History and Controversy Yull Brown has been a controversial figure for years even after his death in 1998. Yull Brown was born in Bulgaria as Ilya Velbov. Brown made his mark in life after moving to Australia and taking on a job as a laboratory technician. Yull Brown developed a way to electrolyze water into HHO gas in an exact stoichiometric mix that allowed the substance to be used for welding. Ten years before Brown made his discoveries in Australia, William A. But unlike Rhodes, Brown was a heavy promoter of what he called "Brown's Gas" and in honor of his work, many people still use this name today. Brown travelled around Australia, then the United States with what is called a traveling road show, promoting his device and gaining investors. Those who have researched Brown take issue with his claims to have been an electrical engineer while in Bulgaria, saying he was rather at the more lowly position of electrician. Also, at issue is whether or not Brown's gas worked as advertised in the welding industry.
Oxyhydrogen Oxyhydrogen is a mixture of hydrogen (H2) and oxygen (O2) gases. This gaseous mixture is used for torches to process refractory materials and was the first gaseous mixture used for welding. Theoretically, a ratio of 2:1 hydrogen:oxygen is enough to achieve maximum efficiency; in practice a ratio 4:1 or 5:1 is needed to avoid an oxidizing flame. This mixture may also be referred to as knallgas (German; "bang-gas"), although some authors define knallgas to be a generic term for the mixture of fuel with the precise amount of oxygen required for complete combustion, thus 2:1 oxyhydrogen would be called "hydrogen-knallgas". Brown's gas and HHO are fringe science terms for a 2:1 mixture of oxyhydrogen; its proponents claim that it has special properties. Properties Oxyhydrogen will combust when brought to its autoignition temperature. Production electrolysis: 2 H2O → 2 H2 + O2 combustion: 2 H2 + O2 → 2 H2O Applications Lighting Oxyhydrogen blowpipe
Nanoparticles Produce Renewable Hydrogen from Wastewater and Sunlight © HyperSolarRecent breakthroughs in the development of a renewable hydrogen technology will allow the use of almost any source of water to produce renewable (and carbon-free) hydrogen fuel. Producing hydrogen with a conventional electrolysis system uses electricity to separate hydrogen and oxygen from water molecules, but one big drawback to this method is the need for highly purified water as a source. But a new technology from HyperSolar eliminates this need, as it claims its nanotechnology can use "any source of water, including seawater and wastewater" to produce hydrogen, which would significantly reduce both the number of steps in the process, as well as the cost involved. HyperSolar's new technology uses a low-cost polymer coating and a small-scale solar device together to make a self-contained particle that can separate hydrogen from any water, using just the Sun's energy.
Clean Energy Breakthrough: Scientists Extract Hydrogen Gas From Plants Researchers at Virginia Tech have developed a breakthrough in hydrogen energy, something that has always been known to challenge fossil fuel dominance. They have developed a process that extracts large quantities of hydrogen gas from plants in an eco-friendly and renewable way. This is yet another alternative we are now aware of that could end our dependence on fossil fuels. Y.H. Percival Zhang is an associate professor at Virginia Tech, along with other researchers he developed a new method of using customized enzymes to produce high quantities of hydrogen out of xylose, a type of sugar that is present in plants. The high-purity hydrogen is developed under reaction conditions at 122 degrees Fahrenheit and normal atmospheric pressure. The energy stored in xylose splits water molecules, yielding high purity hydrogen that can be directly utilized by proton exchange membrane fuel cells. The U.S. Unfortunately, the new energy sector is hard, if not impossible to break through. Sources:
Another Breakthrough in Hydrogen Energy Challenges Fossil Fuel Dominance Alex Pietrowski, Staff WriterWaking Times Researchers at Virginia Tech have developed a new process that extracts large quantities of hydrogen gas from plants in a renewable and eco-friendly way, offering us another potential alternative to ending our dependence on fossil fuels. After 7 years of research, Y.H. Zhang and his team have succeeded in using xylose, the most abundant simple plant sugar, to produce a large quantity of hydrogen that previously was attainable only in theory. Hydrogen fuel has the potential to dramatically revolutionize the automobile market and reduce our dependence on fossil fuels. EIA estimates that U.S. gasoline and diesel fuel consumption for transportation in 2011 resulted in the emission of about 1,089 and 430 million metric tons of CO2 respectively, for a total of 1,519 million metric tons of CO2. Source: U.S. A future where renewable energy replaces energy production using fossil fuels is inevitable. About the Author Sources:
Think different The power of HHO selfrunning free energy system running a 400 Watts load