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Germanic mythology and religion

Germanic mythology and religion
Germanic paganism refers to the theology and religious practices of the Germanic peoples from the Iron Age until their Christianization during the Medieval period. It has been described as being "a system of interlocking and closely interrelated religious worldviews and practices rather than as one indivisible religion" and as such consisted of "individual worshippers, family traditions and regional cults within a broadly consistent framework".[1] Germanic paganism took various forms in different areas of the Germanic world. The best documented version was that of 10th and 11th century Norse religion, although other information can be found from Anglo-Saxon and Continental Germanic sources. Scattered references are also found in the earliest writings of other Germanic peoples and Roman descriptions. The information can be supplemented with archaeological finds and remnants of pre-Christian beliefs in later folklore. History[edit] Pre-Migration Period[edit] Caesar[edit] Tacitus[edit] Related:  legend

Germanic Mythology: Texts, Translations, Scholarship Lessons: The secret of their success CECIL RHODES ONCE remarked that “to be born an Englishman is to win first prize in the lottery of life.” Today the same thing could be said of being born Nordic. The Nordic countries have not only largely escaped the economic problems that are convulsing the Mediterranean world; they have also largely escaped the social ills that plague America. Why has this remote, thinly populated region, with its freezing winters and expanses of wilderness, proved so successful? But free-marketers have poked holes in the pro-government explanation and offered a powerful alternative. Government’s role in improving equality is also being questioned. This special report has supported some of the free-marketers’ arguments. The Nordic countries pride themselves on the honesty and transparency of their governments. The Nordics have added two other important qualities to transparency: pragmatism and tough-mindedness. Pragmatism explains why the new consensus has quickly replaced the old one.

Norse mythology An undead völva, a Scandinavian seeress, tells the spear-wielding god Odin of what has been and what will be in Odin and the Völva by Lorenz Frølich (1895) For the practices and social institutions of the Norse pagans, see Norse paganism Norse mythology, or Scandinavian mythology, is the body of mythology of the North Germanic people stemming from Norse paganism and continuing after the Christianization of Scandinavia and into the Scandinavian folklore of the modern period. The northernmost extension of Germanic mythology, Norse mythology consists of tales of various deities, beings, and heroes derived from numerous sources from both before and after the pagan period, including medieval manuscripts, archaeological representations, and folk tradition. Most of the surviving mythology centers on the plights of the gods and their interaction with various other beings, such as humanity and the jötnar, beings who may be friends, lovers, foes and/or family members of the gods. Sources[edit]

List of Great British Trees England[edit] Tolpuddle Martyrs Tree Western England[edit] South West[edit] Southern England[edit] Wellingtonias were named in honour of the first Duke of Wellington, having been introduced to this country in 1853, a year after his death. London and the Home Counties[edit] Eastern England[edit] Newton's Apple Tree, Woolsthorpe Manor The Midlands[edit] Northern England[edit] Holker Lime Northern Ireland[edit] Great Yew, a pair of yews now appearing to be a single tree, in Crom Castle, Fermanagh Scotland[edit] Wales[edit] See also[edit] List of trees References[edit] External links[edit] Great British Trees press release Norse cosmology The cosmology of Norse mythology has "nine homeworlds", unified by the world tree Yggdrasill. Mapping the nine worlds escapes precision because the Poetic Edda often alludes vaguely. The Norse creation myth tells how everything came into existence in the gap between fire and ice, and how the gods shaped the homeworld of humans. Yggdrasill[edit] A cosmic ash tree, Yggdrasill, lies at the center of the Norse cosmos. The root in the Æsir homeworld taps the sacred wellspring of fate, the Well of Urðr. Animals continually feed on the tree, threatening it, but its vitality persists evergreen as it heals and nourishes the vibrant aggression of life. Creation[edit] In the beginning, there were two regions: Muspellsheimr in the south, full of fire, light and heat; and Niflheimr in the north, full of arctic waters, mists, and cold. Búri's son Borr had three sons, the gods Odin, Vili and Vé. Norse Gods[edit] The realm of the Norse gods, the Æsir, is called Ásgarðr or the "Court of the Ás". Völuspá 2

Europe: A Natural History A stunning four-part series, charting the dramatic events which have shaped the ever-changing landscapes and wildlife of Europe. Genesis. An epic three billion year story begins, with the unraveling of clues as to how Europe's stunning landscapes and wildlife were created. Witness Oxford roamed by dinosaurs, the Jura vineyards of France swallowed under tropical seas, St Petersburg buried under desert sands and the mightiest event of all, the birth of the Mediterranean. Ice Ages. Taming the Wild. A New Millennium. Watch the full documentary now (playlist - 3 hours, 15 minutes) Anglo-Saxon mythology and religion Anglo-Saxon paganism refers to the religious beliefs and practices followed by the Anglo-Saxons between the fifth and eighth centuries AD, during the initial period of Early Medieval England. A variant of the Germanic paganism found across much of north-western Europe, it encompassed a heterogeneous variety of disparate beliefs and cultic practices.[1] Developing from the earlier Iron Age religion of continental northern Europe, it was introduced to Britain following the Anglo-Saxon migration in the mid fifth century, and remained the dominant religion in England until the Christianization of its kingdoms between the seventh and eighth centuries, with some aspects gradually blending into folklore.[citation needed] The right half of the front panel of the seventh century Franks Casket, depicting the pan-Germanic legend of Weyland Smith also Weyland The Smith, which was apparently also a part of Anglo-Saxon pagan mythology. History[edit] Mythology[edit] Cosmology[edit] Deities[edit]

Increased EU Executive Powers Seven EU countries are to be given extra time to bring down their budget deficits, after the European Commission took a lenient stance on austerity measures taken by governments to balance their books. France, Spain, Poland and Slovenia have each been given an extra two years to bring their deficits below the 3 percent limit in the bloc's Stability and Growth Pact, while Belgium, Portugal and the Netherlands were given an extra year. Meanwhile, Belgium narrowly avoided a fine despite the commission judging that it had taken "no effective action" to correct its deficit over the past three years. Under the EU's economic governance framework, countries can be fined 0.2 percent of GDP if they fail to take measures to reduce their debt and deficit levels. Fining Belgium "would be neither fair or legally sound" said Rehn. The reports are the third annual set of country-specific recommendations under the EU's new economic governance framework.

