How walking through a doorway increases forgetting Like information in a book, unfolding events are stored in human memory in successive chapters or episodes. One consequence is that information in the current episode is easier to recall than information in a previous episode. An obvious question then is how the mind divides experience up into these discrete episodes? Dozens of participants used computer keys to navigate through a virtual reality environment presented on a TV screen. The key finding is that memory performance was poorer after travelling through an open doorway, compared with covering the same distance within the same room. But what if this result was only found because of the simplistic virtual reality environment? Another interpretation of the findings is that they have nothing to do with the boundary effect of a doorway, but more to do with the memory enhancing effect of context (the basic idea being that we find it easier to recall memories in the context that we first stored them).
Color Psychology by David Johnson Like death and taxes, there is no escaping color. It is ubiquitous. Yet what does it all mean? Why are people more relaxed in green rooms? Why do weightlifters do their best in blue gyms? Colors often have different meanings in various cultures. Black Black is the color of authority and power. White Brides wear white to symbolize innocence and purity. Red The most emotionally intense color, red stimulates a faster heartbeat and breathing. The most romantic color, pink, is more tranquilizing. Blue The color of the sky and the ocean, blue is one of the most popular colors. Green Currently the most popular decorating color, green symbolizes nature. Yellow Cheerful sunny yellow is an attention getter. Purple The color of royalty, purple connotes luxury, wealth, and sophistication. Brown Solid, reliable brown is the color of earth and is abundant in nature. Colors of the Flag In the U.S. flag, white stands for purity and innocence. Food for Thought
Pourquoi aurions-nous peur de la solitude? Nous vivons dans une société qui pense l’interdépendance comme un enrichissement; notre époque est overconnectée. Maintenant, plus que jamais, nous avons besoin d’instants de solitude. Être seul nous ouvre la possibilité de réguler et d’ajuster nos vies, nous apprend le courage et la capacité à satisfaire nos propres besoins, restaure notre énergie. La solitude est un combustible pour la vie. Être seul et s’engager dans des relations avec les autres sont les deux choses essentielles au bonheur et à la survie, ceux ci à égalité. La nature réclame la solitude. L’un n’empêche pas l’autre Notre erreur est de croire que les états de solitude et de lien à l’autre sont antagonistes. La solitude, comme l’anxiété ou la culpabilité, fait partie de la condition humaine. Nous avons peur de la solitude cependant que nous sommes heureux de trouver un temps à nous pour, par exemple, s’engager dans des activités propres. Nous ne sommes pas que grégaires Ne m’abandonne pas Ne me quitte pas Re-pense toi
Personality Patterns Based upon the International Personality Item Pool (IPIP) Everybody is curious about their personality, so psychology to the rescue! Our personality test is similar to the Myers Briggs (MBTI) and the Jung personality tests, and is based upon an open-source set of personality testing items. These items are based upon scientific research and will provide results typical of a five-factor model of personality. The five factors measured by this test are extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, and intellect/imagination. Please remember that these are only personality traits or preferences -- they do not predetermine every action you prefer in every situation. This test consists of just 50 questions and takes about 7 minutes for most people to complete. First, let's get started with some basic demographic information about you... Reference: Goldberg, L.
Neural balls and strikes: Where categories live in the brain Public release date: 15-Jan-2012 [ Print | E-mail Share ] [ Close Window ] Contact: Robert Mitchumrobert.firstname.lastname@example.org 773-484-9890University of Chicago Medical Center Hundreds of times during a baseball game, the home plate umpire must instantaneously categorize a fast-moving pitch as a ball or a strike. While monkeys played a computer game in which they had to quickly determine the category of a moving visual stimulus, neural recordings revealed brain activity that encoded those categories. "This is as close as we've come to the source of these abstract signals" said David Freedman, PhD, assistant professor of neurobiology at the University of Chicago. Organizing the chaos of the surrounding world into categories is one of the brain's key functions. "The number of decisions we make per minute is remarkable," Freedman said. During the task, scientists recorded neural activity in PFC and LIP.
Neuroscience of free will Neuroscience of free will is the part of neurophilosophy that studies the interconnections between free will and neuroscience. As it has become possible to study the living brain, researchers have begun to watch decision making processes at work. Findings could carry implications for our sense of agency and for moral responsibility and the role of consciousness in general. Relevant findings include the pioneering study by Benjamin Libet and its subsequent redesigns; these studies were able to detect activity related to a decision to move, and the activity appears to begin briefly before people become conscious of it. Other studies try to predict activity before overt action occurs. Taken together, these various findings show that at least some actions - like moving a finger - are initiated unconsciously at first, and enter consciousness afterward. A monk meditates. Overview -Patrick Haggard discussing an in-depth experiment by Itzhak Fried Criticisms
5 Psychological Experiments That Prove Humanity is Doomed Cracked.com's new book is now on sale. What follows is one of 22 classic articles that appear in the book, along with 18 new articles that you can't read anywhere else. Psychologists know you have to be careful when you go poking around the human mind because you're never sure what you'll find there. A number of psychological experiments over the years have yielded terrifying conclusions about the subjects. Oh, we're not talking about the occasional psychopath who turns up. The Asch Conformity Experiment (1953) The Setup: Solomon Asch wanted to run a series of studies that would document the power of conformity, for the purpose of depressing everyone who would ever read the results. Subjects were told that they would be taking part in a vision test, along with a handful of people. The Result: Questions the subjects were asked were like the puzzle shown here: All they had to do was say which line on the right matched the one on the left. ... and make sure you conform to it perfectly. C.
