Develop Systems Thinking To cope with complexity, leaders have been taught to divide things into simpler component parts and to manage these as best they can. This often leads to today’s solutions creating tomorrow’s problems. Systems thinking is required for long term leadership success in our complex world. This Workplace Development Guide provides 10 activities to develop your systems thinking while you work. Systems thinking will give you a more accurate picture of reality so that you can work with a system's natural forces in order to achieve the results you desire. Your solutions will have greater viability in the long term through mitigating unintended consequences. 'Develop Systems Thinking' is one of a series of Workplace Development Guides designed to provide you with practical and convenient e-learning activities that you can integrate with your everyday work as part of your ongoing leadership development. Purchase in 3 easy steps
The Paradigm Shift of Systems Theory I. The Perspective of Systems Theory and its Relationship to the Traditional Mainstream Sciences, and its Approach to Mental Illness “Systems theory” is the name given to both a broad perspective and a large body of knowledge which has formed through the original efforts of many men and women in the last century, all of whom were working under the impulses of an important epistemological paradigm shift. The seeds that gave rise to systems theory were planted primarily in the field of cybernetics, a revolutionary science or “way of seeing” to which we must now turn for a deeper understanding of the present topic. This “quantum leap” of exploration, coupled with many events related to the second World War, led to a communion of thinkers and scientists from many disciplines coming together to share insights and create the basic bodies of information from which systems theory would be born. A Radical Shift Running for Cover To these pained souls, responses can be given. II.
THE GENERAL SYSTEM? REVIEWED by Charles Francois, Editor, International Encyclopedia of Cybernetics and Systemics By Thomas Mandel "A human being is part of the Whole...He experiences himself, his thoughts and feelings, as something separated from the rest...a kind of optical delusion of his consciousness. This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and to affection for a few persons nearest us. Our task must be to free ourselves from this prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature in its beauty. Nobody is able to achieve this completely, but the striving for such achievement is, in itself, a part of the liberation and a foundation for inner security".  "My friend, all theory is gray, and the Golden tree of life is green." It is time we, especially we in the systems movement, stop fighting amongst ourselves. The subject of a General Principle, a.k.a. The idea of a General System is not necessarily new.
Systems thinking Impression of systems thinking about society A system is composed of interrelated parts or components (structures) that cooperate in processes (behavior). Natural systems include biological entities, ocean currents, the climate, the solar system and ecosystems. Designed systems include airplanes, software systems, technologies and machines of all kinds, government agencies and business systems. Systems Thinking has at least some roots in the General System Theory that was advanced by Ludwig von Bertalanffy in the 1940s and furthered by Ross Ashby in the 1950s. The term Systems Thinking is sometimes used as a broad catch-all heading for the process of understanding how systems behave, interact with their environment and influence each other. Systems thinking has been applied to problem solving, by viewing "problems" as parts of an overall system, rather than reacting to specific parts, outcomes or events and potentially contributing to further development of unintended consequences.
BBC Systems Practice - Managing Complexity Copyrighted image Credit: The Open University Open2.net fades away... For ten years, give or take, Open2.net was the online home of Open University and BBC programming. Over the last few months, though, we've been moving into OpenLearn, creating one home for all The Open University's free learning content. It means we share a home with the Open University's iTunesU and YouTube channels, and much more besides. You can use the navigation at the top of this page to explore what we have on offer. There's lots to do - you could watch Evan Davis exploring the state of British manufacturing7; explore the frozen planet8; get to know the science and history of the Olympics9 or have a look at our free courses. Most of the content from Open2.net has been brought across; if you've landed here after typing or searching for an Open2.net URL then you're probably looking for something that fitted into one of these categories: Open2 forums We still want you to join in, comment and share your views.
