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Coping (psychology)

Coping (psychology)
Psychological coping mechanisms are commonly termed coping strategies or coping skills. Unconscious or non conscious strategies (e.g. defense mechanisms) are generally excluded. The term coping generally refers to adaptive or constructive coping strategies, i.e. the strategies reduce stress levels. However, some coping strategies can be considered maladaptive, i.e. stress levels increase. Maladaptive coping can thus be described, in effect, as non-coping. Furthermore, the term coping generally refers to reactive coping, i.e. the coping response follows the stressor. Coping responses are partly controlled by personality (habitual traits), but also partly by the social context, particularly the nature of the stressful environment.[6] Hundreds of coping strategies have been identified.[6] Classification of these strategies into a broader architecture has not yet been agreed upon. People using problem-focused strategies try to deal with the cause of their problem.

Related:  Stress-depression...

Emotionally focused therapy Emotionally focused therapy proposes that human emotions have an innately adaptive potential that, if activated, can help clients change problematic emotional states or unwanted self-experiences. Emotions themselves do not inhibit the therapeutic process, but people's inability to manage emotions and use them well is seen as the problem. Emotions are connected to our most essential needs.[2] Therefore, the focus on emotions is a common factor among various systems of psychotherapy; one prominent therapist has said: "The term emotion-focused therapy will, I believe, be used in the future, in its integrative sense, to characterize all therapies that are emotion-focused, be they psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, systemic, or humanistic."[3] Overview[edit]

Avoidance coping Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms are thought to be precursors to avoidance coping: PTSD sufferers draw into themselves, avoiding the trauma and partaking in cognitive or behavioral avoidance coping.[4] Symptoms[edit] Individuals suffering from avoidance coping display symptoms similar to those of avoidant personality disorder, including drawing into oneself (avoiding relationships or social activities) and fearing commitment due to a fear of rejection. Progressive muscle relaxation Progressive muscle relaxation is a technique for learning to monitor and control the state of muscular tension. It was developed by American physician Edmund Jacobson in the early 1920s.[1] Dr Jacobson wrote several books on the subject of Progressive Relaxation. The technique involves learning to monitor tension in each specific muscle group in the body by deliberately inducing tension in each group.

Auditory processing disorder Auditory processing disorder (APD), also known as central auditory processing disorder (CAPD), is an umbrella term for a variety of disorders that affect the way the brain processes auditory information.[1] Individuals with APD usually have normal structure and function of the outer, middle and inner ear (peripheral hearing). However, they cannot process the information they hear in the same way as others do, which leads to difficulties in recognizing and interpreting sounds, especially the sounds composing speech. It is thought that these difficulties arise from dysfunction in the central nervous system (i.e., brain). APD does not feature in mainstream diagnostic classifications such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV). The American Academy of Audiology notes that APD is diagnosed by difficulties in one or more auditory processes known to reflect the function of the central auditory nervous system.[1] Definitions[edit]

The Relaxation Response The Relaxation Response is a book written in 1975 by Herbert Benson, a Harvard physician, and Miriam Z. Klipper.[1] The response is a simple version of Transcendental Meditation (TM) presented for people in the Western world.[2] Origin[edit] Asperger syndrome Asperger syndrome (AS), also known as Asperger disorder (AD) or simply Asperger's, is an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) that is characterized by significant difficulties in social interaction and nonverbal communication, alongside restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior and interests. It differs from other autism spectrum disorders by its relative preservation of linguistic and cognitive development. Although not required for diagnosis, physical clumsiness and atypical (peculiar, odd) use of language are frequently reported.[1][2]

Steps to Elicit the Relaxation Response The following is the technique reprinted with permission from Dr. Herbert Benson's book The Relaxation Response pages 162-163 1. Sit quietly in a comfortable position. 2. Close your eyes. Array data type In more theoretical contexts, especially in type theory and in the description of abstract algorithms, the terms "array" and "array type" sometimes refer to an abstract data type (ADT) also called abstract array or may refer to an associative array, a mathematical model with the basic operations and behavior of a typical array type in most languages — basically, a collection of elements that are selected by indices computed at run-time. History[edit] Assembly languages and low-level languages like BCPL[3] generally have no syntactic support for arrays.

