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Thought Reform and the Psychology of Totalism

Thought Reform and the Psychology of Totalism
Thought Reform and the Psychology of Totalism: A Study of "Brainwashing" in China is a non-fiction book by psychiatrist Robert Jay Lifton on the psychology of brainwashing and mind control. Lifton's research for the book began in 1953 with a series of interviews with American servicemen who had been held captive during the Korean War. In addition to interviews with 25 Americans, Lifton also interviewed 15 Chinese who had fled their homeland after having been subjected to indoctrination in Chinese universities. From these interviews, which in some cases occurred regularly for over a year, Lifton identified the tactics used by Chinese communists to cause drastic shifts in one's opinions and personality and "brainwash" American soldiers into making demonstrably false assertions. Main points[edit] In the book, Lifton outlines the "Eight Criteria for Thought Reform": Milieu Control. Thought-terminating cliché[edit] Lifton said:[4][5] Examples[edit] General examples “Think of the children”

The Myth of the Machine The Myth of the Machine is a two volume series of books taking an in-depth look at the forces that have shaped modern technology since prehistoric times. The first volume, Technics and Human Development was published in 1967, followed by the second volume, The Pentagon of Power in 1970. The author, Lewis Mumford, shows the parallel developments between human tools and social organization mainly through language and rituals.[1] It is considered a synthesis of many theories Mumford developed throughout his prolific writing career. Megamachine[edit] "In The Myth of the Machine, Mumford insisted upon the reality of the megamachine: the convergence of science, technics and political power as a unified community of interpretation rendering useless and eccentric life-enhancing values. Volume I, Technics and Human Development[edit] Volume II, The Pentagon of Power[edit] The "pentagon" refers to: PoliticsPower (in the sense of physical energy)ProductivityProfitPublicity References[edit]

Your Baloney Detection Kit Sucks I still remember the thrill of first encountering a summary of Carl Sagan's Baloney Detection Kit . Reading through the list of logical fallacies, I could feel a change come over my being and my posture: my biceps bulged, my abs hardened into a carapace, and my gonads turned to solid granite. I had discovered the secret weapons cache of the elite commandoes of reason, and now I felt invincible. Armed with Sagan's checklist, I was sure I could survive any argument undefeated. But when I went on Internet forums and saw the Baloney Detection Kit in action, I was shocked and puzzled. I became rapidly disillusioned with the power of logical fallacies, and over time, my disillusionment has only grown. As both my regular readers will know, I made my first million dollars by writing a webpage explaining why the term ad hominem is so often incorrectly used . Logical fallacies are only relevant in certain narrow rhetorical modes and contexts. "You're concocting a straw man of skepticism.

What is Swaraj? What Is Swaraj? The concept of swaraj, or self-rule, was developed during the Indian freedom struggle. In his book Hind Swaraj (1909), Gandhi sought to clarify that the meaning behind swaraj was much more than simply "wanting [systems of] English rule without the Englishman; the tiger's nature but not the tiger." On another level, the call for swaraj represents a genuine attempt to regain control of the 'self' - our self-respect, self-responsibility, and capacities for self-realization - from institutions of dehumanization. Gandhi wanted all those who believed in swaraj: (1) to reject and wholly uproot the British raj (rule) from within themselves and their communities; and, (2) to regenerate new reference points, systems, and structures that enable individual and collective self-development. How is this relevant for us today?

Dumbing Us Down Dumbing Us Down: The Hidden Curriculum of Compulsory Schooling (ISBN 086571231X) is a book by teacher John Taylor Gatto. It has sold over 200,000 copies [1] and consists of a multitude of speeches given by the author. The book proposes that radical change is needed to the American educational system to turn around the negative socialization that children receive. Book review by Layla ARThe Odysseus Group Web site of John Taylor Gatto, reviews page for Dumbing Us Down: the Hidden Curriculum of Compulsory Schooling [2] Developing critical thinking It means not taking what you hear or read at face value, but using your critical faculties to weigh up the evidence, and considering the implications and conclusions of what the writer is saying. Imagine two situations. On the first, you are on a country walk and you come across a notice which tells you not to attempt to climb a fence because of risk of electrocution. An allied skill is the ability to analyse – that is, to read or listen for the following points: How robust are the points presented as evidence? The key to critical thinking is to develop an impersonal approach which looks at arguments and facts and which lays aside personal views and feelings. Debate: arguing different points of view. Critical and analytical thinking should be applied at all points in academic study - to selecting information, reading, writing, speaking and listening. Selecting information critically For books, who is the publisher? What is its source? Reading critcally 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Writing Critically

