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Civil War

Civil War
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Person George McClellan Library of Congress Quick Facts Significance: General-in-Chief of the Union Army Place of Birth: Philadelphia, PA Date of Birth December 3, 1826 Place of Death: Orange, NJ Date of Death October 29, 1885 Place of Burial: Trenton, NJ Cemetery Name Riverview Cemetery Appointed in 1861 by Ohio Governor William Dennison, West Point graduate George Brinton McClellan quickly rose from retired captain to major general in the Union army. After the Union defeat at the First Battle of Manassas, President Lincoln appointed McClellan commander of the Union army, from which he created the Army of the Potomac. In the fall of 1862, his army was again on the move, pursuing an invading Confederate force under General Robert E. McClellan opposed Lincoln as the Democratic Party candidate in the 1864 presidential election, advocating a peace platform, but was soundly defeated.

U.S. Civil War 1861-1865 Jump To: Fort Sumter Attacked - First Bull Run - Shiloh - Second Bull Run - Antietam - Fredericksburg - Chancellorsville - Gettysburg - Chickamauga - Chattanooga - Cold Harbor - March to the Sea - Lee Surrenders - Lincoln Shot November 6, 1860 - Abraham Lincoln, who had declared "Government cannot endure permanently half slave, half free..." is elected president, the first Republican, receiving 180 of 303 possible electoral votes and 40 percent of the popular vote. December 20, 1860 - South Carolina secedes from the Union. Followed within two months by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas. Terms of use: Private home/school non-commercial, non-Internet re-usage only is allowed of any text, graphics, photos, audio clips, other electronic files or materials from The History Place.

The Civil War First Battle of Bull Run Kurz & Allison Civil War Facts Location Eastern Theater, Western Theater, Trans-Mississippi, Gulf Coast, Sioux Uprising Dates Soldiers Engaged Union: over 2,100,000 Confederate: over 1,000,000 Civil War Casualties Union: over 350,000 Confederate: over 250,000 See Details Of Civil War Casualties Outcome Union Victory Civil War Pictures The Civil War was the first war that was widely photographed. See our Civil War Pictures Civil War Maps The Civil War made wide use of battle maps. View our Civil War Maps Civil War Timeline See a timeline of events of the Civil War from 1861-1865. View our Civil War Timeline Civil War Battlefields The battlefields of the Civil War crossed the nation and made famous many previously unknown towns, crossroads, and farms like Antietam Creek, Shiloh and Gettysburg. View more Civil War Battlefields More Civil War Facts To view more Civil War facts and FAQs, please view our Civil War Facts page Civil War Articles » See all American Civil War Articles Milestones

American Civil War History - American Civil War In the mid-19th century, while the United States was experiencing an era of tremendous growth, a fundamental economic difference existed between the country’s northern and southern regions. In the North, manufacturing and industry was well established, and agriculture was mostly limited to small-scale farms, while the South’s economy was based on a system of large-scale farming that depended on the labor of black slaves to grow certain crops, especially cotton and tobacco. Growing abolitionist sentiment in the North after the 1830s and northern opposition to slavery’s extension into the new western territories led many southerners to fear that the existence of slavery in america—and thus the backbone of their economy—was in danger. In 1854, the U.S. Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which essentially opened all new territories to slavery by asserting the rule of popular sovereignty over congressional edict.

A Brief Overview of the American Civil War Abraham Lincoln (National Archives) The Civil War is the central event in America's historical consciousness. While the Revolution of 1776-1783 created the United States, the Civil War of 1861-1865 determined what kind of nation it would be. Northern victory in the war preserved the United States as one nation and ended the institution of slavery that had divided the country from its beginning. The Civil War started because of uncompromising differences between the free and slave states over the power of the national government to prohibit slavery in the territories that had not yet become states. The event that triggered war came at Fort Sumter in Charleston Bay on April 12, 1861. But the real fighting began in 1862. Bodies in front of the Dunker Church - Antietam Battlefield (Library of Congress) For three long years, from 1862 to 1865, Robert E.

