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Dwarf (Germanic mythology)

In Germanic mythology, a dwarf is a being that dwells in mountains and in the earth, and is variously associated with wisdom, smithing, mining, and crafting. Dwarfs are often also described as short and ugly, although some scholars have questioned whether this is a later development stemming from comical portrayals of the beings.[1] The modern English noun dwarf descends from the Old English dwarȝ. It has a variety of cognates in other Germanic languages, including Old Norse dvergr and Old High German twerg. According to Vladimir Orel, the English noun and its cognates ultimately descend from Proto-Germanic *đwerȝaz.[2] Beyond the Proto-Germanic reconstruction, the etymology of the word dwarf is highly contested. Norse mythology, as recorded in the Poetic Edda (compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources) and the Prose Edda (written by Snorri Sturluson in the 13th century) provide different mythical origins for the beings. Simonside Dwarfs Gilliver, Peter.

Fenrir Odin and Fenris (1909) by Dorothy Hardy In Norse mythology, Fenrir (Old Norse: "fen-dweller"),[1] Fenrisúlfr (Old Norse: "Fenris wolf"),[2] Hróðvitnir (Old Norse: "fame-wolf"),[3] or Vánagandr (Old Norse: "the monster of the river Ván")[4] is a monstrous wolf. Fenrir is attested in the Poetic Edda, compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, and the Prose Edda and Heimskringla, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson. In both the Poetic Edda and Prose Edda, Fenrir is the father of the wolves Sköll and Hati Hróðvitnisson, is a son of Loki, and is foretold to kill the god Odin during the events of Ragnarök, but will in turn be killed by Odin's son Víðarr. In the Prose Edda, additional information is given about Fenrir, including that, due to the gods' knowledge of prophecies foretelling great trouble from Fenrir and his rapid growth, the gods bound him, and as a result Fenrir bit off the right hand of the god Týr. Attestations[edit] Poetic Edda[edit]

Harpy In Roman mythology, a harpy (Greek: ἅρπυια, harpyia, pronounced [hárpuja]; Latin: harpeia) was one of the winged spirits best known for constantly stealing all food from Phineus. The literal meaning of the word seems to be "that which snatches" as it comes from the Greek word harpazein (ἁρπάζειν), which means "to snatch". A harpy was the mother of the horses of Achilles sired by the West Wind Zephyros.[1] Hesiod[2] calls them two "lovely-haired" creatures, and pottery art depicting the harpies featured beautiful women with wings. Harpies as ugly winged bird-women, e.g. in Aeschylus' The Eumenides (line 50) are a late development. Roman and Byzantine writers detailed their ugliness.[3] Mythology[edit] A medieval depiction of a harpy as a bird-woman In this form they were agents of punishment who abducted people and tortured them on their way to Tartarus. Aeneas encountered harpies on the Strophades as they repeatedly made off with the feast the Trojans were setting. Heraldry[edit]

The Voynich Manuscript The Voynich Manuscript is a document that is notable for it's strange text, that to date hasn't been decyphered. Theories range from a secret language or code to an old sort of joke or hoax. Language English Collection opensource Reviewer:collytus - favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite - August 21, 2016 Subject: A couple of ideas I just noticed all the pots illustrated next to the pictures of the plants (pages 161 and 174). So what they've illustrated there might have been real pots people used at the time and area of the writing (Near East etc.). Reviewer:Navyarao - - August 9, 2016 Subject: Illustrator and writer Hi dear fellas, I found something interesting while going through this manuscript. While am going through each page and illustration of plants and human, kind of beings were done by some amateur painter. This logic made me to think that- How come a beautiful handwriting person can be a bad painter? Riabets M.A. and Zlatodej Prof

The Siege Of Carthage 149-146 BC Sieges can be dramatic, tragic, far-reaching in their results, desperate, epochal. But quite rarely they are all of these at once. The battle of Carthage (149-146 BC) is one of these rare examples. Hundreds of thousands of pages have been dedicated to Roman history and for good reason – after all the late Roman civilization was the pinnacle of the ancient Mediterranean historical evolution and the cradle of birth for Christianity. Many people fall in the trap of historical hindsight – that is, they read history backwards. That is not to say that the Roman victory in the Punic wars was accidental, on the contrary. The Conflict I would need a set of articles to describe the Punic Wars in detail, and this is not my purpose. The origins of the First Punic War we should seek in Sicily, and more precisely – the city of Messana, occupied by Campanian mercenaries known as Mamertines. This should not surprise us. Cannae (216 BC), where the Romans lost at least 40 000 men in a single day[1].

Huldra The Huldra is a seductive forest creature found in Scandinavian folklore. (Her name derives from a root meaning "covered" or "secret".)[1][2] In Norwegian folklore, she is known as the skogsfru or skovfrue (meaning "Lady (read, counterpart of a Lord) of the forest"). She is known as the skogsrå (forest spirit) or Tallemaja (pine tree Mary) in Swedish folklore, and Ulda in Sámi folklore. Her name suggests that she is originally the same being as the völva Huld and the German Holda.[3] A male hulder is called a huldu, or, in Norway, a huldrekarl.[citation needed] Male huldes, called Huldrekarl, also appear in Norwegian folklore. Grammatical Declension[edit] The word huldra is the definite form in Norwegian ("the hulder") – the indefinite form is ei hulder ("a hulder"). Features[edit] The huldra is a stunningly beautiful naked woman with long hair, and has an animal's tail. Folklore[edit] Relations with humans[edit] A huldra is talking with a charcoal burner. Hunting[edit] Origins[edit]