untitled Critical Thinking Course Description: Critical Thinking is an introductory course in the principles of good reasoning. It covers pretty much the same subject as what is usually taught in practical logic, informal reasoning or the study of argumentation. This means that the main focus of the course lies in arguments, their nature, their use and their import. In this regard, a course in Critical Thinking comes very close to the study of classical Logic as it pertains to our natural language. However, there are two major differences. The above features make Critical Thinking at once less formal and more dynamic than Logic. The present course is designed to serve as a methodical preparation for more effective reasoning and improved cognitive skills. The course includes the following areas of study: Introductory: Concepts, Propositions. Course Texts: The course is based on these textbooks and their incorporated or accompanying materials. Format: Objectives: Requirements: Exams: Grading:
What is Systems Theory? Systems theory is an interdisciplinary theory about the nature of complex systems in nature, society, and science, and is a framework by which one can investigate and/or describe any group of objects that work together to produce some result. This could be a single organism, any organization or society, or any electro-mechanical or informational artifact. As a technical and general academic area of study it predominantly refers to the science of systems that resulted from Bertalanffy's General System Theory (GST), among others, in initiating what became a project of systems research and practice. Systems theoretical approaches were later appropriated in other fields, such as in the structural functionalist sociology of Talcott Parsons and Niklas Luhmann. Overview Margaret Mead was an influential figure in systems theory. Contemporary ideas from systems theory have grown with diversified areas, exemplified by the work of Béla H. A system from this Russell Ackoff, Béla H. History Cybernetics
Understanding Delays 2.2 Studying the First Order Negative Feedback System with Excel I program the system in Excel and carry out further experiments. I also notice the programming task becomes much easier. 2.2.1 First Order Negative Feedback Loop Responseto a Step in the The first driver function I use for the First Order Negative Feedback model is the Step. First Order Negative Feedback System Structure I formulate the model in the spreadsheet as per the below. System Response to Step in the Inflow Rate Note: the Level increases until the outflow rate rises to equal the inflow rate. This test confirms my sketch. 2.2.2 First Order Negative Feedback Loop Responseto a Step in the Target I continue to experiment with the Step function. Target as Driver System Response to Step in the Target Note: the Level increases by the value of the Target i.e. 5 cups. The Gap decreases from a value of 8 cups to 3 cups at time = 2 seconds and then grows asymptotically by 5 cups to its initial value of 8 cups. Inflow Rate as Driver
Current Thinking - Systems Thinking Thinking with systems—Part 1 | Beyond this Brief Anomaly This week’s post is the first in a three-part introduction to the formal language of energy, as a foundation for subsequent discussion about just what it is that the energy concept deals with. My aim is to cover some essential ideas here—where they come from, how they relate to one another—in sufficient detail for later inquiry into the higher-level relationships between energy and societal futures. A central purpose of the approach I’m advocating is to maintain a connection between our understanding and use of energy-related concepts, and day-to-day experience of our physical world. It’s my contention that we might then be better placed to appreciate and respond to the societal dilemmas we’re confronted with through clear eyes—as free as possible from the fog of confused conceptions. In last week’s post, I introduced the energy concept as the capacity to do work or transfer heat. In the most straightforward terms, what it is, is a system. An introduction to systems
System dynamics Dynamic stock and flow diagram of model New product adoption (model from article by John Sterman 2001) System dynamics is an approach to understanding the behaviour of complex systems over time. It deals with internal feedback loops and time delays that affect the behaviour of the entire system. What makes using system dynamics different from other approaches to studying complex systems is the use of feedback loops and stocks and flows. These elements help describe how even seemingly simple systems display baffling nonlinearity. Overview System dynamics (SD) is a methodology and mathematical modeling technique for framing, understanding, and discussing complex issues and problems. Convenient GUI system dynamics software developed into user friendly versions by the 1990s and have been applied to diverse systems. System dynamics is an aspect of systems theory as a method for understanding the dynamic behavior of complex systems. History Topics in systems dynamics
Sociotechnical systems Sociotechnical systems (STS) in organizational development is an approach to complex organizational work design that recognizes the interaction between people and technology in workplaces. The term also refers to the interaction between society's complex infrastructures and human behaviour. In this sense, society itself, and most of its substructures, are complex sociotechnical systems. The term sociotechnical systems was coined by Eric Trist, Ken Bamforth and Fred Emery, World War II era, based on their work with workers in English coal mines at the Tavistock Institute in London. Sociotechnical systems pertains to theory regarding the social aspects of people and society and technical aspects of organizational structure and processes. Overview Sociotechnical refers to the interrelatedness of social and technical aspects of an organization. Principles Responsible autonomy Adaptability The second issue is that of complexity. Whole tasks Job enrichment