Prologue: Selected Articles Spring 1993, Vol. 25, No. 1 Women Soldiers of the Civil War, Part 2 By DeAnne Blanton © 1993 by DeAnne Blanton The Union CMSR for John Williams of the Seventeenth Missouri Infantry, Company H, shows that the nineteen-year-old soldier enlisted as a private on October 3, 1861, in St. Louis and was mustered into the regiment on the seventh. Later that month, Williams was discharged on the grounds: "proved to be a woman This lady dressed in men's clothes, Volunteered [sic], received bounty and for two weeks did all the duties of a soldier before she was found out, but her husband being discharged, she disclosed the fact, returned the bounty, and was immediately discharged April 20, 1862.(9) Another woman documented in the records held by the AGO was Mary Scaberry, alias Charles Freeman, Fifty-second Ohio Infantry. Not all of the women soldiers of the Civil War were discharged so quickly. AGO records also reveal that on August 3, 1862, a nineteen-year-old Irish immigrant named Albert D.

Causes of the Civil War The issues that caused the Civil War had been brewing since the United States was formed. The most important causes Southerners listed for the war were unfair taxation, states' rights, and the slavery issue. Here are some primary sources that show how heated these issues had become by the late 1850s. Unfair Taxation The history and economy of the North were very different from those of the South. Laws unfavorable to the South were passed. Southerners felt that the Federal government was passing laws, such as import taxes, that treated them unfairly. "The Union must be preserved" -- Henry Clay, 1850 Kentucky Resolutions -- 1798 Lincoln's inaugural address "South has the right to secede" -- Jefferson Davis' inaugural address, February 1861 "The South has the right to secede from the Union" -- Alabama letter to Kentucky Governor Slavery Meanwhile, in the North, many religious groups worked hard to end slavery in the United States. Slaves are an important part of Kentucky agriculture.

Civil War atlas to accompany Steele's American campaigns. | Library of Congress Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate. Chicago citation style: United States Military Academy. APA citation style: United States Military Academy. MLA citation style: United States Military Academy.

Person Sarah Edmonds Quick Facts Significance: Female Civil War soldier Place of Birth: New Brunswick, Canada Date of Birth December 1841 Place of Death: LaPorte, TX Date of Death September 5, 1898 Place of Burial: Houston, TX Cemetery Name Washington Cemetery The man known as Franklin Flint Thompson to his fellow soldiers was really a woman - Sarah Emma Edmonds - one of the few females known to have served during the Civil War. She is also said to have served as a Union spy and infiltrated the Confederate army several times, although there is no official record of it. Malaria eventually forced Edmonds to give up her military career, since she knew she would be discovered if she went to a military hospital and her being listed as a deserter upon leaving made it impossible for her to return after she recovered. In 1865, Edmonds published her experiences in the bestselling Nurse and Spy in the Union Army, and went on to marry and have children.

Cass Gilbert Cass Gilbert moved to New York in 1899 after a successful career in St. Paul, Minnesota, that included the design of the Minnesota State Capital. His earliest building in New York was the Broadway-Chambers Building (1899–1900), a skyscraper with significant polychromatic terra-cotta, which still stands on the corner of Broadway and Chambers Street. Gilbert designed several other major skyscrapers, including two major buildings clad in Gothic-inspired terra-cotta, the West Street Building (1905–07; seriously damaged by the collapse of the World Trade Center towers) and the Woolworth Building (1910–13). (b. Cass Gilbert was born in Zanesville, Ohio in 1859. Works designed by the firm during the early 1930s were competent Classical buildings which lack the originality of such contemporary Modernists as Frank Lloyd Wright and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Cass Gilbert was highly regarded by politicians and other luminaries of the day. By the 1950s, Gilbert's name slipped into obscurity.

Civil War in the American South In recognition of the sesquicentennial of the start of the American Civil War, Civil War in the American South provides a central portal to access digital collections from the Civil War Era (1850-1865) held by members of the Association of Southeastern Research Libraries (ASERL). ASERL members hold deep and extensive collections documenting the history and culture of the American South, developed over hundreds of years to support scholarly research and teaching. Many of the special or unique manuscripts, photographs, books, newspapers, broadsides, and other materials have been digitized to provide broader access to these documents for scholars and students around the world. Civil War in the American South is a collaborative initiative to provide a single, shared point of access to the Civil War digital collections held at many individual libraries. This site currently links to more than 10,000 items from 30 libraries.