background preloader

Writing Lesson Plans - 8 Steps to Writing a Perfect Lesson Plan

Writing Lesson Plans - 8 Steps to Writing a Perfect Lesson Plan
Whether you're working on your teaching credential or being reviewed by an administrator or evaluator, you will often need to write out a lesson plan during your teaching career. Make sure it includes the eight essential components of a strong, effective lesson plan and you'll be on your way to achieving every teacher's goal: measurable student learning. Use the blank lesson plan template to stay organized. 1. Objectives and Goals The lesson's objectives must be clearly defined and in lined with district and/or state educational standards. 2. Before you dig into the meat of your lesson's instruction, set the stage for your students by tapping into their prior knowledge and giving the objectives a context. 3. When writing your lesson plan, this is the section where you explicitly delineate how you will present the lesson's concepts to your students. 4. Under your supervision, the students are given a chance to practice and apply the skills you taught them through direct instruction. 5. 6. 8.

Objectives - Lesson Plan Objectives and Goals Definition: Objectives are the first step in writing a strong 8-step lesson plan. After the Objective, you will define the Anticipatory Set. In the Objectives section of your lesson plan, write precise and delineated goals for what you want your students to be able to accomplish after the lesson is completed. Be Specific. Use numbers where appropriate. To define your lesson's objectives, consider the following questions: What will students accomplish during this lesson? Additionally, you will want to make sure that the lesson's objective fits in with your district and/or state educational standards for your grade level. By thinking clearly and thoroughly about the goals of your lesson, you will ensure that you are making the most of your teaching time. Also Known As: Goals Examples:

Pour bâtir des scénarios pédagogiques intégrant les TIC Dans le domaine littéraire, un Scénario est un canevas, le plan détaillé d'une pièce de théâtre, d'un roman. Au cinéma, c'est la trame écrite et détaillée des différentes scènes d'un film, comprenant généralement le découpage et les dialogues. C'est cette démarche d'écriture et de préparation que l'on peut vouloir transposer pour en faire une méthode dans l'enseignement et la formation : un scénario devient alors un travail préparatoire où un projet (de cours, de séquence, de module) est décrit, raconté, mais aussi découpé, structuré avant d'être réalisé de façon réelle. En fait, dans l'enseignement, il y a toujours eu quelque part cet acte de scénarisation de par le fait même que l'on pense le déroulement d'une séance, la répartition horaire, l'alternance de la théorie et de la pratique, etc. Mais la notion de scénarisation pédagogique s'est peu à peu imposée quand les enseignants ont commencé à intégrer l’audio visuel à leurs pratiques, dans les années 80.

Anticipatory Sets - Lesson Plan Anticipatory Sets Definition: To write an effective lesson plan, you must define the Anticipatory Set. This is the second step of an 8-Step lesson plan and should be written after the Objective and before the Direct Instruction. In the Anticipatory Set section, you outline what you will say and/or present to your students before the direct instruction of the lesson begins. The purpose of the Anticipatory Set is to: Provide continuity from previous lessons, if applicable Allude to familiar concepts and vocabulary as a reminder and refresher Tell the students briefly what the lesson will be about Gauge the students' level of collective background knowledge of the subject to help inform your instruction Activate the students' existing knowledge base Whet the class's appetite for the subject at hand Briefly expose the students to the lesson's objectives and how you will get them to the end result To write your Anticipatory Set, consider the following questions: Examples:

Concevoir des modules e-learning efficaces: l'apport des sciences cognitives Comment concevoir des modules e-learning qui facilitent les apprentissages? Telle est la question auquel répond l'article "Six principles of Effective e-learning. What works and why" (Six principes du e-learning efficace. Ce qui marche et pourquoi), publié dans le recueil d'articles de "The eLearning Guilds" (Learning solutions. Top articles from the eMagazine's first five years. Pfeiffer.2008). L'intérêt de l'article est qu'il étaye les "principes du e-learning efficace" par les éléments factuels de la recherche en science cognitive conduite par le Professeur Richard E. Il n'y a pas de "miracle technologique" pour apprendre En préalable, l'auteur de l'article, Ruth Clark, rappelle qu'en dépit de prévisions optimistes, la réalité n'a jamais atteint les espoirs suscités par les différentes innovations technologiques en matière d'apprentissage, du cinéma à internet. C'est la conception de la formation qui fait la différence. Principe n°1: illustrer le texte améliore l'apprentissage

Direct Instruction - Lesson Plan Direct Instruction Definition: If your 8-step lesson plan were a hamburger, then the Direct Instruction section would be the all-beef patty. After writing the Objective (or Goals) and Anticipatory Set, you're ready to delineate exactly how you will present the most important lesson information to your students. Your methods of Direct Instruction could include reading a book, displaying diagrams, showing real-life examples of the subject matter, using props, discussing relevant characteristics, watching a movie, or other hands-on and/or presentational steps directly related to your lesson plan's stated objective. When determining your methods of Direct Instruction, consider the following questions: How can I best tap into the various learning modalities (audio, visual, tactile, kinesthetic, etc.) to meet the learning style preferences of as many students as possible? Avoid just standing in front of your students and talking at them. Examples:

