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The Civil War as Photographed by Mathew Brady

The Civil War as Photographed by Mathew Brady
Background Many historians call the Civil War the central event in U.S. history. The formation of the Constitution corrected the autonomy of individual states that the Articles of Confederation did not harness. Still, the young country struggled for 75 years to find a graceful balance between the power of the federal government and the several states. The rights of states and the issue of slavery propelled the country into civil war. Today, America defines itself from that point forward, as it still seeks a more perfect union and equality for all its citizens. The sociology of the American Civil War can be viewed through a medium that was coming of age in the middle of the 19th century: photography. Other Resources The Library of Congress has over 1,000 photographs of the Civil War in its American Memory collection. McPherson, James. McPherson, James. The Valley of the Shadow: Two Communities in the American Civil War by historian Edward L. The Photographs Article Citation

Getting the Civil War Right Printer-friendly version William Faulkner famously wrote, “The past is never dead. It’s not even past.” He would not be surprised to learn that Americans, 150 years after the Civil War began, are still getting it wrong. During the last five years, I’ve asked several thousand teachers for the main reason the South seceded. When I ask them to vote, the results—and resulting discussions— convince me that no part of our history gets more mythologized than the Civil War, beginning with secession. My informal polls show that 55 to 75 percent of teachers—regardless of region or race—cite states’ rights as the key reason southern states seceded. These results are alarming because they are essentially wrong. The issue is critically important for teachers to see clearly. In short, this issue is a perfect example of what Faulkner meant when he said the past is not dead—it’s not even past. The Lost Cause Confederate sympathizers have long understood the importance of getting the Civil War wrong.

James Ostrowski - Lincoln's Secession Arguments by James Ostrowski* Paper delivered at the first-ever academic conference on secession--"Secession, State, and Economy", sponsored by the Mises Institute, Auburn, Alabama, held at the College of Charleston, Charleston, South Carolina, April 7-9, 1995. *Member of the bar of New York (1984); Brooklyn Law School (J.D. 1983); State University of New York at Buffalo (B.A. Philosophy, 1980). The author wishes to acknowledge the assistance of Trina Lowmaster (State University of New York at Buffalo, B.A. On May 27, 1861, the army of the United States of America (the "Union")--a nation formed by consecutive secessions, first from Great Britain in 1776, and then from itself in 17881--invaded the State of Virginia,2 which had recently seceded from the Union, in an effort to negate that secession by violent force. Beyond its immediate effects, the Civil War made drastic changes in politics and law that continue to shape our world 130 years later.

Secession" Secession, the withdrawal of part of a country or state from the central government's control. The withdrawal may be carried out peacefully or violently. Political conflicts that lead to secession are usually based on economic, cultural, or religious differences. In United States history the question of secession arose several times before the Civil War, but the term generally refers to the withdrawal of the Southern states from the Union in 1860–61. In the United States From the time the U.S. In 1803–04 a small number of New England Federalists, facing decreased political power as a result of the admission of Southern states to the Union, proposed a separate nation to be called the Northeastern Confederacy. To many Southerners the election to the Presidency in 1860 of Abraham Lincoln, who won with exclusively Northern support, placed in jeopardy both slavery and states' rights.

Donald Heald Original Antique Books Prints and Maps CARPENTER, Francis Bicknell (artist, 1830-1900). - Frederick W. HALPIN (1805-1880, engraver). Abraham Lincoln N.p.: copyright line dated 1866]. Steel engraved portrait, by Halpin after Carpenter, on India paper on original thick paper mount. A striking portrayal of one of the greatest American presidents A bust-length portrait of Lincoln with a beard looking half left, the image with integral engraved inscriptions, to the left "From life by F.B. The portrait captures some of the complexity of character and magnanimous presence of Lincoln. Carpenter achieved contemporary success and reputation with a series of portraits of notable figures in American public life, but is now best known for his painting First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation of President Lincoln, which hangs in the United States Capitol in Washington. Cf.

American Civil War The American Civil War was one of the earliest true industrial wars. Railroads, the telegraph, steamships, and mass-produced weapons were employed extensively. The mobilization of civilian factories, mines, shipyards, banks, transportation and food supplies all foreshadowed the impact of industrialization in World War I. It remains the deadliest war in American history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 750,000 soldiers and an undetermined number of civilian casualties. Causes of secession Slavery To settle the dispute over slavery expansion, Abolitionists and proslavery elements sent their partisans into Kansas, both using ballots and bullets. Republicans denounced the Dred Scott decision and promised to overturn it; Abraham Lincoln warned that the next Dred Scott decision could threaten the Northern states with slavery. States' rights Main article: States' rights Sectionalism and cotton trade Status of the states, 1861. States that seceded before April 15, 1861 Territories Protectionism

Lincolniana in 1996 Another year in the field of Lincoln scholarship has passed. Yet, judging from the following bibliography, the scholarship goes on unabated. Not only is Lincoln scholarship maintaining a steady output in the traditional area of print material but it is also expanding into the ever-widening influence of alternative sources. The works of multimedia products now available in CD-ROM format are expanding at a rate greater than any area in Lincoln scholarship except for the Internet. The number of Internet sites now devoted or partially dealing with Abraham Lincoln is amazing. This year's "Lincolniana" has expanded to include as many sources as could be identified. Articles "Abe Returns! Book, Video, and CD-ROM Reviews

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