Right to freedom from slavery and forced labour | Attorney-General's Department This material is provided to persons who have a role in Commonwealth legislation, policy and programs as general guidance only and is not to be relied upon as legal advice. Commonwealth agencies subject to the Legal Services Directions 2005 requiring legal advice in relation to matters raised in this Guidance Sheet must seek that advice in accordance with the Directions. What is the right to freedom from slavery and forced labour? The right to freedom from slavery prohibits people being held in conditions in which the powers attaching to the right of ownership are exercised. The right to freedom from forced labour requires that a person be free from work or service that is compelled under the threat of penalty and which the person has not offered to perform voluntarily. Where does the right to freedom from slavery and forced labour come from? Australia is a party to seven core international human rights treaties. This list should not be regarded as exhaustive. Slavery Forced labour Limitation
panies must ensure suppliers don't use forced labour Factory workers working with poultry on Four Corners. Photo: Four Corners A Four Corners investigation revealed this week that serious labour exploitation is taking place on our farms. People on working holiday visas are being underpaid, overworked and sometimes even physically abused and forced to live in squalid conditions. Coles, Woolworths, IGA and Aldi have been singled out to be sourcing from the suppliers responsible for these practices. But it doesn't stop at the Four Corners story – this is only scratching the surface of the problem in Australia. How do you feel about eating food directly supplied by someone who has been underpaid, deceived and subjected to abuse? Millions of migrants move around each year in search of a better income. But sometimes, a migrant worker's journey is not straightforward. Most companies don't want to acknowledge that some of their suppliers are knowingly or unknowingly using exploited, let alone forced labour. Much more can be done.
Migrant workers in slave-like conditions, ABC's Four Corners reports "This is slave labour and in Australia that shouldn't happen": Federal Nationals MP Keith Pitt. Photo: Four Corners Four Corners reported that unscrupulous contractors are propagating black market labour. Photo: Four Corners Advertisement Factory workers working with poultry on Four Corners. What is forced labour? Whilst trafficked people are often exploited through forced labour, not everyone who experiences forced labour has been trafficked. The 2012 Global Estimate of Forced Labour by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) estimated that at any one time there are 20.9 million victims of forced labour of whom more than 9.1 million were in forced labour as a result of human trafficking. In 2013, the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Slavery, Slavery-Like Conditions and People Trafficking) Act 2013 introduced amendments to the Criminal Code Act 1995 (the Criminal Code) which included a stand-alone offence of forced labour. The definition of forced labour is found in section 270.6 of the Criminal Code. The definition above is adapted from the 1930 International Labour Organisation Convention No. 29 concerning Forced or Compulsory Labour which came into force on 1 May 1932. To find out more about forced labour see our factsheet here.
untitled 'It's a budget for all Australians': Hockey Prime Minister Tony Abbott and Treasurer Joe Hockey are relieved with the response, so far, to the second budget which has been deliberately framed to win back the voters. A reinvigorated Joe Hockey has again implored businesses and consumers to flash their credit cards in a bid to jump-start stubbornly flatlining consumer and business confidence, arguing his everyone-is-a-winner budget has set the conditions for optimism and growth. "This is a great opportunity for Australia to be more prosperous," he said, dismissing suggestions the budget had been designed to fight an early election even as Prime Minister Tony Abbott declined to completely rule the option out. Treasurer Joe Hockey delivers his post-budget address to the National Press Club on Wednesday. And as the details of the budget become clearer, the government has also found itself on the back foot over tightened eligibility for paid parental leave. With Peter Martin
titled 17 August 2011 – Although compliance by Cambodian exporting garment factories with national and international labour standards is generally good, areas such as discrimination and occupational safety and health remain a concern, according to a new United Nations report. The report on working conditions in Cambodia’s Garment Sector was released today in the capital, Phnom Penh, by the UN International Labour Organization’s (ILO) Better Factories Cambodia programme. It reflects data compiled over a six-month period from November 2010 to April 2011 from 186 of the 276 factories registered with the programme, which was set up in 2001. “Compliance levels generally remain high, although some areas of concern remain, particularly regarding discrimination, overtime, and occupational safety and health,” stated a news release issued by the programme. Monitors found no evidence of forced labour and no workers were confirmed to be below the legal working age of 15.
The economic case for ending slavery | Global Development Professionals Network $32bn (£21bn) in annual profits sounds impressive doesn't it? Who wouldn't be happy with such huge profits? The problem is, that is the estimate of how much criminals make from modern slavery every year (pdf). Instead all of us in the anti-slavery organisations must start working together to effectively make the case to governments and the private sector of the economic benefits of eliminating slavery, over and above the unarguable moral case to end this atrocity. In today's world, profit is usually a positive measure. So to associate the most egregious forms of human exploitation with profits may inadvertently conflate slavery with something good. And given the logic of basic economics, which tells us a reduction in profit is usually a bad thing, the implication could be that successful efforts to eliminate slavery-derived profits will damage the global economy. But this is not the case, and the error derives from framing the issue wrongly.
