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Six Provocations for Big Data by Danah Boyd, Kate Crawford

Six Provocations for Big Data by Danah Boyd, Kate Crawford
The era of Big Data has begun. Computer scientists, physicists, economists, mathematicians, political scientists, bio-informaticists, sociologists, and many others are clamoring for access to the massive quantities of information produced by and about people, things, and their interactions. Diverse groups argue about the potential benefits and costs of analyzing information from Twitter, Google, Verizon, 23andMe, Facebook, Wikipedia, and every space where large groups of people leave digital traces and deposit data. Significant questions emerge. This essay offers six provocations that we hope can spark conversations about the issues of Big Data. (This paper was presented at Oxford Internet Institute’s “A Decade in Internet Time: Symposium on the Dynamics of the Internet and Society” on September 21, 2011.) Related:  Documentation numérique et veille

«Humanités Digitales»: mais oui, un néologisme consciemment choisi! | Digital Humanities Blog Texte retravaillé le lundi 28 octobre 2013 L’usage en français de l’expression «Humanités Digitales» a démarré à l’Université de Bordeaux 3 dès 2008, et à celle de Lausanne en 2010, sans qu’il n’y ait eu de contact entre les groupes de chercheurs des deux universités. Depuis 2013, la Suisse compte 3 laboratoires d’Humanités Digitales, à l’Université de Bâle, à l’EPFL et à l’Université de Lausanne. L’apparition d’un néologisme tient du fait de société, et demandera bien du temps pour être analysé. Je soulignerai simplement ici qu’ «ordinateur» ou l’anglais «computer» désignent un concept cérébral. D’autre part, le chercheur en Humanités Digitales tient de l’Homo Faber et réellement fabrique, crée les nouvelles sciences humaines et sociales. Indications bibliographiques (liste à compléter, toute suggestion bienvenue!) Michel Serres, Petite Poucette, Paris: Le Pommier, 2012. Claire Clivaz, «Common Era 2.0. Actes du THATCamp à Saint-Malo 2013, atelier 1: à paraître online bientôt Claire Clivaz

Company - Report - Big data: The next frontier for innovation, competition, and productivity - May 2011 The amount of data in our world has been exploding, and analyzing large data sets—so-called big data—will become a key basis of competition, underpinning new waves of productivity growth, innovation, and consumer surplus, according to research by MGI and McKinsey's Business Technology Office. Leaders in every sector will have to grapple with the implications of big data, not just a few data-oriented managers. The increasing volume and detail of information captured by enterprises, the rise of multimedia, social media, and the Internet of Things will fuel exponential growth in data for the foreseeable future. MGI studied big data in five domains—healthcare in the United States, the public sector in Europe, retail in the United States, and manufacturing and personal-location data globally. Big data can generate value in each. 1. 2. Podcast Distilling value and driving productivity from mountains of data 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Conversation privée sur Facebook Les médias ont baptisé ce bug - pour l'instant toujours démenti par Facebook - le "cauchemar de Facebook" : des messages privés, reçus entre 2007 et 2009, qui réapparaissent aléatoirement sur la timeline des utilisateurs. Leur timeline publique. Une nouvelle fois (on ne les compte plus), le réseau social se retrouve donc au centre des angoisses cyber-existentielles des internautes. On les comprend. Mais en même temps, n'est-il pas temps, enfin, de prendre conscience des risques inhérents aux réseaux sociaux en termes de données personnelles? Facebook n'est pas là pour protéger votre vie privée Facebook est un outil de partage et de publication, son but n'est pas de sécuriser les échanges de ses membres sur internet. Comme le résume très bien le journaliste Jean-Marc Manach, spécialiste des questions de vie privée, "il n'y a pas de 'vie privée' sur Facebook : sur un 'réseau social', on mène une 'vie sociale', voire une 'vie publique'". Facebook n'oublie rien

The evolution of data products In “What is Data Science?,” I started to talk about the nature of data products. Since then, we’ve seen a lot of exciting new products, most of which involve data analysis to an extent that we couldn’t have imagined a few years ago. It’s an old problem: the geeky engineer wants something cool with lots of knobs, dials, and fancy displays. Disappearing data We’ve become accustomed to virtual products, but it’s only appropriate to start by appreciating the extent to which data products have replaced physical products. But while we’re accustomed to the displacement of physical products by virtual products, the question of how we take the next step — where data recedes into the background — is surprisingly tough. A list may be an appropriate way to deliver potential contacts, and a spreadsheet may be an appropriate way to edit music metadata. These projects suggest the next step in the evolution toward data products that deliver results rather than data. We can push even further. Interfaces

Et tu, Citi? Bank Raises Balance Requirements and Fees Bank of America wasn’t the only big national financial institution to announce some changes that might hit customers in the wallet. Citi was quick to bash Bank of America when it rolled out its hugely unpopular debit card fee, but it just announced an overhaul of its checking account options, along with increases in minimum-balance requirements and monthly maintenance fees that kick in Dec. 9. One big change affects the bank’s mid-level checking option. The bank is phasing out its EZ Checking account, which hasn’t been offered to new customers for over a year. Customers who have this account now can keep it, but there are some new rules. (MORE: Bank Accounts: Do the Free Cash Come-ons Outweigh the Fees Sure to Follow?) The mid-tier checking package the bank now offers is called the Citibank Account. (MORE: Was Bank of America Hacked?) (MORE: 111 Pages of Disclosures for the Typical Checking Account?!?)

EMC throws lots of hardware at Hadoop — Cloud Computing News Debates in the Digital Humanities Encompassing new technologies, research methods, and opportunities for collaborative scholarship and open-source peer review, as well as innovative ways of sharing knowledge and teaching, the digital humanities promises to transform the liberal arts—and perhaps the university itself. Indeed, at a time when many academic institutions are facing austerity budgets, digital humanities programs have been able to hire new faculty, establish new centers and initiatives, and attract multimillion-dollar grants. Clearly the digital humanities has reached a significant moment in its brief history. But what sort of moment is it? Debates in the Digital Humanities brings together leading figures in the field to explore its theories, methods, and practices and to clarify its multiple possibilities and tensions.

The New Big Data Top scientists from companies such as Google and Yahoo are gathered alongside leading academics at the 17th Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDD) in San Diego this week. They will present the latest techniques for wresting insights from the deluge of data produced nowadays, and for making sense of information that comes in a wider variety of forms than ever before. Twenty years ago, the only people who cared about so-called “big data”—the only ones who had enormous data sets and the motivation to try to process them—were members of the scientific community, says Usama Fayyad, executive chair of ACM’s Special Interest Group on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining and former chief data officer at Yahoo. The explosive growth of the Internet, however, changed everything. These days, Internet giants make their money from the information they collect about users and the insights they gain from mining it.

Rankur Offers Free Marketing Analysis on The Web - Technorati Advertising Having to decide how to promote your new product? Or what are the main features that people like on your competitors’ gadgets? Having issues with your current ad campaign? There are technologies that help you answer the question and ease the finding of the solution, but now they become free! Consumers’ opinions have always been an important piece of information during the decision making process. new EU-based startup, called Rankur, combines technologies like Opinion Mining and Text Analytics into a cutting edge product that answers the questions “What other people think” and “What are other people talking about”. A marketing or PR professional may stay current to what is being said about a topic, find out what are the related discussions about, where do they come from, discover negative or positive text and filter opinions by language, source or trend. Another application of these recent technologies is the automation of the follow-up of your brand reputation.

Revolution speeds stats on Hadoop clusters High performance access to file storage Revolution Analytics, the company that is extending R, the open source statistical programming language, with proprietary extensions, is making available a free set of extensions that allow its R engine to run atop Hadoop clusters. Now statisticians that are familiar with R can do analysis on unstructured data stored in the Hadoop Distributed File System, the data store used for the MapReduce method of chewing on unstructured data pioneered by Google for its search engine and mimicked and open sourced by rival Yahoo! as the Apache Hadoop project. R can now also run against the HBase non-relational, column-oriented distributed data store, which mimics Google's BigTable and which is essentially a database for Hadoop for holding structured data. Like Hadoop, HBase in an open source project distributed by the Apache Software Foundation. You can download the R connector for Hadoop from GitHub.

Le double visage de l'outil qui fabrique la nouvelle humanité numérique LE MONDE | | Par Paul Mathias, expert des lab Hadopi et ex-directeur de programme au Collège international de philosophie Inextricablement lié aux réseaux sociaux et à Facebook, le "printemps arabe" a frappé les consciences, mais n'a pas été le premier événement à résulter d'un usage expert et constant des réseaux. Les manifestations de Gênes contre le G8, en 2001, consacraient l'idée que des "foules intelligentes", composées d'individus interconnectés et mobiles, formaient un dispositif de contestation très efficace et capable de neutraliser les techniques de confinement mises en oeuvre par les forces de police. Pourtant, les noces de la démocratie et des technologies du numérique, des réseaux, posent problème. Seulement la médiation ne se fait pas ici comme au moyen de l'encre et du papier, de la voix et de l'image et de leur diffusion analogique. Le titan Facebook fait donc question, mais laisse toutefois ouvertes les incertitudes qui l'accompagnent.