In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, several ideologies and movements, such as the cyberdelic counterculture, the Californian Ideology, transhumanism, and singularitarianism, have emerged promoting a form of techno-utopia as a reachable goal. Cultural critic Imre Szeman argues technological utopianism is an irrational social narrative because there is no evidence to support it. He concludes that what it shows is the extent to which modern societies place a lot of faith in narratives of progress and technology overcoming things, despite all evidence to the contrary. History Technological utopianism from the 19th to mid-20th centuries Karl Marx believed that science and democracy were the right and left hands of what he called the move from the realm of necessity to the realm of freedom. Some technological utopians promoted eugenics. H.G. The horrors of the 20th century - communist and fascist dictatorships, world wars - caused many to abandon optimism.
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SingularitarianismSingularitarianism is a technocentric ideology and social movement defined by the belief that a technological singularity—the creation of superintelligence—will likely happen in the medium future, and that deliberate action ought to be taken to ensure that the Singularity benefits humans. Singularitarians are distinguished from other futurists who speculate on a technological singularity by their belief that the Singularity is not only possible, but desirable if guided prudently. Accordingly, they might sometimes dedicate their lives to acting in ways they believe will contribute to its rapid yet safe realization. Some critics argue that Singularitarianism is a new religious movement promising salvation in a technological utopia. Others are concerned that the interest in the Singularity by corporate and military interests provides a clue as to the real direction and social implication of emerging technologies celebrated by Singularitarians. Etymology History
Techno-progressivismStance Strong techno-progressive positions include support for the civil right of a person to either maintain or modify his or her own mind and body, on his or her own terms, through informed, consensual recourse to, or refusal of, available therapeutic or enabling biomedical technology. Contrasting stance Bioconservatism (a portmanteau word combining "biology" and "conservatism") is a stance of hesitancy about technological development especially if it is perceived to threaten a given social order. Bioconservatives range in political perspective from right-leaning religious and cultural conservatives to left-leaning environmentalists and technology critics. List of notable techno-progressive social critics Techno-progressive subjects of interest Controversy References External links
Extropianism [W]Extropianism, also referred to as the philosophy of Extropy, is an evolving framework of values and standards for continuously improving the human condition. Extropians believe that advances in science and technology will some day let people live indefinitely. An extropian may wish to contribute to this goal, e.g. by doing research and development or volunteering to test new technology. Extropianism describes a pragmatic consilience of transhumanist thought guided by a proactionary approach to human evolution and progress. Originated by a set of principles developed by Dr. Max More, The Principles of Extropy, extropian thinking places strong emphasis on rational thinking and practical optimism. Extropy A more recent definition of Extropy has been provided by Kevin Kelly, senior maverick at Wired magazine. "Extropy is neither wave, nor particle, nor pure energy. The Extropy Institute Extropism See also References External links
IBM sticks Watson's brain into a friendly virtual assistantIn Brief Meet Amelia. She's a virtual assistant born out of a partnership between IPsoft and IBM's Watson. What It Is Amelia is a friendly virtual assistant designed for business environments. The Implications We’re going to be dealing with a lot of robots like this going forward, especially if there are tasks that require both skill and instruction.NanosocialismPolitics Nanosocialism is a stance that favors participatory politics to guide state intervention in the effort to manage the transition to a society revolutionized by molecular nanotechnology. In popular culture In the role-playing game Transhuman Space, nanosocialism is described as a descendant of infosocialism, in which intellectual property is nationalized and distributed by the state. References
TranshumanismTranshumanism (abbreviated as H+ or h+) is an international cultural and intellectual movement with an eventual goal of fundamentally transforming the human condition by developing and making widely available technologies to greatly enhance human intellectual, physical, and psychological capacities. Transhumanist thinkers study the potential benefits and dangers of emerging technologies that could overcome fundamental human limitations, as well as the ethics of developing and using such technologies. They speculate that human beings may eventually be able to transform themselves into beings with such greatly expanded abilities as to merit the label "posthuman". History According to Nick Bostrom, transcendentalist impulses have been expressed at least as far back as in the quest for immortality in the Epic of Gilgamesh, as well as historical quests for the Fountain of Youth, Elixir of Life, and other efforts to stave off aging and death. First transhumanist proposals
Extropian and Transhuman Web SitesHome > Introduction > Possible Futures > Extropianism > Web Sites Drop down the page to the sites Last Updated: Saturday, 27-Jun-2009 22:35:47 PDT Some terms, from the Extropian Lextropicon EXTROPY -- The extent of a system's intelligence, information, order, vitality, and capacity for improvement. EXTROPIA -- A conception of evolving communities embodying values of Boundless Expansion, Self-Transformation, Dynamic Optimism, Intelligent Technology, and Spontaneous Order. EXTROPIAN -- One who seeks to overcome human limits, live indefinitely long, become more intelligence, and more self-creating. EXTROPIANISM -- The evolving transhumanist philosophy of extropy. TRANSHUMAN -- Someone actively preparing for becoming posthuman. TRANSHUMANISM -- Philosophies of life that seek the continuation and acceleration of the evolution of intelligent life beyond its currently human form and human limitations by means of science and technology, guided by life-promoting principles and values. The sites:
Bernard Stiegler - La société automatiqueNous vivons le temps de l’automatisation généralisée. Et dans ce contexte, certains croient pouvoir parler, en particulier aux Etats-Unis, de post-humanisme. A l’horizon de l’automatisation généralisée, se projettent les figures du Cyborg, ou du Golem. Quoi qu’il en soit, dans ces figures comme celle du Cyborg, les automatismes biologiques et les automatismes psychiques sont réagencés par et avec des automates technologiques. Le sujet dont je vais essayer de vous parler aujourd’hui, c’est celui des nouveaux rapports qui seraient en train de se tramer en ce moment-même, et qui constituent une question politique et économique entre automatismes biologiques, automatismes technologiques et automatismes psychiques, et tels que ces nouveaux rapports pourraient rendre possible aussi bien une augmentation de l’autonomie qu’une régression généralisée. Je dis ça car la technologie, c’est de plus en plus ce qui s’intériorise, et de moins en moins ce qui s’extériorise.
Technological singularityThe technological singularity is the hypothesis that accelerating progress in technologies will cause a runaway effect wherein artificial intelligence will exceed human intellectual capacity and control, thus radically changing civilization in an event called the singularity. Because the capabilities of such an intelligence may be impossible for a human to comprehend, the technological singularity is an occurrence beyond which events may become unpredictable, unfavorable, or even unfathomable. The first use of the term "singularity" in this context was by mathematician John von Neumann. Proponents of the singularity typically postulate an "intelligence explosion", where superintelligences design successive generations of increasingly powerful minds, that might occur very quickly and might not stop until the agent's cognitive abilities greatly surpass that of any human. Basic concepts Superintelligence Non-AI singularity Intelligence explosion Exponential growth Plausibility