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Organized crime

20th century American mobster Al Capone, a figure often associated with the topic of organized crime. Other organizations—including states, militaries, police forces, and corporations—may sometimes use organized crime methods to conduct their business, but their powers derive from their status as formal social institutions. There is a tendency to distinguish organized crime from other forms of crimes, such as, white-collar crime, financial crimes, political crimes, war crime, state crimes and treason. This distinction is not always apparent and the academic debate is ongoing.[3] For example, in failed states that can no longer perform basic functions such as education, security, or governance, usually due to fractious violence or extreme poverty, organised crime, governance and war are often complementary to each other. Models of organized crime[edit] Causal[edit] Organizational[edit] Patron-client networks[edit] Mafia boss Totò Riina behind bars in court after his arrest in 1993

Organized Crime English | Français What is transnational organized crime? | United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime | Overview of the work of UNODC in relation to organized criminal activities | Transnational Organized Crime Campaign Organized crime threatens peace and human security, violates human rights and undermines economic, social, cultural, political and civil development of societies around the world. Transnational organized crime manifests in many forms, including as trafficking in drugs, firearms and even persons. Organized crime has diversified, gone global and reached macro-economic proportions: illicit goods may be sourced from one continent, trafficked across another, and marketed in a third. The transnational nature of organized crime means that criminal networks forge bonds across borders as well as overcome cultural and linguistic differences in the commission of their crime. The UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols thereto

Terrorism The word "terrorism" is politically loaded and emotionally charged,[6] and this greatly compounds the difficulty of providing a precise definition. A study on political terrorism examining over 100 definitions of "terrorism" found 22 separate definitional elements (e.g. A broad array of political organizations has practiced terrorism to further their objectives. It has been practiced by both right-wing and left-wing political parties, nationalistic groups, religious groups, revolutionaries, and ruling governments.[14] The symbolism of terrorism can exploit human fear to help achieve these goals.[15] Origin of term[edit] "Terrorism" comes from the French word terrorisme,[16] and originally referred specifically to state terrorism as practiced by the French government during the 1793–1794 Reign of terror. Definition[edit] The definition of terrorism has proved controversial. The international community has never succeeded in developing an accepted comprehensive definition of terrorism.

Organized Crime Organized crime may be defined as systematically unlawful activity for profit on a city-wide, interstate, and even international scale. The corporate criminal organization is a far cry from the small-scale predations of a Bonnie and Clyde. Criminal organizations keep their illegal operations secret, and members confer by word of mouth. Gangs sometimes become sufficiently systematic to be called organized. A criminal organization depends in part on support from the society in which it exists. Labor racketeering is a general term for the misuse of organized labor for criminal purposes. The Teamsters Union, under leaders Dave Beck and James R. The Mafia Criminal organizations sometimes arise in closely knit immigrant groups that do not trust the local police and other authorities. The Mafia, also known as La Cosa Nostra (Our Thing), or the Mob, is the umbrella name of several clandestine organizations in Sicily and the United States. The rise of gangsterism U.S. Organized crime is lucrative.

Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, commonly referred to as the RICO Act or simply RICO, is a United States federal law that provides for extended criminal penalties and a civil cause of action for acts performed as part of an ongoing criminal organization. The RICO Act focuses specifically on racketeering, and it allows the leaders of a syndicate to be tried for the crimes which they ordered others to do or assisted them, closing a perceived loophole that allowed someone who told a man to, for example, murder, to be exempt from the trial because he did not actually commit the crime personally. RICO was enacted by section 901(a) of the Organized Crime Control Act of 1970 (Pub.L. 91–452, 84 Stat. 922, enacted October 15, 1970). Beginning in 1972, 33 States adopted state RICO laws to be able to prosecute similar conduct. Summary[edit] When the U.S. There is also a provision for private parties to sue. State laws[edit] RICO predicate offenses[edit] Famous cases[edit]

White-collar crime White-collar crime refers to financially motivated nonviolent crime committed by business and government professionals.[1] Within criminology, it was first defined by sociologist Edwin Sutherland in 1939 as "a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation." Typical white-collar crimes include fraud, bribery, Ponzi schemes, insider trading, embezzlement, cybercrime, copyright infringement, money laundering, identity theft, and forgery. Definitional issues[edit] Modern criminology generally rejects a limitation of the term by reference, rather classifies the type of crime and the topic: By the type of offense, e.g., property crime, economic crime, and other corporate crimes like environmental and health and safety law violations. Relationship to other types of crime[edit] Blue-collar crime[edit] The types of crime committed are a function of what is available to the potential offender. Corporate crime[edit] State-corporate crime[edit]

organized crime photo okami's photos - Buzznet Member Since: 2008-05-03 Relationship Status: owned by my felines Drink: No Smoke: Yes Education: Some College Occupation: retired About Me: former US Marine, retired police Favorite Music: Rob Zombie, Jimi Hendrix, Neil Young, Bo Diddley, Fatboy Slim, The Raveonettes. . .way, way too many to list Favorite Movies: anything by Akira Kurosawa, all the Godzilla movies (except for the crappy American remake), other than that numerous faorites in most genres Favorite TV Shows: none - i had the TV services shut off because everything was basically the same everywhere Favorite Books: my library contains thousands - i have favorite SERIES of books let alone indivudal faborites in all genres

Mexican Drug War The Mexican Drug War is an ongoing armed conflict among rival drug cartels fighting one another for regional control and against the Mexican government forces and civilian vigilante groups. Since 2006, when intervention with the Mexican military began, the government's principal goal has been to put down the drug-related violence.[47] Additionally, the Mexican government has claimed that their primary focus is on dismantling the powerful drug cartels, rather than on preventing drug trafficking, which is left to U.S. functionaries.[48][49][50] Although Mexican drug cartels, or drug trafficking organizations, have existed for several decades, they have become more powerful since the demise of the Colombian Cali and Medellín cartels in the 1990s. Analysts estimate that wholesale earnings from illicit drug sales[clarification needed] range from $13.6 billion[51] to $49.4 billion annually.[51][56][57] Background[edit] Presidency of Vicente Fox[edit] Mexican Army Drug sources and use[edit]

Organized Crime and Prohibition Organized Crime and Prohibition "The reign of tears is over. The slums will soon be a memory. We will turn our prisons into factories and our jails into storehouses and corncribs. Police funding: INCREASED $11.4 Million Arrests for Prohibition Las Violations: INCREASED 102+% Arrests for Drunkenness and Disorderly Conduct: INCREASED 41% Arrests of Drunken Drivers: INCREASED 81% Thefts and Burglaries: INCREASED 9% Homicides, Assault, and Battery: INCREASED 13% Number of Federal Convicts: INCREASED 561% Federal Prison Population: INCREASED 366% Total Federal Expenditures on Penal Institutions: INCREASED 1,000% "Not only did the number of serious crimes increase, but crime became organized. Chicago became home to Capone and many other organized crime gangs. Johnny Torrio Biography..............................................

Dada Dada (/ˈdɑːdɑː/) or Dadaism was an art movement of the European avant-garde in the early 20th century. Dada in Zurich, Switzerland, began in 1916, spreading to Berlin shortly thereafter, but the height of New York Dada was the year before, in 1915.[1] The term anti-art, a precursor to Dada, was coined by Marcel Duchamp around 1913 when he created his first readymades.[2] Dada, in addition to being anti-war, had political affinities with the radical left and was also anti-bourgeois.[3] Francis Picabia, Dame! Illustration for the cover of the periodical Dadaphone, n. 7, Paris, March 1920 Overview[edit] Francis Picabia, (left) Le saint des saints c'est de moi qu'il s'agit dans ce portrait, 1 July 1915; (center) Portrait d'une jeune fille americaine dans l'état de nudité, 5 July 1915: (right) J'ai vu et c'est de toi qu'il s'agit, De Zayas! Dada was an informal international movement, with participants in Europe and North America. To quote Dona Budd's The Language of Art Knowledge, Zurich[edit]

Human trafficking Human trafficking is the trade of humans, most commonly for the purpose of sexual slavery, forced labor or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others.[1][2] This may encompass providing a spouse in the context of forced marriage,[3][4][5] or the extraction of organs or tissues,[6][7] including for surrogacy and ova removal.[8] Human trafficking can occur within a country or trans-nationally. Human trafficking is a crime against the person because of the violation of the victim's rights of movement through coercion and because of their commercial exploitation. Human trafficking is the trade in people, and does not necessarily involve the movement of the person from one place to another. Human trafficking represented an estimated $31.6 billion of international trade per annum in 2010.[9] Human trafficking is thought to be one of the fastest-growing activities of trans-national criminal organizations.[10] Overview[edit] Definition[edit] Revenue[edit] Usage of the term[edit]

Gambino crime family The rise of what for a time was the most powerful crime family in America began in 1957, the day Albert Anastasia was assassinated while sitting in a barber chair at the Park-Sheraton Hotel in Manhattan. Experts believe Carlo Gambino helped orchestrate the hit to take over the family. Gambino partnered with Meyer Lansky to control gambling interests in Cuba. History[edit] Origins[edit] D'Aquila gang[edit] The origins of the Gambino crime family can be traced back to the D'Aquila gang of Manhattan. In 1910, Giuseppe Morello and his second-in-command, Ignazio Saietta, were sentenced to 30 years in prison for counterfeiting. New York gangs[edit] By 1910, more Italian gangs had formed in New York City. In 1917, D'Aquila successfully absorbed the two Camorra gangs. Prohibition[edit] In 1920, the United States outlawed the production and sale of alcoholic beverages (Prohibition), creating the opportunity for an extremely lucrative illegal racket for the New York gangs. Castellammarese War[edit]

Gang A gang is a group of recurrently associating individuals or close friends with identifiable leadership and internal organization, identifying with or claiming control over territory in a community, and engaging either individually or collectively in violent or other forms of illegal behavior.[2] Some criminal gang members are "jumped in" or have to prove their loyalty by committing acts such as theft or violence. Although gangs exist internationally, there is a greater level of study and knowledgeable information of gangs specifically in the United States. A member of a gang is called a gangster. Definition[edit] Gangs are most prominent in larger cities and urban areas in many countries such as the United States, and in prisons and jails. The word "gang" derives from the past participle of Old English gan, meaning "to go". History[edit] The 17th century saw London "terrorized by a series of organized gangs",[8] some of them known as the Mims, Hectors, Bugles, and Dead Boys.

Organized Crime Enablers | World Economic Forum - Organized Crime Enablers Organized crime exacts a multibillion dollar cost on legitimate business, distorts markets and causes widespread ill-effects on society. Fuelled by the same forces of globalization that have expanded trade, communications and information worldwide, criminal syndicates now have unprecedented reach into the lives of ordinary people but also into the affairs of multinational companies and governments worldwide. The transnational and networked nature of organized crime requires efforts to combat its illicit activities not only on the part of criminal law, but also calls for greater attention to be paid to the enabling elements of organized crime activities. For this reason, the 2012 report of the Global Agenda Council on Organized Crime focuses on the enablers of organized crime. This report is a publication of the Global Agenda Council on Organized Crime

Parting phrase Parting phrases are elements of parting traditions, phrases used to acknowledge the parting of individuals or groups of people from each other. Parting phrases are specific to culture and situation, varying between persons based on social status and personal relationship. Examples[edit] In English, there are formal and informal ways of saying goodbye. Generic ways to say goodbye[edit] Other, more specific phrases[edit] Religious and traditional parting phrases[edit] Some phrases, such as "Live long and prosper," "May the Force be with you," and "I'll be back" are taken from films. Written[edit] Most of spoken phrases may also be used in written communication, but there are some specialized ones. Various cultures historically have elaborate epistolary traditions, in particular how to end a letter, which is seen as a parting with the invisible partner in dialogue. In English, letters are ended with the sender's name (for example, John Doe). See also[edit] References[edit]