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9/11 Attacks - Facts & Summary

9/11 Attacks - Facts & Summary
On September 11, 2001, at 8:45 a.m. on a clear Tuesday morning, an American Airlines Boeing 767 loaded with 20,000 gallons of jet fuel crashed into the north tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. The impact left a gaping, burning hole near the 80th floor of the 110-story skyscraper, instantly killing hundreds of people and trapping hundreds more in higher floors. As the evacuation of the tower and its twin got underway, television cameras broadcasted live images of what initially appeared to be a freak accident. Then, 18 minutes after the first plane hit, a second Boeing 767–United Airlines Flight 175–appeared out of the sky, turned sharply toward the World Trade Center and sliced into the south tower near the 60th floor. The collision caused a massive explosion that showered burning debris over surrounding buildings and the streets below. America was under attack. The attackers were Islamic terrorists from Saudi Arabia and several other Arab nations. Related:  American Power and its limits since 1991

Compare Sweden To The United States With its 318,892,103 people, The United States is the 3rd largest country in the world by population. It is the 3rd largest country in the world by area with 9,826,675 square kilometers. Britain's American colonies broke with the mother country in 1776 and were recognized as the new nation of the United States of America following the Treaty of Paris in 1783. During the 19th and 20th centuries, 37 new states were added to the original 13 as the nation expanded across the North American continent and acquired a number of overseas possessions. The two most traumatic experiences in the nation's history were the Civil War (1861-65), in which a northern Union of states defeated a secessionist Confederacy of 11 southern slave states, and the Great Depression of the 1930s, an economic downturn during which about a quarter of the labor force lost its jobs. Languages spoken: English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7% (2000 census)

Gorbachev, Reagan and the End of the Cold War This is one of the better books on the end of the Cold War. Unlike many American accounts, it is not – at least until its very last paragraph – triumphalist in tone. Wilson recognises that Mikhail Gorbachev was by some distance the most important political actor in the dramatic sequence of events between 1985 and 1991. On the American side he rightly identifies Ronald Reagan, George Shultz and George H.W. Bush as the people who mattered most. He is particularly good at giving Secretary of State Shultz his due. Wilson’s main argument is that nothing that happened during the end of the Cold War was planned. The main strength of Wilson’s account lies in his use of recently declassified American documents, as befits a historian employed at the State Department. Errors on points of detail (there are a number) are outweighed by Wilson’s generally balanced interpretation, except in his concluding paragraph, in which he suddenly turns triumphalist.

Slavery in America - Black History The South would reach the breaking point the following year, when Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln was elected as president. Within three months, seven southern states had seceded to form the Confederate States of America; four more would follow after the Civil War (1861-65) began. Though Lincoln’s antislavery views were well established, the central Union war aim at first was not to abolish slavery, but to preserve the United States as a nation. By freeing some 3 million black slaves in the rebel states, the Emancipation Proclamation deprived the Confederacy of the bulk of its labor forces and put international public opinion strongly on the Union side. Clinton: Statement on Signing the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 I have today signed into law S. 735, the "Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996." This legislation is an important step forward in the Federal Government's continuing efforts to combat terrorism. I first transmitted antiterrorism legislation to the Congress in February 1995. Most of the proposals in that legislation, the "Omnibus Counterterrorism Act of 1995," were aimed at fighting international terrorism. Together, these two proposals took a comprehensive approach to fighting terrorism both at home and abroad. —provide broad new Federal jurisdiction to prosecute anyone who commits a terrorist attack in the United States or who uses the United States as a planning ground for attacks overseas; —ban fundraising in the United States that supports terrorist organizations; —require plastic explosives to contain chemical markers so that criminals who use them —like the ones that blew up Pan Am Flight 103 —can be tracked down and prosecuted; In the great 1803 case of Marbury v.

Here's Everyone Who's Immigrated to the U.S. Since 1820 From 1820 to 2013, 79 million people obtained lawful permanent resident status in the United States. The interactive map below visualizes all of them based on their prior country of residence. The brightness of a country corresponds to its total migration to the U.S. at the given time. Use the controls at the bottom to stop / resume the animation or to move back and forth in time. Two Centuries of U.S. Over time, the sources of immigration trace a clear path across the world. Through most of the 1800’s, immigration came predominantly from Western Europe (Ireland, Germany, the U.K.). Here are the largest immigration “waves” charted over time, showing the progression. While it may seem that immigration over the last few decades has been higher than ever before, the picture looks very different when viewed relative to the size of the U.S. population. Here is the same chart, with the immigration shown as a percentage of the U.S. population. Credit: Embed as HD video: Follow Metrocosm Related Credit:

CNN - Clinton signs anti-terrorism bill - April 24, 1996 Remarks on Operation Restore Hope (May 5, 1993)—Miller Center To all of our distinguished guests from all the services, to General Powell and the Joint Chiefs, Secretary Aspin, Mr. Vice President, ladies and gentlemen, and especially to General Johnston and the men and women of the Unified Task Force in Somalia. General Johnston has just reported to me: Mission accomplished. And so, on behalf of all the American people, I say to you, General, and to all whom you brought with you: Welcome home, and thank you for a job very, very well done. You represent the thousands who served in this crucial operation, in the First Marine Expeditionary Force, in the Army 10th Mountain Division, aboard the Navy's Tripoli Amphibious Ready Group, in the Air Force and Air National Guard airlift squadrons, and in other units in each of our services. Over 30,000 American military personnel served at sometime in these last 5 months in Somalia.

