The Return of the King Title Tolkien conceived of The Lord of the Rings as a single volume comprising six "books" plus extensive appendices. The original publisher split the work into three, publishing the fifth and sixth books with the appendices under the title The Return of the King. Tolkien felt the chosen title revealed too much of the story, and indicated he preferred The War of the Ring as a title. The proposed title for Book V was The War of the Ring. The Return of the King was in the end published as the third and final part of The Lord of the Rings, on 20 October 1955. Plot summary Book V: The War of the Ring The hosts of Mordor, led by the dreaded Witch-king of Angmar, succeed in breaking through the gates of Minas Tirith, but are in turn crushed by the arriving cavalry of Rohan. Gandalf realizes that Denethor—in his desperation—looked into the stone several times. Book VI: The Return of the King Critical reception In a review for The New York Times, W.H.
The Fellowship of the Ring The Fellowship of the Ring is the first of three volumes of the epic novel The Lord of the Rings by the English author J. R. R. Tolkien. Title and publication Tolkien conceived of The Lord of the Rings as a multiple volume with six sections he called "books" along with extensive appendices. Before the decision to publish The Lord of the Rings in three volumes was made, Tolkien had hoped to publish the novel in one volume, possibly also combined with The Silmarillion. Plot summary The Prologue is meant partly to help people who have not read The Hobbit to understand the events of that book. Book I: The Ring Sets Out Gandalf reveals that Sauron has risen again and returned to his stronghold in Mordor, and is exerting all his power toward the hunting of the Ring. At the hill of Weathertop, five of the Nazgûl attack the travellers, and the chief of the Nazgûl stabs Frodo in the shoulder with a cursed knife before Aragorn drives off the Nazgûl with torches. The poet W.H.
The Silmarillion The Silmarillion /sɪlməˈrɪlɨən/ is a collection of J. R. R. Tolkien's mythopoeic works, edited and published posthumously by his son, Christopher Tolkien, in 1977, with assistance from Guy Gavriel Kay, who later became a noted fantasy writer. After the success of The Hobbit, and prior to the publication of The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien's publisher requested a sequel to The Hobbit, and Tolkien sent them an early draft of The Silmarillion. The five parts were initially separate works, but it was the elder Tolkien's express wish that they be published together. Because J. Overview The Silmarillion, like Tolkien's other Middle-earth writings, was meant to have taken place at some time in Earth's past. In keeping with this idea, The Silmarillion is meant to have been translated from Bilbo's three-volume Translations from the Elvish, which he wrote while at Rivendell. Among the notable chapters in the book are: Synopsis Ainulindalë and Valaquenta Akallabêth
Category:Middle-earth books The scope of this category is books or writings by J. R. R. Tolkien about his Middle-earth legendarium. Books about the author and his works are in Category:Tolkien studies. Books or tales named in the books, and which are said to form the source material for Tolkien's work, are in Category:Middle-earth objects or in another suitable category. Subcategories This category has the following 6 subcategories, out of 6 total. Pages in category "Middle-earth books" The following 17 pages are in this category, out of 17 total.
Silmaril Appearance The Silmarils are not mere jewels which shine with a great light. The three Silmarils are in some sense both alive and sacred. How Fëanor, admittedly the greatest of the Noldor, was able to create these objects is not fully explained. Even the Valar, including Aulë, master of craftsmanship, could not copy them. Internal history Fëanor, son of Finwë, created the Silmarils—"the most renowned of all the works of the Elves"—from the light of the Two Trees. The Silmarils were hallowed by Varda, so that they would burn the hands of any evil creature or mortal who touched them (with the exception of Beren). Fëanor was furious at Melkor, whom he named Morgoth, "Dark Enemy of the World", and at the Valar's perceived desire to take the gems for their own purposes. One of the Silmarils was recovered by Beren and Lúthien through great peril and loss. See also References Further reading
Unfinished Tales Unfinished Tales (full title Unfinished Tales of Númenor and Middle-earth) is a collection of stories and essays by J. R. R. Tolkien that were never completed during his lifetime, but were edited by his son Christopher Tolkien and published in 1980. Unlike The Silmarillion, for which the narrative fragments were modified to connect into a consistent and coherent work, the Unfinished Tales are presented as Tolkien left them, with little more than names changed (the author having had a confusing habit of trying out different names for a character while writing a draft). Thus some of these are incomplete stories, while others are collections of information about Middle-earth. The commercial success of Unfinished Tales demonstrated that the demand for Tolkien's stories several years after his death was not only still present, it was growing. Contents Part One: The First Age: "Of Tuor and his Coming to Gondolin""Narn i Hîn Húrin (The Tale of the Children of Húrin)" Part Four
The Encyclopedia of Arda The Encyclopedia of Arda is a personal project - a tribute to and a celebration of the works of J.R.R. Tolkien. The site is evolving into an illustrated hypertext encyclopedia of Tolkien's realms and peoples. It already contains about four thousand entries, and we're constantly adding new entries and expanding existing ones. Inside the encyclopedia The Encyclopedia of Arda contains thousands of articles covering topics from J.R.R. You'll also find a selection of interactive tools, including a chronicle to help you explore Tolkien's fictional history, and calendar to translate dates and events, a lexicon of names, a glossary of old and rare words, and much more. Context and approach The content of the Encyclopedia is written in the same context as Tolkien himself used; he presented himself simply as a translator, rather than originator of the tales. About the name Arda Special thanks But the real Special Thanks, though, belong to the memory of J.R.R.
