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WAGENINGEN ACADEMIC - 2007 - Emerging pests and vector-borne diseases in Europe

WAGENINGEN ACADEMIC - 2007 - Emerging pests and vector-borne diseases in Europe
This is a multi-authored book concerning the perceived threat and recorded increase of emerging pests and vector-borne diseases affecting man and animals in Europe. Historically, Europe suffered from numerous pests and vector-borne diseases, including yellow fever, malaria, plague and typhus. Introduction of hygienic measures, drugs and vector control caused the disappearance of many of these diseases from Europe. In the (sub)tropics, however, many of these diseases still thrive, causing serious health problems for humans and animals. Increased trade, leading to animal and human movement and climate change cause reason to assume that several of these diseases might become re-established or allow 'new' diseases and pests to be introduced in Europe. In 24 chapters this book provides examples of the most likely pests and diseases affecting man and animals in Europe, with emphasis on ecological factors favouring these diseases and methods for prevention and intervention. Related:  Moustique tigre en EuropeMaladies vectorielles en EuropeInformations générales anglophones

JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY 25/04/12 Suitability of European climate for the Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus: recent tren Cyril Caminade 1 , * , Jolyon M. Medlock 2 , Els Ducheyne 3 , K. Marie McIntyre 4 , Steve Leach 2 , Matthew Baylis 4 and Andrew P. + Author Affiliations ↵ * Author for correspondence ( ). Abstract The Asian tiger mosquito ( ) is an invasive species that has the potential to transmit infectious diseases such as dengue and chikungunya fever. vector-borne diseases climate change regional climate modelling Europe 1. The Asian tiger mosquito ( ; Family Culicidae) is native to tropical and subtropical areas of southeast Asia. As well as being a biting nuisance, has been linked to the transmission of arboviral and filarial infectious diseases of humans and animals. Several studies have been carried out to model and map the distribution of based on environmental factors [ 12 – 15 ]. 2. 2.1. The observed distribution of in Europe is derived from the ECDC/VBORNET dataset which has been collected since 2009 within the ECDC/VBORNET network [ 17 ]. 2.2. 2.2.1. 2.2.2. 2.2.3. 3.

EUROSURVEILLANCE 11/03/10 A perspective on emerging mosquito and phlebotomine-borne diseases in Europe Citation style for this article: Hendrickx G, Lancelot R. A perspective on emerging mosquito and phlebotomine-borne diseases in Europe. Euro Surveill. 2010;15(10):pii=19503. Available online: Emerging infectious diseases are of increasing concern worldwide and in particular in Europe. This issue of Eurosurveillance presents a series of review articles with a particular focus on arthropod-borne diseases transmitted by mosquitoes and phlebotomine sandflies. A review on West Nile virus by Reiter includes a fresh and innovative viewpoint on the epidemiology and transmission of the disease [2], and the same author contributed further with a twin-review on two diseases which have much in common: yellow fever and dengue [3]. Two authors have contributed reviews on viruses transmitted by phlebotomine sandflies. References Jones KE, Pate NG, Levy MA, Storeygard A, Balk D, Gittleman JL et al.