Petitions delivered to NA, others, National, Phnom Penh Post Protesting unjust employment practices and rude supervisors, hundreds of workers from Bloomsfield (Cambodia) Knitters Ltd travelled to the capital from Kampong Chhnang province to petition the Ministry of Labour, the National Assembly and the German Embassy. According to Nen Sarorn, an official from the Free Trade Union, the Chinese-owned textile company sells primarily to German clients, though he declined to specify which ones. Bloomsfield workers demonstrated on Thursday, blocking National Road 5, demanding the company reinstate fired workers, dismiss two abusive administrators, stop unjustly firing workers and provide half- to full-year employment contracts. Some 500 workers on five trucks attempted to enter Phnom Penh yesterday, but only one was allowed in, Sarorn said. “More than 60 workers were allowed to bring the petition … Prek Pnov district officials did not allow all of us come into the capital because [of] public disorder,” he said.
Fairtrade International / About / What is Fairtrade? Not all trade is fair! Farmers and workers at the beginning of the chain don’t always get a fair share of the benefits of trade. Fairtrade enables consumers to put this right. Introducing Fairtrade What is the difference between Fair Trade and Fairtrade? Fairtrade is an alternative approach to conventional trade and is based on a partnership between producers and consumers. When a product carries the FAIRTRADE Mark it means the producers and traders have met Fairtrade Standards. The Charter of Fair Trade Principles In 2009, Fairtrade International along with the World Fair Trade Organization adopted the Charter of Fair Trade Principles, which provides a single international reference point for Fair Trade. You can download the principles in multiple languages below and read an introductory letter from Ian Bretman, Vice Chair of the Fairtrade International's Board of Directors. Introductory Letter from Ian Bretman (PDF in English) English/French/Dutch/German/Slovak/Spanish The Standards
Action promised to clamp down on working visas and labour hire companies following revelations of exploitation in horticulture and food processing - ABC Rural Updated The National Farmers Federation says mistreatment of workers has no place on Australian farms. Last night's ABC Four Corners program exposed extreme exploitation of working holiday visa holders on vegetable and fruit farms, and in chicken factories. The NFF says most employers do the right thing, but unscrupulous labour hire firms must be tracked and scrutinised. The NFF's Sarah McKinnon said the federation was developing a Best Practice Scheme for Agricultural Employment. "Farmers already have that obligation in some ways, because they're liable under employer sanction legislation for these breaches," she said. "But this scheme that we're proposing to develop will improve awareness of obligations and make sure that people are asking the right questions when they're hiring contractors." The Four Corners program, Slaving Away, exposed extreme exploitation of migrant workers in Australia's food industry. "It felt like we were going back in time. "The fire service has a role in this too."
Labour's Chris Bryant calls for clampdown on exploitation of migrant workers | UK Politics | News | The Independent Labour has called for a clampdown on “unscrupulous” employers who reduce costs by exploiting migrant workers from Eastern Europe, cutting British workers out of the competition for jobs. The call by the shadow Immigration minister Chris Bryant had echoes of Gordon Brown’s ill-fated promise of “British jobs for British workers” – although Mr Bryant was careful to pitch his comments in a way that could not be interpreted as an attack on Eastern Europeans who are prepared to work for low pay. He promised that a Labour government would hand over to local government the power to enforce minimum wage legislation, and double the fines for employers who knowingly hire illegal immigrants. His remarks were a recognition that Labour has appeared at times to ignore the fears of Britons about the impact of migrant labour at a time of high unemployment. When he came to deliver the speech, his comments about Tesco were more guarded. Mr Bryant’s speech also criticised another major employer.
Job insecurity and health: A study of 16 European countries New Delhi building collapse toll rises to five as rescuers pull body of girl from rubble Updated Rescuers in the Indian capital New Delhi have plucked the body of a girl from the ruins of a collapsed four-storey building, increasing the death toll to five. The body was discovered after workers in neon orange safety vests and hard hats used earthmoving equipment, shovels and bare hands to move mangled heaps of steel and concrete from the building that caved in late on Saturday. "The body of the small girl was pulled out from the debris," joint commissioner of New Delhi police Dependra Pathak said, adding that eight others were injured in the incident. "We've got our fingers crossed and hope there are no more bodies in the debris," he said. These buildings are really old and built by local, unqualified guys without any proper checks New Delhi police official Dependra Pathak Mr Pathak said rescue efforts would continue in the congested Vishnu Garden neighbourhood of ramshackle residential blocks in western Delhi. Topics: accidents, law-crime-and-justice, india, asia