Exiles (Middle-earth) In J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth legendarium The Exiles are the Noldor who left under Fëanor and Fingolfin after the destruction of the Two Trees and robbery of the Silmarils. The Doom of Mandos was placed on them so that they could not return to Valinor. The Exiles were split into two groups during the Kinslaying at Alqualondë; Fëanor and his sons and followers took the ships they had acquired from the Teleri, leaving Fingolfin's followers behind. After the War of Wrath, the Doom was lifted and many of the Noldorin Exiles went back to the Undying Lands.
wiki John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, CBE (/ˈtɒlkiːn/ TOL-keen;[a] 3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor, best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion. He served as the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon and Fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford, from 1925 to 1945 and Merton Professor of English Language and Literature and Fellow of Merton College, Oxford from 1945 to 1959. He was at one time a close friend of C. S. Lewis—they were both members of the informal literary discussion group known as the Inklings. In 2008, The Times ranked him sixth on a list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945". Forbes ranked him the 5th top-earning "dead celebrity" in 2009. Biography Family origins Most of Tolkien's paternal ancestors were craftsmen. Childhood He could read by the age of four and could write fluently soon afterwards. Youth Courtship and marriage
Elf (Middle-earth) In J. R. R. Tolkien's legendarium, Elves are one of the races that inhabit a fictional Earth, often called Middle-earth, and set in the remote past. They appear in The Hobbit and in The Lord of the Rings, but their complex history is described more fully in The Silmarillion. Tolkien had been writing about Elves long before he published The Hobbit. The modern English word elf derives from the Old English word ælf (which has cognates in all other Germanic languages). By 1915 when Tolkien was writing his first elven poems, the words elf, fairy and gnome had many divergent and contradictory associations. By the late 19th century, the term 'fairy' had been taken up as a utopian theme, and was used to critique social and religious values, a tradition which Tolkien along with T. According to Marjorie Burns, Tolkien eventually chose the term elf over fairy, but still retained some doubts. The Sundering of the Elves as perceived after the Exile of the Noldor
Avari (Middle-earth) Since the Avari, unlike the Eldar, refused the invitation to the Undying Lands and preferred to stay in Middle-earth to the end of Time, it is assumed they did fade away. In "Quendi and Eldar", the Elf Eöl is said to be an Avar of the Second Clan. He is notorious for luring an elf lady, Aredhel, into his home and making her his wife. Although in the Silmarillion, he is described as a Teleri. According to the Comparative Tables of the Elvish languages, there were three groups of Avarin languages, not connected. The West Avarin group was nearest to the Eldarin languages (Sindarin, Telerin, Quenya).The North Avarin group was very peculiar, with no initial groups of consonants.The East Avarin group. In "Quendi and Eldar", names of six tribes of Avari in their own languages are given, all being cognates of the Quenya word Quendi (the Elves): Kindi, Cuind, Hwenti, Windan, Kinn-lai, and Penni. Jump up ^ Tolkien, J.R.R. (1977). Avari in the Lord of the Rings wikia
Silvan Elves In the First Age the Elves of Ossiriand, or Laiquendi, were also referred to as wood-elves. The War of the Last Alliance According to notes made by Tolkien after the publication of Lord of the Rings and found in Unfinished Tales, Oropher, the Sindarin king of the Silvan Elves of Mirkwood, or Greenwood the Great as it was then known, raised a large force as part of the Last Alliance to overthrow Sauron. During the first assault on Mordor, he disregarded Gil-galad's tactical plan and led a reckless charge in which he was slain along with two-thirds of his troops. Rule of the Silvan Elves and field command of their remaining strength passed to Oropher's son Thranduil, the father of Legolas. Mirkwood Lórien The Silvan Elves of Lórien are also called the Galadhrim, literally "tree-folk". See also References External links Silvan Elves at the Tolkien Gateway
Sindar The Sindar were happy in Middle-earth, but once the desire for the Sea was aroused in them, they could not be content until they sailed to Eldamar. Although less learned and powerful than the Calaquendi and less interested in crafts than the Noldor, they were extremely gifted in music, and their voices were very fair. Other Teleri also stayed behind: these were the friends of Ossë the Maia, who had fallen in love with the shores of Middle-earth, and did not wish to depart. Their leader was Círdan, and they established cities at Eglarest and Brithombar. They were known as the Falathrim, or Elves of the Falas (Shore). They were not part of the realm of Eglador, but still took Thingol as their King. Yet other stray bands of Teleri settled in Nevrast and Hithlum to the north of Eglador, although these did not form any realms. Just before the arrival of the Noldorin exiles, the Dark Lord Morgoth returned to his old stronghold of Angband, and his activities increased. Notable Sindar