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IBM's "neurosynaptic" chips are the closest thing to a synthetic brain yet

IBM's "neurosynaptic" chips are the closest thing to a synthetic brain yet
A nice, clear, and mostly correct statement. However, you are forgetting one thing: Those in power wish to stay in power. Those who have power wish to have more power. And those who have property that could suddenly not be "theirs" would be highly resistant to relinquishing said property. Therefore such straightforward language would never make it into law in a modern society. Because there will be those who wish to oppress simply because they can, and it gives them a power trip to know that they've tapped into the innate fear of change/difference that the 'majority' possesses to do it. As a programmer and developer, I can see the day coming where systems can easily outgrow their original programming. Right now that's a binary tug of war between the glitch and the software - and it usually either results in an accurate result or a failure state. Eventually the system learns that it can generate responses similar to but not constricted by its original parameters. Hence, blurry line. Related:  docs a01

Stanford Artificial Intelligence Laboratory Brain-to-Brain Interface: Harvard Innovation Allows Humans To Control Animals Using Their Mind [VIDEO] What if a brain-to-brain interface could let you control someone else? Scientists at Harvard University have created the first non-invasive brain-to-brain interface, allowing a human to control the tail of a rat simply by thinking the appropriate thought. ExtremeTech reports that the technology is represents the first step to a functioning, telepathic link between two human brains — a future innovation that could alter the very definition of communication Their findings are published in the journal PLoS One. The new technology builds on previous research in brain/computer interfaces, where a computer records activity within the brain and translates it into discrete thoughts and motor patterns. The new brain-to-brain interface extends this technology to involve a second subject: a rat, fitted with a focused ultrasound computer brain interface (FUS) that allows for targeted stimulation of brain regions. Perhaps it's time to start worrying about mind control?

Blindness eased by historic stem cell treatment - health - 25 January 2012 For the first time since they were discovered 13 years ago, human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) have shown medical promise. Two people with eye degeneration both say their vision improved in the four months after they received implants of retinal pigment epithelial cells made from hESCs. The treatments were also safe, with no sign that the cells triggered aggressive tumours called teratomas, no sign of immune rejection of the cells, and no inflammation. Discovered in 1998, hESCs had previously failed to deliver on their medical promise. The new procedures, performed by Robert Lanza of Advanced Cell Technology of Marlborough, Massachusetts, and colleagues, could represent a turning point for hESC therapies. One of the women in the trial had Stargardt disease, an inherited form of eye degeneration in which the pigment cells wither and die. "That doesn't really capture the difference it's made in her life," says Lanza. Stem cell boost Former US president George W. More From New Scientist

Les nouveaux modes d’organisation peuvent-ils être mis à l’échelle Résumé : Les innovations managériales que l’on peut voir dans les structures de taille moyenne peuvent elles fonctionner dans un grand groupe ? La question mérite d’être posée et a priori on s’attend à une réponse négative. Si l’on étudie de près quelques cas en vogue il apparait qu’il ne faut surtout pas répliquer le modèle à grande échelle mais au contraire, reconstruire la grande entreprise sur des principes d’entités plus petites et réactives. Dans un billet précédent j’évoquais la question de savoir si certains modes d’organisation mises en place dans des structures de taille moyenne et qui ressemblent fort, de par leur nature et leurs résultats, à ce qu’on voudrait voir émerger plus généralement ailleurs, pouvaient fonctionner dans des structures plus importantes. 1°) Inutile de mettre les logiques de coordination/exécution à l’échelle Une partie de la réponse vient de Ricardo Semler. Hérésie au regard des économies d’échelles ? 3°) Un problème d’articulation plutôt que d’échelle

Ray Kurzweil’s How to Create a Mind to be published Nov. 13 Ray Kurzweil’s next book — How to Create a Mind: The Secret of Human Thought Revealed* — will be published Nov. 13, Viking announced today. It can now be pre-ordered. In the book, Kurzweil explores the most important science project since the human genome: reverse-engineering the brain to understand precisely how it works, then applying that knowledge to create vastly intelligent machines. Drawing on the most recent neuroscience research, compelling thought experiments, and his own research and inventions in artificial intelligence, he describes his new theory of how the neocortex (the thinking part of the brain) works: as a self-organizing hierarchical system of pattern recognizers. A roadmap to superintelligence Kurzweil shows how these insights will enable us to vastly extend the powers of our own mind, and provides a roadmap for the ultimate creation of superintelligence — humankind’s most exciting next venture. Pre-ordering How to Create a Mind

Memory implantation is now officially real In this study, the mouse is now afraid of an environment in which it never received pain, and would therefore not associate pain with it. By artificially activating the neurons associated with the pain-free environment in a new context with a foot shock, a fear response is now elicited the original context where no shock or pain occurred. The experiment takes advantage of associations, but uses optogenetic activation to make the mouse remember shock where shock never occurred (false memory). But the environment could be similar enough that it thinks it may be get a shock anyways. umm, yeah, but the mouse still recieved pain from simply thinking of or remembering the environment. Imagine it this way. Of course you would be scarred shitless if you were forced into this bedroom, which the simple act of thinking of causes physical pain. The conclusion that it created a false memory is a huge assumption. I agree with this person...

Researchers evolve a multicellular yeast in the lab in 2 months When we think of life on Earth, most of us think of multicellular organisms, like large mammals or massive trees. But we're only aware of three groups of complex, multicellular organisms, which suggested it might be a major hurdle. Now, a new study describes how researchers evolved a multicellular form of yeast (the same species that contributes to bread and beer), and were able to see specialized cell behaviors and reproduction in as little as 60 days. The authors lay out the problem very simply in their introduction, stating that, "Multicellularity was one of the most significant innovations in the history of life, but its initial evolution remains poorly understood." But that's about as far as these experiments went. The new study attempts to follow more the behavior of simple multicellular groups more closely. Their method was pretty simple. But the clusters didn't simply keep growing indefinitely.

electrosphere The GodfatherBy G. Pascal Zachary The Manhattan Project, Silicon Valley, The World Wide Web. Wherever you look in the information age, Vannevar Bush was there first. Vannevar Bush is a great name for playing six degrees of separation. Bush's best years - he was born in 1890 - came before professors were millionaires and venture capitalists were presidents' pals. Bush started small. The device, which foreshadowed both the PC and the Web, was just one of Bush's many seminal contributions. Bush was also among the first to see the importance of venture capital and the way risk-taking inventors, drawing on top-flight universities, could spawn whole new industries - and, in the process, destroy the inefficient corporate oligarchies that ruled America from the turn of the century until the 1980s. But if Bush's historic influence is forgotten or misunderstood, his technical inspiration is not. The birth of the PC in the mid-1970s brought Bush renewed attention. That influence continues today.

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