Everything You Need to Know, Including Pictures
[Continued from above] . . . but do not have food pass through them. Accessory organs of the digestive system include the teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. To achieve the goal of providing energy and nutrients to the body, six major functions take place in the digestive system: IngestionSecretionMixing and movementDigestionAbsorptionExcretion Mouth Food begins its journey through the digestive system in the mouth, also known as the oral cavity. Inside the mouth are many accessory organs that aid in the digestion of food—the tongue, teeth, and salivary glands. Teeth. PharynxThe pharynx, or throat, is a funnel-shaped tube connected to the posterior end of the mouth. EsophagusThe esophagus is a muscular tube connecting the pharynx to the stomach that is part of the upper gastrointestinal tract. esophageal sphincter or cardiac sphincter. PancreasThe pancreas is a large gland located just inferior and posterior to the stomach. Swallowing.
Related: Body systems