Aspartame controversy The artificial sweetener aspartame has been the subject of several controversies since its initial approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1974. The FDA approval of aspartame was highly contested, with critics alleging that the quality of the initial research supporting its safety was inadequate and flawed and that conflicts of interest marred the 1981 approval of aspartame. In 1987, the U.S. Government Accountability Office concluded that the food additive approval process had been followed properly for aspartame. The irregularities fueled a conspiracy theory, which circulated along with claims, counter to the weight of medical evidence, that numerous health conditions (such as multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus, methanol toxicity, blindness, spasms, shooting pains, seizures, headaches, depression, anxiety, memory loss, birth defects and death) are caused by the consumption of aspartame in normal doses in the "Nancy Markle" email hoax.
Learning Styles - Learning Effectively by Understanding Your Learning Preferences Understanding Learning Preferences Identifying your preferred style of learning can make gaining new knowledge and skills easier. Have you ever tried to learn something fairly simple, yet failed to grasp the key ideas? Or tried to teach people and found that some were overwhelmed or confused by something quite basic? If so, you may have experienced a clash of learning styles: your learning preferences and those of your instructor or audience may not have been aligned. When this occurs, not only is it frustrating for everyone, the communication process breaks down and learning fails. Once you know your own natural learning preference, you can work on expanding the way you learn, so that you can learn in other ways, not just in your preferred style. And, by understanding learning styles, you can learn to create an environment in which everyone can learn from you, not just those who use your preferred style. The Index of Learning Styles™ You can see these in figure 1, below. Balance is key. Tip:
Diabetes mellitus Der Diabetes mellitus (DM) („honigsüßer Durchfluss“, griechisch διαβήτης, von altgriechisch διαβαίνειν diabainein, „hindurchgehen“, „hindurchfließen“ und lateinisch mellitus „honigsüß“), umgangssprachlich kurz: Diabetes oder Zuckerkrankheit ist die Bezeichnung für eine Gruppe von Stoffwechselkrankheiten. Das Wort beschreibt deren Hauptsymptom, die Ausscheidung von Zucker im Urin. In der Antike wurde die Diagnose durch eine Geschmacksprobe des Urins gestellt, denn der Harn von Personen mit Diabetes weist bei erhöhtem Blutzuckerspiegel einen süßlichen Geschmack auf. Diabetes mellitus ist der Sammelbegriff für verschiedene (heterogene) Stoffwechselstörungen, deren Leitbefund eine Überzuckerung des Blutes (Hyperglykämie) ist. Zur Geschichte der Diabetologie und insbesondere der Geschichte des Wirkstoffs Insulin siehe Geschichte der Diabetologie. Physiologische Grundlagen[Bearbeiten] Die Bauchspeicheldrüse erzeugt in den β-Zellen der Langerhansschen Inseln das Hormon Insulin.
Cancer Cancer The causes of cancer are diverse, complex, and only partially understood. Many things are known to increase the risk of cancer, including tobacco use, dietary factors, certain infections, exposure to radiation, lack of physical activity, obesity, and environmental pollutants. These factors can directly damage genes or combine with existing genetic faults within cells to cause cancerous mutations. Approximately 5–10% of cancers can be traced directly to inherited genetic defects. Many cancers could be prevented by not smoking, eating more vegetables, fruits and whole grains, eating less meat and refined carbohydrates, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising, minimizing sunlight exposure, and being vaccinated against some infectious diseases. Cancer can be detected in a number of ways, including the presence of certain signs and symptoms, screening tests, or medical imaging. Definitions There is no one definition that describes all cancers. Signs and symptoms Causes
Jerry Sanders (businessman) Walter Jeremiah Sanders III (born September 12, 1936) is a co-founder and was a long-time CEO of the American semiconductor manufacturer Advanced Micro Devices (AMD). Jerry Sanders III grew up in the South Side of Chicago, Illinois, raised by his paternal grandparents. He was once attacked and beaten by a street gang leaving him so covered in blood that a priest was called to administer the last rites. He attended the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign on an academic scholarship from the Pullman railroad car company. He graduated with his bachelor's degree in engineering in 1958. After graduation he went to work for the Douglas Aircraft Company. He eventually moved to Motorola, then to Fairchild Semiconductor. In 1968 Sherman Fairchild brought a new management team into Fairchild Semiconductor, led by C. In 1969 a group of Fairchild engineers decided to start a new company, which became Advanced Micro Devices (AMD). He drove the company through hard times as well.
Deutsche Diabetes-Gesellschaft Die Deutsche Diabetes-Gesellschaft (DDG) ist eine wissenschaftliche Fachgesellschaft zur Erforschung und Behandlung des Diabetes mellitus (Zuckerkrankheit). Gegründet wurde sie am 7. April 1964; sie ist als gemeinnütziger Verein eingetragen. Sie veranstaltet eine jährliche wissenschaftliche Tagung (den Jahreskongress der DDG). Sie vergibt die Paul-Langerhans-Medaille und den Ferdinand-Bertram-Preis und den Werner-Creutzfeldt-Preis. Ihr Organ ist die Zeitschrift „Diabetologie und Stoffwechsel“ (Georg Thieme Verlag); abgekürzt: Diabetologie. Zusammen mit der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Endokrinologie, den Berufsverbänden Deutscher Internisten, Deutscher Endokrinologen und Deutscher Diabetologen bildet die Deutsche Diabetes-Gesellschaft den Dachverband „Endokrinologie/Diabetologie“. Die DDG ist Mitglied der Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wissenschaftlichen Medizinischen Fachgesellschaften (AWMF).
Water fluoridation controversy The water fluoridation controversy arises from political, moral, ethical, and safety concerns regarding the fluoridation of public water supplies. The controversy occurs mainly in English-speaking countries, as Continental Europe has ceased water fluoridation. Those opposed argue that water fluoridation may cause serious health problems, is not effective enough to justify the costs, and has a dosage that cannot be precisely controlled. In some countries, fluoride is added to table salt. At the dosage recommended for water fluoridation, the only known adverse effect is dental fluorosis, which can alter the appearance of children's teeth during tooth development. Dental fluorosis is cosmetic and unlikely to represent any other effect on public health. Despite opponents' concerns, water fluoridation has been effective at reducing cavities in both children and adults. Ethics Safety Efficacy Statements against water fluoridation Neutral statement Use throughout the world
| International Diabetes Federation Life for a Child News The Programme Saving the lives of children in developing countries Donate Give the gift of life to a child Partners Helping Life for a Child save lives Education Resources For children and adolescents Life for a Child film series Showcasing the work of the Programme YouTube Channel Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) Awareness Poster campaign Updates and publications Learn more about Life for a Child activities Monsanto Founded in 1901 by John Francis Queeny, by the 1940s Monsanto was a major producer of plastics, including polystyrene and synthetic fibers. Notable achievements by Monsanto and its scientists as a chemical company included breakthrough research on catalytic asymmetric hydrogenation and being the first company to mass-produce light emitting diodes (LEDs). The company also formerly manufactured controversial products such as the insecticide DDT, PCBs, Agent Orange, and recombinant bovine somatotropin (a.k.a. bovine growth hormone). Monsanto was among the first to genetically modify a plant cell, along with three academic teams, which was announced in 1983, and was among the first to conduct field trials of genetically modified crops, which it did in 1987. It remained one of the top 10 U.S. chemical companies until it divested most of its chemical businesses between 1997 and 2002, through a process of mergers and spin-offs that focused the company on biotechnology. History