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Mythology[edit] Loki cuts the hair of the goddess Sif. Frequently the Trickster figure exhibits gender and form variability, changing gender roles and even occasionally engaging in same-sex practices. Such figures appear in Native American and First Nations mythologies, where they are said to have a two-spirit nature. Loki, the Norse trickster, also exhibits gender variability, in one case even becoming pregnant. He shares the ability to change genders with Odin, the chief Norse deity who also possesses many characteristics of the Trickster. In some cultures, there are dualistic myths, featuring two demiurges creating the world, or two culture heroes arranging the world — in a complementary manner. British scholar Evan Brown suggested that Jacob in the Bible has many of the characteristics of the Trickster: Coyote[edit] Coyote often has the role of trickster as well as a clown in traditional stories. More often than not Coyote is a trickster, but he is always different. Archetype[edit] Related:  Recurring themes in mythologyNaturaleza del Trickster

Underworld Yggdrasil, a modern attempt to reconstruct the Norse world tree which connects the heavens, the world, and the underworld. The legs of the god Vishnu as the Cosmic Man depict earth and the seven realms of the Hindu underworld of Patala. The feet rest on cosmic serpent Shesha. Underworlds by mythology[edit] This list includes underworlds in various mythology, with links to corresponding articles. Underworld rulers[edit] This list includes rulers or guardians of the underworld in various mythologies, with links to corresponding articles. See also[edit] References[edit]

intimidación Loki Loki, from an 18th-century Icelandic manuscript In both the Poetic Edda and the Prose Edda, the goddess Skaði is responsible for placing a serpent above him while he is bound. The serpent drips venom from above him that Sigyn collects into a bowl; however, she must empty the bowl when it is full, and the venom that drips in the meantime causes Loki to writhe in pain, thereby causing earthquakes. With the onset of Ragnarök, Loki is foretold to slip free from his bonds and to fight against the gods among the forces of the jötnar, at which time he will encounter the god Heimdallr and the two will slay each other. Loki is referred to in the Poetic Edda, compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources; the Prose Edda and Heimskringla, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson; the Norwegian Rune Poems, in the poetry of skalds, and in Scandinavian folklore. Names The etymology of the name Loki has yet to be solved. The name Hveðrungr (Old Norse '? Attestations Poetic Edda

Solar deity Statue of Hathor – Luxor Museum The winged sun was an ancient (3rd millennium BC) symbol of Horus, later identified with Ra A solar deity (also sun god/dess) is a sky deity who represents the Sun, or an aspect of it, usually by its perceived power and strength. Solar deities and sun worship can be found throughout most of recorded history in various forms. Overview[edit] The Neolithic concept of a solar barge, the sun as traversing the sky in a boat, is found in the later myths of ancient Egypt, with Ra and Horus. Mesopotamian Shamash plays an important role during the Bronze Age, and "my Sun" is eventually used as an address to royalty. During the Roman Empire, a festival of the birth of the Unconquered Sun (or Dies Natalis Solis Invicti) was celebrated on the winter solstice—the "rebirth" of the sun—which occurred on December 25 of the Julian calendar. Africa[edit] The Tiv people consider the Sun to be the son of the supreme being Awondo and the Moon Awondo's daughter. Buddhism[edit]

Deus Ludens (1) El Dios creador del Antiguo Testamento ha jugado desde la eternidad y hasta nuestros tiempos; sus actos lúdicos se expresan en el gozo de la creación y en la bendición de la creatura que tiene como compañera de juego. El acto creador de Dios es el juego más grande que Dios ha tenido con el mundo; una danza plenamente creadora que Dios hace por complacencia, en referencia a esto, el libro de Los Proverbios trae una clara alusión al juego de Dios antes, durante y después de la creación, que refuerza la imagen teológica del Deus ludens: “yo estaba entonces junto a él, como aprendiz yo era su encanto cotidiano, todo el tiempo jugaba en su presencia jugaba con la bola de la tierra, disfrutaba con los hombres” (Pro 8, 30-31). El autor de Los Proverbios ha querido enfatizar la eterna y gozosa presencia de la Sabiduría con actos lúdicos. Todo lo anterior quiere decir que el hombre es un compañero voluntario de juego, danza y alabanza ( Cfr. Profesor Tomas Bolañ

Sleipnir Additionally, Sleipnir is mentioned in a riddle found in the 13th century legendary saga Hervarar saga ok Heiðreks, in the 13th century legendary saga Völsunga saga as the ancestor of the horse Grani, and book I of Gesta Danorum, written in the 12th century by Saxo Grammaticus, contains an episode considered by many scholars to involve Sleipnir. Sleipnir is generally accepted as depicted on two 8th century Gotlandic image stones; the Tjängvide image stone and the Ardre VIII image stone. Scholarly theories have been proposed regarding Sleipnir's potential connection to shamanic practices among the Norse pagans. In modern times, Sleipnir appears in Icelandic folklore as the creator of Ásbyrgi, in works of art, literature, software, and in the names of ships. Attestations[edit] Poetic Edda[edit] Prose Edda[edit] An illustration of Odin riding Sleipnir from an 18th-century Icelandic manuscript. In chapter 16 of the book Skáldskaparmál, a kenning given for Loki is "relative of Sleipnir 36.

