Psych Central - Personality Patterns Based upon the International Personality Item Pool (IPIP) Everybody is curious about their personality, so psychology to the rescue! Our personality test is similar to the Myers Briggs (MBTI) and the Jung personality tests, and is based upon an open-source set of personality testing items. These items are based upon scientific research and will provide results typical of a five-factor model of personality. This test consists of just 50 questions and takes about 7 minutes for most people to complete. First, let's get started with some basic demographic information about you... Reference: Goldberg, L.
Personality disorders Symptoms Types of personality disorders are grouped into three clusters, based on similar characteristics and symptoms. Many people with one personality disorder also have signs and symptoms of at least one additional personality disorder. Cluster A personality disorders Cluster A personality disorders are characterized by odd, eccentric thinking or behavior. They include paranoid personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder and schizotypal personality disorder. It's not necessary to exhibit all the signs and symptoms listed for a disorder to be diagnosed. Paranoid personality disorder Schizoid personality disorder Lack of interest in social or personal relationships, preferring to be alone Limited range of emotional expression Inability to take pleasure in most activities Inability to pick up normal social cues Appearance of being cold or indifferent to others Little or no interest in having sex with another person Schizotypal personality disorder Cluster B personality disorders Jan. 31, 2014
Personality Disorders AllPsych Online Section 1: Changing Personality Section 2: Personality Disorders Section 3: Application of Theory to Practice Section 4: Personality Trends Maladaptive Patterns of Interacting Personality Disorders are characterized by an enduring pattern of thinking, feeling, and behaving which is significantly different from the person's culture and results in negative consequences. Cluster A Paranoid Paranoid Personality Disorder includes a pattern of distrust and suspiciousness in others. Cluster B Antisocial Antisocial Personality Disorder is perhaps one of the most recognized and identified in modern literature and entertainment. Cluster C Avoidant Avoidant Personality Disorder is seen as a pattern of self-perceived social inadequacies, low self-esteem, and hypersensitivity to criticism.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) | AllPsych Psychiatric Diagnoses are categorized by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th. Edition. Better known as the DSM-IV, the manual is published by the American Psychiatric Association and covers all mental health disorders for both children and adults. It also lists known causes of these disorders, statistics in terms of gender, age at onset, and prognosis as well as some research concerning the optimal treatment approaches. Mental Health Professionals use this manual when working with patients in order to better understand their illness and potential treatment and to help 3rd party payers (e.g., insurance) understand the needs of the patient. The DSM IV is published by the American Psychiatric Association. The DSM uses a multiaxial or multidimensional approach to diagnosing because rarely do other factors in a person’s life not impact their mental health. Axis I: Clinical Syndromes Axis II: Developmental Disorders and Personality Disorders
Antisocial personality disorder Antisocial (or dissocial) personality disorder is characterized by a pervasive pattern of disregard for, or violation of, the rights of others. There may be an impoverished moral sense or conscience and a history of crime, legal problems, impulsive and aggressive behavior. Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is the name of the disorder as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). Dissocial personality disorder is the name of a similar or equivalent concept defined in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD), where it states that the diagnosis includes antisocial personality disorder. Diagnosis DSM-IV-TR The APA's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV-TR), defines antisocial personality disorder (in Axis II Cluster B): B) The individual is at least age 18 years. C) There is evidence of conduct disorder with onset before age 15 years. ICD-10 Psychopathy J.F.W.
DSM-5: The Ten Personality Disorders: Cluster B - Personality Disorders Simone Hoermann, Ph.D., Corinne E. Zupanick, Psy.D. & Mark Dombeck, Ph.D. Cluster B is called the dramatic, emotional, and erratic cluster. It includes Borderline Personality Disorder, Narcissistic Personality Disorder, Histrionic Personality Disorder, and Antisocial Personality Disorder. The Antisocial Personality Disorder* is characterized by a pervasive pattern of disregard for the rights of other people that often manifests as hostility and/or aggression. In addition to reckless disregard for others, they often place themselves in dangerous or risky situations. Persons with Histrionic Personality Disorder* are characterized by a pattern of excessive emotionality and attention seeking. People with Histrionic Personality Disorder can appear flighty and fickle. People with Narcissistic Personality Disorder* have significant problems with their sense of self-worth stemming from a powerful sense of entitlement. Status is very important to people with Narcissistic Personality Disorder.
Schizotypal personality disorder Schizotypal personality disorder is a personality disorder characterized by a need for social isolation, anxiety in social situations, odd behavior and thinking, and often unconventional beliefs. People with this disorder feel extreme discomfort with maintaining close relationships with people, and therefore they often do not. People who have this disorder may display peculiar manners of talking and dressing and often have difficulty in forming relationships. In some cases, they may react oddly in conversations, not respond or talk to themselves. They frequently misinterpret situations as being strange or having unusual meaning for them; paranormal and superstitious beliefs are not uncommon. People with this disorder seek medical attention for things such as anxiety, depression, or other symptoms. Causes Genetic Social and environmental Robert Sapolsky has theorized that shamanism is practiced by schizotypal individuals. Comorbidity Axis I Axis II
Paranoid Personality Disorder Symptoms People with paranoid personality disorder are generally characterized by having a long-standing pattern of pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others. A person with paranoid personality disorder will nearly always believe that other people’s motives are suspect or even malevolent. Individuals with this disorder assume that other people will exploit, harm, or deceive them, even if no evidence exists to support this expectation. Individuals with Paranoid Personality Disorder are generally difficult to get along with and often have problems with close relationships. Because individuals with Paranoid Personality Disorder lack trust in others, they have an excessive need to be self-sufficient and a strong sense of autonomy. A personality disorder is an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates from the norm of the individual’s culture. Symptoms of Paranoid Personality Disorder How is Paranoid Personality Disorder Diagnosed? Causes of Paranoid Personality Disorder
Schizoid personality disorder SPD is not the same as schizophrenia, although they share such similar characteristics as detachment and blunted affect. There is, moreover, increased prevalence of the disorder in families with schizophrenia. Some psychologists argue that the definition of SPD is flawed due to cultural bias: "One reason schizoid people are pathologized is because they are comparatively rare. People in majorities tend to assume that their own psychology is normative and to equate difference with inferiority". Signs and symptoms People with SPD are often aloof, cold and indifferent, which causes interpersonal difficulty. Such images are believed to be important for a person's self-awareness and ability to assess the impact of their own actions in social situations. When the individual's personal space is violated, they feel suffocated and feel the need to free themselves and be independent. The 'secret schizoid' Avoidant attachment style Schizoid sexuality Diagnosis DSM
Somatic Symptom Disorder 1. Introduction In the chapter we present our model of treatment for somatic symptom disorder. We begin with a brief history of somatic symptom disorder followed by a discussion of theory and research on it. Physical symptoms with uncertain medical explanations are some of the most common presentations in primary care. Medicine has long recognized a group of patients with medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) and excessive health concerns. It was not until 1980 and the publication of DSM-III that the terms somatization and somatoform were introduced for physical symptoms that were medically unexplained . Both DSM-III-R  and DSM-IV  used similar diagnostic labels and criteria to those used in DSM-III for presentations predominated by MUPS. Somatic symptom disorder is a new diagnostic label proposed for DSM-5 . Table 1. Proposed DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria for Somatic Symptom Disorder 2. Patients with MUPS often engage in dysfunctional illness behavior. 3. 4. 4.1. 4.2.
Dependent personality disorder Dependent personality disorder (DPD), formerly known as asthenic personality disorder, is a personality disorder that is characterized by a pervasive psychological dependence on other people. This personality disorder is a long-term (chronic) condition in which people depend on others to meet their emotional and physical needs, with only a minority achieving normal levels of independence. The difference between a 'dependent personality' and a 'dependent personality disorder' is somewhat subjective, which makes diagnosis sensitive to cultural influences such as gender role expectations. Characteristics View of others Individuals with DPD see other people as much more capable to shoulder life's responsibilities, to navigate a complex world, and to deal with the competitions of life. Other people appear powerful, competent, and capable of providing a sense of security and support to individuals with DPD. Self-image Relationships Comparison with other PDs General:
Somatoform Disorders: Symptoms, Types, and Treatment Types and Symptoms of Somatoform Disorders continued... Conversion disorder. This condition strikes when people have neurological symptoms that can't be traced back to a medical cause. paralysis blindness hearing loss loss of sensation or numbness Stress usually makes symptoms of conversion disorder worse. Pain disorder. For example, they develop an unexplained, chronic headache after a stressful life event. Pain is the focus of the disorder. People with pain disorder frequently seek medical care. Somatoform disorder not otherwise specified. Conditions that fall into this category include pseudocyesis. Treatment of Somatoform Disorders Patients who experience unexplained physical symptoms often cling to the belief that their symptoms have an underlying physical cause, despite evidence to the contrary. A strong doctor-patient relationship is a key to getting help with somatoform disorders. The focus of treatment is on improving daily functioning, not on managing symptoms.