Irritable bowel syndrome Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a group of symptoms—including abdominal pain and changes in the pattern of bowel movements without any evidence of underlying damage.[1] These symptoms occur over a long time, often years.[2] It has been classified into four main types depending on if diarrhea is common, constipation is common, both are common, or neither occurs very often (IBS-D, IBS-C, IBS-M, or IBS-U respectively).[1] IBS negatively affects quality of life and may result in missed school or work.[3] Disorders such as anxiety, major depression, and chronic fatigue syndrome are common among people with IBS.[1][4] Classification[edit] IBS can be classified as either diarrhea-predominant (IBS-D), constipation-predominant (IBS-C), or with alternating stool pattern (IBS-A) or pain-predominant.[14] In some individuals, IBS may have an acute onset and develop after an infectious illness characterized by two or more of: fever, vomiting, diarrhea, or positive stool culture. Cause[edit]

Convert FAT32 to NTFS Without Formatting or Losing Data You have a flash drive or probably an external hard drive that currently has FAT32 file system and you want to change it to NTFS, because FAT32 does not support handling large files (over 4GB) or it is just simply old for your taste but there is just one problem, you don't want to lose your saved data. This article is for you then as it explains exactly how you can achieve seamless transition from FAT to NTFS without involving any data loss. While it is generally recommended to use the NTFS file system because of its stability, security and lesser defragmentation time, most of us end up using FAT32 because that is what most disks are preformatted with. Unless, we notice the “Not enough disk space error” despite disk space being available, we don't bother to change the file system. Moreover, most of us don't change it because of the risk of losing important data and lack of time (read laziness). This works on Windows 7, Windows XP, Windows 8 and Windows Vista.

Why Relaxation Can Make You Anxious - Causes - Anxiety You know the situation; you try to sleep so you end up more alert, you try to forget something and you can't get it out of your mind. But, have you ever experienced a situation where you try to relax only to become more tense and anxious? It's enough to make your therapist down tools and look for another job. Ethical Hacking Course, Penetration Testing Course - HackLabs We aim to tailor our courses and are happy to customise content to suit your organisation's training needs. These can be delivered : At specially designed training facilitiesOnsite at customer locationsOnline via WebBased Learning solutions Please contact us with your training requirements.

Schemas, Assumptions, and Beliefs, Oh My! You are here: Home / General / Schemas, Assumptions, and Beliefs, Oh My! The term “schema” has been popular in cognitive-behavioral circles in recent years with theorists discussing the role of schemas in a range of disorders, researchers studying schemas, and clinicians proposing a range of interventions for modifying problematic schemas. The terms “schema”, “core belief”, “irrational belief”, “underlying assumption”, “dysfunctional belief”, etc. have sometimes been used interchangeably and at other times, distinctions have been drawn between these closely related terms. In the hopes of making this a bit less confusing, here’s the way I’d propose defining these terms: Core Beliefs – Unconditional beliefs that serve as a basis for screening, categorizing, and interpreting experiences.

I Hate My Life This is a brief overview of social programs for California. If you live outside of California, then you need to contact your local government for the information, but I will mention two nationwide programs you should check out: Social Security Disability and SSI (Supplemental Security Income). Some of these programs sound complicated, but they're really not; the government just can't hire a decent copywriter. I'll try to explain them as simply as possible.

A basic article on the psychology of coping. It explains, in relatively simple terms, how people adaptive to negative and/or stressful situations. It is a decent article in terms of content, however, it dabbles in gender theory where it would be much better off sticking purely to psychology and fact. by zapheq Dec 18