Goals and Objectives Before you do anything, you’ll need to focus your objective(s) for the class. After collaborating on shared goals with the faculty member, formulate your learning outcomes for the class so that you can keep them in mind as you plan and teach the class. Well thought out learning outcomes will give structure to the discussion, activities and assessment of the class. Learning outcomes are statements that specify what learners will know or be able to do as a result of a learning activity. (1) The specified action by the learners must be observable The ultimate test when writing a learning outcome is whether or not the action taken by the participants can be assessed. Examples: Worse: Students will understand how to use the Boolean operators AND and OR. Demonstration is a behavior that can be assessed. Worse: Teach students to search the library catalog. Focus on the students, not yourself as the instructor. Worse: Students should know and apply evaluating strategies for choosing articles.
Lesson Planning A sure ingredient in a recipe for disaster is "winging it." As in: "I'm not sure what I'll do today, I'll just wing it." Good classroom managers plan the lesson, procure the products needed, list the procedure to follow, and prepare for potential problems and pitfalls. Preparing a Lesson Lesson plans do not consist of statements such as: "Today we'll cover Chapter 4 in the history book." Objectives. -The student will be able to recite the letters of the alphabet. List of materials needed. As stated earlier, these are just the "basics" of a lesson plan. You students will learn more with a properly designed lesson in which you have paid careful attention to detail. Action Verbs for Learning Objectives ©2004 Education Oasis About the Author: K.J.
Objectives - Lesson Plan Objectives and Goals Definition: Objectives are the first step in writing a strong 8-step lesson plan. After the Objective, you will define the Anticipatory Set. In the Objectives section of your lesson plan, write precise and delineated goals for what you want your students to be able to accomplish after the lesson is completed. Be Specific. Use numbers where appropriate. To define your lesson's objectives, consider the following questions: What will students accomplish during this lesson? Additionally, you will want to make sure that the lesson's objective fits in with your district and/or state educational standards for your grade level. By thinking clearly and thoroughly about the goals of your lesson, you will ensure that you are making the most of your teaching time. Also Known As: Goals Examples:
Pour bâtir des scénarios pédagogiques intégrant les TIC Dans le domaine littéraire, un Scénario est un canevas, le plan détaillé d'une pièce de théâtre, d'un roman. Au cinéma, c'est la trame écrite et détaillée des différentes scènes d'un film, comprenant généralement le découpage et les dialogues. C'est cette démarche d'écriture et de préparation que l'on peut vouloir transposer pour en faire une méthode dans l'enseignement et la formation : un scénario devient alors un travail préparatoire où un projet (de cours, de séquence, de module) est décrit, raconté, mais aussi découpé, structuré avant d'être réalisé de façon réelle. En fait, dans l'enseignement, il y a toujours eu quelque part cet acte de scénarisation de par le fait même que l'on pense le déroulement d'une séance, la répartition horaire, l'alternance de la théorie et de la pratique, etc. Mais la notion de scénarisation pédagogique s'est peu à peu imposée quand les enseignants ont commencé à intégrer l’audio visuel à leurs pratiques, dans les années 80.
The 5 E Learning Cycle Model Priming the Pump: Peter Elbow's prompts to help students explore topics, objects, places, issues Questions to help a student write about someone s/he has studied or read about: · Describe _ as an ordinary person. · What was/is special or unique about _ ? · Imagine _ were the opposite sex: describe the life s/he would have lived. · What if _ had lived in a different era, such as _ : describe the life s/he would have lived. · Make up or guess what might have been an important event in _'s childhood. · Create a soap opera plot with _ in it. · What does _ most need to cry about? · What should _ be most appreciated for? · What would _'s mother or father say about _ ? · What would _ be likely to dream about? Questions to help a student write about someone's life as a whole: · What about _'s life remained unchanged? · Describe _'s life and character as determined by important changes or turning points. · Imagine you believe people are truly free and that they somehow choose or cause what happens to them.
Lesson Plan Writing Guide This guide is not meant to be the one and only way to develop a lesson plan. It is a general overview that highlights the key points of creating a lesson plan. Below is a list of the steps involved in developing a lesson plan as well as a description of what each component should be. You may also find this new Lesson Plan Template to be useful for creating your lesson plans! The first thing to consider, obviously, is what you want to teach. This should be developed based upon your state (or school) standards. That’s it!
Anticipatory Sets - Lesson Plan Anticipatory Sets Definition: To write an effective lesson plan, you must define the Anticipatory Set. This is the second step of an 8-Step lesson plan and should be written after the Objective and before the Direct Instruction. In the Anticipatory Set section, you outline what you will say and/or present to your students before the direct instruction of the lesson begins. The purpose of the Anticipatory Set is to: Provide continuity from previous lessons, if applicable Allude to familiar concepts and vocabulary as a reminder and refresher Tell the students briefly what the lesson will be about Gauge the students' level of collective background knowledge of the subject to help inform your instruction Activate the students' existing knowledge base Whet the class's appetite for the subject at hand Briefly expose the students to the lesson's objectives and how you will get them to the end result To write your Anticipatory Set, consider the following questions: Examples:
Concevoir des modules e-learning efficaces: l'apport des sciences cognitives Comment concevoir des modules e-learning qui facilitent les apprentissages? Telle est la question auquel répond l'article "Six principles of Effective e-learning. What works and why" (Six principes du e-learning efficace. Ce qui marche et pourquoi), publié dans le recueil d'articles de "The eLearning Guilds" (Learning solutions. Top articles from the eMagazine's first five years. Pfeiffer.2008). L'intérêt de l'article est qu'il étaye les "principes du e-learning efficace" par les éléments factuels de la recherche en science cognitive conduite par le Professeur Richard E. Il n'y a pas de "miracle technologique" pour apprendre En préalable, l'auteur de l'article, Ruth Clark, rappelle qu'en dépit de prévisions optimistes, la réalité n'a jamais atteint les espoirs suscités par les différentes innovations technologiques en matière d'apprentissage, du cinéma à internet. C'est la conception de la formation qui fait la différence. Principe n°1: illustrer le texte améliore l'apprentissage
Direct Instruction - Lesson Plan Direct Instruction Definition: If your 8-step lesson plan were a hamburger, then the Direct Instruction section would be the all-beef patty. After writing the Objective (or Goals) and Anticipatory Set, you're ready to delineate exactly how you will present the most important lesson information to your students. Your methods of Direct Instruction could include reading a book, displaying diagrams, showing real-life examples of the subject matter, using props, discussing relevant characteristics, watching a movie, or other hands-on and/or presentational steps directly related to your lesson plan's stated objective. When determining your methods of Direct Instruction, consider the following questions: How can I best tap into the various learning modalities (audio, visual, tactile, kinesthetic, etc.) to meet the learning style preferences of as many students as possible? Avoid just standing in front of your students and talking at them. Examples:
Guided Practice - Lesson Plans Guided Practice Definition: Writing a Guided Practice section is the fourth step in writing an effective and strong 8-step lesson plan for the elementary school classroom, after defining the Objectives, Anticipatory Set, and Direct Instruction. In the Guided Practice section of your written lesson plan, outline how your students will demonstrate that they have grasped the skills, concepts, and modeling that you presented to them in the Direct Instruction portion of the lesson. While you circulate the classroom and provide some assistance on a given activity (worksheet, illustration, experiment, discussion, or other assignment), the students should be able to perform the task and be held accountable for the lesson's information. The Guided Practice activities can be defined as either individual or cooperative learning. As a teacher, you should observe the students' level of mastery of the material in order to inform your future teaching. Examples: Students will split into pairs to work together on drawing.
Independent Practice - Lesson Plan Independent Practice Definition: Independent Practice is the sixth step in writing an effective [link url= lesson plan for the elementary classroom, after defining the Objective, Anticipatory Set, Direct Instruction, Guided Practice, and Closure. Through Independent Practice, students have a chance to reinforce skills and synthesize their new knowledge by completing a task on their own and away from the teacher's guidance. In writing the Independence Practice section of the Lesson Plan, consider the following questions: Based on observations during Guided Practice, what activities will my students be able to complete on their own? How can I provide a new and different context in which the students can practice their new skills? How can I offer Independent Practice on a repeating schedule so that the learning is not forgotten? Get creative. Examples:
Closure - Lesson Plan Closure Definition: Closure is the fifth step in writing a strong and effective 8-step lesson plan for elementary school students. After defining the Objective, Anticipatory Set, Direct Instruction, and Guided Practice, the Closure section provides a fitting conclusion and context for the student learning that has taken place. Closure is the time when you wrap up a lesson plan and help students organize the information into a meaningful context in their minds. A brief summary or overview is often appropriate. Another helpful activity is to engage students in a quick discussion about what exactly they learned and what it means to them now. Look for areas of confusion that you can quickly clear up. It is not enough to simply say, "Are there any questions?" Examples: Discuss new things that the students learned about plants and animals.