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Understanding Formal Analysis

Understanding Formal Analysis
The elements of art are components or parts of a work of art that can be isolated and defined. They are the building blocks used to create a work of art. The list below describes each element of art. Learn about the principles of design here. Download a student handout containing a list of the elements of art and their definitions. (PDF, 168KB) Line A line is an identifiable path created by a point moving in space. Horizontal lines suggest a feeling of rest or repose because objects parallel to the earth are at rest. Vertical lines often communicate a sense of height because they are perpendicular to the earth, extending upwards toward the sky. Horizontal and vertical lines used in combination communicate stability and solidity. Diagonal lines convey a feeling of movement. The curve of a line can convey energy. Shape and form Shape and form define objects in space. Shape has only height and width. Form has depth as well as width and height. Space Real space is three-dimensional. Color Texture

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Composition and the Elements of Visual Design Proportion - Golden Ratio and Rule of Thirds Proportion refers the size relationship of visual elements to each other and to the whole picture. One of the reasons proportion is often considered important in composition is that viewers respond to it emotionally. Proportion in art has been examined for hundreds of years, long before photography was invented. One proportion that is often cited as occurring frequently in design is the Golden mean or Golden ratio. picturinghistory.gc.cuny.edu/item.php?item_id=180 John Gast, American Progress, 1872 Martha A. Sandweiss, Amherst College Culture Whisper: Sonia Delaunay at Tate Modern [STAR:4] Sonia Delaunay Yellow Nude 1908 Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nantes, Nantes © Pracusa 2014083 Tate Modern: Female Artists With the brooding Marlene Dumas exhibition across the hall, Tate Modern unveils the latest in a series of blockbuster shows to celebrate little known female figures in modern art who have been sadly sidelined. Next in the limelight is Sonia Delaunay, the fiercely inventive artist who crafted vibrant textiles and thrilling paintings of modern life, but is best known as the co-creator of a new form of abstraction called Simultanism with her husband Robert.

Viva la Vida Meaning: Coldplay, Delacroix & Frida Kahlo Watermelons by K Shabi PUBLISHED 1 January 2015 What does the title of the Coldplay album and song 'Viva la Vida' mean in English? As it turns out, the meaning of Coldplay's album and song "Viva la Vida" comes back to art history. Similarity and Proximity SIMILARITY/PROXIMITY COLLAGE Make a collage that consists of a simple phrase of four or more words and a picture that illustrates the phrase. The words will be made using all different sizes, colors and shapes of letters cut from magazines. The letters will be chosen for maximum variety and no duplicate styles are allowed unless there are more than twenty letters in the phrase. There will be at least one word using each of the four proximity techniques to organize all of that word's letters into the word. All of the letters must be easy to see and the phrase must be easy to read. HOW TO START Find a phrase that you are interested in using that can be illustrated with a picture you can find (or make).

Ashcan School The Ashcan School, also called the Ash Can School, was an artistic movement in the United States during the early twentieth century that is best known for works portraying scenes of daily life in New York, often in the city's poorer neighborhoods. The most famous artists working in this style included Robert Henri (1865–1929), George Luks (1867–1933), William Glackens (1870–1938), John Sloan (1871–1951), and Everett Shinn (1876–1953), some of whom had met studying together under the renowned realist Thomas Anshutz at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, and others of whom met in the newspaper offices of Philadelphia where they worked as illustrators. Origin and development[edit] Ashcan School artists and friends at John French Sloan's Philadelphia Studio, 1898 The Ashcan School was not an organized movement. The artists who worked in this style did not issue manifestos or even see themselves as a unified group with identical intentions or career goals.

3 Design Layouts: Gutenberg Diagram, Z-Pattern, And F-Pattern Several layout patterns are often recommended to take advantage of how people scan or read through a design. 3 of the more common are the Gutenberg diagram, the z-pattern layout, and the f-pattern layout. Each offers advice for where to place important information, but I think these patterns are often misunderstood and followed without thought to what they really describe. I want to walk through the what and why of each pattern and then offer something else that gives you as a designer more control over where your viewer’s eye moves across your design.

Meaning of The Scream (1893) Painting by Edvard Munch: Art Analysis by K Shabi PUBLISHED 12 June 2013 Edvard Munch’s painting The Scream has a lot of similarities with Vincent Van Gogh's art Starry Night. For one, both paintings were painted near the end of the century, during the fin de siècle, using bright exaggerated colors and simplistic figures and shapes. Both artists struggled with insanity during their lifetimes, but The Scream (1893) and Starry Night are some of the most reproduced and famous pieces of art in the world today. Balance Symmetry SYMMETRICAL COMPOSITION Make a symmetrically balanced collage using only circles, triangles and/or rectangles. The shapes can overlap or be trimmed to make new shapes. Up to four colors may be used. The composition must have a vertical axis of symmetry. Biaxial symmetry may be used.

Notes on the Ethnic Image in Ashcan School Paintings During the first decades of the twentieth century, Robert Henri and his circle of Ashcan realists became known for their crusading efforts to reconnect art and life. Eschewing allegorical themes, depictions of upper-class leisure, society portraiture, and the aesthetic movement, they instead depicted daily life in the urban metropolis- street culture, popular entertainments, new immigrants, and the working class. Works such as George Luks’s Allen Street (1905; Hunter Museum of American Art), George Bellows’s Forty-Two Kids (1907; Corcoran Gallery of Art), John Sloan’s Hairdresser’s Window (1907; Wadsworth Atheneum), and Henri’s portrait “types” such as Willie Gee (1904; Newark Museum) have come to characterize the Ashcan school’s depictions of “real life.” By focusing on the immigrants’ strange costumes and exotic ways, by seeing them as types and not individuals, these works often perpetuated existing stereotypes and popular misconceptions about immigrants.

Design Principles: Connecting And Separating Elements Through Contrast And Similarity Advertisement Similarity and contrast, connection and separation, grouped and ungrouped are all ways to describe the varying sameness and difference between elements. Based on the information they carry, we’ll want some elements to look similar, to indicate that they are related in some way. Looking at Great Art Looking at Great Art Artworks contain messages artists send us. Why? Because art is a language. Do you know what artworks are saying?

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