Sexonomics XEnvoyer cet article par e-mail Sexonomics XEnvoyer cet article par e-mailSexonomics Bonnes feuilles Dans un essai à paraître, une analyse des rapports homme/femme sous un angle purement capitaliste ouvre des perpectives nouvelles intellectuellement intéressantes mais incapable de résoudre la prochaine crise de votre couple. Depuis la nuit des temps, les hommes et les femmes divergent dans leur quête. Analysant l'accouplement des mantes religieuses aussi bien que les comportements dans la salle du conseil d'une grande entreprise, cet éminent professeur de sciences économiques nous entraîne dans un fantastique voyage à rebours des idées en vogue. Chaude soirée de printemps, à quelques kilomètres à l'ouest de Chicago. Ce bref épisode de feuilleton à l'eau de rose est trompeur, lui aussi. Les hommes et les femmes le font aussi. À première vue, cet argument peut paraître contradictoire. Cette logique mérite analyse. Penchons-nous tout d'abord sur le problème de la transparence.
Western University-led research debunks the IQ myth Public release date: 19-Dec-2012 [ Print | E-mail Share ] [ Close Window ] Contact: Jeff Renaudjrenaud9@uwo.ca 519-661-2111 x85165University of Western Ontario After conducting the largest online intelligence study on record, a Western University-led research team has concluded that the notion of measuring one's intelligence quotient or IQ by a singular, standardized test is highly misleading. The findings from the landmark study, which included more than 100,000 participants, were published today in the journal Neuron. Utilizing an online study open to anyone, anywhere in the world, the researchers asked respondents to complete 12 cognitive tests tapping memory, reasoning, attention and planning abilities, as well as a survey about their background and lifestyle habits. "The uptake was astonishing," says Owen, the Canada Excellence Research Chair in Cognitive Neuroscience and Imaging and senior investigator on the project. No one component, or IQ, explained everything. [ Print | E-mail
PsyArt: An Online Journal for the Psychological Study of the Arts The gestalt notion "figure-ground phenomenon" refers to the characteristic organization of perception into a figure that 'stands out' against an undifferentiated background. What is figural at any one moment depends on patterns of sensory stimulation and on the momentary interests of the perceiver. Figure-ground relationship is an important element of the way we organise reality in our awareness, including works of art. Poets may rely on our habitual figure-ground organisations in extra-linguistic reality to exploit our flexibility in shifting attention from one aspect to another so as to achieve certain poetic effects by inducing us to reverse the habitual figure-ground relationships. There was an old joke in Soviet Russia about a guard at the factory gate who at the end of every day saw a worker walking out with a wheelbarrow full of straw. figure-ground phenomenon. Look, for instance, at this "droodle," entitled "Four Ku Klux Klansmen looking down a well, seen from below."
Understanding the Eight Jungian Cognitive Processes / Eight Functions Attitudes The Ten Most Revealing Psych Experiments Psychology is the study of the human mind and mental processes in relation to human behaviors - human nature. Due to its subject matter, psychology is not considered a 'hard' science, even though psychologists do experiment and publish their findings in respected journals. Some of the experiments psychologists have conducted over the years reveal things about the way we humans think and behave that we might not want to embrace, but which can at least help keep us humble. 1. The Robbers Cave Experiment is a classic social psychology experiment conducted with two groups of 11-year old boys at a state park in Oklahoma, and demonstrates just how easily an exclusive group identity is adopted and how quickly the group can degenerate into prejudice and antagonism toward outsiders. Researcher Muzafer Sherif actually conducted a series of 3 experiments. 2. This infamous experiment to plumb the depths of evil in human hearts ended up affecting its lead researcher as much as its subjects. 3. 4.
Le rêve éveillé : quand le songe soigne Georges Romey Grâce aux rêves, Marie a trouvé l'origine de ses échecs amoureux ; Hugues a surmonté ses difficultés professionnelles… Nos productions nocturnes sont l'objet d'un regain d'intérêt dans les psychothérapies. Loin des démarches traditionnelles, la technique du rêve éveillé, mise au point par un onirologue averti, Georges Romey nous aide à résoudre nos blocages. Interview… Doctissimo : Pourquoi consulter un psy pour décrypter ses rêves ? Georges Romey : Sous leurs apparences fantaisistes, les rêves sont des projecteurs braqués sur votre personnalité profonde, vos comportements, vos désirs inconscients. Doctissimo : Comment définiriez-vous le rêve éveillé ? Georges Romey : Issue de la psychanalyse et de la relaxation dynamique, cette technique consiste à vous emmener, en état de détente dans une rêverie. Doctissimo : Comment se déroule une séance de rêve éveillée ? Georges Rome : Pratiqué en individuel, la séance s'articule en trois temps : Catherine Maillard