Finnish mythology Finnish mythology is the mythology that goes with Finnish paganism, of which a modern revival is practiced by a small percentage of the Finnish people. It has many features shared with fellow Finnic Estonian mythology and its non-Finnic neighbours, the Balts and the Scandinavians. Some of their myths are also distantly related to the myths of other Finno-Ugric speakers like the Samis. Finnish mythology survived within an oral tradition of mythical poem-singing and folklore well into the 19th century. Although the gradual influence of surrounding cultures raised the significance of the sky-god in a monolatristic manner, the father god "Ukko" (Old Man) was originally just a nature spirit like all the others. Study of Finnish mythological and religious history[edit] Cristfried Ganander's Mythologia Fennica, published in 1789, was the first truly scholarly foray into Finnish mythology. The origins and the structure of the world[edit] Structure of the world, according to Finnish mythology.

Eastern Partnership NEW: Eastern Partnership Multilateral Platforms 2014 - 2017 What happens in the countries in Eastern Europe and the southern Caucasus matters to the EU. As the EU has expanded, these countries have become closer neighbours, and their security, stability and prosperity increasingly affect the EU’s. Closer cooperation between the EU and its eastern European partners – Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine – is very important for the EU's external relations. Launched in 2009, the Eastern Partnership [832 KB] is a joint initiative between the EU, EU countries and the eastern European partner countries. The EU has put forward concrete ideas for each partner country. A new generation of Association Agreements is being negotiated with some countries on an individual basis. The Partnership:

Native American mythology Coyote and Opossum appear in the stories of a number of tribes. The mythologies of the indigenous peoples of North America comprise many bodies of traditional narratives associated with religion from a mythographical perspective. Indigenous North American belief systems include many sacred narratives. Such spiritual stories are deeply based in Nature and are rich with the symbolism of seasons, weather, plants, animals, earth, water, sky and fire. Algonquian (northeastern US, Great Lakes)[edit] Abenaki mythology – Religious ceremonies are led by shamans, called Medeoulin (Mdawinno).Anishinaabe traditional beliefs – A North American tribe located primarily in the Great LakesCree mythology – A North American tribe most commonly found west of Ontario in the Canadian Prairies, although there are tribes located in the Northwest Territories and Quebec.Leni Lenape mythology – A North American tribe from the area of the Delaware River. Plains Natives[edit] Alaska and Canada[edit] South America[edit]

The Next Europe When the heads of the EU’s three major institutions -- the European Commission, the European Council, and the European Parliament -- collected the Nobel Peace Prize together in Oslo last December, they spotlighted the vague mandate and lack of institutional clarity that are at the core of the organization’s current problems. Unless these institutions can garner legitimacy among European citizens and transform the EU into a real federal union, with common fiscal and economic policies to complement its single currency, Europe will be worried by its future as much as its past and continue to find its social model battered by the gales of an ever more competitive global economy. The first step forward has to be developing an economic growth strategy, to escape the union’s current debt trap and to create breathing space for the tough reforms that can make Europe as a whole competitive again. To continue reading, please log in. Don't have an account? Register today for free. Register

Aztec mythology Mictlantecuhtli (left), god of death, the lord of the Underworld and Quetzalcoatl (right), god of wisdom, life, knowledge, morning star, patron of the winds and light, the lord of the West. Together they symbolize life and death. Aztec mythology is the body or collection of myths of Aztec civilization of Central Mexico.[1] The Aztecs were Nahuatl speaking groups living in central Mexico and much of their mythology is similar to that of other Mesoamerican cultures. According to legend, the various groups who were to become the Aztecs arrived from the north into the Anahuac valley around Lake Texcoco. The Mexica/Aztec were said to be guided by their god Huitzilopochtli, meaning "Left-handed Hummingbird" or "Hummingbird from the South." Creation myth[edit] Huitzilopochtli is raising up the skies of the South, one of the four directions of the world, surrounded by their respective trees, temples, patterns and divination symbols. Pantheon[edit] Bibliography[edit] Grisel Gómez Cano (2011).

Recession in Spain Spain is officially in recession again. The country's economy shrunk for two consecutive quarters and now has 5,639,500 citizens without work and an unemployment rate of 24.4 percent - the highest in Europe. This comes at the heels of S&P lowering Spain's credit rating two notches. Protests, rallies, anti-commerce graffiti, incomplete developments, and lines for social services tell us a story of a nation struggling to get its economy back in order. Protestors attend a May Day demonstration on Labor Day in central Madrid. Demonstrators fill up Madrid's Puerta del Sol on May 21, 2011. People wait in line to enter a government job centre in Malaga, southern Spain April 29, 2011. A woman looks into a vacated furniture shop that went out of business, next to banners with phone numbers for purchase or rental inquiries, in Madrid April 30, 2012. Shipyard workers hold up a piece of fence to protect themselves during a clash with the police in Andalucia's capital Seville September 27, 2011.

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