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WAGENINGEN ACADEMIC - 2007 - Emerging pests and vector-borne diseases in Europe

WAGENINGEN ACADEMIC - 2007 - Emerging pests and vector-borne diseases in Europe
This is a multi-authored book concerning the perceived threat and recorded increase of emerging pests and vector-borne diseases affecting man and animals in Europe. Historically, Europe suffered from numerous pests and vector-borne diseases, including yellow fever, malaria, plague and typhus. Introduction of hygienic measures, drugs and vector control caused the disappearance of many of these diseases from Europe. In the (sub)tropics, however, many of these diseases still thrive, causing serious health problems for humans and animals. Increased trade, leading to animal and human movement and climate change cause reason to assume that several of these diseases might become re-established or allow 'new' diseases and pests to be introduced in Europe. The recent outbreaks of bluetongue virus in North-western Europe highlights this concern, requiring an effective surveillance systems for the early detection of pests and vector-borne diseases.

Related:  Moustique tigre en EuropeMaladies vectorielles en Europe

JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY 25/04/12 Suitability of European climate for the Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus: recent tren Cyril Caminade 1 , * , Jolyon M. Medlock 2 , Els Ducheyne 3 , K. Marie McIntyre 4 , EUROSURVEILLANCE 11/03/10 A perspective on emerging mosquito and phlebotomine-borne diseases in Europe Citation style for this article: Hendrickx G, Lancelot R. A perspective on emerging mosquito and phlebotomine-borne diseases in Europe. Euro Surveill. 2010;15(10):pii=19503. Available online: Date of submission: 11 March 2010

WIKIPEDIA - Avian malaria Avian malaria is a parasitic disease of birds. Etiology[edit] Avian malaria is most notably caused by Plasmodium relictum, a protist that infects birds in all parts of the world apart from Antarctica. There are several other species of Plasmodium that infect birds, such as Plasmodium anasum and Plasmodium gallinaceum, but these are of less importance except, in occasional cases, for the poultry industry. The disease is found worldwide, with important exceptions.[1] Usually, it does not kill birds.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-012776-15 Outbreaks of tiger mosquitoes in the Valencia region Infestations of Aedes albopictus (tiger mosquitoes) have been detected in 71 towns in the Valencia region in recent months. The onset of the autumn rains will only exacerbate this problem, providing favourable conditions for their reproduction. In its 2014 publication entitled ‘Invasive Alien Species: a European Response’ the Commission noted that the tiger mosquito ‘is known to carry over 20 highly dangerous human pathogens, including dengue fever, yellow fever and chikungunya.’ PLOS 26/04/16 Spread of the Invasive Mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in the Black Sea Region Increases Risk of Chikungunya, Dengue, and Zika Outbreaks in Europe Citation: Akiner MM, Demirci B, Babuadze G, Robert V, Schaffner F (2016) Spread of the Invasive Mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in the Black Sea Region Increases Risk of Chikungunya, Dengue, and Zika Outbreaks in Europe. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 10(4): e0004664. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004664 Editor: Roberto Barrera, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Puerto Rico, UNITED STATES

Parasitology (1995), 111:S59-S69 Wildlife disease and conservation in Hawaii: Pathogenicity of avian malaria (Plasmodium relictum) in experimentally infected Iiwi (Vestiaria coccinea) Research Article Wildlife disease and conservation in Hawaii: Pathogenicity of avian malaria (Plasmodium relictum) in experimentally infected Iiwi (Vestiaria coccinea) C. T. PLOS 07/09/16 Aedes albopictus and Its Environmental Limits in Europe Abstract The Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus, native to South East Asia, is listed as one of the worst invasive vector species worldwide. In Europe the species is currently restricted to Southern Europe, but due to the ongoing climate change, Ae. albopictus is expected to expand its potential range further northwards.

EUROSURVEILLANCE 30/07/15 Au sommaire: Louse-borne relapsing fever (Borrelia recurrentis) in asylum seekers from Eritrea, the Netherlands, July 2015 Weekly and monthly releases: Eurosurveillance releases: A rapid communication pointing out the possibility of louse-borne relapsing fever occurring in crowded conditions such as in reception areas for refugees Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 26(1):24-31. 2010 Occurrence of Avian Plasmodium and West Nile Virus in Culex Species in Wisconsin Apperson, C. S., H. K. Hassan, B. A. Vector-Borne Diseases in the UK – Biennial Conference 2014 - BugBitten Victor Brugman (The Pirbright Institute) and Stacey Leech (Public Health England) This month saw a swarm of parasitologists, entomologists, virologists and ecologists descend on the University of Liverpool for the second conference on ‘Vector-Borne diseases (VBD) in the UK’. Recent years have seen vector-borne diseases in Europe increase in range and disseminate into new environments. New viruses such as Bluetongue and Schmallenberg have emerged,two human cases of the important tick-borne disease Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) were imported into the UK in the last two years and the natural tick vector species Hyalomma marginatum, came into the UK via migratory birds. Due to the recent changes in legislation no longer requiring animals to be tick treated when entering the country via the PETS travel scheme, ever-increasing human and animal movements and climate change effects, the UK may be at heightened risk of vector-borne disease incursion.

EFSA 10/06/14 EFSA and ECDC join forces to fight vector-borne diseases The project will provide data on the presence, distribution and abundance of vectors and vector-borne diseases, which EFSA and ECDC will then use in their risk assessments. A new video, featuring interviews with Franck Berthe, Head of EFSA’s Animal and Plant Health unit, and Hervé Zeller, Head of the Emerging and Vector-borne Diseases Programme at ECDC, presents the work that the two organisations do together in this field. Vectors are living organisms – such as mosquitoes, ticks, flies or fleas – that transmit a disease from an infected animal to a human or another animal. Many of the diseases that they transmit are considered emerging infectious diseases: diseases that appear for the first time, or that may have existed previously but are rapidly increasing in incidence or geographic range.

OMS 15/04/14 Experts review status of vector-borne diseases in Slovenia An expert meeting on vector-borne diseases organized on 7 April 2014 in Ljubljana drew national attention to the theme of this year’s World Health Day. The meeting was attended by over 100 professionals, mostly from the health sector, who listened to lectures by national experts on topics such as the global and national burden of these diseases, blood safety and the protection of travellers. The event was organized by the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Slovenia, the National Institute for Public Health and the WHO Country Office in Slovenia. PARASITES & VECTORS 24/03/14 Bacterial and protozoal agents of feline vector-borne diseases in domestic and stray cats from southern Portugal. The present study represents the first survey on FVBD agents performed in cats from southern Portugal. The overall prevalence of Leishmania spp. infection in the present study (9.9%) was higher than the one obtained in domestic cats from the north and centre of the country (0.3%) [8], but lower than the prevalence obtained in domestic (20.3%) and stray (30.4%) cats from Lisbon [9,10], suggesting that the rate of Leishmania infection might be dynamic over time, depending on the abundance and distribution of proven vector species in conjunction with the number of infected vertebrate hosts. The significant differences of Leishmania spp. prevalence between juvenile and adult or old cats corroborated the results obtained in cats from the north of the country [19] and match the situation previously found in a national serosurvey of Leishmania canine infection [20]. L. infantum has been reported in cats co-infected with immunosuppressive viruses [21].

BIOMED BLOG NETWORK 16/12/16 Vector-Borne Diseases in the UK – Biennial Conference 2016 Vector-borne diseases in the UK Conference Poster, including sponsors The third meeting on ‘Vector-Borne Diseases in the UK’ was held at The Foresight Centre, University of Liverpool in November. Held over a two-day period, the purpose of this biennial meeting is to bring together members of the major UK research groups who have an interest in vectors or vector-borne diseases which could be a threat to the UK, groups with wider but related areas of interest, members of key UK Government Departments and their Agencies, and representatives of European organisations with an interest in this topic. The conference was kindly funded by the Health Protection Research Unit which was established in April 2014 using funding from the UK Government’s National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), as well as BBSRC, DEFRA, Oxford Biosystems and the Society for General Microbiology, allowing for a reduction in conference fees for PhD student attendees. Research Highlights: