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Critical Reasoning for Beginners

Critical Reasoning for Beginners
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Mind-Blowing Story: “Talking to God…” I met god the other day. I know what you’re thinking. How the hell did you know it was god? Well, I’ll explain as we go along, but basically he convinced me by having all, and I do mean ALL, the answers. Which is odd, because I’m still an atheist and we even agree on that! It all started on the 8.20 back from Paddington. What did he look like? Well not what you might have expected that’s for sure. ‘Anyone sitting here?’ ‘Help yourself’ I replied. Sits down, relaxes, I ignore and back to the correspondence on genetic foods entering the food chain… Train pulls out and a few minutes later he speaks. ‘Can I ask you a question?’ Fighting to restrain my left eyebrow I replied ‘Yes’ in a tone which was intended to convey that I might not mind one question, and possibly a supplementary, but I really wasn’t in the mood for a conversation. .. ‘Why don’t you believe in god?’ The Bastard! I love this kind of conversation and can rabbit on for hours about the nonsense of theist beliefs. ‘Who am I?’ ‘Stottle.

Plato's "The Allegory of the Cave" "In fact, you get pretty good at understanding how the patterns in the show work, and everyone else chained up is like, 'Holy shit bro, how did you know that that tree was going to fall on that guy?' and you're like, 'It's because I fucking pay attention and I'm smart as shit.' You're the smartest of the chained, and they all revere you." Glaucon: "But Socrates, a tree didn't really hit a guy. Socrates: "No shit, Glaucon, but you don't know that. "So eventually, someone comes and unchains you and drags you out of the cave. "Slowly, as your eyes got better, you'd see more and more shit. "Finally you'd want to go down and tell everyone about everything you've discovered. "Philosophy, same thing.

RHE's home page draft Robert H. Ennis' Academic Web Site This site was last edited September 6, 2011. My academic interests lie primarily in the areas, critical thinking, philosophy of science, (especially causality), and analysis of educational concepts. 1. Critical Thinking Definition: Critical thinking is reasonable reflective thinking that is focused on deciding what to believe or do. 2. 3. A comprehensive record of my academic activities and publications (c.v.) is available. Addresses: Email: rhennis@illinois.edu Postal: 3904 Trentwood Place, Sarasota, FL 34243 USA

25 Beautifully Illustrated Thought-Provoking Questions « CHERYL & LESLIE'S MOTORCYCLE ADVENTURES Since I have embarked in to a new career after 13 years working as a Clinical Social Worker in an Intensive Care Unit, I am forced to think about things other than motorcycles. My new career, Organ Donation Coordinator in a hospital makes me question so many things in my life. It is scary to go from a job where I was unconsciously competent to a job that I am consciously incompetent. We are interested to hear answers to some of the questions….please feel free to post any comments and let us all know how folks would answer these. ;-) Thanks. Posted by Alexander on Sept 8, 20 A question that makes you think is worth asking… At the cusp of a new day, week, month, or year, most of us take a little time to reflect on our lives by looking back over the past and ahead into the future. Remember, these questions have no right or wrong answers. Here’s a sample of 25 recent thought questions posted on the site: Few extra questions Like this: Like Loading... Don’t Ride Like a Bitch In "Education" In "BC"

How to learn to concentrate | Brainframe I wish I had a pound for every parent who said “If only he would just learn to concentrate.” It’s a comment that appears frequently and seems to be at the root of all learning. The fact that “my child can’t concentrate” is blamed for all the problems. There have been studies involving diet, exercise and a number of other factors. Some are ignored, some end up as a daily pill. For most of us the major cause of lack of concentration can boil down to environment and expectation. It seems obvious to turn off the TV in order to aid concentration. There are few jobs that require absolute concentration. How can we then expect our children to concentrate? I’m not suggesting that every subject is contained in 10 minute blocks but the ability to concentrate is learned over a period of time. Sometimes it seems that “thoroughness” has been overtaken by “learning objectives.” That confidence leads to increased concentration. Small steps each day can lead to giant leaps.

25 Great Thinkers Every College Student Should Read By Donna Scott College is for expanding one’s intellectual horizons. Unfortunately, drinking and having fun, can distract from learning about history’s great thinkers. From Mark Twain to Confucius, an educated individual should posses some knowledge of certain philosophers, artists and thinkers. Here are 25 great thinkers every college student should read, even if professors don’t assign them. Western Philosophers Western universities understandably tend to focus on Western philosophers and thinkers. Ralph Waldo Emerson: Born in Boston, Massachusetts, Emerson was an influential figure in the first recognized American school of philosophical thought. Eastern Thinkers Eastern philosophies have proven influential on figures throughout history from Marco Polo to the Beatles. Statesman Polls show few people trust politicians. Winston Churchill: In his nation’s darkest hour, Winston Churchill served as a beacon of inspiration and support. Writers and Artists

Ask a Philosopher: Questions and Answers 23 (1st series) Ask a Philosopher: Questions and Answers 23 (1st series) Here are some of the questions that you Asked a Philosopher from September 2003 onwards: Giles asked: What is humankind's greatest achievement? We have been adaptable enough to have survived, so far. Graham Nutbrown The Ask a Philosopher web site. Jonathan Ichikawa back Duunyia asked: Well my question is simple but I don't think it is easy to answer. This is a very good question. I think that you will find that in some ways you already are a philosopher — especially since you are asking questions like this. But to be a philosopher, you need to think about them not in a way that would give you an immediate answer that you would immediately be satisfied with. To see how philosophers think, it might be helpful to read some philosophy. You become a philosopher by reading philosophy and thinking about what you have read in a disciplined and rigorous way. Alya Diarova Tim Sprod Adam asked: Putting the question that way is not very helpful. back

Critical Thinking Learning Models Analyzing and Assessing Thinking In this section, we offer an interactive model which details the analysis and assessment of reasoning, and enables you to apply the model to real life problems. On this page we introduce the analysis and assessment of reasoning. To skip this introduction and go directly to the model, see the links near the bottom of this page. Why the Analysis of Thinking Is Important Everyone thinks; it is our nature to do so. But much of our thinking, left to itself, is biased, distorted, partial, uninformed, or downright prejudiced. All Thinking Is Defined by the Eight Elements That Make It Up Eight basic structures are present in all thinking: Whenever we think, we think for a purpose within a point of view based on assumptions leading to implications and consequences. Each of these structures has implications for the others. These pages are self-guided and self paced, allowing you to move back and forth between the elements and standards.

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