Statement on Kosovo (March 24, 1999)—Miller Center My fellow Americans, today our Armed Forces joined our NATO allies in airstrikes against Serbian forces responsible for the brutality in Kosovo. We have acted with resolve for several reasons. We act to protect thousands of innocent people in Kosovo from a mounting military offensive. We act to prevent a wider war, to diffuse a powder keg at the heart of Europe that has exploded twice before in this century with catastrophic results. And we act to stand united with our allies for peace. By acting now, we are upholding our values, protecting our interests, and advancing the cause of peace. Text Of Clinton's Rwanda Speech Text of President Clinton's address to genocide survivors at the airport in Kigali, Rwanda, as provided by the White House. Thank you, Mr. President. First, let me thank you, Mr. President, and Vice President Kagame, and your wives for making Hillary and me and our delegation feel so welcome. I'd also like to thank the young students who met us and the musicians, the dancers who were outside. I have a great delegation of Americans with me, leaders of our government, leaders of our Congress, distinguished American citizens. I have come today to pay the respects of my nation to all who suffered and all who perished in the Rwandan genocide. During the 90 days that began on April 6 in 1994, Rwanda experienced the most intensive slaughter in this blood-filled century we are about to leave. From Kibuye in the west to Kibungo in the east, people gathered seeking refuge in churches by the thousands, in hospitals, in schools. Lists of victims, name by name, were actually drawn up in advance.

CNN - Transcript of President Clinton's speech on Bosnia - Nov. 27, 1995 Foreign policy of the Bill Clinton administration Clinton plays the saxophone presented to him by Russian President Boris Yeltsin at a private dinner in Russia, January 13, 1994 The foreign policy of the Bill Clinton administration was the foreign policy of the United States from 1993 to 2001 under the Administration of President Bill Clinton. Clinton's main foreign policy advisors were Secretaries of State Warren Christopher and Madeleine Albright and National Security Advisors Anthony Lake and Sandy Berger. President Clinton assumed office shortly after the fall of the Soviet Union and end of the Cold War, which had left the United States as the world's only remaining superpower. The end of superpower rivalry had freed the UN and other regional security institutions from their previous Cold War mind-set, and created new opportunities for them to play a more active, collective role. Clinton embraces British Prime Minister Tony Blair. Bill Clinton and Ambassador Harry Schwarz who negotiated lifting the remaining sanctions on South Africa

Clinton Recalls US Role in Stopping Bosnia War In his speech at a forum about the Bosnian war on Tuesday, Clinton insisted that foreign policy decisions like the US intervention in Bosnia should not be made on the basis of public opinion, which he said was often apprehensive. “Oftentimes when a proposed course of action is unpopular, it’s not exactly like the voters are telling you not to do it. It’s basically like a giant, blinking yellow light,” he said at the forum entitled ‘Bosnia, Intelligence, and the Clinton Presidency’ at his presidential library in Little Rock, Arkansas. Clinton was reflecting on America’s role in stopping the 1992-95 war, and the conflict’s role in shaping his presidency, as he released 343 previously classified intelligence documents. “Bosnia in some ways became a metaphor for the struggles of the 21st century,” Clinton said of the dilemmas he faced over diplomacy and intervention as the war erupted after the fall of the Berlin Wall. “They were at the same time saying, ‘why don’t you let us do it?’

Barack Obama’s Crash Course in Foreign Policy EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is part of The Nation’s special issue on Barack Obama's presidency, available online in full on December 15. Barack Obama will bequeath to his successor the two wars he inherited from his predecessor. At least in the near term, that unwelcome fact will define his legacy as a statesman.1 As a candidate for president back in 2008, Obama had promised, if elected, to end the Iraq War and to win the war in Afghanistan. He failed on both counts. In retrospect, the expectations—his own and ours—that he would make good on those promises appear embarrassingly naive.2 Elect a rookie to fill the most powerful post in the world and you get rookie mistakes, with American soldiers paying in blood to educate their commander in chief. Like Clinton and the younger Bush, the callow Obama arrived in the Oval Office largely unschooled in the arts of statecraft. Once in office, Obama wasted no time addressing the two wars that were now his. Unintended Consequences § Cuba. § Trade.