Sky father "Sky Father" is a direct translation of the Vedic Dyaus Pita, etymologically identical to the Greek Zeus Pater.[1] While there are numerous parallels adduced from outside of Indo-European mythology, the concept is far from universal (e.g. Egyptian mythology has a "Heavenly Mother"). "Sky Father" in historical mythology[edit] "Nomadic" hypothesis[edit] In late 19th century opinions on comparative religion, in a line of thinking that begins with Friedrich Engels and J. J. This view was stylized as reflecting not only a conflict of nomadism vs. agriculturalism but of "patriarchy" vs. Reception in modern culture[edit] The theory about earth goddesses, sky father, and patriarchal invaders was a stirring tale that fired various imaginations. See also[edit] References[edit]

Dogville Dogville es una película del año 2003 dirigida por Lars von Trier y protagonizada por Nicole Kidman. Es la primera película de la trilogía Estados Unidos: tierra de oportunidades, seguida por Manderlay de 2005 y Washington, aún por realizar. La cinta compitió en la sección oficial del Festival de Cannes de 2003. Sinopsis[editar] La película se desarrolla en un pueblo llamado Dogville en Colorado, Estados Unidos, durante los años de la depresión. Los acontecimientos se dividen en nueve capítulos que narran las vivencias de Grace con el resto de los vecinos (apenas dos decenas de habitantes). Grace será el referente simbólico que transmita los valores de la humildad durante la película. Curiosidades[editar] Katrin Cartlidge iba a interpretar el papel de Vera pero falleció ese año. Enlaces externos[editar]

Jötunn The jötnar (anglicized jotunn or jotun, plural jötnar; /ˈjoʊtən/, /ˈjoʊtʊn/, or /ˈjɔːtʊn/; Icelandic: [ˈjœːtʏn]; from Old Norse jǫtunn /ˈjɔtunː/; often glossed as giant or ettin) can be seen throughout Norse mythology. The Jötnar are a mythological race that live in Jötunheimr, one of the nine worlds of Norse cosmology. They were banished there by the Æsir who refuse them entry to their world, Asgard. The Jötnar frequently interact with the Æsir, as well as the Vanir. Etymology[edit] In Old Norse, the beings were called jǫtnar (singular jǫtunn, the regular reflex of the stem jǫtun- and the nominative singular ending -r), or risar (singular risi), in particular bergrisar ("mountain-risar"), or þursar (singular þurs), in particular hrímþursar ("rime-thurs"). Norse jötnar[edit] Origins[edit] The first living being formed in the primeval chaos known as Ginnungagap was a giant of monumental size, called Ymir. Character of the jötnar[edit] Relationship with Nature[edit] The giantess Skaði

Psychopomp In Jungian psychology, the psychopomp is a mediator between the unconscious and conscious realms. It is symbolically personified in dreams as a wise man or woman, or sometimes as a helpful animal. In many cultures, the shaman also fulfills the role of the psychopomp. This may include not only accompanying the soul of the dead, but also vice versa: to help at birth, to introduce the newborn child's soul to the world (p. 36 of).[2] This also accounts for the contemporary title of "midwife to the dying", or "End of Life Doula" which is another form of psychopomp work. By region[edit] Africa[edit] Dead ancestors Egypt[edit] Nigeria[edit] Americas[edit] Aztec[edit] Xolotl Cahuilla[edit] Muut Inuit[edit] Mayan[edit] Ixtab United States[edit] Asia[edit] China[edit] Japan[edit] Shinigami Mesopotamia[edit] Namtar Persia[edit] Mithra Philippines[edit] Europe[edit] Anglo-Saxon[edit] Wōden Celtic[edit] Etruscan[edit] Greek[edit] Norse[edit] Roman[edit] Slavic[edit] Spanish[edit] Santa Compaña Welsh[edit] Gwyn ap Nudd Polynesia[edit]

Engaños, tretas y timos Power to the Jury: Jury nullification protects good people from bad laws List of lunar deities The Hindu Chandra, riding his celestial chariot. Moon in mythology[edit] Also of significance is that many religions and societies are oriented chronologically by the Moon as opposed to the sun. One common example is Hinduism in which the word Chandra means Moon and has religious significance during many Hindu festivals (e.g. The moon is also worshipped in witchcraft, both in its modern form and in Medieval times, for example, in the cult of Madonna Oriente. The moon features prominently in art and literature and also the purported influence of the moon in human affairs remains a feature of astrology and theology. North and South America[edit] Mesoamerica[edit] Ancient Near East[edit] Europe[edit] Asia[edit] Africa[edit] Oceania[edit] See also[edit] References[edit]

Juego, pruebas