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WAGENINGEN ACADEMIC - 2007 - Emerging pests and vector-borne diseases in Europe

WAGENINGEN ACADEMIC - 2007 - Emerging pests and vector-borne diseases in Europe
This is a multi-authored book concerning the perceived threat and recorded increase of emerging pests and vector-borne diseases affecting man and animals in Europe. Historically, Europe suffered from numerous pests and vector-borne diseases, including yellow fever, malaria, plague and typhus. Introduction of hygienic measures, drugs and vector control caused the disappearance of many of these diseases from Europe. In the (sub)tropics, however, many of these diseases still thrive, causing serious health problems for humans and animals. Increased trade, leading to animal and human movement and climate change cause reason to assume that several of these diseases might become re-established or allow 'new' diseases and pests to be introduced in Europe. In 24 chapters this book provides examples of the most likely pests and diseases affecting man and animals in Europe, with emphasis on ecological factors favouring these diseases and methods for prevention and intervention. Related:  Moustique tigre en EuropeMaladies vectorielles en EuropeInformations générales

JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY 25/04/12 Suitability of European climate for the Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus: recent tren Cyril Caminade 1 , * , Jolyon M. Medlock 2 , Els Ducheyne 3 , K. Marie McIntyre 4 , Steve Leach 2 , Matthew Baylis 4 and Andrew P. + Author Affiliations ↵ * Author for correspondence ( cyril.caminade@liverpool.ac.uk ). Abstract The Asian tiger mosquito ( ) is an invasive species that has the potential to transmit infectious diseases such as dengue and chikungunya fever. vector-borne diseases climate change regional climate modelling Europe 1. The Asian tiger mosquito ( ; Family Culicidae) is native to tropical and subtropical areas of southeast Asia. As well as being a biting nuisance, has been linked to the transmission of arboviral and filarial infectious diseases of humans and animals. Several studies have been carried out to model and map the distribution of based on environmental factors [ 12 – 15 ]. 2. 2.1. The observed distribution of in Europe is derived from the ECDC/VBORNET dataset which has been collected since 2009 within the ECDC/VBORNET network [ 17 ]. 2.2. 2.2.1. 2.2.2. 2.2.3. 3.

EUROSURVEILLANCE 11/03/10 A perspective on emerging mosquito and phlebotomine-borne diseases in Europe Citation style for this article: Hendrickx G, Lancelot R. A perspective on emerging mosquito and phlebotomine-borne diseases in Europe. Euro Surveill. 2010;15(10):pii=19503. Available online: Emerging infectious diseases are of increasing concern worldwide and in particular in Europe. This issue of Eurosurveillance presents a series of review articles with a particular focus on arthropod-borne diseases transmitted by mosquitoes and phlebotomine sandflies. A review on West Nile virus by Reiter includes a fresh and innovative viewpoint on the epidemiology and transmission of the disease [2], and the same author contributed further with a twin-review on two diseases which have much in common: yellow fever and dengue [3]. Two authors have contributed reviews on viruses transmitted by phlebotomine sandflies. References Jones KE, Pate NG, Levy MA, Storeygard A, Balk D, Gittleman JL et al.

AGROPOLIS MONTPELLIER - Texte de la conférence donnée à Agropolis Museum le 22 novembre 2000 Le virus West Nile, un arbovirus ré Le terme « arbovirus » (Arthropod Borne Virus, Virus porté par Arthropodes) regroupe des virus très différents les uns des autres, certains sont très connus car ils entraînent d’importantes épidémies chez l’homme comme la fièvre jaune ou la dengue, d’autres ne le sont que des spécialistes. Ces virus sont transmis par des insectes piqueurs haematophages (moustiques, tiques, phlébotomes et autres) d’une manière biologique, ce qui sous-entend un cycle de plusieurs jours, indispensable, à l’intérieur du corps de l’insecte. La transmission mécanique, comme le feraient des seringues entre personnes, n’existe pas ou n’existe que rarement et toujours secondairement. Les arboviroses sont des zoonoses : maladies d’animaux sauvages et/ou domestiques, pouvant passer chez l’homme (chez qui elles entraînent des fièvres bénignes, mais parfois des hémorragies, des encéphalites, des méningoencéphalomyélites). 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. Les moustiques trouvés porteurs du virus sont des Culex et des Aedes. 3.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-012776-15 Outbreaks of tiger mosquitoes in the Valencia region Infestations of Aedes albopictus (tiger mosquitoes) have been detected in 71 towns in the Valencia region in recent months. The onset of the autumn rains will only exacerbate this problem, providing favourable conditions for their reproduction. In its 2014 publication entitled ‘Invasive Alien Species: a European Response’ the Commission noted that the tiger mosquito ‘is known to carry over 20 highly dangerous human pathogens, including dengue fever, yellow fever and chikungunya.’ Aedes albopictus is already categorised as an invasive alien species by the Spanish Agriculture Ministry. Have the Spanish authorities asked for Aedes albopictus to be added to the list of invasive alien species referred to in Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 and, in any event, will the Commission add it to that list? What measures does the Commission intend to adopt in order to slow the spread of Aedes albopictus in southern Europe and, to the extent possible, eradicate it?

CIRAD 08/01/09 A propos de ces maladies vectorielles qui émergent en Europe : 4ème réunion annuelle du Projet EDEN Intégré au 6e PCRDT (Programme cadre de recherche et du développement technologique) de la Commission européenne, le projet Eden démarrait en 2004 sur une initiative du Cirad, de l'Ird et de l'Institut Pasteur de Paris pour une durée de cinq ans. Il réunit 49 institutions partenaires dans 24 pays pour la plupart européens. «Le défi scientifique d’Eden était d’intégrer l’approche de spécialistes de la biologie et de l’écologie des vecteurs et des maladies à celle d’équipes de modélisation, afin de comprendre l’effet des changements environnementaux sur la transmission des maladies, et d’en prévoir les conséquences. Nous sommes en passe de réussir, et nos résultats intéressent beaucoup les agences de santé publique » explique Renaud Lancelot, coordinateur du projet et chercheur au Cirad *. Comprendre et modéliser les mécanismes d’émergence de ces maladies sans frontière - l’encéphalite à tiques , fréquente en Europe centrale et du Nord; La réunion de Marrakech

PLOS 19/06/12 Characterization of Rabensburg Virus, a Flavivirus Closely Related to West Nile Virus of the Japanese Encephalitis Rabensburg virus (RABV), a Flavivirus with ~76% nucleotide and 90% amino acid identity with representative members of lineage one and two West Nile virus (WNV), previously was isolated from Culex pipiens and Aedes rossicus mosquitoes in the Czech Republic, and phylogenetic and serologic analyses demonstrated that it was likely a new lineage of WNV. However, no direct link between RABV and human disease has been definitively established and the extent to which RABV utilizes the typical WNV transmission cycle is unknown. Herein, we evaluated vector competence and capacity for vertical transmission (VT) in Cx. pipiens; in vitro growth on avian, mammalian, and mosquito cells; and infectivity and viremia production in birds. Figures Citation: Aliota MT, Jones SA, Dupuis AP II, Ciota AT, Hubalek Z, et al. (2012) Characterization of Rabensburg Virus, a Flavivirus Closely Related to West Nile Virus of the Japanese Encephalitis Antigenic Group. Editor: Bradley S. Copyright: © 2012 Aliota et al.

PLOS 26/04/16 Spread of the Invasive Mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in the Black Sea Region Increases Risk of Chikungunya, Dengue, and Zika Outbreaks in Europe Citation: Akiner MM, Demirci B, Babuadze G, Robert V, Schaffner F (2016) Spread of the Invasive Mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in the Black Sea Region Increases Risk of Chikungunya, Dengue, and Zika Outbreaks in Europe. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 10(4): e0004664. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004664 Editor: Roberto Barrera, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Puerto Rico, UNITED STATES Published: April 26, 2016 Copyright: © 2016 Akiner et al. Funding: This work was carried out under the VectorNet framework contract OC/EFSA/AHAW/2013/02-FWC1 funded by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and the European Centre for Disease prevention and Control (ECDC). Competing interests: I have read the journal's policy and the authors of this manuscript have the following competing interests: Francis Schaffner is employed by the private company Avia-GIS, performing consultancy about vector surveillance and control, and producing software to support vector surveillance and mapping.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-5443/08 Les maladies vectorielles et le changement climatique Les rapports les plus récents de l'Organisation mondiale de la santé(1) et le Centre européen pour la prévention et le contrôle des maladies(2) mettent en garde contre les effets du changement climatique sur les maladies vectorielles. Selon le rapport de l'ECDC, les modifications affectant le climat et les écosystèmes pourraient se répercuter sur le risque posé par les maladies vectorielles. Avec les changements observés dans les mouvements migratoires des insectes et des oiseaux à l'échelle mondiale et régionale, nous savons déjà que les écosystèmes sont touchés par le changement climatique. Les maladies vectorielles sont également très sensibles aux variations de températures et d'humidité. L'été dernier, nous avons déjà assisté à une manifestation de ce phénomène avec l'apparition de la fièvre Chikungunya en Italie. 1. 2. 3. 4.

PLOS 12/05/15 Comparing Competitive Fitness of West Nile Virus Strains in Avian and Mosquito Hosts Abstract Enzootic transmission of West Nile virus (WNV; Flaviviridae, Flavivirus) involves various species of birds and ornithophilic mosquitoes. Single nucleotide substitutions in the WNV genome may impact viral fitness necessary for WNV adaptation and evolution as previously shown for the WN02 genotype. Citation: Worwa G, Wheeler SS, Brault AC, Reisen WK (2015) Comparing Competitive Fitness of West Nile Virus Strains in Avian and Mosquito Hosts. Received: September 17, 2014; Accepted: March 23, 2015; Published: May 12, 2015 This is an open access article, free of all copyright, and may be freely reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, built upon, or otherwise used by anyone for any lawful purpose. Data Availability: All relevant data are within the paper. Funding: G. Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Introduction Culex mosquitoes are competent vectors of WNV, but the median infectious dose is species-dependent [19]. Table 1. Ethics

PLOS 07/09/16 Aedes albopictus and Its Environmental Limits in Europe Abstract The Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus, native to South East Asia, is listed as one of the worst invasive vector species worldwide. In Europe the species is currently restricted to Southern Europe, but due to the ongoing climate change, Ae. albopictus is expected to expand its potential range further northwards. Citation: Cunze S, Kochmann J, Koch LK, Klimpel S (2016) Aedes albopictus and Its Environmental Limits in Europe. Editor: Claudio R. Received: May 25, 2016; Accepted: August 17, 2016; Published: September 7, 2016 Copyright: © 2016 Cunze et al. Data Availability: All relevant data are within the paper and its Supporting Information files. Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Introduction The Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus (Skuse, 1894) is native to tropical and subtropical regions of southeast Asia, but has managed to spread to all continents except Antarctica today [1–3]. Material and Methods Further analysis Results

Parasit Vectors. JANUARY 2010; 3: 2. Canine and feline vector-borne diseases in Italy: current situation and perspectives INSERM - JUIN 2015 - Fièvre à virus du Nil occidental. Janvier 2010 (mise à jour juin 2015) Transmission et symptômes © Inra / COUTIN Remi Moustique femelle. Culex pipiens Le virus du Nil occidental est transmis par des moustiques, principalement du genre Culex. © Science Frontières Production/Inserm Les principales complications sont de nature neurologique : myélite, méningite et encéphalite. Le malade récupère après une longue période de convalescence marquée par une grande fatigue. Écologie d’un virusLes vecteurs du virus du Nil occidental sont des moustiques, principalement du genre Culex qui assurent la transmission à des hôtes (animaux et homme). Épidémiologie © Fotolia Les épidémies surviennent aussi bien en zone rurale qu’en zone urbaine. Dans l’Ancien monde, au cours des deux dernières décennies, plusieurs pays ont connu des épidémies dont les plus importantes ont eu lieu en Roumanie en 1996-97, en Tunisie en 1997, en Russie en 1999 et en Israël en 1999 et en 2000. Pour aller plus loin

Parasit Vectors. 2016 Nov 4;9(1):573. Aedes albopictus and Aedes japonicus - two invasive mosquito species with different temperature niches in Europe. - Site EDENext

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