Paul Jackson Pollock (January 28, 1912 – August 11, 1956), known as Jackson Pollock, was an influential American painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement. He was well known for his unique style of drip painting. During his lifetime, Pollock enjoyed considerable fame and notoriety, a major artist of his generation. Regarded as reclusive, he had a volatile personality, and struggled with alcoholism for most of his life. Pollock died at the age of 44 in an alcohol-related, single-car accident; he was driving. Early life Pollock was born in Cody, Wyoming, in 1912, the youngest of five sons. While living in Echo Park, California, he enrolled at Los Angeles' Manual Arts High School, from which he was expelled. Trying to deal with his established alcoholism, from 1938 through 1941 Pollock underwent Jungian psychotherapy with Dr. Springs period and his technique Pollock signed a gallery contract with Peggy Guggenheim in July 1943. New techniques
Wayne ThiebaudWayne Thiebaud (born November 15, 1920) is an American painter best known for his colorful works depicting commonplace objects—pies, lipsticks, paint cans, ice cream cones, pastries, and hot dogs—as well as for his landscapes and figures. He is associated with the Pop art movement because of his interest in objects of mass culture, although his early works, executed during the fifties and sixties, slightly predate the works of the classic pop artists. Thiebaud uses heavy pigment and exaggerated colors to depict his subjects, and the well-defined shadows characteristic of advertisements are almost always included in his work. Early life and education Wayne Thiebaud was born to Mormon parents in Mesa, Arizona, U.S.A.. In 1949, he enrolled at San Jose State College (now San Jose State University) before transferring to Sacramento State College (now California State University, Sacramento), where he earned a bachelor's degree in 1951 and a master's degree in 1952. Early career
Richard DiebenkornRichard DiebenkornOcean Park No. 67, 1973, Oil on canvas, 100 × 81 in. Richard Diebenkorn (April 22, 1922 – March 30, 1993) was a well-known 20th century American painter. His early work is associated with Abstract expressionism and the Bay Area Figurative Movement of the 1950s and 1960s. His later work (best known as the Ocean Park paintings) were instrumental to his achievement of worldwide acclaim. Biography Richard Clifford Diebenkorn Jr. was born on April 22, 1922 in Portland, Oregon. During the late 1940s and early 1950s, he lived and worked in various places: New York City, Woodstock, New York, Albuquerque, New Mexico, Urbana, Illinois and Berkeley, California (1953–1966). He developed his own style of abstract expressionist painting. Diebenkorn served in the United States Marine Corps from 1943 to 1945. After WWII, the focus of the art world shifted from the School of Paris to the New York School. Exhibitions Collections Recognition Art market
William KentridgeWilliam Kentridge (born 28 April 1955) is a South African artist best known for his prints, drawings, and animated films. These are constructed by filming a drawing, making erasures and changes, and filming it again. He continues this process meticulously, giving each change to the drawing a quarter of a second to two seconds' screen time. Early life and career Kentridge was born in Johannesburg to Sydney Kentridge and his wife Felicia Geffen. Work As someone who is ethnically Jewish in South Africa, he has a unique position as a third-party observer. Aspects of social injustice that have transpired over the years in South Africa have often become fodder for Kentridge's pieces. The title, Casspirs Full of Love, written along the side of the print, is suggestive of the narrative and is oxymoronic. Prints and drawings By the mid-1970s, Kentridge was making prints and drawings. Animated films In 1988, Kentridge co-founded Free Film-makers Co-Operative in Johannesburg.
Mark RothkoMark Rothko (Latvian: Markus Rotkovičs, Russian: Марк Ро́тко; born Ма́ркус Я́ковлевич Ротко́вич; Marcus Yakovlevich Rothkowitz; September 25, 1903 – February 25, 1970) was an American painter of Russian Jewish descent. He is generally identified as an Abstract Expressionist, although he himself rejected this label and even resisted classification as an "abstract painter." With Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning, he is one of the most famous postwar American artists. Childhood Mark Rothko was born in Dvinsk, Vitebsk Governorate, in the Russian Empire (today Daugavpils in Latvia). Despite Jacob Rothkowitz's modest income, the family was highly educated ("We were a reading family," Rothko's sister recalled), and Rothko was able to speak Russian, Yiddish, and Hebrew. Emigration from Russia to the U.S. Fearing that his sons were about to be drafted into the Imperial Russian Army, Jacob Rothkowitz emigrated from Russia to the United States. Rothko received a scholarship to Yale.
Brice MardenLife Brice Marden, The Dylan Painting, 1966/1986, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art Brice Marden, For Pearl, 1970, 8 x 8 feet, Private Collection Brice Marden, Vine, 1992-93, oil on linen, 8 x 8.5 feet, Museum of Modern Art, New York Marden was born in Bronxville, New York and grew up in nearby Briarcliff Manor. It was at Yale that Marden developed the formal strategies that would characterize his drawings and paintings in the proceeding decades: a preoccupation with rectangular formats, and the repeated use of a muted palette. Career Early years In 1966, at Dorothea Rockburne's suggestion, Marden was hired by Robert Rauschenberg to work as his assistant. Mature work In the late 1960s and early '70s, a moment when painting was widely considered moribund, Marden gained international fame as the master of the monochrome panel. In 1971, Brice and his wife, Helen Harrington, visited the Greek island of Hydra, to which they have returned every year since. Honors
Gerhard RichterGerhard Richter (born 9 February 1932) is a German visual artist and one of the pioneers of the New European Painting that has emerged in the second half of the twentieth century. Richter has produced abstract as well as photorealistic paintings, and also photographs and glass pieces. His art follows the examples of Picasso and Jean Arp in undermining the concept of the artist's obligation to maintain a single cohesive style. In October 2012, Richter's Abstraktes Bild set an auction record price for a painting by a living artist at £21m ($34m). This was exceeded in May 2013 when his 1968 piece Domplatz, Mailand (Cathedral square, Milan) was sold for $37.1 million (£24.4 million) in New York. Early life Richter was born in Dresden, Saxony, and grew up in Reichenau, Lower Silesia, and in Waltersdorf (Zittauer Gebirge), in the Upper Lusatian countryside. Early career Personal life Richter married Marianne Eufinger in 1957; she gave birth to his first daughter. Art
Psykopaint - Create and paint amazing art from photosKübizmPrag'da Kübist bir ev Kübizm, 20. yüzyıl başındaki temsile dayalı sanat anlayışından saparak devrim yapan Fransız sanat akımıdır. Pablo Picasso ve Georges Braque, nesne yüzeylerinin ardına bakarak konuyu aynı anda değişik açılardan sunabilecek geometrik şekilleri vurgulamışlardır. Tarihi[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir] 20. yüzyıl başlarında ortaya çıkmıştır. Küçük Küpler[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir] Kübizm adı, Georges Braque'ın bir tablosunu gören bir sanat eleştirmeni olan Louis Vauxcelles'in bu tablo için «küçük küpler» sözünü kullanmasıyla ortaya çıkmıştır. Picasso ile Braque, her şeyden önce bir tablonun ne olduğunu unutturan bu çözüm yolunu bir yana bıraktılar: Tablo, aslında dümdüz bir yüzeydir. Kübistler ise nesneleri, sanki çevresinde dolaşıyorlarmış gibi, birkaç bakış açısından, cepheden, yandan, üstten, alttan bakarak aynı imge üzerinde göstereceklerdir. Kübistler, herhangi bir şeyde gözün türlü yönlerden görebildiği özellikleri, bir arada geometrik şekillerle göstermeye çalışır.