PLOS 19/06/12 Characterization of Rabensburg Virus, a Flavivirus Closely Related to West Nile Virus of the Japanese Encephalitis Rabensburg virus (RABV), a Flavivirus with ~76% nucleotide and 90% amino acid identity with representative members of lineage one and two West Nile virus (WNV), previously was isolated from Culex pipiens and Aedes rossicus mosquitoes in the Czech Republic, and phylogenetic and serologic analyses demonstrated that it was likely a new lineage of WNV. However, no direct link between RABV and human disease has been definitively established and the extent to which RABV utilizes the typical WNV transmission cycle is unknown. Herein, we evaluated vector competence and capacity for vertical transmission (VT) in Cx. pipiens; in vitro growth on avian, mammalian, and mosquito cells; and infectivity and viremia production in birds. Figures Citation: Aliota MT, Jones SA, Dupuis AP II, Ciota AT, Hubalek Z, et al. (2012) Characterization of Rabensburg Virus, a Flavivirus Closely Related to West Nile Virus of the Japanese Encephalitis Antigenic Group. Editor: Bradley S. Copyright: © 2012 Aliota et al.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-012776-15 Outbreaks of tiger mosquitoes in the Valencia region Infestations of Aedes albopictus (tiger mosquitoes) have been detected in 71 towns in the Valencia region in recent months. The onset of the autumn rains will only exacerbate this problem, providing favourable conditions for their reproduction. In its 2014 publication entitled ‘Invasive Alien Species: a European Response’ the Commission noted that the tiger mosquito ‘is known to carry over 20 highly dangerous human pathogens, including dengue fever, yellow fever and chikungunya.’ Aedes albopictus is already categorised as an invasive alien species by the Spanish Agriculture Ministry. Have the Spanish authorities asked for Aedes albopictus to be added to the list of invasive alien species referred to in Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 and, in any event, will the Commission add it to that list? What measures does the Commission intend to adopt in order to slow the spread of Aedes albopictus in southern Europe and, to the extent possible, eradicate it?

CIRAD 08/01/09 A propos de ces maladies vectorielles qui émergent en Europe : 4ème réunion annuelle du Projet EDEN Intégré au 6e PCRDT (Programme cadre de recherche et du développement technologique) de la Commission européenne, le projet Eden démarrait en 2004 sur une initiative du Cirad, de l'Ird et de l'Institut Pasteur de Paris pour une durée de cinq ans. Il réunit 49 institutions partenaires dans 24 pays pour la plupart européens. «Le défi scientifique d’Eden était d’intégrer l’approche de spécialistes de la biologie et de l’écologie des vecteurs et des maladies à celle d’équipes de modélisation, afin de comprendre l’effet des changements environnementaux sur la transmission des maladies, et d’en prévoir les conséquences. Nous sommes en passe de réussir, et nos résultats intéressent beaucoup les agences de santé publique » explique Renaud Lancelot, coordinateur du projet et chercheur au Cirad *. Comprendre et modéliser les mécanismes d’émergence de ces maladies sans frontière - l’encéphalite à tiques , fréquente en Europe centrale et du Nord; La réunion de Marrakech

PLOS 12/05/15 Comparing Competitive Fitness of West Nile Virus Strains in Avian and Mosquito Hosts Abstract Enzootic transmission of West Nile virus (WNV; Flaviviridae, Flavivirus) involves various species of birds and ornithophilic mosquitoes. Single nucleotide substitutions in the WNV genome may impact viral fitness necessary for WNV adaptation and evolution as previously shown for the WN02 genotype. Citation: Worwa G, Wheeler SS, Brault AC, Reisen WK (2015) Comparing Competitive Fitness of West Nile Virus Strains in Avian and Mosquito Hosts. Received: September 17, 2014; Accepted: March 23, 2015; Published: May 12, 2015 This is an open access article, free of all copyright, and may be freely reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, built upon, or otherwise used by anyone for any lawful purpose. Data Availability: All relevant data are within the paper. Funding: G. Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Introduction Culex mosquitoes are competent vectors of WNV, but the median infectious dose is species-dependent [19]. Table 1. Ethics

PLOS 26/04/16 Spread of the Invasive Mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in the Black Sea Region Increases Risk of Chikungunya, Dengue, and Zika Outbreaks in Europe Citation: Akiner MM, Demirci B, Babuadze G, Robert V, Schaffner F (2016) Spread of the Invasive Mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in the Black Sea Region Increases Risk of Chikungunya, Dengue, and Zika Outbreaks in Europe. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 10(4): e0004664. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004664 Editor: Roberto Barrera, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Puerto Rico, UNITED STATES Published: April 26, 2016 Copyright: © 2016 Akiner et al. Funding: This work was carried out under the VectorNet framework contract OC/EFSA/AHAW/2013/02-FWC1 funded by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and the European Centre for Disease prevention and Control (ECDC). Competing interests: I have read the journal's policy and the authors of this manuscript have the following competing interests: Francis Schaffner is employed by the private company Avia-GIS, performing consultancy about vector surveillance and control, and producing software to support vector surveillance and mapping.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-5443/08 Les maladies vectorielles et le changement climatique Les rapports les plus récents de l'Organisation mondiale de la santé(1) et le Centre européen pour la prévention et le contrôle des maladies(2) mettent en garde contre les effets du changement climatique sur les maladies vectorielles. Selon le rapport de l'ECDC, les modifications affectant le climat et les écosystèmes pourraient se répercuter sur le risque posé par les maladies vectorielles. Avec les changements observés dans les mouvements migratoires des insectes et des oiseaux à l'échelle mondiale et régionale, nous savons déjà que les écosystèmes sont touchés par le changement climatique. Les maladies vectorielles sont également très sensibles aux variations de températures et d'humidité. L'été dernier, nous avons déjà assisté à une manifestation de ce phénomène avec l'apparition de la fièvre Chikungunya en Italie. 1. 2. 3. 4.

FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY 20/04/16 Visual Detection of West Nile Virus Using Reverse Transcription Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Combined with a Vertical Flow Visualization Strip Introduction West Nile virus (WNV) infection leads to an acute febrile zoonosis, which can cause disease in birds, humans and horses (Gubler, 2001). The manifestations of WNV infection include West Nile fever and West Nile encephalitis, which together comprise symptoms ranging from a benign or often symptomless infection to fever and neuroinvasive disease (Gubler, 2001; Sejvar et al., 2003; Hayes and O’Leary, 2004; Hayes and Gubler, 2006). WNV infection gained worldwide attention in 1999, when it was first detected in America during an outbreak in New York City (Nash et al., 2001; Hayes and Gubler, 2006). WNV is an arthropod-borne, neurotropic, enveloped Flavivirus with a single-stranded, positive-sense RNA genome and is a member of the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) serogroup, which includes JEV, Murray Valley encephalitis virus (MVEV) and St. Materials and Methods Viruses and Extraction of Viral RNA Preparation of WNV RNA Standards Primer Design FIGURE 1. FIGURE 2. TABLE 1. Results

PLOS 07/09/16 Aedes albopictus and Its Environmental Limits in Europe Abstract The Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus, native to South East Asia, is listed as one of the worst invasive vector species worldwide. In Europe the species is currently restricted to Southern Europe, but due to the ongoing climate change, Ae. albopictus is expected to expand its potential range further northwards. Citation: Cunze S, Kochmann J, Koch LK, Klimpel S (2016) Aedes albopictus and Its Environmental Limits in Europe. Editor: Claudio R. Received: May 25, 2016; Accepted: August 17, 2016; Published: September 7, 2016 Copyright: © 2016 Cunze et al. Data Availability: All relevant data are within the paper and its Supporting Information files. Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Introduction The Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus (Skuse, 1894) is native to tropical and subtropical regions of southeast Asia, but has managed to spread to all continents except Antarctica today [1–3]. Material and Methods Further analysis Results

Parasit Vectors. JANUARY 2010; 3: 2. Canine and feline vector-borne diseases in Italy: current situation and perspectives CDC EID - Volume 22, Number 9—September 2016. Au sommaire notamment: Use of Testing for West Nile Virus and Other Arboviruses Medscape, LLC is pleased to provide online continuing medical education (CME) for this journal article, allowing clinicians the opportunity to earn CME credit. This activity has been planned and implemented through the joint providership of Medscape, LLC and Emerging Infectious Diseases. Medscape, LLC is accredited by the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team. Medscape, LLC designates this Journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ . Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. All other clinicians completing this activity will be issued a certificate of participation. Release date: August 10, 2016; Expiration date: August 10, 2017 Learning Objectives CME Editor P. CME Author Charles P. Authors

Parasit Vectors. 2016 Nov 4;9(1):573. Aedes albopictus and Aedes japonicus - two invasive mosquito species with different temperature niches in Europe. - Site EDENext