Guided Practice - Lesson Plans Guided Practice Definition: Writing a Guided Practice section is the fourth step in writing an effective and strong 8-step lesson plan for the elementary school classroom, after defining the Objectives, Anticipatory Set, and Direct Instruction. In the Guided Practice section of your written lesson plan, outline how your students will demonstrate that they have grasped the skills, concepts, and modeling that you presented to them in the Direct Instruction portion of the lesson. While you circulate the classroom and provide some assistance on a given activity (worksheet, illustration, experiment, discussion, or other assignment), the students should be able to perform the task and be held accountable for the lesson's information. The Guided Practice activities can be defined as either individual or cooperative learning. As a teacher, you should observe the students' level of mastery of the material in order to inform your future teaching. Examples: Students will split into pairs to work together on drawing.

Independent Practice - Lesson Plan Independent Practice Definition: Independent Practice is the sixth step in writing an effective [link url= lesson plan for the elementary classroom, after defining the Objective, Anticipatory Set, Direct Instruction, Guided Practice, and Closure. Through Independent Practice, students have a chance to reinforce skills and synthesize their new knowledge by completing a task on their own and away from the teacher's guidance. In writing the Independence Practice section of the Lesson Plan, consider the following questions: Based on observations during Guided Practice, what activities will my students be able to complete on their own? How can I provide a new and different context in which the students can practice their new skills? How can I offer Independent Practice on a repeating schedule so that the learning is not forgotten? Get creative. Examples:

Closure - Lesson Plan Closure Definition: Closure is the fifth step in writing a strong and effective 8-step lesson plan for elementary school students. After defining the Objective, Anticipatory Set, Direct Instruction, and Guided Practice, the Closure section provides a fitting conclusion and context for the student learning that has taken place. Closure is the time when you wrap up a lesson plan and help students organize the information into a meaningful context in their minds. A brief summary or overview is often appropriate. Another helpful activity is to engage students in a quick discussion about what exactly they learned and what it means to them now. Look for areas of confusion that you can quickly clear up. It is not enough to simply say, "Are there any questions?" Examples: Discuss new things that the students learned about plants and animals.

Required Materials - Lesson Plan Required Materials and Equipment Definition: Required Materials and Equipment is the seventh section of an effective [link lesson plan, after Objective, Anticipatory Set, Direct Instruction, Guided Practice, Closure, and Independent Practice. In the Required Materials section, consider: What items and supplies will be needed by both the instructor and the students in order to accomplish the stated learning objectives? Keep in mind that modeling and the use of hands-on materials are especially effective in demonstrating concepts and skills to students. The Required Materials section will not be presented to students directly, but rather is written for the teacher's own reference and as a checklist before starting the lesson. Examples: The book Life in the Rainforest: Plants, Animals, and People by Melvin Berger.

Assessment - Lesson Plan Assessment and Follow-Up Definition: A 8-step lesson plan is not complete without the final step of Assessment. This is where you assess the final outcome of the lesson and to what extent the learning objectives were achieved. Learning goals can be assessed through quizzes, tests, independently performed worksheets, cooperative learning activities, hands-on experiments, oral discussion, question-and-answer sessions, or other concrete means. Most importantly, ensure that the Assessment activity is directly and explicitly tied to the stated learning objectives. Once the students have completed the given assessment activity, you must take some time to reflect upon the results. Student performance informs future lessons and where you will take your students next. Examples: Quiz Test Class discussion Hands-on experiment Worksheet Cooperative Learning activities Illustrations or Graphic Organizers

Response: "Ten Elements Of Effective Instruction" - Classroom Q&A With Larry Ferlazzo (This is Part Two of a two-part series. You can see Part One here) The question asked two weeks ago was: How can English Teachers Best Improve Their Craft? I've previously posted a number of responses that apply to this question, including a five-part series on teaching reading and another five-part series on teaching writing. I also shared additional resources in Part One of this series. Also in Part One, author/educators Penny Kittle and Carol Jago contributed responses. Response From Jim Burke Jim Burke (@englishcomp, www.englishcompanion.com) is the author of the English Teacher's Companion, Fourth Edition and What's the Big Idea? What we want, what we need is a clear set of teaching moves we can use to make teaching consistently effective despite the inherent complexity of the classroom. Simple problems, explains Gawunde, have established steps, such as using a recipe to bake a cake, one can follow. The Ten Elements of Effective Instruction 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. David B. Doclo:

The Long-Term Effects Of Skipping Your Homework Not every student loves reading, there’s no argument on that. We’ve talked about a lot of resources for learning to read and making reading fun and easy for students, but we haven’t really talked about where that reading fits in to the larger picture of a students’ education. Though the information in the infographic below isn’t very new (the reference notes 1987), the numbers still hold true. I think this lesson is important for adults, too. (Thanks to the Perry Lecompton School District in Perry, KS, for the infographic!)

Related: