background preloader

History: Anglo-Saxons

History: Anglo-Saxons

Beowulf Lesson Plans Below are my notes for teaching Beowulf. They are not the only way to write a lesson plan. They are one way to write a lesson plan. They are also not intended to substitute for reading the book, either for a teacher or a student. These notes have helped me to remember the pertinent points of the book which I wished to emphasize to my students. My first experience with lesson plans was in English Methods I, and the class was assigned to write a lesson plan unit for 10th-11th graders. As is mentioned elsewhere in the website, when writing lesson plans, teachers should keep in mind that they are "teaching students" rather than simply "teaching Beowulf" or some other topic. Some administrators require a copy of the teachers' lesson plans each week and may expect them to be strictly followed. Teaching Beowulf: The book is divided into two main parts with Beowulf battling a formidable 'monster' in each one. What part do the frequent anecdotes play in the book? Points to consider: Ch 6-7: 1. 1.

Anglo-Saxon | people Anglo-Saxon, term used historically to describe any member of the Germanic peoples who, from the 5th century ce to the time of the Norman Conquest (1066), inhabited and ruled territories that are today part of England and Wales. According to St. Bede the Venerable, the Anglo-Saxons were the descendants of three different Germanic peoples—the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes. By Bede’s account, those peoples originally migrated from northern Germany to the island of Britain in the 5th century at the invitation of Vortigern, a ruler of Britons, to help defend his kingdom against marauding invasions by the Picts and Scotti, who occupied what is now Scotland. Archaeological evidence suggests that the first migrants from the Germanic areas of mainland Europe included settlers from Frisia and antedated the Roman withdrawal from Britain about 410 ce. The peoples of each of the various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms spoke distinctive dialects, which evolved over time and together became known as Old English.

Anglo-Saxons The history of the Anglo-Saxons is the history of a cultural identity. It developed from divergent groups in association with the people's adoption of Christianity, and was integral to the establishment of various kingdoms. Threatened by extended Danish invasions and military occupation of eastern England, this identity was re-established; it dominated until after the Norman Conquest.[4] The visible Anglo-Saxon culture can be seen in the material culture of buildings, dress styles, illuminated texts and grave goods. Behind the symbolic nature of these cultural emblems, there are strong elements of tribal and lordship ties. The elite declared themselves as kings who developed burhs, and identified their roles and peoples in Biblical terms. Use of the term Anglo-Saxon assumes that the words Angles, Saxons or Anglo-Saxon have the same meaning in all the sources. Ethnonym Early Anglo-Saxon history (410–660) Migration (410–560) The second process is explained through incentives. Culture Art Law

Epic poetry Some of the most famous examples of epic poetry include the Ramayana, Mahabharata, the Ancient Greek Iliad and the Odyssey, the Old English Beowulf, or the Portuguese Lusiads.[3] Oral epics or world folk epics[edit] The first epics were products of preliterate societies and oral poetic traditions. Early twentieth-century study of living oral epic traditions in the Balkans by Milman Parry and Albert Lord demonstrated the paratactic model used for composing these poems. Epic: a long narrative poem in elevated style presenting characters of high position in adventures forming an organic whole through their relation to a central heroic figure and through their development of episodes important to the history of a nation or race. An attempt to delineate ten main characteristics of an epic:[4] The hero generally participates in a cyclical journey or quest, faces adversaries that try to defeat him in his journey and returns home significantly transformed by his journey. Conventions of epics:

Who were the Anglo-Saxons? The Angle, Saxon, and Jute are known as the Anglo-Saxons. The Angles and the Saxon tribes were the largest of the three attacking tribes and so we often know them as Anglo-Saxons. They shared the same language but were each ruled by different strong warriors. Anglo-Saxons The Anglo-Saxons were warrior-farmers and came from north-western Europe. The Anglo-Saxons were tall, fair-haired men, armed with swords and spears and round shields. They loved fighting and were very fierce. Their skills included hunting, farming, textile (cloth) production and leather working. How do we know about skills and occupations of the Anglo-Saxons ? We know about the Anglo-Saxons because of things we have found giving us quite detailed information about their lives. Knives and spears are often found in Anglo-Saxon men's graves. What did the Anglo-Saxons do for entertainment (leisure)? The Anglo-Saxons enjoyed horse racing, hunting, feasting and music-making.

History - Ancient History in depth: The Anglo-Saxons The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle Online Medieval and Classical Library Release #17 Originally compiled on the orders of King Alfred the Great, approximately A.D. 890, and subsequently maintained and added to by generations of anonymous scribes until the middle of the 12th Century. The original language is Anglo-Saxon (Old English), but later entries are essentially Middle English in tone. Translation by Rev. The text of this edition is based on that published as "The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle" (Everyman Press, London, 1912). This electronic edition was edited, proofed, and prepared by Douglas B. [ Preparer's Note ] An Index to this Work is Available At present there are nine known versions or fragments of the "Anglo-Saxon Chronicle" in existence, all of which vary (sometimes greatly) in content and quality. The nine known "Anglo-Saxon Chronicle" MS. are the following: A-Prime The Parker Chronicle (Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, MS. 173) A Cottonian Fragment (British Museum, Cotton MS.

History - Ancient History in depth: Peoples of Britain Summary Timeline 410 AD to 1066 AD - Anglo Saxon England After 400 years in Britain the Romans leave A Kingdom in Kent is formed The Kingdom of Sussex (South Saxons) The Kingdom of Wessex (West Saxons) The Kingdom of Essex (East Saxons) The Kingdom of Northumberland (Angles living north of the river Humber) The Kingdom of East Anglia (East Angles) The Kingdom of Mercia (Middle Angles) The commencement of dominant Kings, 613-731. Northumbria Kings rule over the whole of England except Kent. The Kings of Mercia rule England Saxon Kings rule all EnglandEgbert 802-839 Ethelwulf 839-858 865 England is completely over run by the “Great Army” of Danish Vikings Alfred the Great saves England King Alfred 849-899 (22 when crowned) For 100 years from 787 to 878 the Vikings attacked the Shores of England. Edward 1st 901-925 (29 when crowned) Edward, son of Alfred the Great, was determined to win back the Danish ruled land (Danelaw) north east of Watling street and with the help of his equally determined sister Ethelfleda (Lady of Mercia) did so between 921 and 924.

Anglo-Saxon Poetry - A History of English Literature Read about A History of English Literature. More E-texts Anglo-Saxon Poetry from A History of English Literature by Robert Huntington Fletcher Preface | How to Study | Tabular View | Chapters: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | Assignments from Chapter I. The Anglo-Saxons doubtless brought with them from the Continent the rude beginnings of poetry, such as come first in the literature of every people and consist largely of brief magical charms and of rough 'popular ballads' (ballads of the people). Out of the popular ballads, or, chiefly, of the minstrel poetry which is partly based on them, regularly develops epic poetry. Not much Anglo-Saxon poetry of the pagan period has come down to us. The spirit of the poem is somber and grim. For the finer artistic graces, also, and the structural subtilties of a more developed literary period, we must not, of course, look in 'Beowulf.' More:Writer Directory | Book Reviews | Homework Help | E-texts | Timeline | Submit a Review |