product A careful literature review is usually 15 to 30 pages and could be longer. Most of these tasks and thinking challenges occur before the writing even begins. See also References Further reading General
REL West - Regional Educational Laboratories West | REL West No Child Left Behind Worsened Education, 48 Percent Of Americans 'Very Familiar' With The Law Say In Gallup Poll More Americans think No Child Left Behind has made education in the U.S. worse rather than better, according to results from a Gallup poll released Monday. Of those surveyed, 29 percent believe the Bush-era education law has worsened education in America, compared with just 16 percent who said it has improved the system. Another 38 percent said NCLB hasn't made much of a difference, while 17 percent are not familiar enough with the policy to rate its effectiveness. Of those who say they are "very familiar" with the law, 28 percent say it has made education better and 48 percent worse. The Gallup report points out the lack of "meaningful difference" in the public's view of NCLB by political party, as Democrats and Republicans rated the law similarly across categories of effectiveness, "perhaps reflecting the broad bipartisan support" for the law when it passed through Congress in 2002. Still, those very party lines have shaped Congress' failure to rewrite the law. Also on HuffPost: