How to Make Candles - How to Make Soap - Soap Making - Candle Making - Handmade Candles - Homemade Soap Ultimate Collection of Leather Resources | Brought to You by Sofas and Sectionals Leather, a flexible and durable material created from animal rawhide and through a tanning process, comes in a variety forms. Leather undergoes a long, arduous process to produce luxurious and tough material that can be found in books, automobiles, shoes, jackets, drum heads, and dog chews. Leather has an extensive history, sometimes used for armory after hardening, and becomes increasingly popular to preserve documents and other important texts. Various Leather Production Processes: The manufacturing process of leather entails three different sub-processes, including prepping, tanning, and crusting stages. Langston University: Tanning Goat Hides (PDF) – An extensive guide authored by Dr. Leather Forms and Types: There are various leather forms and types manufactured for many different products. Conservation Online: Vegetable-tanned Leather – Vegetable-tanned leather consists of a process using tannin and other additives found in vegetation. Environmental Impact of Leather Tanning:
Primitive/Grunge Candles How to make... Materials: Medium melt point wax for pillars (around 135-140)Additive of preference (stearic, vybar, etc.)Candle dye/colorFragrance oilPillar mold (whatever size you wish)Wicking for pillars in appropriate sizeDipping Can or extra pitcher"Grunge" stuff: herbs, spices, potpourri, sand, oatmeal, rosehips, candy, etc. Instructions: First make a core pillar as you normally would using wax, additive, color and scent.Be sure to make enough wax for the pillar, repours and extra for overdipping. There are a few different ways to "grunge" your candle: 1) Dip your candle into the pitcher of melted leftover wax, then quickly roll candle in your "grunge" mixture (you can use a sheet of waxed paper to roll it on). 2) Add your grunge mixture to the leftover wax in your pitcher or dipping can, and dip your candle into the grungie wax until desired look is achieved. You may leave the candle as is, or you can do an overdip in the same color wax, or clear wax depending on what look you prefer.
How To Brain Tan Deer & Elk Skins From handouts made at Victoria Settlement Provincial Historic Site. Used with permission. To tan your deer or elk skins the traditional Indian way takes hard work and patience. The Indians have used the brain tanning method for centuries. To begin the tanning process, carefully skin the animal without cutting even the smallest knife holes in the skin. Flesh and wash the hide until all blood, membrane and fat have been cleaned from the skin. The simplest way to flesh a hide is to stretch it across a peeled log, or cover a wooden sawhorse with some padding and stretch the hide, then begin scraping and trimming every inch. After you have scraped and cleaned the flesh side of the animal, fill a large tub or container with cold clean water. If you find it difficult to deal with the odour, you c an change the lye-ash water several times, but it will slow down the hair slipping process. Sometimes the Indian would smoke the hide for color as well as to preserve it.
Soap Making for Dummies *Soap Making for Dummies*By: AFarmer01 November 2004 One of the things I have always wanted to do is learn how to make my own soap. I saw the recipes and couldn't see how those ingredients would make soap. I had to set that aside and go with it. But I was always stonewalled when it came to making the kind of soap I really wanted to make - pine tar soap. It is virtually unavailable except in some specialty catalogs and the Internet. I presented the question to the rubicon Back to Basics board where vertex jumped right in and directed me to site where pine tar was discussed. Using one of vertex's recipe's I set out to make my first batch of soap. Working in my garage, I was ready to sit and stir for the next 15-20 minutes until the mixture started to trace. I closed up the garage and let the newly poured soap set over night. The greatest invention I've found in soap molds are the "massage" molds. 1/4 cup Lye 6 oz distilled water 1 cup.
How To Make Moccasins The most comfortable moccasins in the world… This last summer Wilderness Youth Project took a group of teenagers on a trip up the coast experiencing elements of survival such as sleeping in a debris hut, making fire by friction and eating wild edibles. One of our most popular activities was going through the entire process of brain tanning a deer hide and then making something from the leather. It took much persistence from all the participants to complete three skins but when the smoking was done we had three beautiful hides to work with. Some of us made medicine pouches or wallets but most of us made moccasins custom made to fit our feet. Do you want to know how to make moccasins? Below are directions on how to make moccasins for you. Happy Sewing!!! Materials for making moccasins: Artificial sinewGlovers needlesOld paper bagLeather (at least 20”x16”)Pen Cut up an old paper bag and stand while tracing your left foot with a small seam allowance (about 1/8”).
Making Buckskin Introduction Making buckskin from a raw deer hide is not difficult. Although it requires a bit of 'elbow grease', the reward is a beautifully supple, light-colored, leather cloth. It gives me an added pleasure in knowing I am using another part of a magnificent animal. Although the white-tailed deer is the local source of choice for buckskin, the term applies equally well to the hides of elk, antelope, goat, and caribou. There are many variations on the process used to create buckskin. Tools and Materials The tools and materials you will need are not expensive or difficult to come by: A fleshing beam. Dehairing The first step is to wash the hide in fresh water. Add the deer hide to the lye solution. Fleshing While still in the dehairing solution, and while wearing your body protection, pull as much of the hair off as you can by hand. Remove the nearly-hairless skin from the lye solution and rinse it in clean water. Tanning I prepare the tanning solution in my kitchen.
Deer Hide Tanning A good portion of your deer's live weight is made up by the hide. Having a tanned hide from a deer that you have taken can add to your sense of accomplishment. It is also a good feeling to know that nothing has gone to waste. Tanning Deer Hides Skin your deer keeping the hide in one piece. After the hide is removed from the carcass, be sure to skin the tail as well. Follow the 7 steps outlined below: Step 1The first and most important step in tanning your deer hide is to remove the fat, membranous tissue and any remaining flesh from the deer skin. Step 2To remove the hair from the hide and make a buckskin, do the following: In a large plastic garbage can mix: 1 gallon of hardwood ashes 2 pounds of household (slaked) lime 5 gallons of warm water Stir the above mixture until it is dissolved. Step 3Rinse the hide with water. Step 4In a small plastic bucket, dissolve 1 pound of alum in one gallon of warm water. Step 5Tack the wet hide to a flat surface such as a sheet of plywood.