Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us (9781594484803): Daniel H. Pink The Chocolate-and-Radish Experiment That Birthed the Modern Conception of Willpower - Hans Villarica - Health Psychologist Roy Baumeister reflects on his groundbreaking 1998 research on self-control and shares how it became the dominant theory despite its unpopular Freudian roots. A strong man from the late 19th century. Library of Congress Back in 1996, Roy Baumeister conducted an experiment that was downright evil. Together with his former Case Western Reserve University colleagues Ellen Bratslavsky, Mark Muraven, and Dianne Tice, he examined the effect of a tempting food challenge designed to deplete participants' willpower through the awful power of an unfulfilled promise of chocolate! In the first part of the trial, Baumeister kept the 67 study participants in a room that smelled of freshly baked chocolate cookies and then teased them further by showing them the actual treats alongside other chocolate-flavored confections. After the food bait-and-switch, Baumeister's team gave the participants a second, supposedly unrelated exercise, a persistence-testing puzzle. A 1919 Popular Science ad.
The Power of Habit: Why We Do What We Do in Life and Business (3520700000553): Charles Duhigg Mindset (book) Carol S. Dweck (born October 17, 1946) is the Lewis and Virginia Eaton Professor of Psychology at Stanford University. She graduated from Barnard College in 1967 and earned a Ph.D. from Yale University in 1972. She taught at Columbia University, Harvard University, and the University of Illinois before joining the Stanford faculty in 2004. Contributions Professor Dweck has primary research interests in motivation, personality, and development. "In a fixed mindset students believe their basic abilities, their intelligence, their talents, are just fixed traits. This is important because (1) individuals with a "growth" theory are more likely to continue working hard despite setbacks and (2) individuals' theories of intelligence can be affected by subtle environmental cues. Selected publications Dweck, C. Sources See also Goal orientation References
The Fifth Discipline: Peter M. Senge: 9780553456349: Amazon.com Relaxation & Creativity: The Science of Sleeping on It | Moments of Genius by Sam McNerney Sigmund Freud postulated that dreaming is a reflection of the unleashed id; it represents one’s deep sexual fantasies and frustrations implanted during childhood. But what happens when we fall asleep is usually much less dramatic; we dream about the problems of everyday life. Now scientists understand dreaming as an integral part of the creative process – it’s not just about the problems of everyday life, it’s about solving them. In 2004, the neuroscientists Ullrich Wagner and Jan Born published a paper in Nature that examined the relationship between sleep and problem solving. They found that only 20 percent of the participants were sharp enough to spot the shortcut even though most wrestled the task for several hours. In terms of problem solving, the queen of dreams might be Deirdre Barrett, a professor at Harvard Medical School. After one week, Barrett found that about half of the students dreamt about their problem and about a quarter dreamt a solution.
Are You Smart Enough to Work at Google?: Trick Questions, Zen-like Riddles, Insanely Difficult Puzzles, and Other Devious Interviewing Techniques You ... Know to Get a Job Anywhere in the New Economy: William Poundstone: 9780316099981: Amazon.com Deirdre Barrett - The "Committee of Sleep" : A Study of Dream Incubation for Probelm Solving - Dreaming Articles Online from the journal of the Association for the Study of Dreams Dreaming, Vol. 3, No. 2, 1993 The “Committee of Sleep”: A Study of DreamIncubation for Problem Solving Deirdre Barrett Subjects incubated dreams addressing problems chosen by the dreamer nightly for one week. KEY WORDS: dreaming; problem solving; creativity; dream incubation. The French Surrealist poet, St. None of these quotes designate the dream as spokesperson for the committee of sleep. Inventions as varied as Elias Howe's sewing machine needle—with the hole Dream psychologists and historians take a variety of stances toward such anecdotes. Others not only believe such problem solving occurs spontaneously, but also advocate cultivating it by dream incubation.. Several research studies have examined different aspects of problem solving and dreams. Cartwright (1974) had subjects try to solve three types of problems: crossword puzzles, word association tests, and story completion. Two raters then judged all dreams in the week's journals on criteria A and B above. Table 1. See Table 3.