Anne Frank Anne Frank was a teen writer who went into hiding during the Holocaust, journaling her experiences in the renowned work The Diary of Anne Frank. Synopsis Born on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany, Anne Frank lived in Amsterdam with her family during World War II. Fleeing Nazi persecution of Jews, the family went into hiding for two years; during this time, Frank wrote about her experiences and wishes. She was 15 when the family was found and sent to the camps, where she died. Early Life Holocaust victim and famous diarist Anne Frank was born Annelies Marie Frank on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany. The Franks were a typical upper middle-class German-Jewish family living in a quiet, religiously diverse neighborhood near the outskirts of Frankfurt. Due in large part to the harsh sanctions imposed on Germany by the 1919 Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I, the German economy struggled terribly in the 1920s. The Franks moved to Amsterdam, Netherlands, in the fall of 1933.
The Diary of a Young Girl The Diary of a Young Girl (also known as The Diary of Anne Frank) is a book of the writings from the Dutch language diary kept by Anne Frank while she was in hiding for two years with her family during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. The family was apprehended in 1944 and Anne Frank died of typhus in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. The diary was retrieved by Miep Gies, who gave it to Anne's father, Otto Frank, the only known survivor of the family. The diary has now been published in more than 60 different languages. Anne named her diary "Kitty". Anne Frank's compositions In manuscript, Anne Frank's original diaries are written over three extant volumes. The diary is not written in the classic forms of "Dear Diary" or as letters to one's self, but as letters to imaginary friends "Kitty", "Conny", "Emmy", "Pop", and "Marianne". Editorial history The first transcription of Anne's diary was made by Otto Frank for his relatives in Switzerland. Criticism
Synopsis: Anne Frank was a girl who lived in the Netherlands... 5 Things You Don't Know About Anne Frank and Her Diary 1. Pseudonyms When Anne Frank readied her diary for eventual publication, she created pseudonyms for the people she wrote about in her diary. Although you are familiar with the pseudonyms of Albert Dussel (the real life Freidrich Pfeffer) and Petronella van Daan (the real life Auguste van Pels) because these pseudonyms appear in most published versions of the diary, do you know what pseudonym Anne chose for herself? Even though Anne had chosen pseudonyms for everyone hiding in the Annexe, when it came time to publish the diary after the war, Otto Frank decided to keep the pseudonyms for the other four people in the Annexe but to use the real names of his own family. This is why we know Anne Frank by her real name rather than as Anne Aulis (her original choice of a pseudonym) or as Anne Robin (the name Anne later chose for herself). In case you are curious, Anne chose the pseudonyms Betty Robin for Margot Frank, Frederik Robin for Otto Frank, and Nora Robin for Edith Frank. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Introductory History to the Holocaust The Holocaust (also called Ha-Shoah in Hebrew) refers to the period from January 30, 1933 - when Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany - to May 8, 1945, when the war in Europe officially ended. During this time, Jews in Europe were subjected to progressively harsher persecution that ultimately led to the murder of 6,000,000 Jews (1.5 million of these being children) and the destruction of 5,000 Jewish communities. These deaths represented two-thirds of European Jewry and one-third of all world Jewry. The Jews who died were not casualties of the fighting that ravaged Europe during World War II. Rather, they were the victims of Germany's deliberate and systematic attempt to annihilate the entire Jewish population of Europe, a plan Hitler called the “Final Solution” (Endlosung). Background Propaganda: “The Jews Are Our Misfortune” A major tool of the Nazis' propaganda assault was the weekly Nazi newspaper Der Stürmer (The Attacker). The Jews Are Isolated from Society The “Final Solution”
The hiding place Anne Frank’s Diary Published Otto Frank, the only member of his family to survive the Holocaust, returned home from the Auschwitz concentration camp after it was liberated by Russian troops in early January 1945. He soon found the diary of his younger daughter, Anne. Written in Dutch while her family was in hiding from the Gestapo, Anne Frank’s diary tells the story of a young woman’s internal struggle to understand and cope with Nazi occupation and anti-Semitism. Otto recalled in the 1960s how he felt reading the diary for the first time: “For me, it was a revelation. He began typing the diary into German and sharing it with family and close friends, who convinced him to share it with the world. Known to American readers as “Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl,” it has since been published in more than 60 languages and has become one of the most influential—and widely read—literary works in history.
The Holocaust, Crimes, Heroes and Villains Anne frank gets found. Anne Frank: Facts and Information | Primary Facts Here are some facts about Anne Frank, the famous young Jewish diarist who was tragically killed during the Holocaust. Anne was born on 12th June 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany.Her father was called Otto and her mother was called Edith. She had an older sister called Margot.Anne’s family were ‘liberal Jews’. They didn’t live in a Jewish-only community and they didn’t strictly follow all of the Jewish customs.Following the elections in Germany of 1933, which were won by the Nazi Party (led by Adolf Hitler), the Franks moved to Amsterdam in order to escape the antisemitic (anti-Jewish) feelings that were being promoted by the Nazis.In Amsterdam, Anne started to develop a love of reading and writing.In May 1940, the Netherlands was invaded by Germany. Laws were made to discriminate against the Jewish population. Anne and her sister had to leave the school they were attending and transfer to a Jewish-only school.
Thrown into a concentration camp Anne Frank Who Was Anne Frank? During the two years and one month Anne Frank spent hiding in a Secret Annex in Amsterdam during World War II, she kept a diary. Anne Frank's diary, which was published by her father after the war and has been read by millions of people around the world, chronicles both the tensions and difficulties of living in such a confined space for that long a duration as well as Anne's struggles with becoming a teenager. Dates: June 12, 1929 -- March 1945 Also Known As: Annelies Marie Frank The Move to Amsterdam Anne Frank was born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany as the second child of Otto and Edith Frank. The Franks were a middle-class, liberal Jewish family whose ancestors had lived in Germany for centuries. After moving his family in with Edith's mother in Aachen, Germany, Otto Frank moved to Amsterdam, Netherlands in the summer of 1933 so that he could establish a Dutch firm of Opekta, a company which made and sold pectin (a product used to make jelly). Going Into Hiding