Think of the children "Think of the children" (also "What about the children?") is a phrase that evolved into a rhetorical tactic.[1][2][3] Used literally it to refers to children's rights, as in discussions of child labor.[4][5][6] In debate, this plea for pity is wielded as an appeal to emotion which can constitute a logical fallacy.[1][2][3] Art, Argument, and Advocacy (2002) argued the exhortation may supplant emotion for reason in debate.[1] Ethicist Jack Marshall wrote in 2005 that the phrase's popularity stemmed from its capacity to stunt rationality, particularly discourse on morals.[2] "Think of the children" was invoked by censorship proponents to shield children from perceived dangers.[7][8] Community, Space and Online Censorship (2009) noted that classifying children in an infantile way as innocents in need of protection was a form of obsession over the concept of purity.[7] A 2011 article in the Journal for Cultural Research observed the term grew out of a moral panic.[9] Background[edit]

Human Universals Those unique to humans[edit] According to Brown, the following are unique to humans:[1][2] Notes[edit] References[edit] George P. External links[edit] HOW DOES OUR LANGUAGE SHAPE THE WAY WE THINK? Humans communicate with one another using a dazzling array of languages, each differing from the next in innumerable ways. Do the languages we speak shape the way we see the world, the way we think, and the way we live our lives? Do people who speak different languages think differently simply because they speak different languages? Does learning new languages change the way you think? Do polyglots think differently when speaking different languages? These questions touch on nearly all of the major controversies in the study of mind. I often start my undergraduate lectures by asking students the following question: which cognitive faculty would you most hate to lose? Most questions of whether and how language shapes thought start with the simple observation that languages differ from one another. Clearly, languages require different things of their speakers. Scholars on the other side of the debate don't find the differences in how people talk convincing. 1 S. 3 B. 4 L. 5 D. 7 L. 8 L.

Unlearning and The Stockholm Effect The stories I’ve read have all given me much food for thought, so much so that I couldn’t possibly say it all in a few pages. The most striking thing about these seven stories, to me, is that these writers all did well in school, come from middle-class families, and yet discovered (or "unlearned"), on their own, that school has limited rather than expanded their learning abilities. Why, I wonder, aren’t more people questioning school as these writers have? Once one reaches compulsory school age in any country, the process of schooling is identical: our natural urge to learn and explore is controlled and measured on a daily basis, and universal compulsory school attendance laws make it hard for alternatives to school to emerge. I think most of us identify with our caretakers in school and make the best of the situation. In August, 1973, two ex-convicts held three women and a man hostage during a robbery in Stockholm, Sweden. What can better describe the conventional school curriculum?

The Cult of the Amateur The book was based in part on a controversial essay Keen wrote for The Weekly Standard, criticizing Web 2.0 for being similar to Marxism, for destroying professionalism and for making it impossible to find high quality material amidst all of the user-generated web content.[1][2][3] Contents[edit] Keen argues against the idea of a read-write culture in media, stating that "most of the content being shared— no matter how many times it has been linked, cross-linked, annotated, and copied— was composed or written by someone from the sweat of their creative brow and the disciplined use of their talent." He elaborates on the point by saying, "Of course, every free listing on Craigslist means one less paid listing in a local newspaper. Mr. Keen quotes social philosopher Jürgen Habermas about the internet and related technologies: "The price we pay for the growth in egalitarianism offered by the Internet is the decentralized access to unedited stories. Reviews and reception[edit] Chapters[edit]